Sabha Parva is the second of the Mahabharata’s 18 sections. The Sabha Parva of the Great Epic Mahabharata is divided into 10 divisions (Upaparvas) or sub-chapters.
Overview of the Sabha Parva Mahabharata, or Chapter 2 Sabha Parva
- 1 Overview of the Sabha Parva Mahabharata, or Chapter 2 Sabha Parva
(1) Sabakrariya Parva
There are four chapters and 141 verses in this section. When the Khandava jungle was burning, Arjuna had rescued Mayasura. Arjuna was asked to make a request by Maya in order to return the favour. But Arjuna counselled him to carry out Krishna’s wishes. To construct a palace for Yudhishthira, Krishna asked him. Maya made the decision to construct an opulent meeting hall in the style of Krishna and the Pandavas. Khandavaprastha was the happy home of Krishna and the Pandavas. After a while, he felt the need to travel to Dwarka to visit his father. He left towards Dwaraka after receiving approval from Kunti and Yudhishthira, joined by the valiant Satyaki and Daruka, the charioteer.
Maya travelled to the mountain Mainaka, which was in the North-East area and was located north of Kailasa, bringing with her a club, a conch, and building supplies made of crystals and gems. He gave Bhima that powerful club, gave Arjuna the conch known as Devadatta, and constructed a house for Dharmaraja. The propitiatory ceremonies were carried out before the son of Kunti entered that palace.
(2) Lokapala-sabhakhyana Parva
This parva contains 373 verses and 8 chapters. The Pandavas were formerly present at the assembly together with notable individuals and Gandharvas. The celestial sage Narada arrived there at that moment to greet them warmly. He was honoured and liked by Yudhishthira and his brothers. Narada, who was ecstatic, enquired of Dharmaraja about issues pertaining to Dharma, Artha, and the Kama. He asked him if he had wisely divided his time between Dharma, Artha, and Kama; whether, after taking into account his and the enemy’s relative strengths, he was properly caring for the fourteen possessions (such as country, forts, cars, elephants, cavalry, foot-soldiers, etc.) with the aid of the six royal attributes (namely, the ability to speak cleverly, readiness to provide means, intelligence in dealing with the enemy, memory, and familiarity with He said that troops grow irate and suffer severe misfortune if meals and pay are delayed. He questioned the king’s care for the families of those who died or endured great dangers for him, whether his accountants presented him with an income and expense statement each day in the morning, whether the farmers in his realm were content, and whether he slept for the first two-thirds of the night before rising in the third to think about Dharma and Artha.
Yudhishthira bowed to Narada after hearing his comments and vowed to exclusively keep his word. He had truly become enlightened by his good advice. Following Narada’s advice, he expanded his domain all the way to the sea. As a result, this chapter outlines a polity’s guiding ideals.
Yudhishthira thanked Narada for his counsel and enquired of him whether he had ever seen an assembly hall similar to the one Maya had constructed. In a lovely voice, Narada retorted that he had never previously seen or heard of such a mansion in the realm of mortals. In addition, in response to Dharmaraja’s request, he detailed the palaces of Indra, Yama, Varuna, Kubera, and Brahma. The palace of Dharmaraja, according to him, was the greatest on earth when he claimed to have seen them all in earlier eras. Then, in the assembly hall of Indra, Yudhishthira questioned Narada as to why he had singled out King Harischandra among the royal seers. What was Harischandra’s greatest quality that allowed him to compete even with Indra? He also inquired as to whether he had encountered his father Pandu in the realm of the manes, how he had come to meet him, and what had been spoken to him. He declared that he was ready to hear every detail.
As Narada began to extol the virtues of Harischandra, he noted that the king’s splendour and fame were due to the blessings of the Brahmins, who were appeased by the king’s almsgiving. He was thus awarded the position of honour in Indra’s court. A king who offers the Rajasuya sacrifice would joyfully remain with Indra.
When he learned that I was visiting the planet, your father—who was astounded by Harischandra’s prosperity—sent you a message via me asking you to make the Rajasuya sacrifice since you were capable of overthrowing all the earth’s kingdoms.
He also wants Harischandra to live happily for a long period in Indra’s palace as a result. After advising Yudhishthira to grant his father’s wish, Narada bid him farewell and left with the sages to travel to Dwarka. Later, Yudhishthira discussed Rajasuya’s performance with his brothers.
(3) Rajasuyarambha Parva
There are 265 verses and 7 chapters in this parva. Yudhishthira made the decision to carry out the Rajasuya sacrifice and participated in its planning to fulfil his father Pandu’s wish. In addition, he considered Dharma and the well-being of all realms. He became Ajatasatru as a result of his efforts to improve public welfare. The execution of the Rajasuya sacrifice was his proposed action, and all of his ministers approved. He then repeatedly sought advice from his brothers, priests, pastors, Dhaumya, and Vyasa. Everyone agreed that Yudhishthira was qualified to make the offering. He then asked Sri Krishna for guidance. Krishna had travelled to Indraprastha with the envoy after learning that Yudhishthira wished to see him through a messenger named Indrasena. Rajasuya was the subject of a final judgement request from Dharmaraja to Krishna.
Yudhishthira, according to Krishna, was competent to carry out the sacrifice since he was gifted with all the qualities. Even though the king was well aware of everything, he nevertheless felt the need to inform the man that it was customary for whomever conquers the entire globe to be referred to as an Emperor. Jarasandha suddenly overthrew all the monarchs and became the emperor. He now has dominion over the entire universe. Sisupala was appointed as his army’s supreme commander.
Even more powerful than the gods, Hamsa and Dimbhaka sought sanctuary with Jarasandha. Three could take on three planets if they worked together. However, Dimbhaka mistakenly believed that his brother had dead and leaped into the Yamuna River to attempt suicide when Balarama slew a monarch named Hamsa during a fight. Hamsa followed suit and drowned in the river. Jarasandha left those two dead and went back to his capital in dejection. As long as Jarasandha was still alive, according to Krishna, Yudhishthira could not finish the Rajasuya.
Several kings were under Jarasandha’s hands. And if Yudhishthira really want to carry out the sacrifice, he ought to make an effort to free the imprisoned kings by slaying Jarasandha first. Yudhishthira said that Krishna was their ultimate authority after hearing Krishna’s speech. Then Bhima remarked that with the aid of careful strategy, even a weak opponent may be vanquished. Krishna possessed intellect, he himself possessed strength, and Arjuna possessed the power of victory. Consequently, the three could eliminate Jarasandha as a group. In response, Krishna declared they might defeat Jarasandha during the conflict. Dharmaraja, however, became frustrated and said that doing Rajasuya was exceedingly challenging. Therefore, it would be best if they abandoned the plan to conduct it. However, the ecstatic Arjuna said that in such scenario, they would get the saffron robes of the mendicants who valued peace. But since they lacked cowardice, they engaged in combat with their adversaries. Sri Krishna defended Arjuna, asserting that it was the warriors’ responsibility to engage in combat with their adversaries in accordance with the laws of the land. He then responded to Yudhishthira’s question by narrating the tale of Jarasandha’s birth. In the nation of Magadha, there was a monarch by the name of Brihadratha. He wed the Kasi king’s identical twin daughters. He was unhappy since he had no problems. He once learned that the sage Chanda Kausika had arrived. The king visited the sage with his queens and told him how he felt. He received the blessing of offspring when the sage chanted magical chants and presented him with a mango fruit that had just fallen into his lap. After some time, each of his queens gave birth to a partially developed child. Both pieces were hurled outdoors by the terrified queens.
Jara, a Rakshasi, put the parts together so they would be easier to carry. A boy was created when the pieces were put together. The Rakshasi returned the kid to the king after changing into a human. She introduced herself and stated that she was only a tool being used to connect the puzzle parts. She suggested to the king that the boy be given the proper ceremonies. She said that the boy will get notoriety due to her name. After saying this, she vanished.
After appointing Jarasandha as the new crown prince, Brihadratha and his two wives withdrew to the jungles. Krishna turned against Jarasandha after killing his nephew Kamsa.
(4) Jarasandha-Vadha Parva
This part consists of 280 verses spread across 5 chapters. As Hamsa, Dimbhaka, and Kamsa passed away, Krishna informed Dharmaraja that Jarasandha had grown frail. It was appropriate to murder him at this moment. He ought to be defeated in a duel. He (Krishna) would see him alone, together with Bhima and Arjuna. He would undoubtedly choose to fight Bhima. And Bhima was strong enough to slay him by himself. If Yudhishthira had faith in him, he requested that he send Bhima and Arjuna with him. Accepting, Yudhishthira said that Krishna was their saviour. And the work would be finished if he was alongside Arjuna and Bhima. After hearing Yudhishthira’s remarks, Krishna, Bhima, and Arjuna set off towards Magadha. Yudhishthira was certain that Jarasandha would be murdered after witnessing those three. The three of them entered Magadha after dressing as Brahmins and keeping the Snataka vow. When they arrived, the city’s residents were taken aback. They seemed egotistical as they entered Jarasandha’s presence. They were warmly welcomed by him. Jarasandha questioned the Snataka-clad Brahmins about their unusual behaviour, including their breaking of a hillock’s summit and unauthorised entry into the city.
All three varnas—Brahmins, Kshatriyas, and Vaishyas—would take the Snataka vow, according to Krishna. A Ksatriya’s shoulders are where his strength is located. He had the option of seeing it if he so desired. A Kshatriya should only enter an enemy’s home through the rear door. They had a reason for coming here. An adversary could not bestow them with honour. Jarasandha, taken aback by Krishna’s statements, enquired as to the nature of their hostility. He had been mistaken for their adversary. Krishna then said that just one virtuous individual can safeguard an entire family. They came to punish him at his command since they were Dharma’s disciples. They weren’t Brahmins, he said, as evidence. The sons of Pandu, Bhima and Arjuna, served as his two comrades, while Krishna served as his adversary.
After saying this, he challenged Jarasandha to a duel. Jarasandha was prepared to engage in combat with the three of them but would not release the princes he had imprisoned in order to offer them as sacrifices to the gods. He decided to fight Bhima when Sri Krishna suggested it.
Bhima eagerly moved forward to engage in combat at Sri Krishna’s order. They were battling each other, and they were both making tremendous noises. Bhima was persuaded by Krishna to murder Jarasandha. Then, with one hand, Bhima grabbed Jarasandha’s leg and split him in half. The three of them proceeded to the jail and released the princes after disposing of his body near the palace’s main gate. Bhima and Arjuna were put in Jarasandha’s Sodaryavan, which Krishna himself then used to leave Girivraja. Jarasandha’s son Sahadeva left the city and sought sanctuary with Sri Krishna, being escorted by the priests and accompanied by ministers and servants. With Krishna’s approval, he later carried out his father’s last rituals. The imprisoned monarchs, Bhima, Arjuna, and they all returned safely to their city. Yudhishthira made the decision to begin the Rajasuya sacrifice after experiencing great joy. Yudhishthira was left behind while Krishna left for Dwaraka.
(5) Digvijaya Parva
There are 389 verses and 8 chapters in this. Arjuna desired to overthrow every monarch in order to extort taxes from them and expand his own fortune. Therefore, he asked his brother Yudhishthira for permission before beginning a march of triumph in the direction of Kubera’s domain in the north. The wise Sage Vyasa praised Arjuna’s choice. On a victory march, he advised Arjuna to head north, Bhima to the east, Sahadeva to the south, and Nakula to the west. The Pandavas did as he said. As before, Yudhishthira remained at Khandavaprastha. Vaisampayana described the Pandavas’ triumph march in response to Janamejaya’s question. When the four sons of Kunti came to Indraprastha with their vast loot, they gave it all to Dharmaraja. They had simultaneously conquered the four directions of the world.
(6) Rajasuya Parva
This part consists of 3 chapters and 104 verses. Along with his siblings, King Yudhishthira was governing the land in an upright manner. Never a single disaster was reported throughout his rule. He desired to carry out the Rajasuya sacrifice since he had the money to do it. Krishna led a sizable army there and brought several priceless presents, including diamonds. Yudhishthira asked Sri Krishna for approval so that he and his brothers might participate in the Rajasuya sacrifice. Krishna said that Dharmaraja was eligible to be an emperor and should thus accept the vow of the performance to satisfy their ambitions after describing the benefits of that tremendous sacrifice. As a result of Krishna’s approval, Dhramaraja and his brothers began to gather the necessary ingredients for the sacrifice. Sahadeva and other ministers have been given the duty of overseeing the arrangements. Later, more priests were brought by Vyasa. They only represented the Veda in physical form. For the sacrifice, Vyasa served as the revered head-priest Brahma. Adhvaryu, the officiating priest, was Yajnavalkya.
Sahadeva dispatched messengers to every country at Yudhishthira’s request in order to extend invitations to members of the four varnas. Yudhishthira was forced to swear the pledge by the Brahmins present at a fortunate moment. For each of them, separate quarters had been built in the range of. Like Indra’s sacrifice in heaven, Yudhishthira’s sacrifice began on earth. Later, Yudhishthira dispatched Nakula to Hastinapura to summon the brothers Bhishma, Drona, Dhritarashtra, Vidura, Kripa, and Duryodhana. Nakula enthusiastically invited everyone when she arrived in Hastinapura. The sacrifice was attended by Bhishma, Dhritarashtra, Duryodhana, and others. At that moment, the location glistened as though it were heaven, inhabited by angelic creatures. Dharmaraja, who was bound by the pledge, welcomed them all and gave each person a particular task. The Brahmins’ feet were cleaned by Sri Krishna himself. Sanjay was given charge of taking care of the monarchy, Dussasana was given charge of overseeing the foodstuffs, Aswatthama was given charge of honouring the Brahmins, Bhishma and Drona were given charge of monitoring what was done and what was left undone. Everybody was content and joyful during the sacrifice.
(7) Arghabhiharana Parva
There are 4 chapters and 843 verses in this section. The honourable sages and Brahmins entered the site of sacrifice with the monarchs on the day of completing the Abhishechaniya ceremony, which was a crucial component of the sacrifice. Narada was delighted with Dharmaraja’s success and his offering of the sacrifice. He reasoned that Lord Narayana himself was born among the Kshatriya race in order to exterminate his adversaries. All the celestials were instructed to be born on Earth, complete their missions, and then return to heaven by murdering one another. After completing such an arrangement, he was born into the Yadus family. Bhishma requested that Yudhishthira recognise each and every participant by giving them arghya. Bhishma proposed Sri Krishna for the initial devotion when Dharmaraja urged him to (agrapuja). He instructed Sahadeva to do an arghya offering to Sri Krishna in accordance with the scriptures. Sisupala, however, was unable to accept this accolade for Sri Krishna. He began by criticising Bhishma and Yudhishthira before moving on to Sri Krishna. He got up from his seat and proceeded to leave with his friends after rebuking Krishna in various ways and claiming that he was not deserving of such an honour. Then, king Yudhishthira hurried to Sisupala and attempted to stop him by claiming that his behaviour was wrong. Then Bhishma said that everyone should worship only Sri Krishna. He informed Yudhishthira that she did not need to beg him if someone was unable to accept it. In addition to these, Sri Krishna had the respect of the three worlds. Krishna is the total establishment of the cosmos. He then turned to Sisupala and told him that acting in such a way around Krishna was wrong. Only the Brahmin who has the most knowledge will be recognised. The Kshatriyas will honour the strongest among them.
The Vaishyas should honour whomever is the wealthiest and has access to the most food. Among the Sudras, the elderly are revered. There was no one else deserving of respect because Krishna was knowledgeable about the Vedas and their supporting literature and was also the strongest of all.
After hearing him, Dharmaraja asked him to recount the events and incarnations of Sri Krishna in chronological sequence. Then, Bhishma gave a short account of Krishna’s acts. Previously, Sri Krishna took the form of Narayana. He is the great-grandfather of all the worlds and self-born. The waters were initially made by Him. Then he imbued them with Brahma. The universes were created by the four-faced Brahma. All things will move away from Him during the great flood. Only Narayana will continue. The Rakshasas Madhu and Katiabha once begged Narayana to kill them by laying them on his lap. The soil was covered in the fat that leaked from their bodies. From that moment on, this planet was known as Medini. Bhishma continued by describing the manifestations of Kalki, Nrisimha, Varaha, Vamana, Dattatreya, Parasurama, and Sri Rama.
After describing everything, he concluded by saying that Sisupala might do anything he wanted if he thought that this adoration of Krishna was unjustified. After that, he remained silent. Those who declined the honour of presenting arghya to Krishna were given an option by Sahadeva, the son of Madri, who also completed the honour. As soon as the devotion was finished, Sisupala erupted in fury and urged the kings to engage in combat. A couple of the monarchs who were offended by Sahadeva’s remarks swore they would not permit Krishna to be honoured or Dharmaraja to be crowned. Krishna deduced from this that the monarchs were ready for battle.
(8) Sisupala-Vadha Parva
There are 252 verses in 6 chapters of this. When Dharmaraja noticed that certain kings were getting ready to battle, he became anxious and asked Bhishma how to calm them down. He was told not to worry by Bhishma since a dog can never kill a lion. They had already made the fortunate decision.
To send the monarchs to the city of Yama, Sisupala, the king of Chedi, who had lost the ability to reason, was acting like a lion. These monarchs were barking like dogs in front of a sleeping lion, but only till Sri Krishna would awaken. Sisupala reprimanded Bhishma harshly after hearing what he had said. He questioned Bhishma why an old man like him was not embarrassed of his act and addressed him as one who had tarnished the family name. As he was in the third condition, he was unable to offer advice. He was ignorant of the Dharma. Then he recalled the tale of the elderly swan and predicted that, like him, all the monarchs would murder him. Even the Pandavas strayed from the path of purity because of him, and as a result they justified Krishna’s actions. The comments of Sisupala incensed the powerful Bhima, who erupted in wrath. He desired to ascend Sisupala. However, Bhishma got hold of him and subdued him in a number of ways. But Bhima did not interest Sisupala. The birth of Sisupala was then described by Bhishma. A kid with four arms and three eyes was born into the family of the king of Chedi. Upon witnessing him, his parents shook in fright. They desired to ignore him. Then a voice from the sky was heard saying that the person on whose lap the kid would lose his extra hands and whose face the youngster would see with his extra eye receding into his forehead would be the reason for the boy’s demise. Every ruler on world visited him after learning about that freakish youngster.
The kid was placed on everyone’s lap by the Chedi king. After learning of this at Dwaraka, Krishna and Balarama travelled to Chedi to visit their aunt Srutasrava, their father Vasudeva’s sister. Srutasrava affectionately placed her young one in Sri Krishna’s lap.
The two more boys immediately collapsed to the ground. Into the forehead, the third eye drew back. Srutasrava, his mother, begged Krishna to spare his son’s life since she was terrified. She pleaded with him to forget his transgressions. Then Krishna granted the wish that he would absolve 100 transgressions. Sisupala’s rage at Bhishma’s statements increased. He advised Bhishma to laud any other outstanding charioteer like Karna rather than Krishna if he felt inclined to do so. He also said that a bird named Bhulinga, which always spoke words with a negative connotation, dwelt on the opposite side of the Himalayas. It used to be advised to avoid taking any risks. But it would consistently perform foolish activities. When a lion was eating, that moron would pick up the chunks of flesh between its jaws with its beak. It would undoubtedly die. He referred to Bhishma as an unjust person and made a comparison to that bird. Bhishma replied that he thought of all those monarchs as a blade of grass in response to Sisupala’s scathing accusations. Many kings furious at what they had just heard stood up.
Then Sisupala asked Sri Krishna to a duel. For the benefit of all the assembled rulers, Sri Krishna tabulated Sisupala’s transgressions. He said that he treated him abhorrently in front of everyone. He was unable to pardon him. All the monarchs reprimanded Sisupala for his continued insults of Krishna after they heard Sri Krishna’s comments. Then Krishna had a mental image of his Sudarsana disc. It emerged in his palm right away. He then informed each of those rulers that he would only pardon Sisupala for one hundred transgressions. Then they were finished. So, he would murder him at that point. In response, Krishna used his disc to slice off Sisupala’s head. Sisupala’s body released a light. It entered inside Krishna with a bow. The son of Sisupala was seated on the throne of Chedi by Yudhishthira. The sages were ultimately able to complete Yudhishthira’s sacrifice, he said to them. His wish was granted. Following the sacrifice, Krishna returned to Dwaraka.
In the holy assembly hall, Sakuni, the son of Subala, and Duryodhana were both there.
(9) Dyuta Parva
This Parva contains 889 verses and 28 chapters. Vyasa arrived at Yudhishthira after the sacrifice was completed, accompanied by his students. The latter thanked him and informed him that Narada had informed him about the three different kinds of portents—the celestial, atmospheric, and terrestrial—in order to honour him. He asked whether they had ceased with Sisupala’s downfall. The ramifications of such portents, Vyasa retorted, would continue for thirteen years. All the Kshatriyas may be wiped out by the omens that were seen at that time. Furthermore, he asserted that if Dharmaraja were made the only culprit, all the monarchs would engage in civil war and die. After saying this, he led his students to Kailasha. After hearing it, Dharmaraja felt defeated and vowed to avoid acting or conversing rudely with anyone. The additional Pandavas imitated him. After carrying out the necessary auspicious ceremonies, Yudhishthira entered the city with the help of his ministers. Sakuni and Duryodhana remained in the palace.
Astonished by the magnificent patterns of the home, Duryodhana circled the structure and, at one point where the floor was covered with crystals, confused it for water and pulled up his clothing. He became disoriented and moved into another area of the structure. It was an even surface once he had fallen through. Again mistaking a pond for land, this time one with crystal-clear water with crystal lotuses, he fell in with his clothing on. His bewilderment was mocked by Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, Sahadeva, and other slaves.
Duryodhana was unable to take their laughing. With a troubled heart, he bid Yudhishthira farewell and left towards Hastinapura. Duryodhana had sinful thoughts because he envied the affluence of the Pandavas. He told Sakuni the reason for his sorrow after questioning him and urged him to tell Dhritarashtra. He was cautioned by Sakuni not to harbour resentment toward Yudhishthira. He was only taking advantage of his good fortune. With the aid of Drona and others, Duryodhana was also capable of conquering the entire globe. Sakuni consoled Duryodhana by advising him to call Yudhishthira for a game of dice when he asked for a strategy to vanquish the Pandavas. Sakuni bragged that he was the only expert dice player in the three realms, and that no one else could compare to him. Then Duryodhana asked him to inform Dhritarashtra of everything. Dhritarashtra was informed by Sakuni of Duryodhana’s sorrow. Duryodhana began to recount the wealth of the Pandavas when his father enquired as to the source of his sorrow. Additionally, he requested that his father invite Yudhishthira to play dice with Sakuni. In response, Dhritarashtra said that he would decide after speaking with his wise advisor Vidura. Then Duryodhana threatened to commit suicide if Dhritarashtra would not comply with his request. After accepting, the adoring Dhritarashtra gave the go-ahead to construct a home and dispatched a courier to collect Vidura. Vidura made many unsuccessful attempts to halt the dice game. Dhritarashtra declared his belief in fate’s ability. Only this dice game was going to be played, according to the will of God. After hearing it, a dejected Vidura visited Bhishma.
Dhritarashtra encouraged Duryodhana to abandon his preparations for the dicegame after hearing Vidura speak. Duryodhana, however, disagreed. When he was lost in the Maya’s home, he said that Bhima, Sri Krishna, Arjuna, and Draupadi all made fun of him. He said that he attempted to enter a fake door after mistaking it for a genuine one and was struck in the forehead. Then Sahadeva and Nakula made fun of him. For him, that was a terrible development. Then he went on to discuss the many presents that Yudhishthira had received. He also mentioned the several rulers present during the sacrifice. Dhritarashtra made an effort to persuade Duryodhana. Duryodhana, however, was not persuaded and attempted to irritate Dhritarashtra. Sakuni advocated the building of the dice-hall and sponsored the dice game. In response to his son’s recommendation, Dhritarashtra gave the order for construction of the toransphatika hall. Accordingly, the masons completed the hall within a short period. When Dhritarashtra heard that the hall was finished, he asked Vidura to bring Dharmaraja to him. Vidura made another unsuccessful attempt to stop the king from committing such a thing. He travelled to the city of the Pandavas, however, and met Dharmaraja under the stringent orders of Dhritarashtra. He extended Dhritarashtra’s invitation after thanking them for their hospitality and adding that the monarch had a Mayasabha-style hall built. He wanted everyone to assemble there and play a game of dice. Dharmaraja reluctantly accepted that offer. The following day, Dharmaraja travelled to Hastinapura with his brothers, family members, servants, Draupadi, and other females.
Vidura told Yudhishthira the purpose of the dice game when they were travelling.
At Hastinapuira, Yudhishthira encountered Bhishma, Drona, Dhritarashtra, and others. After spending the night there, he did his daily tasks and headed to the dicehall the next morning. He accepted Sakuni’s invitation to play dice. Yudhishthira was aware that shady gamblers included Sakuni. But he had to concur. Duryodhana responded to his query by saying that Sakuni would play on his behalf and that he would personally risk all kinds of jewels. The match began. Sakuni triumphed in every wager. Yudhishthira misplaced all of his wealth. Vidura informed Dhritarashtra that a jackal in the shape of Duryodhana was residing in his home after noticing that the game was being played aggressively. He didn’t appear to get it. Gambling-crazed Duryodhana was bringing about a terrible disaster. It is preferable to forsake a son who is headed in the wrong direction for the good of the world. After giving him this advice, he told him that Arjuna could detain him if required. The Kauravas and the Pandavas could then coexist peacefully. As he continued to criticise the dice game, Duryodhana began to correct him. Then Vidura replied that one can discover agreeable speakers in this planet. However, it is hard to discover someone who listens to or speaks unappealing but helpful remarks. Duryodhana was free to act whatever he pleased. He would not get involved.
The dice game cost Yudhishthira all of his possessions. He lost after betting on his brothers and finally himself. Draupadi was then staked. Then, all of the elderly people present in the crowd yelled “Fie!” to show their disgust. Vidura bowed his head and appeared to pass out at viewing it. She was also won over by Sakuni, Subala’s son.
Draupadi was forced to clean the assembly hall by Duryodhana’s orders, and she was also told to reside with the slaves. Vidura was sent to retrieve Draupadi. According to Vidura, Draupadi could never be made a slave since Dharmaraja lost the ability to stake her after losing himself. However, Duryodhana disregarded Vidura and gave the Pratikami the order to bring Draupadi to the gathering. As a result, the Pratikami informed Draupadi that Duryodhana had defeated her in the dice game. Additionally, he had been sent to get her so he could make her perform menial tasks. Draupadi urged him to go to the assembly and ask the noble men gathered there what she should do next throughout her several queries to the assembly through him. Pratikami entered the group once more and posed the query.
Knowing Duryodhana’s decision, everyone bowed their heads and sat quietly. Through a messenger, Yudhishthira then requested Draupadi to attend the meeting in whatever state she may have been in and to appear before her father-in-law in tears. He reasoned that when Draupadi entered the assembly hall, everyone would mentally reprimand Duryodhana. Duryodhana then gave Pratikami the command to fetch Draupadi to the gathering.
Duryodhana gave the order to Dussasana to bring Draupadi by force after observing his hesitancy.
Draupadi fled bitterly sobbing in the direction of the Duryodhana women as Dussasana attempted to grab her. However, he took hold of her by the locks and pulled her inside the assembly hall. Bhimasena stood up and looked fiercely at Yudhishthira after being exceedingly distressed upon learning of Draupadi’s situation. He was somehow calmed by Arjuna. One of Dhritarashtra’s sons, Vikarna, noticed Draupadi’s anguish and stated in a Dharma-related matter that since Dharmaraja lost himself first and then placed Draupadi on the line, the latter shouldn’t be seen as having triumphed. Karna, however, disagreed with him and requested Dussasana to strip Draupadi. Dussasana uttered the name of Govinda for protection as she proceeded to take off her clothes. Sri Krishna dressed her in several outfits while staying invisible. Then, after ripping open Dussasana’s chest in combat, Bhima swore angrily that he would swallow the latter’s blood. Dussasana sat down exhausted and embarrassed after dragging several clothing for a long time. Draupadi’s question was addressed to the group by Vidura. However, nobody spoke up. When Draupadi petitioned the people present for justice, Duryodhana told her to approach her husbands Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula, and Sahadeva. She would be freed from servitude if they refused to grant Dharmaraja the power to stake her. Bhishma, Drona, and Vidura calmed Bhima down after he became upset about his remarks. Draupadi was informed by Karna that starting that day, all the sons of Dhritarashtra, and not the sons of Kunti, were her rulers. She was urged to pick one of them to be her husband. As he revealed his left thigh to Draupadi, Duryodhana urged Yudhishthira to respond to her queries. Then Bhima swore that he would defeat Duryodhana and break his thigh.
Arjuna lost himself in gaming and requested the Kauravas to decide who Yudhishthira was. A jackal entered Dhritarashtra’s fire station at that moment and began to sob loudly. Donkeys and ferocious birds began to make unlucky noises in response to it. Then, Gandhari and Vidura both complained about it to Dhritarashtra. The monarch urged Draupadi to request boons after hearing their statements and labelling Duryodhana an offender. She then requested the release of Dharmaraja as her first blessing and the liberation of the other Pandavas as her second blessing. Despite Dhritarashtra’s desire to offer her the third boon, she declined to request it. Along with his brothers and Draupadi, Yudhishthira was permitted by Dhritarashtra to travel to Indraprastha. He requested that he forget the entire incident. Yudhishthira travelled to Indraprastha with his siblings and Draupadi after accepting it.
(10) Anudyuta Parva
There are 360 verses and 8 chapters in this parva. Yudhishthira left for Indraprashtha with Dhritarashtra’s approval after gathering his wealth. Duryodhana, Karna, and Sakuni travelled to Dhritarashtra after learning of this and decided to get revenge on the Pandavas. In order to gamble with the Pandavas once more, Duryodhana and his father agreed to travel to a forest. The defeated should retreat to the forest, dress in deerskin, and spend twelve years there. The thirteenth year should be spent living secretly. They should once more spend 12 years in the jungles before being found.
Dhritarashtra agreed to his son’s suggestion. However, Duryodhana’s plan was challenged by Drona, Somadutta, Bahika, Kripa, Vidura, Asvatthama, Yuyutsu, Bhurisravas, Bhishma, and Vikarna. But the Pandaavas were requested by the devoted father Dhritarashtra. The honourable Gandhari also counselled the monarch to forego the in order to protect the household. Dhritarashtra said that he could not control Duryodhana even if the family were to be annihilated. In accordance with his directive, the Pratikami went to Yudhishthira as he was on his way towards Indraprastha and informed him that Dhritarashtra had given him the go-ahead to return for another round of dice. Even though Yudhishthira warned that the invitation to gamble would lead to his family’s demise, he was powerless to defy his command. So saying, Yudhishthira went back to the gambling table with his brothers. Yudhishthira lost once more when the dice game was played again with the aforementioned rules. The Pandavas prepared to enter the woods while donning deerskin and taking the vow of the forest dweller. Then Dussasana laughed at Draupadi’s offensive speech and advised her to marry one of the Kauravas. Bhima, who was enraged, reiterated his vow to pierce Dussasana’s chest. He declared that he would murder Duryodhana in the conflict between the Pandavas and the Kauravas when Duryodhana likewise laughed at them. Karna would be killed by Arjuna. Sakuni would be killed by Sahadeva. Nakula swore to murder all of Dhritarashtra’s sons who had offended Draupadi. Kunti granted Vidura’s request to stay at his home. Yudhishthira, his brothers, and Draupadi entered the woods after bowing to Bhishma and Drona and saying goodbye to Kunti. Kunti was brought to Vidura’s home. Dhritarashtra was equally incensed by his sons’ wicked actions. Vidura responded to his inquiry by elaborating on the Pandavas’ and the citizens’ thoughts. Drona predicted that the Pandavas would return and exact retribution on the Kauravas without fail once their time in the woods was over. When Dhritarashtra heard what Drona had to say, he was overcome with sadness and dispatched Vidura to get the Pandavas back. Sanjaya denounced Dhritarashtra’s transgressions. The latter informed Sanjaya that while the Pandavas were stronger than the Kauravas, he did not wish to engage in combat with them. He thus asked him to ensure that all sides were able to live in peace.
You can read other chapters from the table below. Click on the respective link to understand about the summary of that book/section of Mahabharata.
Mahabharat All Chapters Summary Guide
|1) Adi Parva||10) Sauptika Parva|
|2) Sabha Parva||11) Stri Parva|
|3) Vana Parva||12) Shanti Parva|
|4) Virata Parva||13) Anushasana Parva|
|5) Udhyoga Parva||14) Ashvamedha Parva|
|6) Bhishma Parva||15) Ashramavasika Parva|
|7) Drona Parva||16) Mausala Parva|
|8) Karna Parva||17) Mahaprasthanika Parva|
|9) Shalya Parva||18) Swaraga Arohana Parva|