Bhagavad Gita in English Chapter 1 Arjuna's Confusion

Armies Assembling on the Kurukshetra Battlefield

Text 1: Dhritarashtra asked Sanjay, “O Sanjay, what did they do when my boys and the sons of Pandu gathered in the site of pilgrimage at Kurukshetra, eager to fight?”

Text 2: Sanjay said, “O King, after surveying the army gathered by the sons of Pandu in military shape, King Duryodhana went to his tutor and stated the following.

Text 3: O my teacher, take notice of the vast army of Pandu’s sons, which has been skillfully assembled by your perceptive pupil Drupada’s son.

Text 4: There are many brave bowmen in this army who can battle just as well as Bhima and Arjuna, including champions like Yuyudhana, Virata, and Drupada.

Text 5: There are also outstanding, strong warriors like Dhrstaketu, Cekitana, and the courageous king of Kasi (Varanasi); Purujit and Kuntibhoja; and Saibya, the most elite of men.

Text 6: There are the formidable Uttamauja, the son of Subhadra, and the sons of Draupadi, in addition to the mighty Yudhamanyu. These soldiers are all excellent charioteers.

Text 7: But let me enlighten you, O greatest of the brahmanas, about the captains who are particularly equipped to command my armed forces.

Text 8: There are those who constantly triumph in conflict, like you, Bhisma, Karna, Kripa, Ashwatthama, Vikara, and the son of Somadatta known as Bhurisrava.

Text 9: There are other other heroes who are willing to give their life in defence of me. They are all skilled in military science, well-equipped with a variety of weaponry, and experienced.

Text 10: Our might is unfathomable and Grandfather Bhisma has given us flawless protection, while the Pavas’ strength is constrained despite Bhima’s diligent guarding of them.

Text 11: As you stand at your individual strategic points of entry into the army’s phalanx, you must all now offer Grandfather Bhisma your complete support.

Text 12: When Bhisma, the renowned warrior-grandsire of the Kuru dynasty and the ancestor of the warriors, blew his conchshell loudly and like a lion, Duryodhana was ecstatic.

Text 13: After then, a turbulent sound was immediately made by the conchshells, drums, bugles, trumpets, and horns.

Text 14: On the opposing side, Bhagwan Krishn and Arjuna sounded their transcendental conchshells from atop a large chariot pulled by white horses.

Text 15: Bhagwan Krishn blew his magnificent conchshell, known as Paura, Arjuna blew the Devadatta, and Bhima, the voracious eater and performer of heroic deeds, blew the Pcajanya, the conch of Bhagwan Krishn.

Texts 16–18: Nakula and Sahadeva blew the Sughoa and Maipupaka, and King Yudhihira, the son of Kunt, blew his conchshell, the Ananta-vijaya. The King of K, a great archer, the great warrior Ikha, Dhadyumna, Virata, the impregnable Styaki, Drupada, the sons of Draupad, and others, O King, like the powerful-armed son of Subhadr, all blew their individual conchshells.

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Text 19: The sound of these several conchshells blowing increased in volume. It destroyed the hearts of the sons of Dhritarashtra by vibrating both in the sky and on the ground.

Text 20: At that point, Arjuna, the son of Pandu, drew his bow and prepared to release his arrows while riding in the chariot with the banner displaying the Hanumn symbol. Arjuna addressed these comments to Bhagwan Krishn after observing the sons of Dhritarashtra arranged in a military formation, O King.

Texts 21–22: Arjuna prayed, “O infallible one, lead my chariot between the two armies that I may see those present, who yearn to battle, and with whom I must combat in this great trial of weapons.”

Text 23: Let me see people who have come to this battleground in an effort to appease Dhritarashtra’s evil-minded son.

Text 24: After being addressed in this way by Arjuna, O descendant of Bharata, Bhagwan Krishn brought up the beautiful chariot in the middle of the forces of both sides, according to Sanjay.

Text 25: The Bhagwan said, “Just see, Prtha, all the Kurus gathered here,” in front of Bhisma, Droa, and every other world leader.

Text 26: Arjuna could see his dads, grandfathers, instructors, maternal uncles, siblings, sons, grandkids, friends, as well as his fathers-in-law and well-wishers there, amidst the forces of both sides.

Text 27: When Arjuna, the son of Kunt, observed all these varied classes of friends and family members, he was overcome with compassion and said what he did.

Text 28: Arjuna remarked, “My beloved Krishn, I feel the limbs of my body trembling and my tongue drying up, seeing my friends and relatives gathered before me in such a battling attitude.”

Text 29: My skin is burning, my whole body is quivering, my hair is standing on end, and my bow Gva is slipping from my fingers.

Text 30: I can no longer continue to stand here. I’m losing track of who I am, and my mind is racing. O Krishn, slayer of the Ke demon, I see only sources of woe.

Text 31: I cannot, my dear Krishn, seek any triumph, dominion, or happiness in the aftermath of slaughtering my own kinmen in this conflict.

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Texts 32–35: O Govinda, what good are a kingdom, pleasure, or even life itself to us when everyone for whom we may want is now gathered on this battlefield? O Madhusdana, why should I want to murder my instructors, dads, sons, grandfathers, maternal uncles, father-in-laws, grandkids, brothers-in-law, and other relatives when they are standing before me and willing to give up their lives and possessions even if they may otherwise kill me? I’m not willing to battle with them even for the three worlds, let alone this planet, o keeper of all living things. What pleasure would it bring us to murder the Dhritarashtra sons?

Text 36: If we kill such aggressors, sin will conquer us. Therefore, killing the sons of Dhritarashtra and our companions is not appropriate for us to do. O Krishn, spouse of the goddess of fortune, what should we gain by killing our own family members, and how could we be content?

Texts 37–38: O Janardana, why should we, who can see the guilt in destroying a family, join in these deeds of wickedness while these mans, their minds consumed by avarice, find no wrong in killing one’s family or fighting with friends?

Text 39: When the dynasty falls, the enduring family tradition is destroyed, and the remainder of the family starts practising irreligion.

Text 40: When a family has a high level of agnosticism, O Krishn, the women in the family become contaminated. As a result, O descendent of Vi, unintended offspring are produced.

Text 41: An growth in the unwelcome population unquestionably makes life horrible for the family and those who trample on the customs of the past. Due to the complete cessation of the acts for providing them with food and water, the ancestors of such corrupt families collapse.

Text 42: Numerous community initiatives and family welfare initiatives are ruined as a result of the wicked conduct of people who sabotage family traditions and produce unwanted offspring.

Text 43: O Krishn, keeper of the people, I have heard via disciplic succession that those whose family customs are destroyed remain in hell forever.

Text 44: How bizarre it is that we are getting ready to do things that are really immoral. We intend to slaughter our own kinmen because we want to experience regal delight.

Text 45: It would be better for me if the sons of Dhritarashtra shot me dead on the battlefield when I was defenceless and helpless.

Text 46: Sanjay stated that after speaking in this manner on the battlefield, Arjuna laid down his bow and arrows and sat down on the chariot, his thoughts flooded with sorrow.

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You can find other chapters by clicking on the links given in the table below. (If the table is not fully visible in your mobile device then tilt your device in horizontal position and check all the links).

Bhagavad Gita in English (All Chapters)

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 1 Bhagavad Gita Chapter  10
Bhagavad Gita Chapter  2 Bhagavad Gita Chapter 11
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 3 Bhagavad Gita Chapter  12
Bhagavad Gita Chapter  4 Bhagavad Gita Chapter 13
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 5 Bhagavad Gita Chapter  14
Bhagavad Gita Chapter  6 Bhagavad Gita Chapter 15
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 7 Bhagavad Gita Chapter 16
Bhagavad Gita Chapter  8 Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17
Bhagavad Gita Chapter 9 Bhagavad Gita Chapter 18

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