Mahabharat Glossary Guide to Historical Characters and Places

The Pandavas and Kauravas are two branches of a dynasty that fight for control of Hastinapura during the Kurukshetra War in the ancient Indian historical epic, the Mahabharata. Numerous incidents are shortened, as well as philosophical discussions, are weaved throughout this narrative. How Pandavas were forced to involve in the war and how different people employ cunning tricks to sabotage a family is eye opening for readers. Reading Mahabharat invokes bravery, confidence and inspire people to march ahead in life defeating enemies.

It has over 3000 major characters however humans in Kaliyuga are born with weak third eye and under developed senses (including six sense) so usually  Mahabharat in shortened versions are shared publicly with around 350 characters and places. To better understand Mahabharat, you must know about them. The glossary help immensely in comprehending several facets of Mahabharat before you start to read it completely.

Glossary of Mahabharat

1 Abhimanyu: Uttara, the daughter of King Virata, was the spouse of Arjuna and Subhadra’s son, Abhimanyu.
2 Teacher or Guru: Acharya.
3 Achuta: Another name for Krishna.
4 Adhiratha is the foster father of Karna.
5 Agastya: A famous sage whose biography the Pandavas learned while visiting holy sites on pilgrimage The renowned sage Lopamudra was also in her own way.
6 Agnihotra: An offering made to Agni.
7 Indra’s elephant, Airavata.
8 An epithet of Yudhishthira, ajatasatru means “having no enemy, friend of all born creatures.”
9 The Sun God gave Yudhishthira the magnificent Akshayapatra, which contained an endless supply of food.
10 Alambasa: A Rakshasa companion of Duryodhana who joined his soldiers but was forced to escape the battle by Satyaki.
11 Amrit: Ambrosia, the divine nourishment that grants immortality to those who consume it.
12 Anga: Mlechchha rulers, a supporter of the Kauravas.
13 Arani: A higher and a lower piece of wood used to attritionally create fire.
14 One of the four main purposes of human life is Artha (wealth), along with Dharma (righteousness), Kama (fulfilment of appetites), and Moksha (spiritual salvation).
15 Vasishtha’s wife, Arundhati.
16 Ashtavakra: A brilliant student in his adolescent years.
17 Asita: A sage who believed that gambling was destructive and that all sensible people should abstain from it.
18 A Kaurava warrior named Asmaka assaulted Abhimanyu.
19 Astra: A deadly missile that is invoked by a Vedic mantra.
20 Aswamedha Yajna: Aswamedha Yajna is not horse sacrifice. Many powerful kings including Bhagwan Ram did this to avoid further wars when they won war against their core enemies. This is bloodless method of war to finish off any future enemies and make them allies. No animal or horse is killed in Ashwamedha Yagna. This sacrifice word is the result of mis-translation, populated by wrong and meaningless interpretation by English linguists. No horse is killed or thrown in fire ever. There is no consumption of blood or flesh when Yagna happens. Yagna is performed by the king while the horse is covering neighbouring territories. Yagna is done to seek blessings for peaceful completion of Ashwamedha process without bloodshed. Horse covers the distance when Havan is being performed by the king following strict vedic guidelines and process. Yagna like Devnagari term Mann has no proper translation word in primitive language English.
21 Aswathama, the final supreme leader of the Kaurava army, is Dronacharya’s son. Ashwatthama is alive to fulfil the curse.
22 Bahlika, Dasharna: States whose monarchs were Salva, Matsya, Panchala, Kalinga, and Magadha were sympathetic to the Pandavas.
23 Baladev: Balarama, Sri Krishna’s older brother.
24 Balarama is Sri Krishna’s older brother.
25 A manifestation of Adisesha, the thousand-headed snake on which Lord Mahavishnu is curled up in Vaikuntha, is Balarama.
26 To the immense satisfaction of the locals, Bhima slew Bakasura, a ravenous, vicious, and extraordinarily powerful Rakshasa or demon that resided in a cave close to the city of Ekachakrapura.
27 Bhagadatta: A Kaurava ally and the king of Pragjyotisha.
28 Gods and renowned rishis are addressed as Bhagawans, for instance Bhagawan Sri Krishna, Narada, and Vyasa.
29 Bharata was Rama’s stepbrother and the son of Kaikeyi and King Dashratha. He was incredibly dedicated to and in love with Rama.
30 Bharadwaja: A rishi and Yavakrida’s father.
31 Creator of the cosmos, Brahma.
32 Brahmastra: A celestial weapon bestowed by Lord Brahma himself that is unstoppable.
33 Brahmacharin: A devout, single and unmarried dharmic student who lives with his spiritual mentor and is committed to both study and service.
34 Celibacy and chastity are required throughout this period of Vedic study, which is known as the brahmacharya stage of life.
35 Brihadaswa, a famous sage who paid the Pandavas a visit in their hermitage in the forest and reminded them of King Nala of Nishadha, who had similarly lost his kingdom in a dice game and had left his wife Damayanti out of fear of a curse but had later won back both,
36 Brihadratha, who ruled over Magadha as the commander of three troops and rose to fame as a great warrior, wed the twin daughters of the Raja of Kasi. His two wives split a mango given to them by the sage Kausika, and they each had one-half of a kid. The two pieces were mistakenly combined to form a plump baby, which a Rakshasi presented to the monarch as his kid and who eventually came to be known as Jarasandha. She had found the two pieces in a dumpster where they had been discarded.
37 King Brihadyumna was a follower of the sage Raibhya.
38 Arjuna adopted the name Brihannala for his disguised eunuch form while residing in Virata’s palace.
39 Brihatbala: A gallant warrior snared by the net of the Kaurava army after charging at Abhimanyu.
40 Bhima: The second Pandava sibling, son of the wind deity, excelled in physical strength.
41 Rukmini and Rukma’s father, Bhishmaka, was the ruler of Vidarbha.
42 When the eldest Yudhishthira reached the age of sixteen, the rishis entrusted the five Pandavas to the care of their grandfather, Bhishma, in order to ensure their appropriate education, which included knowledge of the Vedas, Vedanta, and many skills, particularly those relating to the Kshatriyas. Later, he attempted to mediate, but without success, between the Kauravas and the Pandavas, who each reigned independently from Hastinapura and Indraprastha. He was King Santanu and Ganga’s ninth child. appointed as the Kaurava troops’ top commander.
43 Bhojas: A Yadava clan branch that is a member of Krishna’s vanshaj.
44 Prince Uttara, a son of Virata, went on to battle the Kaurava forces under the name Bhuminjaya, with Brihannala serving as his charioteer.
45 One of the Kauravas’ great rulers was named Burisrwas.
46 One of Arjuna’s names, Bibhatsu, means “hater of worthless conduct.”
47 Kaurava warrior, Chala.
48 Chandala: A member of a fourth Varna whose behaviour was deplorable and who caused filth.
49 Charachitra: A King Dhritarashtra’s son who died in battle.
50 Chavadi: The village’s main gathering place. It belongs to the entire neighbourhood. All official activity is conducted there, and it also functions as the village sabha, the police department’s headquarters, and a lodging facility for tourists.
51 Chekitana: The commander of a Pandava army division.
52 Chitra: A Dhritarashtra son who perished in battle.
53 Chitraksha: One of King Dhritarashtra’s several sons who perished in battle.
54 Chitrasena, the Gandharva king, forbade the Kauravas from setting up camp next to the pond where he had already set up camp.
55 A Kaurava prince who gave his life in battle was Chitrayudha.
56 Chitravarma: A Duryodhana brother who perished in battle
57 Chitrangada, the eldest son of Santanu and Matsyagandhi (Satyavati), ascended to the throne of Hastinapura after his father.
58 Chitrasena: A warrior of the Kaurava.
59 Daruka, the driver of Krishna’s chariot.
60 Rama’s father and Ayodhya’s king, Dasaratha.
61 In an effort to preserve Bhima, the king of one nation assaulted Bhagadatta’s elephant called Supratika. This strongest elephant rushed forward and crushed Bhima’s chariot into pieces, killing his charioteer and horses.
62 The name of Arjuna’s conch is Devadatta.
63 Devaki: Sri Krishna’s mother.
64 Devata: A sage who considered dice games to be bad forms of gambling and inappropriate forms of amusement for virtuous people since they frequently provided opportunities for fraud and dishonesty.
65 Devavrata: The eighth child of Santanu and Ganga, who eventually learnt the Vedas, Vedanta, and other disciplines known to Sukra, was anointed Yuvaraja (heir apparent), but afterwards committed to celibacy and was known as Bhishma. He also learned the skill of relinquishing weapons.
66 Devayani: The lovely daughter of Sukracharaya, the demons’ preceptor, who fell in love with Kacha, the devas’ preceptor Brihaspati’s son.
67 King of the Gods, Devendra (Indra).
68 Dharma: Morally upright behaviour. Natural duty of humans towards nature, creatures and Universal consciousness.
69 Dharmagranthi: At Virata’s court, I pretended to be Nakula.
70 Dharmananda is the name of Yudhishthira, the son of Dharma or Yama, and means “the pleased of Dharma.”
71 Dharmananda resided in the city of Mithila and was known as Dharmavyadha. He knew the secret to a prosperous existence. He traded in beef.
72 One of Arjuna’s names is Dhananjaya.
73 Dhanusaksha: A revered sage who was once insulted by Medhavi, the sage Baladhi’s son. He assumed the shape of a bull and charged the mountain, smashing it to pieces. Medhavi then collapsed dead.
74 Dhaumya: The Pandavas’ preceptor, who travelled with them during their exile to the Kurijangala jungle while chanting Sama songs to Yama, the Lord of Death.
75 Dhrishtadyumna is Draupadi’s older brother and the head of the Pandava army.
76 A relative of the Pandavas is Dhrishtaketu.
77 Dhritarashtra, the father of Duryodhana and the eldest son of Vichitravirya and Ambika, was born blind.
78 Dharmaputra: Yudhishthira’s nickname and the title “Son of Yama.”
79 Dhartarashtras: Dhritarashtra’s sons
80 Draupadi is the daughter of King Drupada of Panchala, who married all five Pandavas despite Arjuna having won her in the Swayamvara due to their shared commitment to equality.
81 Drona: Born to a Brahmana named Bharadwaja; married Kripa’s sister; had a son named Aswathama; and studied military strategy under Parasurama, the maser. Later on, he trained the princes of the Kaurava and Pandava clans in the use of weapons.
82 Drupada, the ruler of Panchala and the paternal grandfather of Draupadi, the Pandavas’ bride
83 Draupadi was carried to the assembly hall by her hair by Duryodhana’s brother, Duhsasana.
84 Durdhara: A son of Dhritarashtra who was killed in battle by Bhima.
85 Durjaya: A brother of Duryodhana who sacrificed his life while being dispatched to battle Bhima in an effort to rescue Karna’s.
86 Durmarsha was a Dhritarashtra son who was slain by Bhima.
87 A son of Dhritarashtra named Durmata was slain by Bhima.
88 A chariot-mounted warrior on the Kaurava was Durmukha.
89 Durvasa: A Rishi who visited the Kauravas and was infamous for his rage.
Shiva sent his rage on Anasuya, the sage Atri’s wife, after realising the havoc it had wrought. A kid by the name of Durvasa was born from this Shiva’s rage that was sent inside Anasuya. Durvasa means one who is difficult to live with). He had an irascible disposition because he was created out of Shiva’s rage.
90 A warrior fighting for the Kauravas is Durvishaha.
91 Dushkarna, a warrior brother of the Kauravas.
92 Dussaha: Bhima murdered Dussaha, a son of Dhritarashtra.
93 Dwaitayana: A woodland used to keep and breed Kaurava cows.
94 Ganapati: Son of Bhagwan Shiv, who became an amanuensis of Vyasa and readily volunteered to record the Mahabharata as it was narrated by Vyasa who was recalling his family’s history.
95 Gandhari, the wife of Dhritarashtra and the Kauravas’ royal mother.
96 A group of celestial creatures known as Gandharvas are thought to be experts in music. They control musical sounds of the Universe.
97 Arjuna’s most lethal bow is the Gandiva.
98 Gangadwara: The location of the penances carried out by the sage Agastya and his wife.
99 Ghatotkacha is the demon Hidimba’s son from Bhima.
100 Govinda: This name for Sri Krishna and Vishnu, which means “cowkeeper,” alludes to Krishna’s work as a cowherd at the cowherd colony of Gokula.
101 Guru: A revered mentor or instructor.
102 Allies of King Jarasandha were Hamsa, Hidimbaka, and Kamsa; the last of them married the latter’s two daughters. Moreover, Krishna killed his step-uncle.
103 Balarama was called Halayudha, or “plough-weaponed,” because he used a plough as a weapon.
104 Hanuman: A wise and knowledgeable monkey devotee of Sri Rama who possessed great discernment and wisdom abilities who looked for and discovered Sita while she was imprisoned in Lanka. Anjana once angered a sage who cursed her to be born as a monkey. Hanuman is a monkey god born of the boon given to Anjana in exchange for her penances. The blessing was given to lessen the impact of the curse by making her mother of divine Hanuman. Hanuman took monkey form to fulfil curse of Narada. Vishnu was cursed by Narada, who was teased for having monkey-like face features, that he would similarly lose his beloved and go through the agony of separation. He said that he would need a monkey’s assistance to meet his wife.
105 The Kauravas’ capital is Hastinapura.
106 Krishna is Hrishikesha.
107 Ilvala: This demon and his brother Vatapi harboured a ferocious hatred towards Dharmic Hindus.
108 Ilvala would invite a tantra sadhak to a feast where the meat of the goat (Vatapi) that his brother had changed him into would be served. Then Ilvala would summon his brother (Vatapi) after sadhak had eaten from the feast, and the brother (Vatapi) would rip his way back to life by shredding the guest’s stomach.
109 King of the Gods is Indra.
110 Indrajit: Lakshmana, the brother of Rama, almost killed by Indrajit, the son of Ravana, King of Lanka, who had previously defeated Indra, the Lord of Gods.
111 One of the relatives of the Pandavas is Indrasena.
112 A mountain range that Arjuna travelled by on his journey were, the Himalayas, to perform penances in order to get strong new weapons from Lord Mahadeva.
113 Iravan, Arjuna’s son from a Naga wife, Ulupi (Uluchi or Ulupika), was killed on the eighth day of combat.
114 A famous Rajarishi and the king of Mithila, Janaka is also the father of Sita, Sri Rama’s bride.
115 Janamejaya: A monarch who carried forth a significant Sarpa Satra for the survival of the human race. Because of the serpent Takshak biting his father Parikshit to death, Janamejaya harboured a bitter animosity towards them and made the decision to eradicate serpents completely. He made an effort to do this by organising a big Yagna that would remove all serpents in existence from the Earth.
116 Krishna’s name is known as Janardana for his protection of humanity and love of humans towards him.
One of Sri Krishna’s names is also Kesava.
117 All Kshatriyas were frightened of the might of the powerful Magadha ruler Jarasandha. killed by Bhima after a 13-day, non-stop physical battle that was seen by Arjuna and Sri Krishna. Every time Jarasandha was killed, according to the blessing he got, he would reanimate. He could only be killed by severing his body in half, just like he was born, and separating the parts from one another.
118 Jarita, Laputa: Female companions of a saranga bird, who in a past life was a rishi by the name of Mandapala and was denied entry to paradise because he was childless.
119 Jalasura: A demon that Bhima slain.
120 King Dhritarashtra’s son Jaya was slain by Bhima during the conflict.
121 A warrior who sided with the Kauravas named Jayadratha sealed the gap left by Abhimanyu in the Chakravyuha military structure followed by Dronacharya and imprisoned him within.
122 A relative of the Pandavas is Jayatsena.
123 Dhritarashtra’s sons Durjaya, Jaya, and Vijaya resisted Nila, the Kashi king, and Jayatsena on the twelfth day of the battle. The viewers’ emotions were stirred and cheered by the battle of these fighters, much like when a lion, tiger, and wolf faced off against a bear, a buffalo, and a bull. It was a stunning spectacle.
124 Jnana: Understanding of the everlasting and true
125 Kacha: A brahmachari who travelled to study under Sukracharya, Kacha is the grandson of the sage Angiras and the son of Brihaspati. The preceptor’s attractive daughter, Devayani, developed feelings for him. He was repeatedly killed by the Asuras (demons), who thought he was trying to steal the ability to bring the dead back to life and give this knowledge to Devas. But every time he was slain, her father would revive him because of Devayani’s love for him. The devas eventually discovered the secret and used it to their advantage to vanquish the asuras.
126 Kagola: A student of the revered sage and Vedanta teacher Uddalaka.
127 Kambojas: The opponents Karna had vanquished on behalf of the Kauravas
128 Kamsa: Sri Krishna’s maternal uncle, the son of Ugrasena, and the son-in-law of Jarasandha, whom Sri Krishna slew.
129 Kanika: Sakuni’s minister.
130 Kanka: At Virata’s court, he went by the name Yudhishthira.
131 A sage by the name of Kausikam who learned the secrets of Dharma—the practise of doing one’s duty—from Dharmavyadha.
132 Karna: He is a legendary warrior and the child of Kunti and the Sun deity. a follower of Parasurama. He was also the son of Radha, his foster mother, and was known as Radheya.
133 Kartavirya: A mighty warrior who overcame Ravana, King of Lanka. With his a thousand arms from both sides, Kartavirya Arjuna halted the power of the river while he and his wives had a bath in the Narmada River. Meanwhile Ravana was praising Bhagwan Shiva and praying to him at the same time, the young Dasagriva (Ravana) became distracted. Enraged, he challenged the former to a duel, which Ravana eventually lost and was humiliated for.
134 Kartikeya: In charge of the devas’ army.
135 Kekaya: A courageous Pandava warrior who Bhima managed to get inside during the battle on the sixth day.
136 Ketama: Drona severed the head of another chief of Pandavas.
137 The ancient capital of Khandavaprastha served as the seat of government for the Pandavas, Nahusha, and Yayati‘s forefathers. The city was restored by the Pandavas, who also built palaces and forts, and they gave it the new name of Indraprastha.
138 Kichaka: He was Sudeshna’s brother and the military leader of Virata, also lustfully approached Sairandhri (Draupadi in disguise). He was invited to see her in the women dancing hall at night, but when he arrived, Valala (Bhima), who was dressed as a woman, was waiting for him and murdered him (Kichaka).
139 Aswathama’s uncle, Kripacharya, argued for a joint assault on Arjuna during the fight, rejecting Karna’s assertion that he could defeat Arjuna by himself.
140 Sage Vyasa is Krishna-Dwaipayana.
A position is called Ved Vyasa like Indra is a position for king of Gods. The foster mother of Bhishma, Satyavati, gave birth to Krishna Dwaipan, the Dwapar Yug’s Ved Vyas. As he reorganised and separated the Vedas and Purans into manageable sections for the human species, he earned the moniker “Ved Vyas.”
141 Krauncha: Curlew-heron bird.
142 Krauncha-Vyuha: A military formation designed to mimic a heron with wings spread and beak extended. Armies were arranged for combat in distinct patterns in ancient Indian tradition, and each configuration was given a name, such as Chakra, Kurma, Krauncha, or Makara, based on a real or extinct likeness.
The second day of the conflict saw the Krauncha Vyuha formation of Pandavas attacking the Kuaravas. The Kauravas assaulted the Pandavas in this same configuration on the sixth day of the conflict.
Brihaspati, the Guru of Devas, first devised the Krauncha Vyuha. Devas therefore used it for the first time in their conflict with Asuras followed by later warriors.
143 Kritavarma: a renowned Yadava warrior who fought alongside the Kaurava army.
144 Kshatradharma: An outstanding warrior who fought for the Pandavas.
145 On his trip to the court of Dhritarashtra, Krishna spent the night at the city of Kuchasthala.
146 Kumbhakarna: The King of Lanka and brother of Ravana, who was largely dormant due to Brahma’s curse.
147  Vidarbha’s capital was Kundinapura.
148 Kunti: She was known as Pritha and was Sura’s daughter. She was called Kunti after her adoptive father, childless king Kuntibhoja. She received a heavenly mantra from Sage Durvasa, whom she had served like a daughter while he was a guest at her father’s home, which, when chanted, would provide her a son from whatever deity she chose.
149 Kunti Surya Ayonija Janma: She repeated the Mantra to call the Sun god out of youthful curiosity, and gave birth to a boy who was born with divine armour and jewellery. Sage Durvasa’s mantra helped in unison of deity and manav energies to form a cloned baby.
At a Swayamvara later on, Kunti choose Pandu to be her spouse.
150  Karna Tyag: Kunti left baby Karna out of humiliation. She made her newborn child, Karna, float on the river by placing it in a closed basket (box). The basket migrated from the Aswa to the Charmanwati, then from the Charmanwati to the Yamuna, then to the Ganges, before arriving at Champapuri, the Anga Kingdom’s capital.
151  Karna’s Parents:  A childless charioteer, Adhiratha Nandana adopted the child found in the box, raised it as his own, and gave it the name Karna. Radha was wife of the charioteer.
152  Pandu’s Exile: In the wilderness, where Pandu spent many years as penance for killing mating deers (Sage Kindama and his wife) unintentionally.
King Pandu’s queens Kunti and Madri gave birth to five sons through Ayonija cloning process they were known as the Pandavas. On Pandu’s instistence, Kunti used the boon granted to her by Sage Durvasa (which she had used to bear Karna) to bear three sons—Yudhishthira by Dharmaraja – god of Justice; Bhima by Vayu – god of wind, and Arjuna by Indra – the king of Svarga (Heaven). She shared the boon with Madri, who invoked the divine twins Ashwini Kumaras to beget Nakula and Sahadeva.
153  Sahadeva: The youngest of the Pandavas. Sahadeva is described to be skilled in swordsmanship and astrology. As a warrior, Sahadeva slew prominent warriors of the enemy side. The flag of Sahadeva’s chariot bore the image of a silver swan. He defeated 40 brothers of Duryodhana while fighting them simultaneously.
154  Kurma: The second of Vishnu’s 10 avatars is Kurma (Tortoise). Kurma, like previous avatars of Vishnu, manifests during a crisis to restore the cosmic balance. The Devas were cursed by Sage Durvasa to be mortal and perish. The gods made a deal with the Asuras to churn the cosmic ocean of milk in order to extract the nectar, and once it skimmed out, they would divide it. The nectar of immortality (Amrita) was what the gods needed to escape this curse. Kurma, the Vishnu avatar who can solve only problems divinely, takes the shape of a tortoise or turtle, to serve as the cosmos’ foundation for the cosmic churning rod (Mount Mandara).
155  Lakshmana: Rama’s younger stepbrother and the child of King Dasaratha and Sumitra. This name Lakshmana was also given to the brave young son of Duryodhana.
156 Lomasa: A brahmana sage named Lomasa counselled the Pandavas to pare down their entourage while retreating to the wilderness. The court of Dhritarashtra or Drupada, the monarch of Panchala, was open to anybody who could not handle the difficulties of exile. He travelled with Yudhishthira everywhere he went.
157  Lopamudra: She is also known as Kaushitaki and Varaprada. She was a philosopherWife and wife of Rishi Agastya and the daughter of the Vidarbha monarch.
158  Lord Narayana or Bhagwan Narayana: Mahavishnu, the refuge of mankind. The maintainer and contoller of the Universe.
159 Madhava: One of Krishna’s names is Madhava. It denotes the Lakshmipati form of Krishna.
160 Madhusudana: Another name for Krishna as he slew the demon Madhu.
161  Mahavishnu: The Supreme Being who adopted a human form in order to seize control of his empire from Emperor Bali and bring about the salvation of all people. In order to destroy Ravana, King of Lanka, Lord Vishnu also assumed the form of Rama, Dasaratha’s son.
162 Mahendra: King Mahendra, who had gained nirvana.
163  Maitreya: A wise man who came to Dhritarashtra’s palace and expressed sympathy for the Pandavas’ predicament gave Duryodhana some sound advice not to harm the Pandavas for his own welfare.
164 Mantra: A mantra is a powerful cosmic incantation. It is a divine word or phrase or spiritual sound repeated to invoke deity in meditation. Meditation became effective by manifolds after chanting of mantras.
165 Manasarovar: It is alive, cosmically connected to other dimensions and planets. It is a sacred lake in the Himalayas. It is very important for maintaining cosmic balance.
166 Mandavya: He was incorrectly impaled as the leader of robbers who had secretly buried their looted items in a nook of his hermitage while he was deeply contemplating, Mandavya was a sage who had been unfairly chastised by the monarch. He received this punishment from Lord Yama (Dharmaraja) as retribution for torturing birds and bees as a young child. In response, Mandavya cursed the Yama, as his punishment exceeded the sins committed as an ignorant child. Therefore, he cursed him to be born in the mortal world. He was born as Vidura, the wise, to the servant maid of Ambika (wife of King Vichitravirya), named Parishrami.
167 Maricha: Maricha is a Ramayana figure who served as Ravana’s uncle and changed into a golden deer at his command in order to charm Sita to be kept as a pet in Ayodhya for its beautiful glowing skin.
168  Markandeya: A wise man who related the tale of Kausika, a brahmana, to Yudhishthira.
169 Marutta: Samvarta did Yagna for Marutta, an Ikshwaku dynasty ruler, defying Indra and Brihaspati. As Indra raised his hand with the thunderbolt to kill Marutta, Samvarta paralysed him. Then Marutta invoked Indra and other gods to partake their respective portion of the offerings.
170  Matali: Indra’s charioteer who drove Arjuna to the realm of the gods.
171 Medhavi: The sage Baladhi wanted his son, Medhavi, to live as long as a certain mountain did.
172 Meru: Meru is a historic mountain. The Vindya started to grow extremely high, blocking the sun, moon, and planets out of jealousy for Meru. The Vindhya mountain, which respected Agastya, ordered it to halt expanding until he traversed it on his route to the south and back to the north. However, after settling in the south, Agastya made no attempt to return.
173 Nahusha: A powerful monarch named Nahusha was elevated to the position of Indra, ruler of the gods when Indra vanished as a result of his deceitful and sinful murder of Vritra.
174  Nakula : Fourth brother of the Pandavas.
175  Nala: The cursed king of Nishadha who abandoned his wife Damayanti after losing his kingdom in a dice game.
176 Nandini: Vasishtha’s breathtakingly divine and lovely cow.
177 Nara: Arjuna or Dhananjaya is also known as Nara in Mahabharat.
178  Narada: The sage who unexpectedly appeared in front of Dhritarashtra and Vidura while the latter was outlining the Pandavas’ journey into the forest, spoke a prophesy that the Kauravas would go extinct after fourteen years due to Duryodhana’s sins, and then departed as swiftly.
179 Narayana: Sri Krishna, often known as Krishna or Vishnu.
180  Narayanas: relatives of Krishna.
181 Narayanasrama: The Pandavas stopped at Narayanasrama, a magnificent forest, while they were travelling.
182 Nishadha: Indra, the Lord of the Gods, once dwelt in Nishadha in the form of a brahmana.
183  Nishada: An indigenous hunter or fisherman; generally speaking, a member of a fourth varna.
184  Panchajanya: Conch of Krishna.
185  Palasa: “flame of the forest,” or Butea frondosa.
186 Panchali: Draupadi, the queen of the Pandavas and the daughter of King Drupada, is also known as Panchali.
187  Panchalya: A King Drupada’s son who perished in battle.
188 Pandu: As his older brother Dhritarashtra was born blind, Pandu ascended to the kingdom of Hastinapura upon the death of his father. Pandu, the second son of Vichitravirya and Ambalika, was the father of the Pandavas.
189 Parashara: Father of Veda Vyasa was a famous sage. Shiva bestowed the blessing that Parashara’s kid will be a Vashistha-caliber Brahmarshi and be renowned for his wisdom. Parashara’s wife Satyavati, gave birth to Vyasa.
190 Paravasu: Son of Raibhva and elder brother of Arvavasu, whose wife was abused by Yavakrida before he was speared to death by a demon for his transgression.
191  Parikshit: Crowned king after the Kauravas and the Pandavas perished, he is the son of Abhimanyu and the grandson of the Pandavas.
192  Partha: Another name of Arjuna.
193  Parvati: Siva’s female consort. The energy source for Bhagwan Shiva. As Rukmini had her heart set on marrying Krishna, she begged her to protect her from the ruthless Sisupala ruler of Chedi.
194 Paurava: The Pandavas invited him for the Mahabharata battle. But he did not accept and joined sides with the Kauravas against them.
195 Phalguna: Another name of Arjuna.
196 Prabhasa: Prabhasa is the name of the Vasu who took Vasishtha’s sacred cow.
197  Pradyumna: the son of Sri Krishna.
198  Pratikhami: The charioteer of Duryodhana.
199  Pritha: Kunti before her marriage and mother of Karna.
200  Pundarikaksha: Krishna, the one with lotus eyes.
201  Purochana: An architect who created the stunning “Sivam” wax palace around Varanavata.
202 Purumitra: A brilliant son of Dhritarashtra, a Kaurava warrior.
203  Pitamaha, which roughly translates to “grandfather,” does not, however, suggest senility but rather the rank of the pater familias.
204 Ptirushottama: An epithet of Sri Krishna is ptirushottama. It is one of Vishnu’s names and refers to the Supreme Being.
205 Raibhya: A sage named Raibhya lived in a hermitage on the banks of the Ganges. During their travels, the Pandavas stopped by. This ghat was extremely sacred. Dasaratha’s son Bharata took a bath here. By taking a wash in this ghat, Indra was absolved of the sin of slaying Vritra unjustly. Sanatkumar joined God as one. Aditi, the mother of the gods, prayed here for a son’s blessing.
206  Radheya: Son of Radha, also known as Karna, who was raised as a son by Radha, the charioteer Adhiratha’s wife, after being found as an infant.
207  Rajasuya: A Yagna made by a king in order to be granted the title “Emperor.”
208  Sita Maa: The divine wife of Ramachandra, was kidnapped by the king of Lanka, Ravana. Before marriage she was known as Janaki and Vaidehi.
209 Rishabha: The second note of the Indian range is rishabha (Shadja, rishabha, gandhara, madhyama, panchama, daivata, nishada -sa, ri, ga, ma, pa, dha, ni.) Rishyasringa, the son of the sage Vibhandaka, had never seen a human being before, apart from his father. In order to bring rain and plenty to Anga, which was suffering from a severe famine, the king invited him.
210  Romapada, king of Anga, the place once had a severe drought.
211 Rudra: One of Siva’s names is Rudra.
212 Rudra dance: Siva’s cosmic dance of destruction is the Rudra dance.
213  Rukma: Apparent heir to the Vidarbha kingdom. When he was vanquished by Balarama and Krishna, he founded and reigned over a new city called Bhojakata because he was too embarrassed to go back to Kundinapura, the capital of Vidarbha.
214 Sachidevi: King of the gods and wife of Indra, Sachidevi was the target of Nahusha’s vengeful gaze.
215 Indrani: Indrani was another name for wife of Indra, Sachidevi.
216 Rajasuya yagna: At the Rajasuya yagna, Sahadeva, the youngest of the Pandava princes, gave Krishna the first honours.Large tributes came from different locations with Arjuna. Arjuna entered seven patalas as well, defeated demons and gods, and collected tribute from Bali Chakravarti. It began the Rajasuya yagna. Adhvaryu, Hota, and Udgata were portrayed by Yajnavalkya, Paila, Dhaumya, and Susama.
217  Saibya: A kind king of the Pandavas.
218  Sairandhri:  Sairandhri was Draupadi during her incognito as a female attendant or maid who worked in royal ladies’ quarters.
219  Sakuni: He used a dice game to help the Kauravas beat the Pandavas employing cunning tricks. The latter were forced to spend thirteen years living in the wild as a result. The thirteenth and last year of exile had to be spent secretly, per the rules of the game. They were instructed to return to the forests for a similar term if they were detected by anyone. He was regarded as the malevolent genius who tricked Duryodhana into turning to bad deeds.
220  Salva: Sisupala’s friend, who attacked Sri Krishna’s kingdom in Dwaraka to exact revenge on the latter for killing Sisupala.
221  Salya: The ruler of Madradesa, Madri’s brother, and the Pandavas’ uncle who, after receiving hospitality from Duryodhana, switched sides.
222  Samsaptaka: One who has vowed to never give up and to conquer or perish. The Samsaptakas were suicide squads that had made a brave but desperate promise.
223  Samvarta: Brihaspati’s younger brother and a highly intelligent Rishi (scientist and acharya).
224 Samba: The Universal deity Krishna and his second wife Jambavati had a son named Samba. The Yadu dynasty came to an end as a result of his foolish deed. He was cursed by a Rishi Durvasa to become mother and give birth to a mace.
225  Sanga: He was Virata’s son. After losing his chariot, horses, and charioteer Sanjaya—the storyteller who updates the blind Dhritarashtra on the status of the fight every day—king Virata was forced to board Sanga’s chariot when he was wounded. He explained to the king that someone who experienced bad luck would first get perverted and lose their sense of good and evil. His rationale would be destroyed by time, leading to his own demise.
226  Sankula Yuddha: A scuffle, a disorganised clash, a soldier’s conflict as opposed to a hero’s conflict.
227  Shanta: Sage Rishyasringa’s wife.
228 Santanu: King of Hastinapura and Bhishma’s father is Santanu.
229  Sanyasin: A person who has abandoned the outside world and its issues.
230  Sarasana: A Kaurava brother who perished in battle.
231  Sarmishtha: Princes and the daughter of King Vrishaparva, who struck and shoved Devayani into a dry well out of rage.
232  Satanika: Drona cut the bead of Virata’s son, Satanika.
233  Satyajit: A Panchala prince who defended Yudhishthira from Drona’s capture while Arjuna was absent in response to the Samsaptakas’ challenge (the Trigartas).
234 Satyaki: Friend of Krishna and the Pandavas, Satyaki was a Yadava warrior who urged uniting their forces to take down the evil Duryodhana.
235 Satyavati: King Santanu fell in love with Satyavati, a fisherman’s daughter who had exceptional beauty and gave off a delightfully delicious aroma, wedded her, and made her his queen.
236 Satyavrata: A valiant warrior on the Kaurava side.
237 Saugandhika: Bhima went in search of Saugandhika, a plant that produced a stunning and fragrant bloom for Draupadi.
238  Savyasachin: An ambidexter is a person who can use both hands equally well and with ease. a title for Arjuna, who was equally adept at using his bow with both hands.
239  Sikhandin, the son of Drupada, was a woman who changed into a man and fought on the side of the Pandavas, bringing discipline to the dispersed, humbled warriors.
240  Simhanada: A powerful yell of victory or defiance that soldiers frequently used to frighten their adversaries and inspire confidence in their allies.
241 Saindhavas:  They were also known as Jayadrathas, a warrior clan belonging to king Jayadratha.
242  Sini: One of the men vying for Devaki’s affections. a Kaurava’s relative.
243  Sisupala: The Chedi king. died during the time of Dharmaputra’s Rajasuya sacrifice at the hands of Krishna.
244 Somadutta: One of the men vying for Devaki’s hand is Somadutta. a Kaurava’s relative.
245 Subahu: King of Kulinda in the Himalayas named Subahu was a supporter of the Kauravas.
246  Subhadra is the mother of Abhimanyu, the sister of Sri Krishna, and the wife of Arjuna.
247 Sudakshina: A warrior on the Kaurava side is Sudakshina.
248 Sudarsana: A brave warrior in the Kaurava army is Sudarsana.
249  Sudeshna: Sairandhri (Draupadi in disguise)’s consort and the queen of King Virata.
250  Sugriva: The monkey king, Sri Rama’s companion, and the powerful Vali’s brother whom Sri Rama murdered.
251  Sujata was the wife of Kagola, a follower of the sage Uddalaka who possessed virtue and dedication but not much knowledge, and the mother of Ashtavakra.
252  Suka, a wise man and the son of Vyasa, explained the Srimad Bhagavata to King Parikshit, the Arjuna’s great-grandson.
253  Sumitra: The charioteer of Abhimanyu.
254  Supratika: The elephant’s name, owned by King Bhagadatta.
255  Susarma, the king of Trigarta and a follower of the Kauravas, agreed to support the plan to attack Virata’s nation of Matsya.
256 Suvarna: A Kaurava soldier.
257 Sri Rama: Rama, Raghava, Adipurusha and Ramachandra are other names for Sri Rama. Hanumana shares with Bhima his intense joy at coming into contact with Bhagwan Rama. After being exiled in the wilderness for fourteen years, this king of Ayodhya killed Ravana, king of Lanka, who had kidnapped his wife, Sita.
258  Srinjayas: Adherents of the Pandavas.
259  Srutayu and Astutayu: Two brothers fighting on the Kaurava side attacked Arjuna but were killed.
260 Samsaptaka : One who has taken a vow to conquer or die, and never to retreat. The Samsaptakas were suicide-squads, vowed to some desperate deed of daring.
261  Srutayudha: A Kaurava warrior who was struck by Krishna with a mace that violently rebounded, killing Srutayudha. Varuna had given that gift to her mother Parnasa, with the stipulation that it not be used against anybody who does not fight lest it kill the one who throws it.
262  Swarga: Indra’s heavenly realm, where mortals who pass away are rewarded for their good deeds on earth.
263  Sveta: A Virata king’s son who was killed by Bhishma’s arrow during combat.
264  Tantripala: At Virata’s court, he pretended to be Sahadeva.
265  Uddalaka: A revered sage and Vedanta instructor.
266 Umadevi: Bhagwan Siva’s wife Umadevi.
267  Unchhavritti: The meagre existence of a beggar.
268 Upachitra: One of King Dhritarashtra’s brave sons who died in battle was named Upachitra.
269 Upaplavya: After a thirteen-year exile, the Pandavas settled in the Matsya Kingdom at Upaplavya.
270  Urvasi: Arjuna turned down the advances of this apsara at Indra’s court.
271  The Vaisampayana was disclosed for the benefit of humanity by the chief student of the sage Vyasa.
272 Vaishnava: Duryodhana made a Yagna in the forest as a Vaishnava. It was also performed by Yayati, Mandhata, Bharata, and others.
273  Vaishnava mantra: An prayer that lends part of Vishnu’s unstoppable force to a rocket.
274  Vajrayudha: The tool used by Indra to murder Visvarupa, who was suspected of being a member of the daitya asura tribe.
275  Valala: When he was employed as a chef in Virata’s palace, he adopted the name Bhima.
276  Vali: Monkey-king Vali is Sugriva’s brother.
277  Vanaprastha: The third stage of a dvija’s existence, when he must transfer his worldly obligations to his successors and depart with his wife to live as an anchorite in the woods.
278 Vandi: After losing a discussion against Sage Ashtavakra, Mithila’s court poet Vandi drowned himself in the ocean and proceeded to Varuna’s home.
279  Varanavata: A woodland where the Pandavas were instructed to spend the night in a waxhouse that would be lit on fire at midnight to murder them as they slept.
280  Vasishtha: A sage who forbade the eight Vasus from being born as the sons of Ganga and Santanu in the realm of mortals. With a smile on her face, Ganga flung her seven kids into the water.
281  Vasudhana: Another warrior killed on the Twelfth Day in combat.
282 Vasudeva: An epithet for Krishna is Vasudeva. It refers to both the divine energy that permeates the cosmos and the son of Vasudeva.
283 Vedavyasa: Author of the Mahabharata, Veda Vyasa.
284 Vichitravirya:  Younger son of Santanu, Vichitravirya replaced King Chitrangada as ruler of Hastinapura. Pandu and Dhritarashtra were his two sons.
285  Vikarna: A son of Dhritarashtra who ruled that Yudhishthira was a slave and had forfeited all of his rights, thus making the staking of Draupadi unlawful.
286 Virata: He was attacked by Vinda and Anuvinda, two brothers who were kings of Avanti and great warriors on the Kaurava side. However, they were defeated by Yudhamanyu Virata, the king of Matsya, the nation that Bhima had advised them to live in secrecy in during their thirteenth year of exile.
287 Visoka: Bhima’s charioteer was Visoka.
288  Visvarupa: After Brihaspati fled after being insulted by Indra, Twashta’s son took over as the gods’ preceptor.
289 Vivimsati: A Kaurava hero is Vivimsati who fought bravely.
290  Viswarupa: Form that encompasses all. The Bhagavad Gita chapter eleven give a description.
291 Vriddhakshatra: King of the Sindhus and the father of Jayadratha, Vriddhakshatra was responsible for causing his son Jayadratha’s head to fall into his lap after Arjuna had severed Jayadratha’s head.
292 Vrika: A Panchala prince named Vrika was killed in combat.
293 Vrisha: Achala and Vrisha are Sakuni’s brothers.
294 Vrishnis: Tribals who were faithful to the Pandavas, the Vrishnis and Kekayas, visited the exiled Pandavas with Sri Krishna.
295 Vrishasena: A brave warrior on the Kaurava side is Vrishasena.
296  Vritra: Twashta’s son who was vanquished by Vajrayudha, one of Indra’s weapons. He emerged from his father’s yagna flames as a child and grew up to be Indra’s worst foe.
297 Vrikodara: Bhima was called Vrikodara, or “wolf-bellied,” because of his narrow waist and ravenous appetite.
298 Vyasa: The Vedas’ compiler and Parasara’s son.
299  Vyuha: Different forms of battle arrays and shapes. The Mahabharata give details abput the following 18 battle formations or vyuhas: 1. Krauncha vyuha (Heron formation), 2. Makara vyuha (Crocodile formation), 3. Kurma vyuha (Tortoise or Turtle formation), 4. Trishula vyuha (Trident formation), 5. Chakra vyuha (Wheel or Discus formation), 6. Kamala vyuha or Padma vyuha (Lotus formation), 7. Garud vyuha (Eagle formation), 8. Oormi vyuha (Ocean formation), 9. Mandala vyuha (Galaxy formation), 10. Vajra vyuha (Diamond or Thunderbolt formation), 11. Shakata vyuha (Box or Cart formation), 12. Asura vyuha (Demon formation), 13. Deva vyuha (Divine formation), 14. Soochi vyuha (Needle formation), 15. Sringataka vyuha (Horned formation), 16. Chandrakala vyuha (Crescent or Curved Blade formation), 17. Mala vyuha (Garland formation) and 18. Sarvatobhadra Vyuha (Grand formation).
300 Vyuha Chakra: Chakra vyuha that got Abhimanyu killed.
301  Yama: God of death is Yama. Yudhishthira was the son of the god of dharma. He is the one whose queries Yudhishthira properly responded to, causing his dead siblings to reanimate on the edge of the magical pool.
302  Yagna: Offering given to a fire in Vedic ritual.
303  Yaksha: A class of demi-gods that serve the god of riches, Kubera.
304 Yavakrida: Son of the sage Bharadwaja, Yavakrida was dedicated to understanding the Vedas.
305  Yayati: The Bharata race’s emperor who saved Devayani from the well that Sarmishtha had thrown her into. Later, he wed Sarmishtha and Devayani. One of the Pandavas’ ancestors who, as a result of Sukracharya’s curse, aged too soon.
306  Yudhamanyu is a prince who stands up for the Pandavas.
307 Yuyudhana: Another name for Satyaki is Yuyudhana.
308 Yuyutsu: When Yudhishthira lost Draupadi, the noble son of Dhritarashtra, Yuyutsu, bowed his head in sadness and humiliation. Additionally, he disagreed with the unjust manner in which Abhimanyu was executed.
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Keep Mahabharat Book at Home and Read Daily – DO NOT FALL TO FAKE PROPAGANDA and Fulfil Agenda of Enemies

This historical epic Mahabharat is known as fifth Veda. It is a common misconception spread by mlecchas; muslims and christian missionaries, and secular Hindus that reading Mahabharat or keeping it at home will likely lead to arguments and fighting. All of this misinformation was spread by illiterate mlecchas and anti-Hindus, and it is completely incorrect. It is done to mentally weaken Hindus so that they avoid reading Mahabharat. Because Mahabharat invokes bravery, pride and sense of confidence in Hindus.

Keep a copy of Mahabharat at home and read it online at the HariBhakt website. Mahabharat is rightly called the fifth Veda for Kaliyuga people because it is a tool and guidance to invoke confidence and bravery in Sanatan Dharmi Hindus.

You can read complete Mahabharat by following links below.

Mahabharat All Chapters (Sampurna Mahabharata)

Mahabharat Chapter 1 Mahabharat Chapter 54
Mahabharat Chapter 2 Mahabharat Chapter 55
Mahabharat Chapter 3 Mahabharat Chapter 56
Mahabharat Chapter 4 Mahabharat Chapter 57
Mahabharat Chapter 5 Mahabharat Chapter 58
Mahabharat Chapter 6 Mahabharat Chapter 59
Mahabharat Chapter 7 Mahabharat Chapter 60
Mahabharat Chapter 8 Mahabharat Chapter 61
Mahabharat Chapter 9 Mahabharat Chapter 62
Mahabharat Chapter 10 Mahabharat Chapter 63
Mahabharat Chapter 11 Mahabharat Chapter 64
Mahabharat Chapter 12 Mahabharat Chapter 65
Mahabharat Chapter 13 Mahabharat Chapter 66
Mahabharat Chapter 14 Mahabharat Chapter 67
Mahabharat Chapter 15 Mahabharat Chapter 68
Mahabharat Chapter 16 Mahabharat Chapter 69
Mahabharat Chapter 17 Mahabharat Chapter 70
Mahabharat Chapter 18 Mahabharat Chapter 71
Mahabharat Chapter 19 Mahabharat Chapter 72
Mahabharat Chapter 20 Mahabharat Chapter 73
Mahabharat Chapter 21 Mahabharat Chapter 74
Mahabharat Chapter 22 Mahabharat Chapter 75
Mahabharat Chapter 23 Mahabharat Chapter 76
Mahabharat Chapter 24 Mahabharat Chapter 77
Mahabharat Chapter 25 Mahabharat Chapter 78
Mahabharat Chapter 26 Mahabharat Chapter 79
Mahabharat Chapter 27 Mahabharat Chapter 80
Mahabharat Chapter 28 Mahabharat Chapter 81
Mahabharat Chapter 29 Mahabharat Chapter 82
Mahabharat Chapter 30 Mahabharat Chapter 83
Mahabharat Chapter 31 Mahabharat Chapter 84
Mahabharat Chapter 32 Mahabharat Chapter 85
Mahabharat Chapter 33 Mahabharat Chapter 86
Mahabharat Chapter 34 Mahabharat Chapter 87
Mahabharat Chapter 35 Mahabharat Chapter 88
Mahabharat Chapter 36 Mahabharat Chapter 89
Mahabharat Chapter 37 Mahabharat Chapter 90
Mahabharat Chapter 38 Mahabharat Chapter 91
Mahabharat Chapter 39 Mahabharat Chapter 92
Mahabharat Chapter 40 Mahabharat Chapter 93
Mahabharat Chapter 41 Mahabharat Chapter 94
Mahabharat Chapter 42 Mahabharat Chapter 95
Mahabharat Chapter 43 Mahabharat Chapter 96
Mahabharat Chapter 44 Mahabharat Chapter 97
Mahabharat Chapter 45 Mahabharat Chapter 98
Mahabharat Chapter 46 Mahabharat Chapter 99
Mahabharat Chapter 47 Mahabharat Chapter 100
Mahabharat Chapter 48 Mahabharat Chapter 101
Mahabharat Chapter 49 Mahabharat Chapter 102
Mahabharat Chapter 50 Mahabharat Chapter 103
Mahabharat Chapter 51 Mahabharat Chapter 104
Mahabharat Chapter 52 Mahabharat Chapter 105
Mahabharat Chapter 53 Mahabharat Chapter 106

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  1. Deepti Rastogi says:

    Thanks for the information on characters.


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