There was no Varna conflict in Sanatan Hindu Dharm. This fake casteism is recent creation in 19th century to break Hindu unity by evil British terrorists who invaded Bharat in guise of traders. Like warrior Brahman Parusharama many times Yadava clan also fought wars and proved their mettle, they became Kshatriya by their Karm (deeds) not by birth because Varna is decided by deeds not by birth unlike casteism introduced by British terrorists.
The Chandravanshi Yadava monarchs of central and western India established the Heheya Kingdom, also known as Haihaya, Haiheya, Heiheya, etc. Previously, it was controlled by the skilled Kartavirya Arjuna, who even vanquished Ravana. Mahishmati, in modern-day Madhya Pradesh along the banks of the Narmada River, served as its capital. They overcame several other Indian kingdoms. But they perished because of their animosity for the Bhargavas, who were warriors. The Bhargava chieftain under whom they perished was Parasurama. To the east of it, in the kingdom of Talajangha, Heheya had allies. The Mahabharata mentions it, and Puranas make allusions to it.
Clans of Haihaya Kingdom
- 1 Clans of Haihaya Kingdom
- 1.1 Kartavirya Arjuna and His Heirs
- 1.2 Vitihotras
- 1.3 Haihayas Lineage
- 1.4 Conflict with Ikshwaku Dynasty
- 1.5 Heheya Kingdom, Haryaswa’s Rule
- 1.6 Heheya Kingdom, Sudeva Reign
- 1.7 Heheya Kingdom, Divodasa Reign
- 1.8 Heheya Kingdom, Kartavirya King Arjuna Reign
- 1.9 Heheya Kingdom, Haihaya Kings Lineage
- 1.10 Conflict Aftermath
- 1.11 Heheya Kingdom Rulers’ List
Five ganas (clans) that made up the historical confederacy known as the Haihayas claimed Yadu as their common ancestor. Haihaya was described as the great-grandson of Yadu and the grandson of Sahasrajit in the Harivamsha Purana (34.1898). The Talajanghas, which include all five Haihaya clans, are described in the Vishnu Purana (IV.11). Vitihotra, Sharyata, Bhoja, Avanti, and Tundikera were the five Haihaya clans. The Malwa area of modern-day Western Madhya Pradesh was the Haihayas’ original home. The Haihayas are referred to as the first governing dynasty of Avanti in the Puranas.
Establishment of Mahishmati.
King Mahishmant, son of Sahanja and a direct descendant of Yadu through Haihaya, was given the honour of building their future capital city of Mahishmati (in modern-day Madhya Pradesh) during the Harivamsha (33.1847). Another site refers to Muchukunda, one of Lord Rama’s predecessors, as the creator of Mahishmati. In the Rksha highlands, he allegedly constructed the towns of Mahishmati and Purika.
According to the Padma Purana (VI.115), a particular Mahisha is credited with founding the city.
Kartavirya Arjuna and His Heirs
The most well-known Haihaya ruler, according to the Mahabharata and the Puranas, was Kartavirya Arjuna. Sahasrabahu was his nickname. He was referred to as a Chakravartin and Samrat. The Rig Veda also has his name (VIII.45.26). In the end, he expelled the Naga leader Karkotaka Naga from Mahishmati City and established it as the capital of his citadel. He entered Lanka, according to the Vayu Purana, and imprisoned Ravana.
Dattatreya favoured Arjuna for his devotion to him. Sage Jamadagni was murdered by Arjuna’s sons. In retaliation, Parashurama, the son of Jamadagni, murdered Arjuna. Numerous sons were born to Arjuna. He was replaced by his son Jayadhvaja. Talajangha, Jayadhvaja’s son, succeeded his father.
The Thousand Armed Sahasrabahu Arjuna was the manifestation of the Thousand Blade Sudarsana Chakra, according to the Narada Purana (76:4). He was created on Earth in order to compete against Parashurama’s Shaktyavesha Avatar and the might of Vishnu. The majority of tales portray Kartavirya as a just ruler who finally developed egotism. Due to their property dispute with the Bhargava clan, the kshatriyas of his time turned unjust and started persecuting and killing defenceless Brahmins, etc. On this score, the God Vishnu’s almighty strength and capacity to purge the Earth of unjust rulers was bestowed onto the Jivatma Parashurama, who was destined to become a future Saptarishi. Kartavirya, the most powerful monarch of the time, was supposed to be his main foe.
According to the legend of Akritavana, despite all the blessings he had attained, Kartavirya Arjuna became intoxicated with power in the Mahabharata Vana Parva. He started to oppress people, Yakshas, and even the gods themselves after losing control of his senses. Even worse, Kartavirya insulted Indra in front of Shachi. Around this time, other Kshatriyas had also grown complacent in their authority and enjoyed oppressing innocent people.
Varuna was once bothered by Arjuna, who questioned whether anybody else had power comparable to his. Only Parashurama, the son of Jamadagni, rivalled Arjuna, Varuna retorted. Arjuna visited Jamadagni’s hermitage in a fit of fury to witness Parashurama’s might.
According to the historical Puranas, Kartavirya Arjuna and his army paid a visit to Jamadagni, a rishi, who nourished both his visitor and the entire army with offerings from his celestial cow Kamadhenu. The monarch asked for the cow so that his subjects would be better off, but Jamadagni refused since he required the animal for religious rituals. To seize the cow, King Arjuna despatched his men. As tensions rose between the Jamadagni and the King, Arjuna lost his cool and severed the Jamadagni’s head. The backdrop was explained to Parashurama when he returned to the hermitage as Jamadagni’s son and one of Vishnu’s Davatras. With a war axe Shiva had given him as retaliation, Parashurama slaughtered the whole Arjuna clan as well as the King, finally eliminating all kshatriyas and conquering the entire planet. For 21 generations, he carried out this complete extermination of the kshatriyas.
In accordance with another historical legend, Kartavirya Arjuna paid a visit to Jamadagni’s hermitage and was graciously greeted by the sage’s wife Renuka. However, he paid her no favour by violently taking “the calf of the milch-cow of the sacred oblation.” Parashurama killed him and severed his thousand arms as retaliation for this insult. According to another Purana, Kartavirya despatched seventeen Akshauhinis to battle the lone Parashurama who was walking. Parshurama slew the whole army by himself, leaving no one alive. Kartavirya rode onto the scene in his heavenly, unimpeded golden chariot. The King himself was a skilled archer, able to fire five hundred arrows at once while simultaneously holding five hundred bows. Arjuna’s bows were broken, his horses and charioteer were killed, and the chariot itself was shattered by Parashurama’s arrows.
Parashurama was the target of several weapons, rocks, and trees thrown by Arjuna, but the sage parried them all. With his axe and arrows, Parashurama cut off his thousand arms and killed him in pieces. He is given a new persona in another setting that is more in line with how he behaved at Jamadagni’s hut. He “oppressed both humanity and gods,” causing the latter to request assistance from Bhagwan Vishnu. Then, Bhagwan descended to earth in the person of Parashurama with the express intent of putting him to death.
Kartavirya is introduced as one of the greatest warriors in the Mahabharata, which attributes his heavenly birth to the Padmini Ekadasi. He is reported to have been unmatched in terms of sacrifices, charity, learning, austerity, feats on the battlefield, strength, mercy, generosity, and might.
Kartavirya asked for several boons, which Dattatreya dispensed. This is the list:
- 1000 very swift, strong human arms that could regenerate when severed could emerge and vanish at his command.
- Multitasking while thinking with one mind.
- Conquering the entire planet with his own might.
- The capacity to successfully carry out his responsibilities as a kshatriya and as a monarch.
- Knowledge of justice, law, and the dharma.
- Triumph over his adversaries.
- Omnipotence over people of all races.
- Awareness of other cultures’ traditions.
- Unlimited fortune.
- The capacity to satiate great brahmans.
- Power to avert disasters that might harm his realm.
- Bhakti for Bhagwan Dattatreya
- Death at the hands of a fighter stronger than him.
These blessings strengthened Kartavirya, who thereafter conquered the globe and all its continents.
The Kartavirya Arjuna Family
The Vrishnis were Kartavirya Arjuna’s most renowned offspring. Super natural divine beings who were part of Govinda Leela in Dwapar Yug like Bhagawan Sri Krishna, Balarama, Kamsa (evil), Ugrasena, Vasudeva, Sini, Satyaki, Hridaka, Kritaverma, Pradyumna, Charudeshna, Samba (evil), and Aniruddha were among these.
Kartavirya Arjuna served as the model for the Pandava Prince Arjuna (Sahastrarjuna or Sahastrabahu). This one was a descendant of Kartavirya through his mother, Kunti. In order to satisfy Agni’s thirst, the Pandava Arjuna also set fire to a forest (Khandava). The Pandava Arjuna was a renowned fighter who could fire 500 arrows at once, just like Kartavirya.
Later, the Vitihotras, the prominent clan among the Haihayas, became the name most people knew them by (or Vitahotras or Vitahvyas). The Puranas claim that Vitihotra was Talajangha’s oldest son and the great-grandson of Arjuna Kartavirya. The Puranas also provide the names of two monarchs descended from Vitihotra: Ananta, Vitihotra’s son, and Durjaya Amitrakarshana, Ananta’s son. Sagara, king of Ikshvaku, put a halt to the Vitihotra monarchs’ northward expansion of the Haihaya domain into the middle of the Ganges valley.
The Avanti monarch Vessabhu (Vishvabhu) and his city Mahissati are mentioned in the Mahagovindasuttanta of the Dighanikaya (Mahishmati). He was likely a king of Vitihotra. It is likely that under the later Vitihotras’ control, the whole Avanti area split into two kingdoms, with the main cities located in Mahishmati and Ujjayini (present-day Ujjain). The final Vitihotra monarch of Ujjayini, Ripunjaya, was assassinated by Pulika, one of his ministers, according to the Matsya Purana (5.37), who then appointed his son Pradyota as the new king. According to Puranas, the Vedas were learnt by many of the Haihayas.
The Kalachuris and the Mushakavamsha Mushika Kingdom of Kerala were two early mediaeval kingdoms that asserted their lineage to the Haihayas.
Invading Islamists were resisted by the Haihayas of eastern India during the Middle Ages.
Conflict with Ikshwaku Dynasty
King Sagara of the Kosala Kingdom ruled from Ayodhya. He came from the illustrious royal dynasty of Ikshwaku in ancient India. Sagara is identified as Jadu’s son (MBh 12,56). He considered every member of his 60,000-man army as one of his sons. The Haihayas and the Talajanghas are claimed to have been vanquished by the Ikswaku monarch Sagara. He subjugated the whole varna of military personnel. (MBh 3,106).
The Talajanghas and Haihayas of the Vatsa Kingdom
The Vatsa Kingdom (MBh 13,30) was likely the birthplace of the Haihayas and Talajanghas. During the rule of four successive generations of Kasi kings—Haryaswa, Sudeva, Divodasa, and Pratarddana—the Haihayas of the Vatsa kingdom, collectively known as Vitahavyas and commanded by King Vitahavya, attacked the neighbouring nation known as Kasi. Pratarddana, the last of them, vanquished the Haihayas and most likely drove them from the Vatsa realm.
Kings of the Kasi tribe came from the Ikshwaku race. This could be the starting point of Haihayas’ conflict with them.
Heheya Kingdom, Haryaswa’s Rule
Two monarchs were born in the lineage of Saryati, namely Haihaya and Talajangha, both of whom were Vatsa’s sons (Saryati and Ikshwaku were two of Manu’s numerous sons; MBh 1,75). Haihaya had 100 sons and ten spouses, all of whom had a strong propensity for conflict.
A monarch by the name of Haryyaswa reigned in Kasi as well. He was Divodasa’s grandfather. The kingdom of Kasi was attacked by the sons of King Haihaya, also known as Vitahavyas. He advanced into the region between the Ganges and the Yamuna rivers and engaged King Haryyaswa in combat, killing him there. The sons of Haihaya bravely returned to their own lovely city in the Vatsas’ homeland.
Heheya Kingdom, Sudeva Reign
In the meantime, Kasi’s new monarch Sudeva, the son of Haryyaswa, was seated on the throne.
The hundred sons of Vitahavya once more attacked that righteous-souled prince’s realm, and they eventually overthrew it in a war. The Haihaya winners then went back to their own city after defeating King Sudeva in this manner.
Heheya Kingdom, Divodasa Reign
The next to be seated on the throne of Kasi was Divodasa, the son of Sudeva. At Indra’s order, King Divodasa rebuilt and fortified the city of Varanasi (Varanasi or Banaras) after realising the might of those high-souled princes, the sons of Vitahavya. King Divodasa was endowed with immense vitality. They were decorated with stores and markets that were brimming with wealth and teemed with goods and food of every description. These areas resembled a second Amravati and extended northward from the banks of the Ganges to the southern banks of the Gomati (the city of Indra). The Haihayas assaulted once again. They were engaged in combat by the powerful King Divodasa, who came from his capital. After a thousand days of combat, King Divodasa lost many of his supporters and animals, which caused him great anguish. King Divodasa left his capital and fled when his army was defeated and his money was depleted. He asked his priest, Bharadwaja, the son of Vrihaspati, for protection.
Pratarddana, the Son of Divodasa, Strikes Back
Divodasa desired a valiant son who could exact revenge on the Vitahavyas. With the blessings of his priest Bharadwaja, he was able to have a son named Pratarddana, who would excel in combat. When Divodasa put his son on the throne of Kasi, he ordered him to fight Vitahavya’s sons. He quickly drove over the Ganges with his army in behind, advancing on the Vitahavyas city. The Vitahavyas, armed with a variety of weaponry, rushed out of their city in their automobiles and into Pratarddana.
All were defeated by Pratarddana in combat. When all of his sons and kinsmen were already dead, the Haihaya monarch Vitahavya turned to his priest Bhrigu for safety. Bhrigu helped him become a Brahmana.
Sage Saunaka was descended from this Vitahavya and eventually received the full Mahabharata story through Ugrasrava Sauti.
Heheya Kingdom, Kartavirya King Arjuna Reign
A virtuous monarch and follower of Lord Dattatreya, Kartavirya Arjuna (also known as Sahastrabahu Arjun or Sahastrarjun) is recorded in the scriptures. The magnificent Kartavirya was formerly the ruler of the entire world because of his immense beauty and thousand arms, which were considered to represent his servants carrying out his orders. His administrative centre was in Mahishmati. With her belt of oceans, all of her islands, and all of her priceless gold and gem mines, that leader of the Haihaya race of Chandravanshi Kshatriyas controlled the whole planet. The monarch gave the Lord Dattatreya enormous presents of money while keeping in mind his responsibilities as a member of the Kshatriya order, as well as humility and understanding of the Vedas (MBh 13,152).
Heheya Kingdom, Haihaya Kings Lineage
Vatsa’s son, King Vitahavya, is mentioned (MBh 13,30) King Udvarta eventually wiped off his own race (MBh 5,74) At MBh 3,183, a discussion between a Haihaya king and Tarkshya the Sage is described. Sumitra is specifically identified as a royal sage of the Haihaya in MBh 12,124. At MBh 12,125, Sumitra is identified as being Mitra’s son.
Hostility Against the Bhargavas
The Mahabharata makes several mentions of the conflict between the Haihaya tribe and the Bhargava Brahmins. The Haihaya ruler Kartavirya Arjuna is supposed to have been murdered by the chief of the Bhargavas, Parasurama, son of Jamadagni. The argument continued after that. The majority of the Kshatriya monarchs killed by the Bhargavas, who roamed all of India, were Kartavirya Arjuna’s relatives. (MBh 1,104).
Bhargava Rama became an unmatched force on earth after obtaining the incomparable “battleaxe of blazing splendour and irresistible sharpness” from Mahadeva of the Gandhamadana mountains in the Himalayas (MBh 12,49). In the meantime, the mighty son of Kritavirya, Arjuna of the Kshatriya order and ruler of the Haihayas, imbued with great energy, highly virtuous in behaviour, and possessing a thousand arms thanks to the great sage Dattatreya, and having subjugated in battle by the might of his own arms the entire earth with her mountains and seven islands, became a very powerful emperor. (12,49) Rama would kill the powerful lord of the Haihaya tribe, King Arjuna. (MBh 3,115) evidence of a clans conflict “Even though the majority of the time only the leaders Bhargava Rama and Kartavirya Arjuna are named, there is evidence that many more individuals were involved in this conflict. It can be a generation-long conflict between two clans.”
Once upon a time, the Brahmins engaged the Kshatriyas of the Haihaya tribe in combat while hoisting a banner of Kusa grass. The wisest of Brahmins asked the Kshatriyas why this was happening. “In combat, we obey the instructions of one person endowed with tremendous wisdom, whereas you are divided and act in accordance with your particular thinking,” the Kshatriyas warned them. The Brahmins chose a courageous individual who was knowledgeable about political strategy to serve as their leader. After that, they were successful in defeating Haihaya the Kshatriyas. (MBh 5,157).
Bhargava Rama defeated Kartaviryas who had never been defeated before by enemies after having his father Jamadagni killed and his calf taken by the Kshatriyas. He killed 64 times 10,000 Kshatriyas with his bow. 14,000 Brahmana-hating Kshatriyas from the Dantakura nation were killed in that massacre. He killed 1000 Haihayas by hanging, 1000 with his short club, and 1000 with his sword. Rama used his axe to kill 10,000 Kshatriyas. The venomous words delivered by his adversaries were too much for him to take silently. He then moved against the Kashmiras, the Daradas, the Kuntis, the Kshudrakas, the Malavas, the Angas, the Vangas, the Kalingas, the Videhas, the Tamraliptakas, the Rakshovahas, the Vitahotras, the Trigartas, and the Martikavatas, counting by thousands and killing them all with his whetted shafts when many of the foremost of Brahman Thus, as he moved from province to province, he killed thousands of Haihaya-Kshatriyas. He carried out a hundred sacrifices, unleashing a torrent of blood, filling several lakes with it, and conquering all 18 islands. (MBh 7,68).
Heheya Kingdom Rulers’ List
1) King Pururavas
2) Rajah Ayusu
3) Maharaj Nahusha
4) Maharaj Yayati
5) Maharaj Yadu
6) Sahasrajit Maharaj Maharaj Shatjit
7) King Haihay (Founder of Heheya Kingdom).
8) Dharma Maharaj
9) Dharmnetra Maharaj
10) Kuntiraj Maharaj
11) Sahjit Maharaj
12) Mahishman Maharaj (Founder of Mahismati).
13) Bhadrasen Maharaj
14) Maharaj Dhanaka Durdabh Maharaj
15) Maharaj Raj Kritvirya Rajeshwar Sahasrarjun Maharaj
16) Kansara, Kasera, Tamrakar, Thathera, Tambat, and many more were invented by Maharaj Veersen (Jaydhwaj).
There were dozens of other kings wihin same clan but since their expansion and reign declined, they were not given importance in the history.
NOTE TO READERS: Kartavirya Arjuna getting blessed by Dattatreya is disputed and debated by many sages. In fact true Siddh Gurus do not even consider Dattatreya as God. It is seen as post colonial creation and inserted in Mahabharat by corrupt historians. Since the Heheya Kingdom has one of the bravest warriors Kartavirya Arjuna, we included his history in a detailed manner. However, readers are requested to do research at their own level.