Attaining the Supreme
Text 1: Arjuna questioned, “O my Bhagwan, O Supreme Being, what is Brahman?”
The self: What is it? What are productive pursuits? This tangible manifestation, what is it? Moreover, who are the demigods? Tell me about this, please.
Text 2: O Madhusudana, who is the Bhagwan of Sacrifice and how does He dwell within the body? And how can those who are performing acts of devotion recognise You at the moment of death?
Text 3: According to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, adhytma, or the self, is the name for the eternal essence of Brahman, an unbreakable, transcendental living being. Karma, also known as fruitive acts, is action that is related to the development of the physical bodies of living creatures.
Text 4: The physical nature, which is ever-changing, is referred to as adhibhta (the material manifestation), O best of the embodied creatures. Adhidaiva is the name of the Bhagwan’s all-encompassing form, which consists of all the demigods, including those of the sun and moon. I, the Supreme Bhagwan, go by the name adhiyaja [the Bhagwan of sacrifice], and I am represented as the Supersoul in the heart of every embodied being.
Text 5: And whomever leaves his body at the end of his life remembering only Me, immediately attains My nature. There is no question about this.
Text 6: O son of Kunt, whatever state of being one recalls before leaving his body, that condition he will inevitably reach.
Text 7: As a result, Arjuna, while performing your assigned job of battling, you should always think of Me as Krishn. You will without a doubt reach Me if you commit your actions to Me and keep your thoughts and wits focused on Me.
Text 8: O Partha, whoever meditates on Me as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, keeps his mind occupied with thoughts of Me continually, and stays on the road, is certain to arrive at Me.
Text 9: One should contemplate the Supreme Person as the all-knowing, all-controlling, all-maintaining, all-beyond-all-material-conception, all-pervading, and all-permanent Person who is the oldest, the controller, the tiniest, and the keeper of everything. He is transcendental—beyond this earthly nature—and radiant like the sun.
Text 10: One will undoubtedly reach the Supreme Personality of Godhead if they fix their life between their eyebrows at the moment of death and use the power of yoga to recall the Supreme Bhagwan with complete devotion.
Text 11: Those who are great sages in the abandoned order, who chant Omkar, and who are versed in the Vedas reach Brahman. One practises celibacy in order to achieve such perfection. I’ll now give you a quick explanation of how one might achieve salvation.
Text 12: Detachment from all sensory activities is the yogic state. One establishes oneself in yoga by shutting all of the doors of the senses and focusing the attention on the heart and the life air at the top of the head.
Text 13: If one thinks about the Supreme Personality of Godhead and gives up his body after doing yoga and vibrating the sacred word o, the best combination of letters, he would undoubtedly reach the spiritual planets.
Text 14: O son of Pritha, I am simple to get for one who continuously recalls Me without deviating, due of his continuous involvement in devotional worship.
Text 15: Because they have acquired the utmost perfection, the great souls, who are yogis in devotion, never return to this transient world, which is rife with suffering.
Text 16: From the greatest planet in the material universe to the lowest, all are miserable realms where birth and death are continually experienced. However, O son of Kunt, one who enters My dwelling never gives birth again.
Text 17: According to calculations made by humans, one day for Brahma is equal to a thousand ages added together. The length of his night is likewise as described.
Text 18: All living things emerge from their unmanifest existence at the start of Brahma’s day, and when night falls, they dissolve back into the unmanifest.
Text 19: Every time Brahma’s day comes, all living things are created; nevertheless, when Brahma’s night comes, they are utterly destroyed.
Text 20: However, there is still another unmanifest essence that is both everlasting and transcendental of both this manifested and unmanifested substance. It is ultimate and unconquerable. That portion is what remains after the destruction of the entire globe.
Text 21: My highest home is that which the Vedantists refer to as unmanifest and infallible, that which is referred to as the final goal, and to which, having gained it, one never returns.
Text 22: By unwavering dedication, one might approach the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is greater than all. All things are located inside Him, even if He is physically present in His habitation.
Text 23: O greatest of the Bharatas, I will now explain to you the many occasions after the yogi departs from this world whether or not he returns.
Text 24 states that those who have attained knowledge of the Supreme Brahman are able to leave this world while under the influence of a fiery deity, in the sunshine, at a fortunate hour of the day, during a waxing moon’s fortnight, or for six months while the sun is travelling north.
Text 25: The mystic who departs from this world in the night, the declining moon’s fortnight, or the six months when the sun moves from the north to the south reaches the moon planet but returns.
Text 26: The Vedic tradition holds that there are two ways to leave this world—one in light and the other in darkness. One does not return while passing through a bright area; yet, when passing through a dark area, one does.
Text 27: O Arjuna, while the devotees are aware of these two routes, they are never perplexed. So, be devoted at all times.
Text 28: One who chooses the road of devotional service is not devoid of the benefits attained by Vedic study, sacrifices, austerities, almsgiving, and other intellectual and fruitful pursuits. He achieves all of them just via devotional service, and in the end, he enters the highest eternal dwelling.
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