Three Types of Material Nature
Text 1: The Greatest Person of Godhead stated “Again I shall disclose to you this supreme wisdom, the finest of all knowledge, understanding which all sages have gained the supreme perfection.”
Text 2: One can achieve the same transcendental nature as mine by fixing oneself in this awareness. So constituted, one is neither disturbed at the moment of disintegration nor born at the time of creation.
Text 3: O son of Bharata, the source of birth is the whole material substance known as Brahman, and it is this Brahman that I impregnate, enabling the birth of all creatures.
Text 4: Know that I am the seed-giving father and that all species of life, O son of Kunt, are made possible by birth in this material nature.
Text 5: The three states of material nature are kindness, passion, and ignorance. O mighty-armed Arjuna, when the everlasting living being interacts with nature, he is conditioned by these ways.
Text 6: O sinless one, the goodness mode is enlightening and frees one from all sinful emotions since it is purer than the other modes. Those who are in that mode develop a sense of contentment and wisdom.
Text 7: Son of Kunt, the mode of passion is born of unbounded longings and desires, and as a result, the embodied living being is tethered to acts that produce material goods.
Text 8: O son of Bharata, understand that all embodied living things are deluded by the manner of darkness, which is born of ignorance. This mode causes drowsiness, indolence, and lunacy, which ties the conditioned soul.
Text 9: O son of Bharata, the path of virtue makes one happy, the path of passion makes one take fruitful action, and the path of ignorance, which hides one’s knowledge, makes one insane.
Text 10: O son of Bharata, there are moments when the mode of righteousness triumphs over the forms of passion and ignorance. Sometimes ignorance and good defy each other, while other times ignorance and good defy one other. This creates a constant struggle for supremacy.
Text 11: When all the gates of the body are lit by knowledge, the manifestation of the mode of goodness may be felt.
Text 12: O leader of the Bharatas, the indications of strong attachment, fruitful activity, intense exertion, and uncontrollable desire and longing grow as the way of passion increases.
Text 13: O son of Kuru, darkness, lethargy, lunacy, and delusion arise as the manner of ignorance increases.
Text 14: When a person dies in a nice way, they reach the pristine higher planets of the great sages.
Text 15: When a person dies in the mode of passion, they reincarnate among individuals who are engaged in productive pursuits, and when a person dies in the style of ignorance, they reincarnate as animals.
Text 16: Pious conduct produces a pure outcome that is seen to be excellent. However, actions taken in a passionate or ignorant manner lead to unhappiness or stupidity, respectively.
Text 17: From the mode of kindness, actual knowledge grows; from the mode of passion, greed; from the mode of ignorance, stupidity, lunacy, and delusion; and from the form of ignorance, ignorance, ignorance, and ignorance develop
Text 18: Those who are located in the mode of virtue progressively ascend to higher planets; those who are placed in the mode of passion reside on terrestrial planets; and those who are situated in the abhorrent mode of ignorance descend to infernal worlds.
Text 19: When one correctly recognises that these modes of nature are the only performers at work in all actions and when one is aware of the Supreme Lord, who is transcendental to all of these modes, one achieves My spiritual nature.
Text 20: The embodied being can escape birth, death, old age, and their sufferings when he is able to transcend these three modes connected to the material body. He can also take pleasure in nectar while still in this existence.
Text 21: Arjuna questioned, “O my beloved Lord, by what indications is one identified who is transcendental to these three modes?” in Text 21. What is he doing? How then does he surpass the laws of nature?
Texts 22 to 25: The Supreme Personality of Godhead said “O son of Pandu, he who does not hate illumination, attachment, and delusion when they are present or long for them when they are gone; who is unwavering and undisturbed through all these reactions of the material qualities, remaining transcendental and neutral, knowing that the modes alone are active; who is situated in the self and regards alike happiness and distress; who looks upon a lump of earth, a stone, and a pi.”
Text 26: One who does complete devotional service without fail in every situation instantly transcends the states of material nature and attains the status of Brahman.
Text 27: And I am the foundation of the impersonal Brahman, which is the constitutional position of ultimate pleasure and is everlasting, imperishable, and eternal.
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