Jivatma is the individual and Atma, Paramatma are Universal.
Paramatma is the Supreme being, omnipresent and omnipotent: Bhagwan, Sacchidanand, Supreme Self, Divine Self, Love, Truth or Reality.
Atma is as old as Bhagwan himself, which exists as the “light of life” in every living being. It is part of Paramatma and is therefore identical in nature with it. Just as the seed of a tree contains all the qualities of the tree, the Atma also carries the qualities of the Supreme Self.
Jivatma, the individual soul, is the reflection of the Atma within an individual; a “wave” that emerges from the ocean of existence and wanders from embodiment to embodiment, and after a long process of development and experience again returns to the unity of the Atma. The soul that has manifested itself in a form (entered the body), however, does not identify with its divine essence but rather with its attributes, the physical body, the mind, the thoughts and physical/mental elements associated with the individual.
- Jivatma – Soul
- Atma – Self
- Paramatma – Bhagwan
- 1 Most Ancient Vedic Science on the Embryo Development
- 1.1 Who Arranges For the Soul to Enter the Womb of a Particlular Mother?
- 1.2 While in womb, remember the promise you had given to Lord Krishn, to practice good Karma and lead life of a haribhakt chanting name of Lord Krishn, working only for him.
- 1.3 Surprise Me More:
Most Ancient Vedic Science on the Embryo Development
The verses given below are from the Vedic scripture, Srimad Bhagavatam (SB), which was written thousands of years ago.
The historian of Srimad Bhagavatam is revered Sage,Krishna Dvaipâyana Vyâsadeva, also called Bâdarâyana. He is the Lord, the bhagwân, among the philosophers, who in India assembled all the Vedic texts. He compiled the Vedas, also known as s’ruti, containing the basic wisdom, the mantras for the rituals and the hymns. He also collated the Mahâbhârata, which is the greatest epic poem in the world. It describes the history (itihâsa) of the great fall that the Vedic culture once made. The Bhagavad Gîtâ is the most important part of it. Vyâsa also compiled the rest of the eighteen purânas of India as also the Brahma-sûtra, his masterpiece on the Absolute Truth.
This is yet another of the millions of proofs that Lord Krishna is the Supreme person (God) and the Vedic knowledge comes from Him. The scientists have only recently discovered how the embryo develops using advanced equipment – that too relying on the knowledge given in Srimad Bhagvatam. Still the scientists do not fully understand the details which have been available in the Vedic scriptures for more than 10,000 years.
Who Arranges For the Soul to Enter the Womb of a Particlular Mother?
SB 3.31.1 – The Personality of Godhead said: Under the supervision of the Supreme Lord and according to the result of his work (past deeds), the living entity, the soul, is made to enter into the womb of a woman through the particle of male virya, semen, to assume a particular type of body.
Based on the actions taken by Souls in their previous lives (Karma), Lord Krishna arranges for each soul to enter the womb of a mother in a particular universe, on a particular planet, in a particular country, in a particular City, in a particular Street, in a particular house, to a particular mother. Exactly based on what the soul deserves.
Citation: Past deeds of Kaushalya Devi and Devaki Devi gave her divine gift of becoming Mothers of Lord Vishnu Avatars – Lord Ram and Lord Krishn.
Day 1 to 30
SB 3.31.2 – On the first night, the virya, sperm and ovum mix, and on the fifth night the mixture ferments into a bubble. On the tenth night it develops into a form like a plum, and after that, it gradually turns into a lump of flesh or an egg, as the case may be.
Month 1 to 3
SB 3.31.3 – In the course of a month, a head is formed, and at the end of two months the hands, feet and other limbs take shape. By the end of three months, the nails, fingers, toes, body hair, bones and skin appear, as do the organ of generation and the other apertures in the body, namely the eyes, nostrils, ears, mouth and anus.
Month 4 to 6
SB 3.31.4 – Within four months from the date of conception, the seven essential ingredients of the body, namely chyle, blood, flesh, fat, bone, marrow and semen, come into existence. At the end of five months, hunger and thirst make themselves felt, and at the end of six months, the fetus, enclosed by the amnion, begins to move on the right side of the abdomen.
Month 6 and onwards
SB 3.31.5 – Deriving its nutrition from the food and drink taken by the mother, the fetus grows and remains in that abominable residence of stools and urine, which is the breeding place of all kinds of worms.
SB 3.31.6 – Bitten again and again all over the body by the hungry worms in the abdomen itself, the child suffers terrible agony because of his tenderness. He thus becomes unconscious moment after moment because of the terrible condition.
Its hell like situation in womb for child since its surrounded by worms, stool, urine and other dirty elements of the body
The Food The Mother Eats Affects the Fetus
The food eaten by the mother makes a big difference to the sufferings of the fetus. She should not eat salty, bitter (citric), and pungent (meat) foods. Nor drink alcohol, smoke, and need to be very careful with any medicines. Eating excessive spicy food – made up of hot chillies could lead to death of a child.
SB 3.31.7 – Owing to the mother’s eating bitter, pungent foodstuffs, or food which is too salty or too sour, the body of the child incessantly suffers pains which are almost intolerable.
SB 3.31.8 – Placed within the amnion and covered outside by the intestines, the child remains lying on one side of the abdomen, his head turned towards his belly and his back and neck arched like a bow.
SB 3.31.9 – The child thus remains just like a bird in a cage, without freedom of movement. At that time, if the child is fortunate, he can remember all the troubles of his past one hundred births, and he grieves wretchedly. What is the possibility of peace of mind in that condition?
SB 3.31.10 – Thus endowed with the development of consciousness from the seoventh month after his conception, the child is tossed downward by the airs that press the embryo during the weeks preceding delivery. Like the worms born of the same filthy abdominal cavity, he cannot remain in one place.
SB 3.31.11 – The living entity in this frightful condition of life, bound by seven layers of material ingredients, prays with folded hands, appealing to the Lord, who has put him in that condition.
Imagine yourself in inverted position surrounded by chemical elements – no space to move – That’s why the (s0ul) child prays to Lord Krishn that after taking birth he will try to renounce himself from this yoni and perform great karmas to elevate self to higher planets – where rebirths are not the form of cycle.
That’s why the rare birth of human form should not be wasted in materialistic life but performing good Karmas.
The Soul Prays
It’s due to contact with the material body that the soul forgets his original constitutional postion of being eternal, full of bliss, full of knowledge, and part of the Supreme Lord, Lord Krishna. The knowledgeable soul prays while in the womb.
SB 3.31.12 – The human soul says: I take shelter of the lotus feet of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who appears in His various eternal forms and walks on the surface of the world. I take shelter of Him only, because He can give me relief from all fear and from Him I have received this condition of life, which is just befitting my impious activities.
SB 3.31.13 – I, the pure soul, appearing now bound by my activities, am lying in the womb of my mother by the arrangement of maya. I offer my respectful obeisances unto Him who is also here with me but who is unaffected and changeless. He is unlimited, but He is perceived in the repentant heart. To Him I offer my respectful obeisances.
SB 3.31.14 – I am separated from the Supreme Lord because of my being in this material body, which is made of five elements, and therefore my qualities and senses are being misused, although I am essentially spiritual. Because the Supreme Personality of Godhead is transcendental to material nature and the living entities, because He is devoid of such a material body, and because He is always glorious in His spiritual qualities, I offer my obeisances unto Him.
SB 3.31.15 – The human soul further prays: The living entity is put under the influence of material nature and continues a hard struggle for existence on the path of repeated birth and death. This conditional life is due to his forgetfulness of his relationship with the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Therefore, without the Lord’s mercy, how can he again engage in the transcendental loving service of the Lord?
SB 3.31.16 – No one other than the Supreme Personality of Godhead, as the localized Paramatma, the partial representation of the Lord, is directing all inanimate and animate objects. He is present in the three phases of time-past, present and future. Therefore, the conditioned soul is engaged in different activities by His direction, and in order to get free from the threefold miseries of this conditional life, we have to surrender unto Him only.
Click on the image below for enlarged readable view
SB 3.31.17 – Fallen into a pool of blood, stool and urine within the abdomen of his mother, his own body scorched by the mother’s gastric fire, the embodied soul, anxious to get out, counts his months and prays, “O my Lord, when shall I, a wretched soul, be released from this confinement?”
SB 3.31.18 – My dear Lord, by Your causeless mercy I am awakened to consciousness, although I am only ten months old. For this causeless mercy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the friend of all fallen souls, there is no way to express my gratitude but to pray with folded hands.
SB 3.31.19 – The living entity in another type of body sees only by instinct; he knows only the agreeable and disagreeable sense perceptions of that particular body. But I have a body in which I can control my senses and can understand my destination; therefore, I offer my respectful obeisances to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, by whom I have been blessed with this body and by whose grace I can see Him within and without.
SB 3.31.20 – Therefore, my Lord, although I am living in a terrible condition, I do not wish to depart from my mother’s abdomen to fall again into the blind well of materialistic life. Your external energy, called deva-maya, at once captures the newly born child, and immediately false identification, which is the beginning of the cycle of continual birth and death, begins.
SB 3.31.21 – Therefore, without being agitated any more, I shall deliver myself from the darkness of nescience with the help of my friend, clear consciousness. Simply by keeping the lotus feet of Lord Visnu in my mind, I shall be saved from entering into the wombs of many mothers for repeated birth and death.
Month 9 and onwards
SB 3.31.22 – Lord Kapila continued: The ten-month-old living entity has these desires even while in the womb. But while he thus extols the Lord, the wind that helps parturition propels him forth with his face turned downward so that he may be born.
SB 3.31.23 – Pushed downward all of a sudden by the wind, the child comes out with great trouble, head downward, breathless and deprived of memory due to severe agony.
SB 3.31.24 – The child thus falls on the ground, smeared with stool and blood, and plays just like a worm germinated from the stool. He loses his superior knowledge and cries under the spell of maya.
Why we Forget Our Past Lives?
Once the body comes out from the womb, the superior knowledge, the soul has, is covered by the illusionary energy of Lord Krishna, called maya.
SB 3.31.25 – After coming out of the abdomen, the child is given to the care of persons who are unable to understand what he wants, and thus he is nursed by such persons. Unable to refuse whatever is given to him, he falls into undesirable circumstances.
SB 3.31.26 – Laid down on a foul bed infested with sweat and germs, the poor child is incapable of scratching his body to get relief from his itching sensation to say nothing of sitting up, standing or even moving.
SB 3.31.27 – In his helpless condition, gnats, mosquitoes, bugs and other germs bite the baby, whose skin is tender, just as smaller worms bite a big worm. The child, deprived of his wisdom, cries bitterly.
Why Babies Cry?
After being in the womb, the babies reveal the traumatic situation they experienced in the womb by crying out. In addition, adults are unable to understand the needs of babies, and the babies are unable to convey what they need; therefore, the babies cry out.
SB 3.31.28 – In this way, the child passes through his childhood, suffering different kinds of distress, and attains boyhood. In boyhood also he suffers pain over desires to get things he can never achieve. And thus, due to ignorance, he becomes angry and sorry.
SB 3.31.29 – With the growth of the body, the living entity, in order to vanquish his soul, increases his false prestige and anger and thereby creates enmity towards similarly lusty people.
Why Children are Innocent?
Children are called innocent, because they are not contaminated by greed, lust, anger, ego, hate, and pride. But as they grow up, due to their association with adults and other contaminated children, they become contaminated and greed, lust, anger, hate, ego, and pride develop.
SB 3.31.30 – By such ignorance the living entity accepts the material body, which is made of five elements, as himself. With this misunderstanding, he accepts nonpermanent things as his own and increases his ignorance in the darkest region.
SB 3.31.31 – For the sake of the body, which is a source of constant trouble to him and which follows him because he is bound by ties of ignorance and fruitive activities, he performs various actions which cause him to be subjected to repeated birth and death.
What Causes Repeated Birth and Death?
Sinful activities like meat eating, alcohol, drugs, smoking, gambling, lying, hatered, ego, attachments, atheism, bad association, and so on ensures the soul will once again be placed in the hell known as the womb.
SB 3.31.32 – If, therefore, the living entity again associates with the path of unrighteousness, influenced by sensually minded people engaged in the pursuit of sexual enjoyment and the gratification of the palate, he again goes to hell as before.
SB 3.31.33 – He becomes devoid of truthfulness, cleanliness, mercy, gravity, spiritual intelligence, shyness, austerity, fame, forgiveness, control of the mind, control of the senses, fortune and all such opportunities.
SB 3.31.34 – One should not associate with a coarse fool who is bereft of the knowledge of self-realization and who is no more than a dancing dog in the hands of a woman.
While in womb, remember the promise you had given to Lord Krishn, to practice good Karma and lead life of a haribhakt chanting name of Lord Krishn, working only for him.
Jai Shri Krishn