Sauptika Parva Mahabharat

The tenth of the Mahabharata’s 18 main sections is the Sauptika Parva, often known as the Book of the Sleeping Warriors. There are 18 chapters and two upaparvas in it. The Sauptika Parva is primarily concerned with Ashvatthama, Krtavarma, and Krpacharya’s post-war retaliation against the Pandava army that was still present. There are two upaparvas:

1) The Sauptika Parva (1 to 9  chapters)

2) Aishika Parva (10 to 18 chapters)

Sauptika Parva Mahabharat Overview

1) The Sauptika Parva (1 to 9  chapters)

Following the 18th day of the Kurukshetra War, Aswatthama, Kritavarman, and Kripa—the three Kaurava survivors—described their activities in the Sauptika Parva. The trio gets away and takes refuge in a jungle. Aswatthaman saw a baniyan tree nearby that was being roosted by crows at night. However, when those birds were soundly asleep, he witnessed an owl suddenly come and kill a sizable number of his adversaries. Aswatthama was already enraged about the passing of his father and the casualties of the conflict. On the night after the battle, he devises a scheme to murder the last of the Pandava army when they are fast asleep. Delay is advised, as is the morality of murdering the sleeping, and the usefulness of Aswatthama’s intention to get retribution, according to Kripa. According to Aswatthama, vengeance is the only way to cope with the unfairness of the entire battle and everyone involved. Kritavarman and Kripa pursue Aswatthama as he departs to slay the sleepers.

When those warriors arrive at the Pandava camp, a giant stops them at the entrance. Aswatthaman strikes him with weapons, but they either break after hitting him or are consumed by that remarkable guardian body. Finally, in order to achieve his goal, he began to worship Mahadeva. Finally seeing his sincerity, the holy Mahadeva personally intervened, gave him a large Rudra sword, and also gave him some of his vitality.
With that, Drona’s son entered the camp, leaving the other two at the gate. He initially went inside the chamber of Dhrishtadyumna, the man who killed his sire, and kicked him to wake him up before beginning to choke him. After tearing Aswatthaman with his claws, the Panchala prince finally requested that he be killed with a weapon. When Aswatthaman was told no, he kicked the man to death. Others awoke in response to his shouts, and Drona’s son immediately began using weapons to kill anybody who came within striking distance. He was struck by Draupadi’s sons who were carrying bows. Drona’s kid roared loudly, then charged toward his attackers with the desire to kill them. He sliced off their abdomens, arms, heads, faces, trunks, thighs, ears, shoulders, and hips after blocking their strikes with his enormous heavenly sword. Then Sikhandin, Bhishma’s killer, shot him with an arrow. Drona’s son was furious at this and, with his newfound strength, he went up to Sikhandin and used his sword to sever him in half. Then, Drona’s son caused great destruction inside that army. Despite being struck by them, he didn’t feel any pain at the moment since Kapardin had blessed him. Kritavarman and Kripa killed the mans at the camp’s gate who were trying to flee to save their lives. Then they started three separate fires within the Pandava camp. When the camp was lit, Aswatthaman charged forward with his sword in hand and expertly slew his adversaries. The soil that was covered in blood and dust quickly vanished. As soon as everything was calm again following the bloodbath, Aswatthaman emerged from it. After killing all of the Panchalas and Pandava sons, they rushed to Duryodhana to inform him that his pledge had been kept. Sanjaya loses his spiritual sight, which Rishi Vyasa had bestowed to him before Duryodhana was killed. Currently, just seven of the Pandavas are still living, and only three of the Dhartarashtras. The five Pandava brothers, Satyaki, and Krishna, who were not present in the camp, are the only survivors.

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2) Aishika Parva (10 to 18 chapters)

Draupadi and the Pandava brothers are shocked to learn of the slaughter of the Pandava sons and all of the Pandava supporters. While they are victors, Yudhishthira laments, they are defeated. Even after winning, Draupadi laments that they had lost practically all of their sons. She then asks that Drona’s son be sacrificed for justice. For justice, the Pandavas seek Aswatthama. Aswatthaman is armed with incredibly powerful Brahma weapons, which he learnt to use from his father Drona, according to Krishna, who also warns that their lives are in danger. Everyone who followed the paths came upon Aswatthaman, Vyasa, and other Rishis close to the banks of the Bhagiratha. When Bhima threatened Asawatthama, Drona’s son thought of such lofty weapon because he felt outnumbered. Then, using his left hand to transform a blade of grass, he created that potent heavenly weapon to destroy the Pandavas. According to Krishna’s statements, Arjuna used the same weapon, known as the Brahmashira, in that fight to neutralise his. That weapon suddenly erupted in a colossal orb of fire and horrible flames. The two great Rishis, Narada and Vyasa, appeared as they saw those two weapons scorch the planets and declared that while previous warriors who had perished in combat were likewise familiar with powerful weapons, they had never used one on people. They questioned their hasty action by pointing out that if two powerful weapons crash, the area suffers from a 12-year drought, and even clouds cannot bring any rain at that time. Dhananjaya then removed his sword, but Aswatthaman was unable to do the same, and it fell into the wombs of the Pandava women. The holy Krishna steals Ashwatthama’s diamond, condemns his behaviour, and curses him to roam the world for 3000 years suffering from ailments, alone, and unable to communicate with anybody. Vyasa concurs with Krishna’s statements. After acknowledging the curse, Aswatthaman departs. When the Pandavas return to their camp, Draupadi is shown Aswatthaman’s jewel. Then Yudhishthira questions Krishna about how Aswatthaman managed to defeat everyone by himself. Krishna responds that Shiva’s abilities were to blame.

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You can read other chapters from the table below. Click on the respective link to understand about the summary of that book/section of Mahabharata.

Mahabharat All Chapters Summary Guide

1) Adi Parva 10) Sauptika Parva
2) Sabha Parva 11) Stri Parva
3) Vana Parva 12) Shanti Parva
4) Virata Parva 13) Anushasana Parva
5) Udhyoga Parva 14) Ashvamedha Parva
6) Bhishma Parva 15) Ashramavasika Parva
7) Drona Parva 16) Mausala Parva
8) Karna Parva 17) Mahaprasthanika Parva
9) Shalya Parva 18) Swaraga Arohana Parva

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