The Supreme Transcendental Knowledge
Text 1: According to the Personality of Godhead, Bhagwan Shree Krishn, I taught the sun-god, Vivasvan, who then taught the father of humanity, Manu, who in turn taught Iksvaku, this imperishable science of yoga.
Text 2: The saintly monarchs realised this greatest wisdom in this manner after receiving it through the line of disciplic succession. But over time, the succession broke down, and it appears that the science as we know it has been lost.
Text 3: Because you are My friend and devotee, you have the ability to comprehend the transcendental secret of this science, thus I am telling you today about this very old science of your relationship with the Supreme.
Text 4: Arjuna declared, “The sun deity Vivasvan is older to You by birth.” How am I supposed to comprehend that You taught him this science at first?
Text 5: The Personality of Godhead remarked, “You and I have had many births.” O conqueror of the enemy, you cannot recall any of them while I can!
Text 6: Even though I am eternally unborn, My transcendental body never degrades, and I am the Bhagwan of all living things, I nonetheless manifest in My original transcendental form once every thousand years.
Text 7: I descend Myself wherever and wherever there is a reduction in religious activity and a prevailing rise in irreligion, O descendant of Bharata.
Text 8: I Myself manifest, century after millennium, to deliver the righteous, destroy the wicked, and restore religious values.
Text 9: O Arjuna, one who understands the transcendental nature of My appearance and activity does not reincarnate after leaving the body into this realm of matter, but instead enters into My eternities home.
Text 10: Many, many people in the past got cleansed by knowledge of Me; as a result, they all acquired transcendental love for Me. They did this by letting go of attachment, fear, and wrath, being completely engrossed in Me, and seeking shelter in Me.
Text 11: I reward everyone in accordance with how they surrender to Me. O son of Pritha, all people walk in My footsteps.
Text 12: Because men in this world want to succeed in productive endeavours, they worship the demigods. Men naturally see the fruits of their labour in this world quickly.
Text 13: The four divisions of human society are produced by Me in accordance with the three forms of material nature and the labour connected to them. You should also be aware that even though I am the system’s inventor and am hence immutable, I am still the non-doer.
Text 14: I am unaffected by effort, and I have no desire for the results of my labour. One who is aware of this reality about Me is likewise unaffected by the productive reactions of effort.
Text 15: In the past, every freed soul operated in accordance with this comprehension of My transcendental essence. As a result, you should carry out your responsibility by imitating them.
Text 16: Even clever people struggle to distinguish between action and inactivity. I’ll now explain to you what action is so that you can be free from all bad luck.
Text 17: It is exceedingly difficult to comprehend the nuances of action. Therefore, it is important to understand what action, prohibited action, and inactivity are.
Text 18: An educated man is one who, although engaging in a variety of occupations, perceives activity in inaction and inaction in action. This person is in the transcendental position.
Text 19: One is said to be in full awareness if they pursue their goals without being driven by a need for immediate fulfilment. Sages claim that he is a worker whose work-related reflexes have been completely consumed by the fire of perfect knowledge.
Text 20: Despite being involved in a variety of endeavours, he never attaches himself to the outcomes of his actions and is always content and autonomous.
Text 21: Such a man of knowledge exercises absolute control over his mind and intelligence, relinquishes any sense of ownership over his belongings, and acts solely to provide for his basic needs. He is not impacted by sinful reactions as a result of his work.
Text 22: Even though acting, he who is content with wealth that arises of its own accord, who is free from duality and does not envy, who is stable in both success and failure, is never entangled.
Text 23: The labour of a man totally established in transcendental knowledge, detached from the forms of material nature, melts completely into transcendence.
Text 24: A person who is completely immersed in Krishn consciousness is certain to enter the spiritual kingdom due to his entire participation in spiritual pursuits, where the culmination is complete and the gifts presented are also of a spiritual character.
Text 25: Some yogis completely worship the demigods by making offerings to them, while others make offerings in the fire of the Supreme Brahman.
Text 26: Some [the pure brahmacharis] sacrifice their hearing and senses in the fire of mental control, while others [the regulated householders] sacrifice their sense objects in the fire of the senses.
Text 27: The functions of all the senses, as well as the vital breath, are offered as sacrifices into the fire of the controlled mind by others who are interested in gaining self-realization via control of the mind and senses.
Text 28: Having taken stern vows, some attain enlightenment by giving up their wealth, while others do so by engaging in rigorous penance, practising the yoga of the eightfold mysticism, or deepening their knowledge of the Vedas.
Text 29: In order to stay in trance and halt all breathing, other people who are drawn to the breath restriction technique exercise by moving their outgoing breath into their entering breath and their incoming breath into their departing breath. Others stop eating and sacrifice themselves by inhaling their own exhalations.
Text 30: All of these performers, who understand the significance of sacrifice, are cleansed of immoral impulses, and after tasting the nectar of the offerings, they move closer to the highest everlasting environment.
Text 31: O greatest of the Kuru dynasty, one can never live happily on this earth or in this life without making sacrifices. What about the afterlife?
Text 32: The Vedas sanction all of these many sacrifices, and they all result from various kinds of labour. You will be free once you recognise them for what they are.
Text 33: O chastiser of the adversary, the knowledge-based sacrifice is preferable than the bare sacrifice of worldly goods. O son of Pritha, all labour sacrifices ultimately lead to transcendental wisdom.
Text 34: Simply seek for a spiritual teacher in order to discover the truth. Ask him questions in a subservient manner, and then be of service to him. You may learn from the self-realized souls since they have glimpsed the truth.
Text 35: After receiving true knowledge from a self-realized soul, you won’t ever again fall victim to this kind of delusion because you will comprehend that all living things are only a component of the Supreme, or, to put it another way, that they are Mine.
Text 36: Even though you are the worst sinner there is, you will be able to traverse the ocean of sorrows if you are sitting on the boat of transcendental knowledge.
Text 37: O Arjuna, the fire of understanding burns to ashes all responses to material activity just as a roaring fire reduces wood to ashes.
Text 38: Nothing is more magnificent and pure than transcendental knowledge. Such understanding is the culmination of all mysticism. And a person who has mastered the art of devotional service eventually experiences this understanding inside himself.
Text 39: A devoted man who is committed to acquiring transcendental knowledge and who controls his senses is qualified to do so, and once he does so, he soon attained the ultimate spiritual calm.
Text 40: However, those who are uninformed and unbelieving and who cast doubt on the authoritative
Texts fail to reach God consciousness and plummet. There is no enjoyment in this world nor in the next for the soul that has doubts.
Text 41 states that someone whose doubts have been dispelled by transcendental knowledge and who performs in devotional service while renunciating the results of their deeds is placed factually in the self. Therefore, O victor of wealth, he is not constrained by the results of his labour.
Text 42: The sword of knowledge should thus be used to slay the doubts that have been sown in your heart as a result of your ignorance. O Bharata, rise and fight with your yoga.
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