The ninth of the Mahabharata’s 18 books is called the Shalya Parva. The Shalya Parva bears Shalya’s name, the fourth supreme leader of the Kaurava army. This book details the eighteenth day of the conflict as well as Shalya’s nomination as commander in chief. There are 64 chapters and 4 upaparvas in this parva. The following are the Shalya Parva’s subparvas:
(1) The Shalya-vadha Parva has 22 chapters.
(2) Shalya Parva, which has five chapters.
(3) The section Hradapraveca Parva has two chapters.
(4) Gadayuddha Parva is a 35-chapter work.
Shalya Parva Mahabharat Overview
Below is a synopsis of the Shalya Parva.
There are 22 chapters in this Parva. Duryodhana was broken after Karna died at the hands of Arjuna because he realised that there was no turning back from his defeat at this point. Within the Kaurava army’s whole ranks, dismay and despair swept. The majority of troops, alliance kings, and Kaurava families believed that the Pandava army had already essentially won the battle. Duryodhana, however, was a warrior who thought that he and his army should battle to the very end. Duryodhana encouraged his soldiers by delivering them a lengthy lecture on the responsibilities of a warrior after observing their dejection. He said that if they chose to leave without sacrificing everything they had, the entire seventeen-day sacrifice would be in vain. All the soldiers and monarchs resolved to engage in combat once more the following day after hearing Duryodhana’s intriguing remark. After Karna’s passing, they decided to name a new commander in chief. After much consideration, Shalya was selected since he was a very renowned and honourable fighter within the ranks of the Kuru army. Shalya threatened to assassinate the Pandavas or perish trying. On the side of the Pandavas, Krishna was aware of Shalya’s virtues and abilities. He warned his soldiers that Shalya was one of the deadliest fighters alive and that it would be impossible to beat him. Yudhishthira and the other brothers were psychologically prepared to meet Shalya as the leader of the Kuru army thanks to Krishna’s message of warning.
Even though the men had been engaged in warfare for seventeen protracted days, the eighteenth day of the conflict began with ferocious war cries. Nakula fought ferociously with Chitrasena, Karna’s son, who was eager to exact revenge for the murder of his father. Nakula assaulted Chitrasena and used his sword to chop off his head after Chitrasena had successfully damaged Nakula’s chariot. Satyasena and Sushena, Chirasena’s two brothers, were slaughtered by Nakula when they viciously assaulted him after Chitrasena was killed. Nakula had used his arrows to murder both of them.
Shalya was in control of the fight and the Pandavas’ army was unable to advance because Shalya had stretched out across the field of battle like a lion and was shooting arrows at them from all directions. As soon as the Pandavas saw how powerful Shalya truly was, they had to take a step back. He was demonstrating his qualifications and the fact that he was deserving of the position of supreme commander of the Kaurava army.
Yudhishthira and Chndrasena killed Drumasena and Chandrasena from the Kauravas’ army, and Duryodhana killed Chitekana from the Pandavas’ army. Following that, there were severe conflicts between Ashwatthama and Arjuna and Duryodhana and Drshtadyumna. Between Shalya and Yudhishthira took happened the most amazing combat. Shalya had been successful in killing Yudhishthira’s charioteer and horses. The only choice left to Yudhishthira was to utilise his Brahmaastra to eliminate the shrewd and potent Shalya. Sakti received the sword from Lord Shiva. He used Sakti, a mystical weapon, on him while chanting hymns to make it work. Shalya was one of the fiercest soldiers to have battled with Yudhishthira when the weapon went through his chest, causing him to fall to the ground and die. Following Shalya’s passing, Yudhishthira’s brothers assaulted him in retaliation.
Srutaantha, Duurmarshna, Jaitra, Ravi, Satrunaasha, Bhooribala, Jayatsena, Sujata, Dushpradharsha, and Durvimochana were among the eleven brothers of Duryoodhana who Bhima killed. Susarma, the ruler of Trigatha, was then removed by Arjuna. Shakuni and his son Uluka were engaged in combat by Sahadeva and Bhima. After a protracted battle, they both ended up dead.
The Pandavas’ army had beaten or killed nearly all of Duryodhana’s greatest soldiers. Finally admitting defeat, Duryodhana fled to a lake to meditate. The Pandavas began their search for Duryodhana after eliminating every warrior in the Kaurava army. But there were still three army soldiers left: Ashvatthama, Krpacharya, and Krtavarma. After Duryodhana persuaded them not to spend their time fighting the large Pandava army, even they joined him.
Duryodhana was meditating in the lake when the Pandavas discovered him. Duryodhana was urged to persevere and battle valiantly by Yudhishthira, the brothers, and Krishna. Duryodhana was instructed by Yudhisthira to choose any Pandava sibling and engage in a one-on-one conflict with him. In the decisive battle of the 18-day Kurukshetra War, Duryodhana decided to take on Bhima. One of the closest bouts in the annals of Hindu history is this one between them. In all ancient writings, it is also one of the longest face-offs. Bhima remembered his promise to break Duryodhana’s thighs during the fight, so he used his mace to target them. Bhima did not hesitate to breach the law to defeat Duryodhana despite the fact that it was against combat protocol to strike below the navel. Even Duryodhana, who suffered severe wounds as a result of the incident, condemned Bhima for attacking him on his thigh. Balarama and Yudhishthira were furious with Bhima because he had even used his knees to strike Duryodhana in the skull. Krishna, however, cited the fact that they had seen and endured suffering as a result of Duryodhana’s crafty and disloyal behaviour as the reason Bhima did not bat an eye while doing so. Against the evil-minded Duryodhana, even the strongest warrior, Bhima, did not feel terrible about breaking the rules of engagement.
A messenger told Ashvatthama, Krtavarma, and Krpacharya—who were absent throughout the conflict between Bhima and Duryodhana—of Bhima’s ingenious act and Duryodhana’s state. They were furious when they went to visit Duryodhana and intended to get revenge on the Pandava brothers. In front of Bhagwan Krishna, Ashvatthama promised Duryodhana that he would slay the Pandava brothers.
You can read other chapters from the table below. Click on the respective link to understand about the summary of that book/section of Mahabharata.
Mahabharat All Chapters Summary Guide
|1) Adi Parva||10) Sauptika Parva|
|2) Sabha Parva||11) Stri Parva|
|3) Vana Parva||12) Shanti Parva|
|4) Virata Parva||13) Anushasana Parva|
|5) Udhyoga Parva||14) Ashvamedha Parva|
|6) Bhishma Parva||15) Ashramavasika Parva|
|7) Drona Parva||16) Mausala Parva|
|8) Karna Parva||17) Mahaprasthanika Parva|
|9) Shalya Parva||18) Swaraga Arohana Parva|