Text 1: Arjuna questioned Janardana and Kesava: “O Janardana, O Kesava, why do You want to involve me in this horrifying combat, since You believe that knowledge is superior than fruitful work?”
Text 2: My intelligence is perplexed by Your ambiguous directions,
Text 2. Therefore, please express your opinion clearly and let me know which is best for me.
Text 3: “O blameless Arjuna, I have previously taught that there are two groups of persons who attempt to discover the self. Some people have a tendency to grasp it by empirical, intellectual analysis, while others do so through acts of devotion.
Text 4: Achieving freedom from response cannot be attained alone by forgoing labour, and achieving perfection cannot be attained through renunciation alone.
Text 5: No one can prevent from acting, not even for a split second, because everyone is helplessly acting in accordance with the traits they have gleaned from the modes of material nature.
Text 6: One who controls their actions while focusing their minds on sense items is considered a pretender and is said to be deluding themselves.
Text 7: On the other hand, a serious person is vastly superior if they attempt to regulate their active senses with their minds and start karma-yoga [in Krishn awareness] without attachment.
Text 8: It is preferable to carry out your assigned tasks than to do nothing. Without labour, one cannot even keep up one’s physical health.
Text 9: Effort must be done as a sacrifice for Viu; else, work results in bondage in this physical world. Therefore, O son of Kunt, fulfil your assigned tasks to His satisfaction and you will be free from servitude forever.
Text 10: At the start of creation, the Bhagwan of all creatures sent forth generations of humans and gods, along with sacrifices for Viu, and he blessed them by saying, “Be happy by this yaja [sacrifice], for its performance will bestow upon you everything desirable for living happily and achieving liberation.”
Text 11: By mankind and demigods working together, prosperity will rule for everyone. The demigods, who are pleased by sacrifices, will also be pleased by you.
Text 12: The demigods, who are in charge of providing for your needs, will do so when they have been appeased by your performance of yaj’a (sacrifice). But it is unquestionably a theft for someone to take advantage of such benefits without giving something back to the gods.
Text 13: By consuming food that has previously been offered as a sacrifice, the Bhagwan’s followers are cleansed of all types of sins. Others, who cook for their own sensory delight, consume only sin.
Text 14: Food grains, which are created by rains, are the basis of all living things. Rains are created via the execution of yaja, and yaja is created through the fulfilment of specified chores.
Text 15: The Vedas include rules for behaviour, and the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself immediately revealed the Vedas. As a result, acts of sacrifice are where the all-pervading Transcendence is always present.
Text 16: My dear Arjuna, one who does not adhere to the cycle of sacrifice prescribed by the Vedas in human existence leads a life that is undoubtedly filled with sin. Such a person merely exists to satisfy their senses, and their life is meaningless.
Text 17: However, for someone who enjoys the Self, whose human existence is one of self-realization, and who is entirely pleased in the Self alone, there is no responsibility.
Text 18: A self-aware man has no cause to refrain from carrying out his assigned tasks and no goal to accomplish in doing so. Additionally, he is not dependent on any other living thing.
Text 19: As a result, one should act out of duty rather than attachment since by working without attachment, one can reach the Supreme.
Text 20: Kings like Janaka acquired excellence merely by carrying out the necessary tasks. Therefore, you should carry out your task just for the purpose of teaching the broader public.
Text 21: Ordinary persons imitate the actions of great ones. And the entire world aspires to whatever standards he establishes via his admirable deeds.
Text 22: O Pritha’s son, I have no assigned employment in any of the three planetary systems. I don’t need anything, don’t desire anything, and yet I’m performing the tasks that have been assigned to me.
Text 23: For if I ever neglected to meticulously carry out the stipulated responsibilities, O Prtha, undoubtedly all men would follow My route.
Text 24: All these universes would be destroyed if I didn’t carry out the necessary tasks. I would be the one to bring about an unwanted population, upsetting the harmony of all living things.
Text 25: The educated may behave in a manner similar to that of the ignorant, but without attachment to outcomes, in order to guide others in the correct direction.
Text 26: A skilled person should not cause an uneducated man to quit working because they are attached to the fruitful outcomes of their allotted activities. Instead, he should include them in a variety of activities [for the slow advancement of Krishn consciousness] while acting with a spirit of commitment.
Text 27: The spirit soul is confused by the false ego’s influence and believes that it is acting on its own while the three modes of material nature are actually acting on its behalf.
Text 28: Knowing the distinctions between work done in devotion and work intended to produce fruit, one who is in knowledge of the Absolute Truth does not indulge in sense enjoyment and sense fulfilment.
Text 29: The ignorant completely participate in material pursuits and get attached because they are perplexed by the ways of material nature. Although these tasks are poor because the performers lack knowledge, the wise should not disturb them.
Text 30: Consequently, O Arjuna, fight with complete awareness of Me, giving all of your works to Me, engaged in battle without laziness or cravings for profit.
Text 31: People who carry out their responsibilities in accordance with My directives and who truly adhere to this teaching, without jealousy, are set free from the shackles of fruitful activities.
Text 32: However, individuals who, out of jealousy, disobey these rules and don’t adhere to them consistently are to be seen as lacking all knowledge, being duped, and failing in their pursuit of perfection.
Text 33: Even a man of wisdom behaves in accordance with his own nature in
Text 33 because everyone acts in accordance with the nature they have absorbed from the three modes. What is repression capable of?
Text 34: There are rules that govern how attached and averse we should be to our senses’ things. Such attachment and repulsion should not be allowed to rule one’s actions since they are obstacles to self-realization.
Text 35: It is more preferable to do one’s assigned obligations, even if they are imperfectly, than to perform another person’s duties flawlessly. It is preferable to cause destruction while carrying out one’s own tasks than to do another person’s, as doing so might be perilous.
Text 36: Arjuna questioned, “O descendant of Vrisni, by what is one compelled to commit wicked deeds, even though they are done remorsefully, as if under duress?”
Text 37: The Supreme Personality of Godhead declared: The sole wicked adversary of this world is desire, Arjuna, which is born of touch with the material mode of passion and eventually transforms into rage.
Text 38: The living thing is similarly covered by various degrees of this passion, just as fire is covered by smoke, a mirror is covered by dust, or an embryo is covered by the womb.
Text 39: Thus the pure consciousness of the enlightened living creature is overshadowed by his perpetual foe, desire, which never finds satisfaction and burns like fire.
Text 40: This desire finds refuge in the senses, the mind, and the intellect. Through these, desire obscures the living thing’s true nature and confounds him.
Text 41: Therefore, O Arjuna, greatest of the Bharatas, curb this tremendous emblem of sin [desire] from the very beginning by controlling the senses and slaughter this enemy of knowledge and self-realization.
Text 42: The operating senses are superior to inert matter, the mind is superior to the senses, intellect is still superior to mind, and he [the soul] is even superior to intelligence.
Text 43: Knowing this, O mighty-armed Arjuna, one should steadie the mind by purposeful spiritual understanding [Krishn consciousness] and therefore – by spiritual power – defeat this hungry enemy known as desire.
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