A person who leads a country works proactively with limited resources and courageously taking decisive steps towards development of his people. That person is truly a leader and a King who can change history even under grips of foreign ruler. The decision making process should also invoke sense of pride, confidence and urgency in the minds of countrymen. Such rare and great personality was Hindu Maratha King Shivaji Maharaj.
Shivaji (also Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, Shivaji Raje Bhosale), an ardent devotee of Bhagwan Shiv and Maa Bhavani was the founder of Hindu Maratha Empire in India. He was born in 1627 A.D. at Shivneri, a hill fort near Pune. His father Shahaji Raje Bhosale was employed as an officer in the army of the Sultan of Bijapur, mohammed ali shah. Shivaji was brought up under the astute care of his mother Jijabai and guardian Dadaji Kondadev.
- 1 History, Biography and Inspiring Events of Shivaji Maharaj
- 1.1 Courage of Young Shivaji
- 1.2 Right Beginning Had Key to Successful Inception of Hindu Kingdom
- 1.3 Kill The Mlecchas (Muslims) Using Their Own Demonic Tools
- 1.4 Treaty of Purandar and Shivaji Maharaj’s Great Escape from Agra
- 1.5 Brave Shivaji Never Sent His Generals But Lead War from the Front
- 1.6 Vedic Art and Hindu Culture In Shivaji’s Regime
- 1.7 Administrative System of Shivaji
- 1.8 People Friendly Revenue System of Shivaji Maharaj
- 1.9 Development of Jal, Thal and Akash Military system
- 1.10 Death of Shivaji Maharaj
- 1.11 Surprise Me More:
History, Biography and Inspiring Events of Shivaji Maharaj
Shivaji’s mother Jijabai and his guru Ramdas inspired him with the noble and patriotic ideas and infused in him love for the Hinduism and the motherland. At young age, Jijabai repeatedly told him stories of Hindu kings, of saints and sages who appear in the Ramayan, the Mahabharat and the Purans. As Shivaji listened to these tales of heroism and Dharmic deeds, he grew more and more eager to follow divine steps of Bhagwan Ram and Bhagwan Krishna He was also inspired by the memories of the glorious empire of the Vijayanagar Kings in Karnataka. Later, Shivaji got military training and learnt the art of government from Kondadev. Teachings of Jijabai and Dadaji made Shivaji a brave and courageous young man. He invoked determination among local people and converted them into a massive fighting force and began to raid neighboring territories freeing them from terrorist muslims, mughals.
Courage of Young Shivaji
On a certain occasion, father Shahaji took his son Shivaji to the court of the Sultan of Bijapur.
Shivaji was then not even twelve years of age. Shahaji touched the ground thrice and saluted the Sultan. He asked his son to do the same thing. Shivaji was sporting a tilak and wearing saffron cloth. Shivaji only retreated a few steps. He stood erect with his head unbent. His dazzling eyes seemed to carry with them his determination that he would not bow down to a foreign ruler who invaded Bharat and killed innocent Hindus. He walked back from the court with a lion-like gait and bearing.
Till then no one had dared to behave in that manner at the court of the Sultan of Bijapur. All were wonder-struck at the boldness of the young boy.
Shivaji respected women, cow and Bharat since childhood. It was same legacy which was passed on to his eldest son Sambhaji, who executed a muslim for having killed a cow in 1683.
Right Beginning Had Key to Successful Inception of Hindu Kingdom
Shivaji knew that right beginning of harnessing power is the key to re-establish Hindu Kingdom.
Chhatrapati Shivaji began his early career of conquests at the age of nineteen by capturing the fort of Torna, about twenty miles from Pune. After this he conquered other forts like Chakan, Singhagarh and Purandar, situated within the perimeter of the terrorism grip of Bijapur Sultan. In order to put pressure on Shivaji the Sultan of Bijapur imprisoned Shahaji Raje Bhosale, Shivaji’s father. Shivaji thought any harm done to the father would lower down confidence of his fighters. After that Shivaji kept quiet for a few years but kept building strength of his army. Shahaji Raje Bhosale was released by the Sultan. Shivaji again started his activities of conquest. By 1655 Shivaji had occupied the northern part of Konkan and the fort of Javali.
These acquisitions provoked terrorist Ali Adil Shah II to send a cunning general Afzal Khan with a large army against Shivaji in 1659, with instructions to bring Shivaji to the court dead or alive by any means. As prescribed in evil Koran for muslims, when you cannot fight courageously against the brave Idol Worshipper, use deceit and befriend him only later to betray and kill him. Afzal Khan tried to kill Shivaji by treachery. But Shivaji was taught about the wicked skills of terrorist mughals by Jijabai and Dadaji Kondadev, the knowledge that trusting a muslim enemy would mean path to submission and slavery – they are in our native territory to kill, loot fellow people and spread their anti-Vedic islam – true to the atrocities faced by Hindu Marathis under muslim rule. The internalization of this truth made Shivaji beware of any move of Afzal Khan so when Afzal Khan went ahead to hug Shivaji and kill him with a hidden dagger, Shivaji bravely pierced the baaghnak in the stomach of terrorist and gave him a deserving painful death. The army of Shivaji defeated the Bijapur Sultanate in the Battle of Pratapgarh. Huge quantity of weapons and war-materials were collected, which further strengthened the Hindu Maratha army.
The outwitting of Shivaji while killing Afzal Khan was never learnt by coward nehru and gandhi – failed leaders who were later extremely glorified to fool Indians by crook historians. And they agreed that partitioning India and gifting a free territory to terrorist muslims as pakistan would buy them peace. Only to result in killings of millions of innocent Hindus in the hands of muslims in 1947 to 1950. This stupidity and foolish approach of nehru and congress to believe muslims proved a curse on the fate of India and continues to cast dark shadow on our country in the form of terrorism sponsored by the islamic state of pakistan. Not shocking that cowards gandhi and nehru believed that Shivaji Maharaj, Maharana Pratap, Subhash Chandra Bose and Balidaani Bhagat Singh led their lives on wrong ideology. And the real heroes of Bharat were never given due importance. Today’s Hindu leaders of India should internalize life histories of Shivaji Maharaj and Maharana Pratap and lead from front.
The Sultan of Bijapur again sent a large army, under the leadership of Rustam Zaman, which also failed to curb the power of Shivaji. The battle took place on December 28, 1659. The Maratha army of Shivaji defeated the Bijapuri army in the Battle of Kolhapur.
Kill The Mlecchas (Muslims) Using Their Own Demonic Tools
Fighting only during day time and not attacking women, child and non-military common people is a Vedic way of resistance, practiced by brave Hindus fighting front to front war. No one attacked at night instead after sunset the time was used to cure injured soldiers of war.
Terrorist mughals being coward always followed anti-Vedic islam way of attacking on nights when the enemy was taking rest and informal ceasefire is invoked after sunset, to assess the damage of war. The followers of death cult islam also killed innocent peasants, workers, children and r@ped women to include them in their harem.
Emboldened by his success Chhatrapati Shivaji began attacking Mughal territories in 1657. Aurangzeb felt the necessity of chastising him and sent a big army under Shaista Khan. He occupied Pune and encamped there. One night Shivaji made a surprise attack on Pune, giving them taste of their own medicine. A large number of Mughal soldiers were slayed and Shaista Khan had a narrow escape. Muslim women and children were respected and not even touched, only terrorists were killed. After this incident in 1664, Shivaji attacked Surat and carried off a huge booty, as those belonged to original natives, Hindus, which were looted by foreigner mughals.
[ Read Also The Rule of Terrorism Under Cruel Mughal Aurangzeb ]
Treaty of Purandar and Shivaji Maharaj’s Great Escape from Agra
Terrorist aurangzeb then sent Raja Jai Singh of Amber and Dilir Khan to subdue Shivaji. Jai Singh had huge army so was able to capture number of forts held by Shivaji and compelled Shivaji to conclude the treaty of Purandar (1665 A.D.). As per the terms of the treaty, Shivaji had to cede 23 forts to the Mughals, acknowledge the supremacy of the Mughal emperor and agree to assist the Mughals in their fight against Bijapur. Jai Singh also persuaded Shivaji to pay a visit to the imperial court at Agra.
Shivaji saw the truce as an opportunity for respite and to consolidate his strength. Despite misgivings about the Agra trip, his astrologers assured him he would return alive. Further, terrorist aurangzeb sent a letter to Shivaji on 5.4.1666 with an assurance that he would be accorded a reception and treatment befitting his royal status (another lie and deceit as taught in koran that mlecchas follow). Accompanied by his son Sambhaji and a small contingent of his forces Shivaji reached Agra on 11th June, 1666. Though he was received cordially by Jai Singh’s son, Ram Singh, when he was taken to the Mughal durbar, Aurangzeb did not even look at him. He was made to stand in the third row of the courtiers. Angered by this humiliation, Shivaji left the durbar in a huff. A point worth noting is that Shivaji was never in an actual prison but was residing in a royal guesthouse. He soon realized that he was heavily guarded and was effectively under house arrest. Neither did Aurangzeb grant him a discussion, nor was he allowed to leave Agra. After three months of this impasse, in August, Shivaji planned his great escape. Shivaji claimed to have an acute stomach ache, which was treated by a procession of doctors for three days. Once he pronounced himself fit, he requested Ram Singh for sweets and money to pay obeisance to the goddess Bhavani, and to distribute them to his doctors, Brahmins and poor Muslims. Sweets were prepared in huge quantities and carried out of the guesthouse in two large bamboo baskets, each carried on a pole by two persons. For the first three or four days, the sentries checked the sweet baskets leaving the guesthouse. Afterwards they let the baskets pass without checking.
Moral: Never trust a slave of a muslim even if he is a coward Hindu here Jai Singh was slave of terrorist aurangzeb
Shivaji, realizing his moment had arrived, escaped with his son Sambhaji in the sweet baskets on August 19. A horse was waiting for them. Instead of proceeding south east towards Maharashtra, he moved north towards Mathura. Within a few hours of Shivaji’s escape, an informer reported to the kotwal that he saw Shivaji and his son escaping on a horse.
When the kotwal sent a messenger to the guesthouse to check, he was told no such escape had taken place! That is because Shivaji had dressed up two of his courtiers like himself and his son.
[ People Live and Fight for Hinduism But Sambhuji Raje Lived, Fought, Breathed and Sacrificed His Entire Life for Hinduism. Read Also The Most Daring and Brave Hindu King Sambhaji Raje Inspired us to Protect Hinduism and Hindutva Pride ]
Within a few hours a second informer came and reported to the kotwal that he saw Shivaji and his son riding a horse in the city. Again the kotwal could not believe the news. Yet he sent a messenger to the guesthouse who brought the news that Shivaji and Sambhaji were taking rest in the guesthouse.
Meanwhile, Shivaji and his son reached Mathura where he shaved off his famous beard and mustache, applied ash to his body and darkened his face. From Mathura, he and his followers, dressed like mendicants, proceeded towards Prayag (renamed as Allah-abad by terrorist muslims) in the south east direction. There they prayed to Bhagwan and took blessings. Then they turned south and traveled towards Bundelkhand (now part of Madhya Pradesh) and Golconda (now in Telangana). They reached their safe fortress of Raigarh after a journey of 60 days.
Meanwhile, the Mughal army, police and informers searched for Shivaji in Agra and all over the empire. According to some historians, Ram Singh might have helped him in his escapade. Aurangzeb also suspected Ram Singh of his complicity and demoted his position in the royal court. Aurangzeb never got over Shivaji’s escape. It was tight slap in the face of aurangzeb as the ferocious enemy wittingly escaped unhurt from his grip without waging war.
Shivaji, who reached Raigarh in October 1666, resumed his adventures. Eight years later, on June 6, 1674, Shivaji was coronated with the title, *Chhatrapati (holder of an umbrella) in Raigarh fort. Shivaji, who did not inherit his kingdom from his father or forefathers, created his Maratha Empire by his own effort. And will always be respected and remembered for it.
Chhatrapati (छत्रपती) is the royal title of Bharat equivalent to an Emperor. The word ‘Chhatrapati’ is from Sanskrit chatra (roof or umbrella) and pati (master/Owner/ruler); Chhatrapati thus indicates a person who gives shade to his followers , secures their well-being and protects their success.
Reaching home Shivaji started war against the Mughals with renewed vigor. At last Aurangzeb was obliged to recognize him as a Raja (king). In 1674 Shivaji declared himself an independent ruler of Maharashtra and amid great pomp and grandeur celebrated his Rajyabhishek. He continued with the title of Chhatrapati. Then he conquered Jinji, Vellore and a large part of Tanjore. Shivaji died in 1680 A.D.
Brave Shivaji Never Sent His Generals But Lead War from the Front
Shivaji was a born leader and a great administrator. His charisma drew people around him. In him they found the leader who never hesitated to risk his own life in times of danger. Shivaji was warrior of a high order. The army of Shivaji was well organized. The most significant achievement of Shivaji was the welding of the Hindu Marathas into a nation. He infused a new spirit of unity and dignity into the Maratha people unifying 96 Hindu clans.
In recruitment to services Shivaji showed no partiality to any community. There was no discrimination, no casteism, and no communalism. He, however, laid emphasis on the recruitment of the son of the soil and only Hindus should be trusted for important and security tasks. Though a champion of Hinduism, he extended his liberality to the people professing other religions.
[ Read Also Brave Pratap Singh Protected Mewar and Hindu Pride ]
Vedic Art and Hindu Culture In Shivaji’s Regime
Shivaji was a patron of art and culture, piety and letters. The singers and poets praised Hindu gods and heritage of Bharat in their poems. Prominent among the saintly persons whom Shivaji admired were Ramdas, Tukaram, Baba Yakub, Mauni Baba, etc. Sanskrit poets like Jairam, Paramananda, Gaga Bhatt, and some Hindi poets received his patronage.
Administrative System of Shivaji
The administrative system of Shivaji was largely borrowed from the administrative practices of the Deccan states. It was also influenced by the principles laid down in Kautilya’s Arthasastra and the Dharmasastras. In the discharge of his duties he was assisted by a council of ministers.
Strengthening of Provincial Administration
Shivaji divided the territory under his direct rule (which he called the Swaraj territory) into a number of provinces. The ancient institution of the Panchyat was preserved in the rural areas. The head of the village, administered the village with the help of the panchyat.
People Friendly Revenue System of Shivaji Maharaj
Shivaji laid down an excellent revenue system based on the principles adopted by Todar Mal and Malik Ambar. His officers made an elaborate survey of the land and fixed the rent at 33 per cent of the gross produce. It was simple and easily followed by all. Shivaji afterwards demanded a consolidated rent of 40 per cent. It is however, wrong to assume that Shivaji abolished the jagirdari system to earn money from rich landlords, it was tweaked to make it more favorable to citizens.
There was less tax burden on citizens but more on residents of nearby enemy states.
Chauth and Sardeshmukhi were also the main sources of income of the regime from enemy states. These security money were paid by the people who were citizens of the enemy states. So they were levied on the territories which were not under the direct control of Shivaji. The inhabitants of these enemy states paid the Chauth or one fourth of the standard revenue as protection money against the plundering raids of dacoits and assurance of no attack from Marathas. The territories and principalities which paid chauth were also required to pay an additional tax called Sardeshmukhi. This was one tenth of the revenue of those areas. Those who paid Sardeshmukhi received protection against other invaders including muslims. Both the taxes together made a sizeable income for the Hindu Maratha kings.
Development of Jal, Thal and Akash Military system
Shivaji created and maintained an organized and disciplined army consisting of infantry, cavalry and navy. Shivaji recruited only able persons in his army. He had the skills to manage a huge army. His army mostly composed of light infantry and light cavalry was admirably well-adapted to guerilla warfare and hill campaign. The army movements were extremely quick.
Shivaji never shied away in availing services of even foreigners to learn new military tactics from them.
Forts played an important role in Shivaji’s military system. Every fort was kept under three officers of equal status. They acted together but served as a check on one another.
Shivaji recognized the necessity of a strong navy. He had a navy of about 200 warships. The creation of a navy shows the foresight of Shivaji. A number of coastal fortresses kept guard over the sea. Mlecchas like the Portuguese, the British, the Siddis and the Mughals were thus effectively kept in check.
Shivaji’s intelligence service were given importance. The espionage system formed a well-paid and efficient wing of the Hindu Maratha army.
Death of Shivaji Maharaj
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj died on April 3, 1680. But the Hindu Marathas continued their struggle against the Mughals under his successors. The great leadership of Hindu King Shivaji continue to inspire natives of Bharat, Hindus, even today.