The Enjoyer, Nature, and Consciousness
Texts 1-2: Arjuna said the following words to Krishn: “O my beloved Krishn, I desire to know about prakriti [nature], purusha [the enjoyer], and the field and the knower of the field, as well as about knowledge and the object of knowledge.” This body, O son of Kunti, is referred to as the field, and one who knows this body is referred to as the knower of the field, the Supreme Personality of Godhead remarked.
Text 3: As a descendant of Bharata, you must comprehend that I am the knower in every body, and that knowledge is the understanding of this body and its knower. That is what I think.
Text 4: Now, kindly listen to My brief explanation of this field of activity, including how it is made up, what changes it undergoes, where it comes from, who the field of activity’s knower is, and what influences him.
Text 5: Diverse sages have portrayed this knowledge of the realm of activities and of the knower of activities in various Vedic scriptures. In particular, Vedanta-sutra presents it with complete cause-and-effect logic.
Texts 6-7: The range of activities and its interactions are often seen as consisting of the five major components, the false ego, intellect, the unmanifested, the ten senses and the mind, the five sense objects, desire, hatred, happiness, and distress.
Texts 8–12: Detachment; freedom from entanglement with children, wife, home, and the rest; even-mindedness amid pleasant and unpleasant events; constant and unwavering devotion to Me; aspiration to be like Me.
Text 13: I’ll explain the knowable now, and when you do, you’ll be able to taste the everlasting. Beyond the causes and effects of this physical universe resides Brahman, the spirit, which is limitless and subservient to Me.
Text 14: His hands and legs are everywhere, as are His eyes, heads, and faces. He also has ears all throughout. The Supersoul is present in this way and permeates everything.
Text 15 states that despite being the initial source of all senses, the Supersoul is devoid of them. Despite being the one who keeps all living things alive, He remains disconnected. He is the master of all the forms of material nature while also transcending the modes of nature.
Text 16 states that all living things, both moving and non-moving, contain the Supreme Truth both inside and outside of them. He is beyond the capacity of the material senses to perceive or know because He is subtle. He is near to everybody even though He is a very long way away.
Text 17: The Supersoul is never split, despite the appearance that He is divided among all creatures. He occupies that position. Even while He sustains all life, it is important to realise that He also consumes and advances all.
Text 18: He is the origin of all illuminating objects. He is unmanifested and exists outside of the realm of matter. He is knowledge; he is knowledge’s aim; and he is knowledge’s end. He occupies a place in each person’s heart.
Text 19: I have thus briefly characterised the realm of activity [the body], knowledge, and the knowable. Only My followers may fully comprehend this and so get closer to My essence.
Text 20: It should be realised that both physical nature and living things have no origin. The modes of matter and their transitions are byproducts of the material world.
Text 21: According to some, nature is the source of all material causes and consequences, whereas living things are responsible for the world’s many pleasures and sorrows.
Text 22: The living thing in the material world so lives according to the methods of existence and appreciates the three forms of nature. He is connected to that material nature, which is why. He thus encounters both good and bad in many animals.
Text 23: The Bhagwan, the highest proprietor, who lives as the overseer and permitter and is known as the Supersoul, is another, a transcendental enjoyer, who resides in this body.
Text 24: Liberation is certain for one who comprehends this philosophy of material nature, the living thing, and the interaction of the modes of nature. No matter where he goes now, he will not give birth here again.
Text 25 states that different people experience the Supersoul inside themselves in different ways, including via meditation, knowledge cultivation, and working without having any concrete goals in mind.
Text 26: Once more, there are those who, although not having any spiritual training, start to adore the Supreme Person after hearing about Him from others. They also transcend the path of birth and death because to their propensity to listen to authority figures.
Text 27: As the head of the Bharatas, be aware that all you observe in the universe, both the moving and immobile, is only the result of the interaction between the field of activities and the field knower.
Text 28: The one who genuinely sees the Supersoul accompanying the individual soul in all bodies and who comprehends that neither the soul nor the Supersoul within the destructible body is ever annihilated.
Text 29: The Supersoul is equally existent everywhere and in every living thing. This person does not degrade themselves mentally. He proceeds in this manner toward his ultimate goal.
Text 30: One who is able to see that the body, which is made of material nature and can see that the self does not act, is one who actually sees.
Text 31: A knowledgeable man reaches the Brahman notion when he stops recognising various identities resulting from various material bodies and realises that beings are omnipresent.
Text 32: The imperishable soul is transcendental, everlasting, and beyond the forms of nature, as those with the vision of eternity may see. O Arjuna, despite coming into contact with the physical body, the soul does not act or become involved in anything.
Text 33: The sky is all-pervading, but because of its delicate character, it does not blend with anything. Similar to how the soul in the Brahman view does not merge with the body while being there.
Text 34: O son of Bharata, just as the sun alone lights the entire cosmos, the living being that resides inside the body also uses consciousness to enlighten the entire body.
Text 35: Those who can grasp the process of emancipation from slavery to material nature and who can discern with eyes of knowledge the distinction between the body and the knower of the body reach the highest goal.
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