Chapter 54 Yudhishthira and Sanjaya Discuss The Evility The Prevails in Kauravas
The Pandavas were camped out in Virata’s domain at Upaplavya. They dispatched agents to all friendly rulers from there. The Pandavas quickly gathered a formidable force of seven divisions when contingents from all throughout the nation began to arrive. Similar to the Pandavas, the Kauravas gathered an army of eleven divisions.
In line with standard military procedure, all armaments were grouped together to form a division back then, as they do today. A division back then was made up of 21,870 chariots, an equivalent number of elephants, three times as many horses, and five times as many foot troops. They also had access to a variety of weaponry and other military supplies.
The “armoured automobiles” of ancient combat were chariots, while the “tanks” of the contemporary era were elephants trained specifically for battle.
The brahmana envoy of Drupada arrived at Dhritarashtra’s court. The messenger addressed the crowd on behalf of the Pandavas after the customary ceremonial introduction and questions were completed: “The righteousness is inherently true and eternal. You already know this, so I won’t have to remind you. Since they are both Vichitravirya’s sons, Dhritarashtra and Pandu are equally entitled to their father’s wealth, in our usage. Despite this, Pandu’s sons are not receiving their fair portion of the common inheritance, and Dhritarashtra’s sons have assumed control of the whole country. This cannot be justified in any way. The Pandavas, scions of the Kuru dynasty, seek tranquilly. They are willing to put their past struggles behind them and let go of the past, but they are reluctant to go to war since they are well aware that it never results in anything but devastation. Give them what is owed to them by doing so. This would be in line with both the pre-existing agreement and the legal system. There should be no waiting.”
The messenger’s plea was followed by a thoughtful and courageous speech from Bhishma. “The Pandavas are secure thanks to Bhagwan’s mercy, he continued. Despite having the backing of several princes and having the strength to win a fight, they are not war-oriented. They continue to seek peace. The only moral thing to do is return their property to them.”
Bhishma was still speaking when Karna rudely interrupted and yelled to the messenger: “Is there anything new in what you said, Brahmana? What makes telling the same old story so painful? How does Yudhishthira go about recovering the items he misplaced at the gaming board? Yudhishthira must now ask for anything he desires as a gift if he wants it. In haughty trust on the might of his supporters, especially Matsya and Panchala, he likes this ludicrous assertion. Let me be clear: Threats will not compel Duryodhana to do anything. The Pandavas must retreat to the forest for another twelve years and then return since the cursed word—that they shall live unknown into the thirteenth year—has been violated.”
Bhishma stepped in: “Son of Radha, you make silly statements. If we don’t follow the instructions that this message gives us, war will break out, and we will undoubtedly lose. And we are all destined for disaster, including Duryodhana.” Dhritarashtra had to step in because of the chaos and commotion among the crowd.
To the messenger, he remarked: “I have made the decision to send Sanjaya to the Pandavas in consideration of both the wellbeing of the world and the Pandavas. Please inform Yudhishthira this as soon as you get back.”
Dhritarashtra then pulled Sanjaya aside and gave him the following orders: “Send my warmest compliments and polite questions about Krishna, Satyaki, and Virata to the sons of Pandu, Sanjaya. Send my compliments to all the princes who are gathered there. Go there in my place and make a conciliation to ensure that war is avoided.”
Sanjaya undertook this peace mission in Yudhishthira. Following the formal greetings, Sanjaya addressed Yudhishthira in the middle of his court as follows: “I am fortunate to be able to look at you once more, Dharmaputra. You display the image of Indra himself while being surrounded by royalty. My heart is cheered by the sight. King Dhritarashtra offers you his warmest greetings and hopes to hear from you soon. Ambika’s (Dhritarashtra) son abhors any discussion of war. He yearns for peace and wants your companionship.”
Dharmaputra was pleased to hear Sanjaya mention this and responded as follows: “If this is the case, Dhritarashtra’s boys have been rescued, and in fact, we have all avoided a terrible tragedy. I despise fighting and simply want peace. We will erase all memory of the hardships we have endured if our kingdom is restored to us.”
Again, Sanjaya spoke: “The sons of Dhritarashtra are wicked. They continue to be just as evil as they always have, disobeying their father’s counsel and their grandsire’s good counsel. But you must maintain your patience. You have always stood up for moral behaviour, Yudhishthira. Let’s avoid the terrible horror of war. Can material goods acquired via combat provide happiness? What benefit can we derive from a kingdom we conquered by murdering our own family members? Don’t start fighting as a result. Even if one were to acquire the entire ocean-bound world, old age and death are unavoidable. The brothers of Duryodhana are idiots. However, you shouldn’t let that cause you to stray from morality or lose patience. You shouldn’t give up on the highest route of dharma even if they refuse to return your kingdom.”
Yhishthira responded: “What you say, Sanjaya, is accurate. The finest possession is rectitude, but are we doing improperly? Krishna is aware of the nuances of morality and dharma. He wishes both parties success. I’ll follow Vasudeva’s instructions.”
By Krishna: “I want the Pandavas to be happy. I also want Dhritarashtra and his sons to be content. This is a challenging situation. I believe I can resolve this matter on my own by travelling to Hastinapura. Nothing would make me and the Pandavas happier than to be able to negotiate peace with the Kauravas on conditions that do not jeopardise the wellbeing of everybody. The Kauravas will be saved from the jaws of death if I am successful. Additionally, I’ll have accomplished something positive and valuable.
The Pandavas will remain faithful to Dhritarashtra even if they receive what is rightfully theirs through a peaceful resolution. They have no other desires. However, if necessary, they are also equipped for battle. Dhritarashtra has the freedom to select whichever of these two options, peace or battle, he wants.”
Sanjaya then heard Yudhishthira say this: “Go back to the Kaurava court, Sanjaya, and convey this message from me to Ambika’s son: “Was it not thanks to your kindness that we were given a piece of the kingdom when we were young?” You made me a king once; don’t rob us of our portion now and force us to live like beggars off the kindness of others. There is space in the world for the Kauravas and both of us, dear uncle. Therefore, let there be no hostility between us. Therefore, if I ask Dhritarashtra on your behalf. Please convey my love and best wishes to the grandfather and request that he find a way to ensure that his grandkids are raised in peace and happiness. Send Vidura the same message as well. Vidura is the greatest at recognising what is in our best interests as a group and giving us advice in that vein.”
Tell Duryodhana the following on my behalf: “My darling brother, you forced us to dwell in the wilderness wearing skins as princes of the kingdom. You belittled and harrassed our sobbing wife in front of the princes. We endured everything patiently. Give us what is rightfully ours back, at least for the moment. Do not envy someone else’s possessions. We number 5. Give at least five villages to the five of us in exchange for peace. We will be happy. Sanjaya, tell Duryodhana this. Both peace and conflict are in my readiness list.”
Sanjaya left Kesava and the Pandavas when Yudhishthira had finished speaking and returned to Hastinapura.
Keep Mahabharat Book at Home and Read Daily – DO NOT FALL TO FAKE PROPAGANDA and Allow Enemies to Weaken our Dharma and Bharat
This historical epic Mahabharat is known as fifth Veda. It is a common misconception spread by mlecchas; muslims and christian missionaries, and secular Hindus that reading Mahabharat or keeping it at home will likely lead to arguments and fighting. All of this misinformation was spread by illiterate mlecchas and anti-Hindus, and it is completely incorrect. It is done to mentally weaken Hindus so that they avoid reading Mahabharat. Because Mahabharat invokes bravery, pride and sense of confidence in Hindus.
Keep a copy of Mahabharat at home and read it online at the HariBhakt website. Mahabharat is rightly called the fifth Veda for Kaliyuga people because it is a tool and guidance to invoke confidence and bravery in Sanatan Dharmi Hindus.
You can read complete Mahabharat by following Chapter links given below. You can check Glossary of Mahabharat here.