Vana Parva Mahabharat

The Mahabharata’s second main chapter  in Vana Parva.
Vana Parva is divided into 22 portions and has 11971 verses. This parva also reads a condensed version of the Ramayana.

Vana Parva Mahabharata: Overview

(1) Aranya Parva

There are 381 verses and 10 chapters in this section. When Janamejaya questioned Vaisampayana about the Pandavas’ twelve-year sojourn in the forests, Vaisampayana said that even the villagers wished to travel with the Pandavas. However, Yudhishthira thanked them and sent them on their way. The Pandavas slept that night on the banks of the Ganga river, next to a large banyan tree known as Pramana, after the crowds had left. There were a few Brahmins present. Even though Yudhishthira objected, they declared their intention to stay with him and made independent plans for their food and other needs. Yudhishthira felt upset because he did not want the Brahmins to endure sufferings for his sake.

Saunaka, a Samkhya and Karmayoga specialist, then gave him advice on how to obtain bodily and mental serenity and claimed that the Siddhas would succeed in their goals thanks to their power of tapas. He told him to use tapas as a means of achieving his goals. Dharmaraja addressed his priest Dhaumya and informed him that those Brahmins desired to remain with him as Saunaka had instructed. But at that time he was unable to feed them. And he requested his advice on what he ought to do next. Dhaumya retorted that the Sun deity is the source of life for all creatures. He suggested that he turn to him. Yudhishthira took his advise, worshipped the Sun, and bought the indestructible vessel Akshayapatra from him. Along with the Brahmins and the priest Dhaumya, the Pandavas then made their way to the Kamyaka jungle.

Following the Pandavas’ retreat into the woods, Dhritarashtra called Vidura to choose the best course of action. The latter then counselled him to follow the Dharmic path. However, Dhritarashtra felt that Vidura’s behaviour was detrimental to his kids and reprimanded him, claiming that he had realised from Vidura’s attitude that he was not his adviser because he was not providing sound counsel. He gave him the option of remaining with them or abandoning them and entered the palace. Vidura went to the Pandavas and declared that the family’s ruin was inevitable. He described to Dharmaraja how Dhritarashtra interacted with him and provided Dharmaraja some advise. He gave him his word that he would adhere to the Dharma. Dhritarashtra felt regret after Vidura left him and dispatched Sanjaya to fetch him back. After saying goodbye to Dharmaraja, Vidura travelled to Hastinapura.
Dhritarashtra begged him to pardon him for being impolite. And when they exchanged apology speeches with one another, they both experienced intense joy.

The return of Vidura infuriated Duryodhana. After talking among themselves and deciding to slay the Pandavas, Dussasana, Sakuni, Karna, and he all climbed into their chariots and galloped out of the city. When Vyasa saw what was happening through his “divine vision,” he arrived right away, halted them, and proceeded to Dhritarashtra. He convinced him to stop Duryodhana from engaging in his wicked behaviour. Dhritarashtra said that he did not enjoy playing dice. But perplexed, he forced everyone to roll the dice. He was aware of Duryodhana’s ignorance. He could not, however, abandon him while still under the grip of parental love. Then Vyasa affirmed that having a son is the nicest thing in the world and that nothing is better than having one. But a youngster in a pitiful situation has to be treated with more compassion. The Pandu boys were then going through severe suffering. If he wanted to ensure that all of the Kauravas lived, he was further told to see to it that Duryodhana made peace with the Pandavas.

Vyasa informed Dhritarashtra that guru Maitreya had met the Pandavas and was on his way to meet them at their request. He would give Duryodhana advice for the sake of that family’s tranquillity. But the enraged sage would curse Duryodhana if he insulted him.

Having stated this, Maitreya came there as Vyasa left. He was greeted by them and then gave Duryodhana some sage advice. The latter was sitting there at that time, clawing the ground and smacking his thigh with his hand. He paid the sage no attention. In a fit of rage, Maitreya cursed that Bhima would crush Duryodhana’s thighs with his mace during the great fight that would ensue as a result of his dishonesty. When Dhritarashtra appeased him, he declared that if Duryodhana took peaceful action, the curse would not be as strong, but otherwise, the curse should be confronted. After hearing of Kirmira’s death at the hands of Bhima

(2) Kirmira Vadham

This part consists of one chapter and 75 verses. In response to Dhritarashtra’s question, Vidura described the incident involving Kirmira’s murder. After losing the dice game, the Pandavas travelled through the woodlands till they arrived at the Kamayaka forest. A huge cannibal named Kirmira blocked their way at that point. He was slain by Bhima. Dhritarashtra was engulfed in despair at hearing this.

(3) Arjuanabhigamana Parva

There are 26 chapters and 1053 verses in this part. The sad princes of Panchala and Kekaya, as well as the soldiers from the Vrishni and Andhaka families, came to visit Yudhishthira in the woods after learning of the Pandvas’ residence there. They all came to welcome them, led by Sri Krishna. They should overthrow Duryodhana and other opponents, according to Sri Krishna, and reinstall Yudhishthira as king. The person who takes delight in defrauding others should be killed. That is unchanging law. Arjuna praised Sri Krishna’s earlier actions in order to appease Sri Krishna, who was upset about the insult to the Pandavas. Then Arjuna learned that they were Nara and Narayana from Sri Krishna. Those sages had just recently arrived on earth. They had not changed. Nobody could distinguish them from one another, either.

Then, Draupadi told Krishna about the insult to her dignity and the suffering she had through, adding that despite their relationship, she came from a respected family. Additionally, he was her friend. And last, he was able to keep her safe. When Sri Krishna heard this, he comforted her. He said to Dharmaraja that if he had been in Dwaraka at the time the gaming was taking place, he would have attended the assembly without the Kauravas’ permission and would have attempted to put an end to it by exposing its numerous flaws. He learned about it from Satyaki when he got to Dwaraka and promptly headed out to see them.
In the Salvavadhopakhyana, Krishna’s departure from Dwaraka was justified.

Later, after obtaining Yudhishthira’s approval, Sri Krishna, Dhristadyumna, and other rulers left for their own kingdoms. The Pandavas travelled from the Kamyaka jungle to Dwaitavana. One day, the wise Markandeya visited their retreat. After giving them Dharma advice and departing from them, he headed north. On another occasion, Draupadi spoke to Yudhishthira while the distraught Pandavas and she were conversing in the evening. She stated that because Duryodhana had caused their suffering, he may be having fun with his companions. She was raised in the Dupad family home and later married into the Pandus family. She was the heroic Pandavas’ wife and Dhrishtadyumna’s sister. Therefore, even after seeing her struggle in the woods at the time, it was improper on their part to be patient with the adversary. All living things disdain the Kshatriya who fails to display his might when it is required. The moment has come for them to display their bravery in opposition to the Kauravas. And she felt that way. When Yudhishthira heard that, he condemned wrath and praised the benefits of patience. Draupadi, however, rejected his statements. And he in turn gave Draupadi a reasoned response. She then instructed him to carry out his task.

Bhima pushed Yudhishthira to engage the Kauravas in battle while simultaneously supporting Draupadi. Dharmaraja made an effort to persuade him. Vyasa got there while the two were having this argument. He assured Dharmaraja that he would give him the pratismriti knowledge, which Arjuna would need in order to complete all of his responsibilities. He gave Arjuna the order to visit Indra, Rudra, and other gods in order to get their celestial weapons.
Having stated that, Vyasa taught Yudhishthira such information before leaving. The Pandavas left Dwaitavana and came back to Kamyakavana at his order. After some time, Yudhishtira counselled Arjuna in private to see Indra in order to get celestial weapons. After obtaining his consent, Arjuna travelled to Indrakila, where he saw Indra. The latter gave him a blessing and promised to give him all of the heavenly weapons when he saw Lord Shiva. After saying that, he vanished.

(4) Kairata Parva

There are 4 chapters and 195 verses in this section. In order to see Lord Shiva, Arjuna undertook a strict penance in a remote Himalayan forest. The sages informed Siva of Arjuna’s penance. Siva declared that he would grant Arjuna’s wish. Later, he proceeded to the jungle where Arjuna was performing his penance while dressed as a Kirata.
He was escorted by the Pramathas and Parvati. An Asura by the name of Muka intended to murder Arjuna by disguising himself as a hog. It was a target for both Siva and Arjuna, who both shot arrows at it to kill it. The two got into a fight about it. Numerous arrows that may puncture the Kirata’s delicate areas were fired by Arjuna. But in the later, they all blended together. They began to fight one other after that. When Arjuna finally recognised that the Kirata was none other than Lord Shiva, he bowed down to him and showered him with praise. Siva was happy and sent Uma and himself to their own location after giving him the Pashupatastra. When his wish was granted, Arjuna was delighted. He was confronted by Kubera and other lords of the quarters, who gave him the heavenly weapons Dandastra, Varunapasa, Antardhana, etc. Sitting on the back of the Airavata elephant, Indra and his wife Indrani made it to the mountain’s summit. To receive the heavenly weapons, Indra requested that Arjuna travel to heaven.

(5) Indralokabhigamana Parva

This parva has 297 verses and 10 chapters. After the quarter regents had departed, Arjuna considered Indra’s chariot. Immediately, the chariot and its driver Matali came. Arjuna visited his father Indra in person while travelling to Amaravati with Matali.

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He learned how to wield the weapons while staying at his father’s house. At Indra’s request, he remained there for five years. Arjuna, who mastered the use of the weapons, received instruction in music and dance from Chitrasena on the advice of Indra. When Indra learned that Arjuna was interested in Urvashi, he contacted Chitrasena and instructed him to give Urvashi to Arjuna so that the latter might become an expert in courting women. After learning of Arjuna’s merits from Chitrasena, Urvashi was drawn to him and followed Indra’s instructions to see him. She told him what she wanted. In response, Arjuna said that he thought of her as an honourable mother and that she ought to protect him as a son.
Urvashi became enraged and blasted him for continuing to perform in front of ladies while being disrespectful to them. He was known as a eunuch. That is how he would act as well. Indra called for Arjuna after learning of the curse and informed him that it would grant his wish. He might live in secret for a year, working as a dancer and eunuch, and then reclaim his masculinity.
The sage Lomasa once visited heaven while travelling and met Indra there. The sage had his doubts when he saw Arjuna, who shared the half-throne of Indra. When Indra finally got it, he claimed that Arjuna was his son, born in Kunti’s womb. In order to carry out the gods’ will, the revered ancient sages Nara and Naryana were born as Arjuna and Krishna. Arjuna would kill the demons Nivata and Kavacha and then return to the land of humans. The sage was asked by Indra to travel to Kamyakavana, see Yudhishthira, and deliver his message. His word was that after receiving the weapons, Arjuna would return shortly. In the Kamyaka forests, Sage Lomasa encountered Dharmaraja and delivered the message. When Dhritarashtra heard Vyasa tell the tale of Arjuna’s ascent to heaven, he fell into a sad state. He spoke to Sanjaya and expressed his concern for his boys. He said that due of their sins, all of his boys were condemned. He questioned if anybody could defeat Arjuna, who had attained sanctified sword prowess. Sanjaya retorted that what the king had said about his son was accurate. Even Siva was impressed by Arjuna’s chastity and archery prowess. All of your sons would undoubtedly be killed in battle by the Pandavas, who were enraged by the insult done to Draupadi. Sanjaya’s opinion was shared by Dhritarashtra, who grew more dejected.

(6) Nalopakhyana Parva

This parva has 1032 verses and 28 chapters. The Pandavas talked to Draupadi in the Kamyaka forest about Arjuna because they were worried about his disappearance after he went to the home of Indra to get weapons. Then Bhima informed Yudhishthira that Arjuna, who was their very existence, had gone to undertake penance in order to receive heavenly weapons at his command. With Sri Krishna’s assistance, they were able to defeat their adversaries despite their physical power. The vice of using dice caused them to become miserable.

The Kshatriyas are not required to dwell in the forests. A day and a night are equated to a year in the minds of noble individuals who understand the Dharma. The kricchravrata is supposed to be observed in order to complete a year, in accordance with the Vedic text. As a result, he should be aware that the thirteenth day itself marked the conclusion of the thirteenth year. He must thus focus on upholding the dharma prescribed by the Veda. Yudhishthira then comforted him by saying that Bhima and Arjuna might slay Duryodhana. There was no question about it. But the appropriate moment to murder him had not yet come. Sage Brihadasva appeared there while Yudhishthira was stating this. Dhritarashtra greeted him with respect before telling him about the gaming event and felt sorry for him.

The narrative of King Nala, who had worse luck, was then told by the sage. In swayamvara, Damayanti choose Nala to be her husband. After learning about this from Indra, Kali, who desired Nala, grew enraged and entered Nala at the opportune time. When Nala, under his spell, played the dice game with Pushkara and lost, he and his wife retreated into the woods. He noticed several birds and, overcome with hunger, flung his cloth over them to turn them into food. However, they also soared to the sky with the garment. He was so bare that it upset Nala. He tore the Damayanti’s sleeping gown in half, covered his body, and then left her there. Later, they both experienced great suffering. The effect of Kali was all that. However, after defeating Pushkara in the dice game, Nala was able to reclaim his kingdom. Brihadasva then comforted Dharmaraja by telling him the tale of Nala. Additionally, he discussed horse knowledge and dice gambling techniques.

(7) Tirthayatra Parva

There are 2826 verses and 77 chapters in this parva. The Pandavas and Draupadi were upset when Arjuna departed Kamyakavana to get sanctified weapons. The wise man Narada then showed up one day. After showing respect to their visitor, Yudhishthira asked him about the advantages of making a journey. What Bhishma had previously learned about pilgrimages from the sage Pulastya was clarified to him by Narada. Pulastya informed Bhishma that there is a sacred Brahma location on Earth known as Pushkara in all three realms. Anyone who gets accepted into it is extremely privileged. All 10,000 crores of tirthas would be present there at the three auspicious periods of the day.

One is required to travel to the sacred site known as Jambumarga after staying there for twelve nights.
He then went on to detail the honourable results of each tirtha. Later, the wise man Lomasa arrived and, after describing Arjuna’s heavenly weapons like the Pasupata and other weapons, conveyed the word of Indra.

That message lifted the Pandavas’ spirits, and they embarked on a pilgrimage. They travelled to Prayaga through Naimisaranya, Gomati, and other locations before continuing on to Gaya and Agastya’s hermitage. Yudhishthira inquired, and Lomasa responded by recounting the story of Vatapi’s murder by Agastya. He continued by telling tales of Dadhichi’s gift of bones for the Vajra weapon, the death of Vritra, Agastya’s gulping of the ocean, the birth of Sagara’s sons, the actions of Rishyasringa, etc. Later, Dharmaraja travelled to Kausika, Ganga, and Vaitarani with other people. They travelled to Mahendragiri from there and slept the night there. They were informed of Parasurama’s tremendous experiences by Akritavrana, one of his followers. The Pandavas then arrived in Prabhasatirtha. The Yadavas greeted them there. After leaving, the Pandavas travelled to several pilgrimage sites. Exhausted, Draupadi fell unconscious. Bhima was instructed by Dharmaraja to think about his son Ghatotkacha. Ghatotkacha carried Draupadi on his shoulders as the other giants carried the Pandavas at Bhima’s order. The Badarika Forest was attained. Bhima proceeded to deliver the flower known as Saugandhika at Draupadi’s request. He ran across Hanuman on the way. In the Saugandhika garden, Bhima engaged in combat with the Rakshasas and brought the flower. He travelled to the renowned residence of Nara and Narayana at Badari under the guidance of the inaudible voice.

(8) Jatasuravadha Parva

There is only one chapter and 73 verses in this parva. On the hill Gandhamadana, the Pandavas awaited Arjuna’s arrival. A giant by the name of Jatasura one day kidnapped Draupadi and the other Pandavas while Bhima was away. With Sahadeva’s help, they managed to escape the Rakshasa’s grasp and ran in his general direction while yelling for Bhimasena. After a battle with the Rakshasa, Bhima killed him.

(9) Yaksha Yuddha Parva

This parva has 385 verses and 7 chapters. The Pandavas spent some time at Nara and Narayana’s hermitage after killing Jatasura. They travelled to holy sites for four years. In the sixth year, Arjuna was supposed to return. They awaited his arrival.
The Pandavas visited the sage in his hermitage in Vrishaparva, and on the eighth day they parted ways with him and headed north. On their fourth day of walking, they arrived at the Himalayas. They then travelled to Arshtishena’s ashrama. Until Arjuna showed up, he requested him to remain with him.
They stayed there for their fifth year. Bhima ascended the mountain’s crest at Draupadi’s request, engaged the Yakshas and Rakshasas in combat there, and drove them from the area. He eliminated the Rakshasa known as Maniman. The Pandavas were excited to meet Arjuna while they were staying on the Gandhamadana mountain. After spending five years at Indra’s home, the latter obtained heavenly weapons from him and, with Indra’s approval, descended to the Gandhamadana to meet his siblings.
Nivatakavacha Yuddha Parva (10.
There are 407 verses and 11 chapters in this parva. Arjuna and Matali arrived on the Gandamadhana after Arjuna mounted the holy chariot of Indra. Upon witnessing him, the entire Pandava family was overcome with happiness. Arjuna was delighted to see his brothers as well. After telling the Pandavas what to do, Matali bowed to them and left for heaven. Indra paid the Pandavas a visit as well, and after praising Arjuna in front of Yudhishthira, he withdrew to his residence. Then Arjuna spoke on his experiences. He explained how he engaged Nivata and Kavacha in combat before killing them. Arjuna was invited by Yudhishthira to show off the abilities and weapons he had learned. When the latter began to display them, Narada arrived and stopped him, claiming that using the heavenly weapons wrongly was a serious offence. Along with Draupadi, all the Pandavas continued to live peacefully in that jungle.

(11) Ajagara Parva

It contains 222 verses and 6 chapters. On the Gandhamadana mountain, the Pandavas lived in bliss for four years. The Pandavas lived in the forest for a total of 10 years, including the initial six and the four spent on the Gandhamadana. One day Bhima informed Yudhishthira that their exile time was in its eleventh year. They would spend their entire year being anonymous and enjoying defrauding the cruel person. After completing it, they would see Duryodhana’s demise. So he begged him to swear off killing the foes and punishing them. After gathering everyone’s viewpoints, Yudhishthira bowed to the Gandhamadana and departed for Dwaitavana.
Bhima stumbled discovered a large python while wandering boldly through those terrifying woodlands. It crept up on him and grabbed him, putting pressure on his shoulders. Bhima was unable to escape from its hold. The serpent then disclosed to him its first birth. Nahusha, the sage-king, was cursed by Agastya to turn into a python. It declared that it would eat Bhima whole. In quest of Bhima, Yudhishthira and Dhaumya travelled there. He responded to Nahusha’s inquiries. After receiving the appropriate responses, the latter was satisfied and freed Bhima.

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After being freed from his curse, Nahusha ascended to paradise. Bhima and Dhaumya joined Yudhishthira in returning to the hermitage, where they lived contentedly.

(12) Markandeyasmasya Parva

This part consists of 2083 verses spread throughout 51 chapters. From Dwaitavana, the Pandavas once more made it to the Kamyaka jungle. Satyabhama and Sri Krishna went to meet them there. He reassured Yudhishthira by claiming that he would quickly fulfil all of his wants. They may punish the Kauravas once their stay in the forest expired. According to Yudhishthira, they kept their word by spending a total of twelve years in solitary jungles. They would come under his supervision after the year-long period of secrecy had ended. The wise Markandeya arrived at that time. He was revered by both Sri Krishna and the Pandavas. Krishna asked Markandeya to narrate the meritorious tales of the old learning, and the heavenly sage Narada also arrived there to see Markandeya. As the sage was ready to speak, Yudhishthira requested him to explain how the Jiva who died would suffer the results of his good or bad conduct in the hereafter and where his karma would be kept. Markandeya responded to this question by stating that Brahama, the ancestor of Prajapati, was born first. He gave the creatures a pristine and tidy physique. He showed the texts simultaneously.

They were all beautiful, upright, and long-living creatures. At will, they might give birth or throw off their bodies. They all had a direct experience of Dharma, were in control of their senses, and without any sense of jealously. They had a thousand-year lifespan. After that, people became enraged and lustful and began to live by lying, cheating, and haughtiness. They were born in the wombs of reptiles and animals as a result of their evil activities, and they perished in hell. Their transgressions were visible on their bodies as well. The sinners’ life expectancy decreased. Following death, a person’s destiny would depend on their actions.
With the body that Iswara had already built, they would accrue a lot of both good and bad karma. He would expel his disgusting body at the end of his existence and then quickly get into another womb. His previous birth’s karma will follow him in that second body like a shadow.

Thus, a man has the capacity to feel both pleasure and misery from birth. You cannot stop the fruit of your karma. On this country of activity would come noble people and sages, who would thereafter return to heaven. A person who only acquires wealth and pleasure by moral methods will be content both in this world and the next.

After giving this explanation, the sage advised Dharmaraja not to give up because his difficulties were a sign of his eventual pleasure. He told them a lot of stories in this respect. He also provided narration for the Vaivasvata Manu and fish incarnation stories. Markandeya said that Sri Krishna, the adornment of the Vrishni family, was the Ancient Lord Sri Hari in reference to historical events. He had been spotted before as a youngster. Yudhishthira inquired, and he gave a description of Kalki’s manifestation. After hearing Markandeya’s speech, the whole Pandava family as well as Sri Krishna were delighted. Additionally, Markandeya informed them about the counsel offered to Kausika the Brahmin by the butcher.

(13) The Satyabhamasamvada Parva of Draupadi

There are 3 chapters and 91 verses in this section. In another area, Draupadi and Satyabhama were joking around while the Pandavas were conversing with the Brahmins about dharmic subjects. Draupadi was asked by Satyabhama why the Pandavas were always obedient to her. She requested that she share any vows that might increase her fortune and win Sri Krishna’s submission. However, Draupadi retorted that pure ladies did not engage in such behaviours; only evil women did. She should not have questioned her spouse in that manner. She would explain to her how she had acted around the Pandavas. She consistently put her husbands’ needs ahead of her own desires, rage, and ego.

She acted in a way that her husbands would have preferred. She always made an effort to act in a way that pleased and benefitted her masters. After hearing Draupadi’s words of wisdom, Satyabhama felt guilty and begged her pardon. She was advised by Draupadi that the only way to win her lord’s approval was to serve him with the utmost devotion. After speaking with them, Krishna bid the Pandavas farewell and went back to Dwaraka with Satyabhama.

(14) Ghoshayatra Parva

This portion consists of 616 verses spread across 22 chapters. In the Dwaitavana, the Pandavas lived in a hut. One day a clever Brahmin visited them, and after travelling through several nations, he eventually arrived at Dhritarashtra. He told the king about the Pandavas’ struggles after being prompted by him. Inquiring about the prowess of the Pandavas and Arjuna’s acquisition of heavenly weaponry, Dhritarashtra expressed his sadness at the news. When Sakuni overheard Dhritarashtra speaking in private, she sent those remarks along to Duryodhana and Karna. Hearing that made Duryodhana sad. Sakuni and Karna complimented Duryodhana at the proper moment and urged him to go see the Pandavas. They pushed Duryodhana to visit the Pandavas glowing with royal brilliance so they could be grieved by his immense wealth. They advised the queens of Duryodhana to accompany them while donning lovely sarees. When she saw them, the dejected Draupadi, who was dressed in bark and deer-skin, would likewise experience anguish. Those were phrases Duryodhana liked. He gave Karna instructions to speak with Sakuni and Dussasana and figure out how to secure the king’s approval to travel to Dwaitavana. The very following day, he went to see his father. After saying this, he retired to his room.

Karna went to Duryodhana the following morning and informed him of the scheme. They could visit there on the pretence of overseeing them—ghoshayatra, which was appropriate for the kings—since all of their livestock stations were in the Dwaitavana. Sakuni concurred with such strategy.
The three of them made this decision and travelled to Dhritarashtra. Although Dhritarashtra initially opposed the notion of Duryodhana visiting the cattle stations on a ghoshayatra, Sakuni eventually persuaded him to change his mind.
Duryodhana and his retinue left towards Dwaitavana. Duryodhana and his cronies set up camp at the cattle stations after arriving there. Then Duryodhana gave his servants the command to build a pleasure mansion next to the lake. But that lake was populated by a Gandharva.

Upon learning of this, Duryodhana gave his warriors orders to drive the Gandharvas away. The Gandharvas and the Kauravas then started fighting. The Gandharvas’ strength was too much for the Kurus’ warriors to handle. Karna himself suffered defeat. The Gandharva monarch Chitrasena captured Duryodhana, and his army sought shelter with Yudhishthira. The latter gave Bhima the command to save the Kauravas.

Together with the Gandharvas, the Pandavas engaged in combat, vanquished them, and freed Duryodhana.
He also added that Yudhishthira had given the Pandavas instructions to obtain their freedom. The latter then confessed his loss to Karna. Arjuna and Chitrasena came face to face during the battle and exchanged greetings. The release of the Kauravas was requested by Arjuna. Duryodhana stated his intention to fast till he passed away and name Dussasana the next crown prince after feeling that to be a humiliating insult. Upon hearing those comments, Dussasana became upset and comforted Duryodhana. Even when Sakuni and Karna persuaded him to stop, Duryodhana continued to starve himself to death. The Danavas offered a sacrifice to summon Duryodhana to them after they had already been vanquished by the gods. Kritya emerged from the fire pit used for sacrifice in an astonishing demonic form. She went to Duryodhana on their instruction and led him into the nether realm. He was persuaded to end his fast by the Danavas. Kritya led him back to his own location after that. Duryodhana felt they could overcome the Pandavas and that everything else was just a dream. Karna returned when it was day and persuaded him.

Duryodhana returned to Hastinapura after recalling the Daityas’ remarks and making up his mind to battle the Pandavas. The Pandavas had obtained Duryodhana’s release before he arrived in the city. Bhishma encouraged him to make peace with the Pandavas and chastised his behaviour. Duryodhana made fun of him before leaving with Sakuni to go somewhere else.
Duryodhan gave Karna permission to embark on his journey to conquer the quarters, and once he had ruled over the entire planet, he returned to Hastinapura. According to Karna’s and the priests’ advice, Duryodhana offered the Vishnu sacrifice. Even the Pandavas received an invitation from him. However, the Pandavas chose not to arrive since they had to maintain their word to remain in the woods. Karna pledged to assassinate Arjuna. Yudhishthira was upset after learning about this through his ambassadors.

(15) Mrigasvapnodbhava Parva

There are just 17 verses and one chapter in this section. One night as he slept, Yudhishthira dreamed of the few wild creatures in the Dwaitavana and heard them tell him that their numbers had decreased due to their hunting. They asked him to change where he lived. Dharmaraja assured them about this. The next day, the kind-hearted Dharmaraja and his entourage moved from Dwaitavana to Kamayakavana.

(16) Vrihidraunika Parva

This part consists of three chapters and 130 verses. Since the Pandavas arrived to reside in the woods, eleven years had passed. Yudhishthira was constantly depressed because he believed that it was his responsibility that his family was suffering. Sage Vyasa eventually showed up to greet them. He informed Yudhishthira that generosity is the finest of all dharmas in response to his question. Nothing on this planet is more challenging to put into practise than giving. If someone donates even a small amount at the appropriate moment and to the right recipient with a pure heart, that person will be remembered in the hereafter for a very long time as a wonderful giver. Sage Mudgala achieved enormous fruit by giving a Drona (a measure) of money. The tale of Mudgala was then related by Vyasa. The sage went for his home to resume his austerities after giving them the blessing that they would get their ancestral kingdom after the thirteenth year.

(17) Draupadiharana Parva

There are 288 verses and 10 chapters in this section. Duryodhana learned that the Pandavas were living and performing acts of kindness both in the city and the forests. He therefore planned to place the Pandavas in a difficult predicament along with Karna and Dussasana. At that time, the sage Durvasas travelled there with his 10,000 pupils. The sage bestowed a boon to Duryodhana since he was happy with his services. He and his followers were invited as guests to the Pandavas by Duryodhana. He did, however, advise that the sage should go after Draupadi would have finished her meals and taken a break after feeding the Brahmins and her husbands. When all of the Pandavas and Draupadi had completed their meals, the sage agreed and consequently proceeded to Yudhishthira.

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Yudhishthira welcomed him and asked him to go about his regular business before arriving. The sage took his followers with him as he went for a bath. Regarding the meal that would be served to them, Draupadi was concerned. Sri Krishna was invoked by her. Krishna arrived there right away. He urged Draupadi to bring food quickly since he was starving.
Draupadi informed him that the food would only be provided by the akshayapatra till Draupadi did not complete her meals. However, she ate that day. Krishna then requested her to demonstrate the vessel for him. After eating some rice that was stuck to the vessel’s neck, Krishna declared that Sri Hari, the Universal Soul, was content. Then he dispatched Sahadeva to invite all the sages to a meal. But the sages present could already feel that their bellies were full. The disciples then all fled from that location on the advise of their preceptor.

Sahadeva informed Yudhishthira of all of this. Krishna informed him of what had occurred and, with his approval, departed for Dwaraka. Duryodhana’s plot was therefore foiled. The lonely Draupadi was living in a hermitage in the Kamyakavana one day when Jayadratha, the king of Sindhu, was travelling to Salva to get married. Attracted to her, he despatched Kotikasya to collect her contact information. However, Draupadi treated him as a guest and got busy making arrangements to greet him. Then Kotikasya offered Jayadratha her information.

She was contacted by Jayadratha, who told her what she wanted. After hearing such comments, she turned away from him and refused his approaches. Then he took her against her will onto his chariot and sped off. After learning what had occurred, the Pandavas went back to the hermitage and went after Jayadratha.

(18) Jayadrathavimokshana Parva

This part consists of one chapter and 85 verses. He was taken by Bhima and brought before Yudhishthira. Yudhishthira freed Saindhava at his request. Being humiliated, Jayadratha went to Gangadwara and conducted penance while turning to the Supreme Lord. He received a boon from the Lord. Jayadratha requested the blessing of vanquishing the Pandavas. But Parameswara scoffed at the idea and promised that, for only one day, he would beat all the Pandavas save Arjuna. The Lord allowed that and then vanished. Jayadratha, who was sluggish, also went back home. [19. Ramopakhyana Parva]
There are 765 verses and 20 chapters in this section. After conquering Jayadratha and freeing Draupadi, Dharmaraja asked Markandeya, who was sitting with other sages and understood the past, present, and future, if there was any unhappy person in this world like the Pandavas. Markandeya responded by telling the tale of Sri Rama. After recounting the events surrounding the birth of Rama, Ravana, and other characters, the preparations for Rama’s coronation, Rama’s exile to the forests, the murder of Maricha, the kidnapping of Sita, the battle between Rama and Ravana, the killing of Ravana, the coronation of Sri Rama, etc., Markandeya informed Yudhishtira that his troubles were insignificant in comparison to those of Ram With such remarks, he gave Yudhishthira comfort.

(20) Pativratamahatmya Parva

This part has 304 slokas and 7 chapters. Markandeya was asked by Yudhishthira if he had ever seen or heard of a devout woman like Draupadi. Then Markandeya recounted him Savitri’s tale. King Aswapati underwent tremendous penance in order to have offspring. A girl was born to him thanks to the blessing of the goddess Savitri, who was delighted with his penance. Savitri was her name. When she was a young woman, she travelled to several locations in quest of a husband with her father’s approval. She told her father that she had made up her mind to wed Satyavan, the son of Dyumatsena, the king of Salva. Sage Narada, who was there at the moment, said after hearing that Satyavan had made a mistake in picking Savitri because he would only live for another year starting that day. Her father advised her to pick a different man to be her spouse. Savitri, however, objected, stating that a girl should only be given in marriage once. He had been chosen by her.

Narada’s counsel allowed Aswapati to marry Satyavan the way she had desired. With her service to her in-laws and others, Savitri was satisfied. Finally, the day when Satyavan was supposed to pass away had become closer as the days went by. Savitri understood that her spouse will pass away on the next fourth day. So she stood up nonstop day and night for three nights while keeping her commitment. She was in a terrible depression because her spouse would pass away the next day. To gather wood, Satyavan entered the jungle while carrying an axe on his shoulder.

Savitri accompanied him after getting her in-laws’ approval. He said that the strain of chopping the wood had given him a headache. He desired to relax. Savitri sat with her husband’s head resting on her lap. Lord Yama then made an appearance and informed the woman that her husband’s life was ended. He’d accept him. They started arguing with each other. Yama gave her the fourth boon and encouraged her to beg for anything other than the life of her husband because he was pleased with her while giving her the other three boons. She requested a thousand sons.

Yama wished her well and predicted that it would occur. Then Savitri emphasised that if there was no marital tie between the couple, his boon would not come true. in order for her spouse to live. Satyavan was given life by the favour of Yama, who approved of her speech. Satyavan was elevated to the position of crown prince, and Dyumatsena was seated on the throne in line with the wishes of the Salwa people. In response to Dharmaraja’s question, Markandeya related this Savitri event.

(21) Kundalaaharana Parva

This part consists of 305 verses spread across 11 chapters. The Pandavas’ time in the woods for the twelfth year came to an end. The start of year thirteen. Indra, who had a soft spot for the Pandavas, was getting ready to plead for Karna’s jewellery and armour. Knowing this, Surya appeared in Karna’s dream to warn him and counsel him against selling the jewellery and armour. Karna, however, disregarded his advice. He made the decision to give Indra, who was posing as a Brahmin, the earrings and the armour in order to ascend to the upper levels. When Karna stood up, he considered the dream and made the decision to surrender Indra Sakti in exchange for the armour and earring set. Therefore, he requested that Indra, who assumed the appearance of a Brahmin, present his infallible Sakti and accept the earrings and armour. After giving it some thought, Indra answered that by offering the armour and the earrings, he may receive his Sakti. But that Power would only vanquish one of his valiant foes before coming back to him. After saying this, he removed the armour and earrings from Karna and bestowed his invincible Power.

(22) Araneya Parva

There are 5 chapters and 264 verses in this section. After fighting Jayadratha and winning, the Pandavas returned Draupadi after she was kidnapped. After leaving Kamyakavana, they returned to Dwaitavana. One day, a deer and another animal were fighting, and the deer’s antlers caught the arani of the austere Brahmin and the churning staff.

The Pandavas chased the deer at the Brahmin’s suggestion, but in vain. They sat down beneath a tree. They developed a thirst. As directed by Yudhishthira, Nakula went to get water. He drank from a lake while laughing and without responding to the queries posed by the local yaksha, he collapsed and became asleep. Sahadeva, Arjuna, and Bhima, who had also gone in pursuit of him, likewise passed out after drinking lake water. Finally, Yudhishthira correctly responded to the Yaksha’s questions. The four brothers of Daharmaraja received the blessing of life from the pleased Yaksha. In the thirteenth year, the sympathetic Brahmins gave their blessing, and the Pandavas, together with Dhaumya and Draupadi, left in order to live secretly.

You can read other chapters from the table below. Click on the respective link to understand about the summary of that book/section of Mahabharata.

Mahabharat All Chapters Summary Guide

1) Adi Parva 10) Sauptika Parva
2) Sabha Parva 11) Stri Parva
3) Vana Parva 12) Shanti Parva
4) Virata Parva 13) Anushasana Parva
5) Udhyoga Parva 14) Ashvamedha Parva
6) Bhishma Parva 15) Ashramavasika Parva
7) Drona Parva 16) Mausala Parva
8) Karna Parva 17) Mahaprasthanika Parva
9) Shalya Parva 18) Swaraga Arohana Parva

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