The inspiring look that impress everyone – there is no living and non-living entity in the Universe that is not influenced by Bhagwan Shiv at first glance.
The serpent around his neck, the crescent moon as ornament, the holy river Ganga flowing from his matted hair, the third eye on his forehead (the eye that when opened turns everything into ashes), the trishula or trident as his weapon, and the damaru drum are all representations of Shiva that is seen in mortal life of Earthlings. He is also worshipped as a lingam, an anicon form for human beings.
One of the imposing gods of the Hindu triad is Bhagwan Shiva. While Brahma is praised as the “creator,” Vishnu is the “protector,” and he is called the “destroyer.”
The “destruction” by Mahadev is annihilation of not just evil manifestation but also the inherent flaws, defects, and delusions of human nature. And this so-referred devastation makes space for new creations. Therefore, the best way to define Bhagwan Shiva is as a “constructive destroyer.”
Among ShivBhakts, Mahadev is also known as Supreme Being, Bhagwan of Ultimate Reality, Moksha Dayak and Bhagwan of Karma, Time, Arts, Dance, Yoga, and Meditation. In different avatars he does not resemble his original Saakar Roop of Bhagwan Shiv.
Bholenath can be seen seated in a contemplative position in human form. According to Shiv Puran, Bhagwan Shiva’s Linga form manifested on Chaturdashi Tithi, Krishna Paksha, in the month of Phalguna (as per the Hindu calendar).
It is also recorded that Bhagwan Shiva (Purusha) united with Parvati (Shakti) on this auspicious day. As a result, the occasion, also known as Maha Shivratri, honours the union of the Bhagwan and his consort. The amalgamation of fire and water energies in the form of Bhagwan Shiva and Maa Parvati controls many functions of the world. Mahadev has had many different incarnations to accomplish a variety of goals spanned across trillions of years of his existence. He is revered as Bholenath, Mahadev, Shankar, and many more titles – over 1000 unique names.
Avatars of Bhagwan Shiv
- 1 Avatars of Bhagwan Shiv
- 1.1 Bhagwan Shiv as Pippalada Avatar
- 1.2 Bhagwan Shiv as Nandi Avatar
- 1.3 Bhagwan Shiv as Veerbhadra Avatar
- 1.4 Bhagwan Shiv as Bhairava Avatar
- 1.5 Bhagwan Shivansh as Ashwatthama Avatar
- 1.6 Bhagwan Shiv as Sharabha Avatar
- 1.7 Bhagwan Shiv as Grihapati Avatar
- 1.8 Bhagwan Shiv as Durvasa Avatar
- 1.9 Bhagwan Shiv as Rishabha Avatar
- 1.10 Bhagwan Shiv as Yatinath Avatar
- 1.11 Bhagwan Shiv as Hanuman Avatar
- 1.12 Bhagwan Shiv as Krishna Darshan Avatar
- 1.13 Bhagwan Shiv as Bhikshuvarya Avatar
- 1.14 Bhagwan Shiv as Sureshwar Avatar
- 1.15 Bhagwan Shiv as Keerat Avatar
- 1.16 Bhagwan Shiv as Sunatnartak Avatar
- 1.17 Bhagwan Shiv as Brahmachari Avatar
- 1.18 Bhagwan Shiv as Yaksheshwar Avatar
- 1.19 Bhagwan Shiv as Avadhoot Avatar
Bhagwan Shiva took different incarnations through his Shivansh. Shivansh is fractional part of Bhagwan Shiva’s energy. The Shivansh is created for that particular event to accomplish certain task and give message to the humanity here and other 4 lakh different beings of respective planets.
Bhagwan Shiv as Pippalada Avatar
Sage Dadhichi and his wife Swarcha gave birth to this manifestation of Bhagwan Shiva.
When Pippalada’s father Dadhichi dedicated his life to assist Indra fight the asura Vritra, his wife Swarcha was carrying Pippalada at the time. When Swarcha learned of her husband’s passing, she put the baby Pippalada under a pippal tree. She then went into samadhi so she could meet her husband again. Dadhimati, Dadhichi’s sister, cared for the little Pippalada. He accepted the pippal leaves and amrit (nectar) that Chandra Dev had provided (God of Moon).
As Pippalada grew up and realised what killed his father, he cursed Shani Dev (Saturn). He intended to exact revenge on Shani Dev for the suffering he and his father endured. Shani Dev therefore disappeared from the cosmos. After the Devas stepped in, Pippalada consented to pardon Shani by promising that no one under the age of sixteen would be impacted by his negative consequences. Shani Dosha sufferers pray to Bhagwan Shiva for this great blessing.
Pippalada helped in creation of Prashna Upnishad. The following six sages approached Pippalada and asked about the meaning of life: Sauryayanin Gargya, Saibya Satyakama, Kabandhin Katyayana, Bhargava Vaidarbhi, Kausalya Asvalayana, and Sukesan Bharadvaja. After a year of austerity, they posed six queries. The Prashna Upanishad is the name given to these queries and their responses.
Bhagwan Shiv as Nandi Avatar
The Sanskrit word Nandi means pleasure, happiness, and fulfilment. Nandi represents similar traits in his service to Mahadev.
Sage Shilada gave birth to Bhagwan Shiva in this form. The sage prayed for an immortal kid and underwent severe penance to obtain Bhagwan Shiva’s blessings. As a result of Sage’s devotion, Bhagwan Shiva took the form of Nandi, who afterwards served as both the mount of the Bhagwan and the guardian of Kailasha (Bhagwan Shiva’s heavenly residence).
The “bull vahana” of the Hindu deity Shiva then became Nandi (also known as Nandikeshwara or Nandideva). Nearly all Shiva temples honour the sitting Nandi, who usually faces the primary shrine.
According to Saivite siddhantic tradition, he is regarded as the principal guru of the eight Nandinatha Sampradaya pupils who were dispatched in eight separate directions to disseminate the knowledge: Sanaka, Sanatana, Sanandana, Sanatkumara, Tirumular, Vyagrapada, Patanjali, and Sivayoga Muni. Vietnamese Cham Hindus believe that the Nandi would transport their spirit from Vietnam to India’s sacred territory once they pass away.
The eight Ganeshwaras (commanders of Shiva) named in the earliest Saivite literature in various languages are Devi, Chandesha, Mahakala, Vabha, Nandi, Ganesha, Bhringi, and Murugan.
Nandi seating in front of Shiv in all temples has an interesting incident mentioned in Shiv Puran.
Nandi, who had a shortened life, asked his father, Sage Shilada, for permission to conduct penance before going to the secluded place around the River Bhuvana to practise austerity. He waded into the water and started his immense hardship of atonement. Sage Shilada had thought due to penance, Bhagwan Shiv may grant his son a longer life.
Because of his intense commitment and focus, Bhagwan Shiva suddenly materialised in front of him. The three-eyed God kindly commanded Nandi, “Open your eyes!” while gazing at Nandi.
When Nandi opened his eyes, he witnessed, the most stunning figure he had ever seen standing in front of him with the aura of a blazing sun. Nandi regarded the Bhagwan, in a desire to extend his lifeline. But after darshan, he believed he had no further questions to pose. “If only I could constantly be with the Bhagwan,” he immediately thought to himself.
Shiva smiled at Nandi, “Nandi, your penance drew me here with such force! Anything you ask for, I will give it to you!” said Shiva.
“Bhagwan I want to stay at your side forever.” Nandi asked, with hands folded.
Shiva granted him a boon. “Nandi I recently misplaced my bull, which I used to travel on. Nandi, you will now have a bull’s head for a face. You’re welcome to stay in my house in Kailash. You will lead all of my Ganas and serve as my constant buddy, comrade, and transportation. This way you will always stay near me.”
Nandi wiped the tears from his eyes and then closed them. He had received a lot more than he had asked for from the Bhagwan Shiv. Since that time, Nandi has served as Shiva’s doorman, sidekick, vehicle, and leader of all of Shiva’s attendants, the Ganas.
Nandi is protector of the Shiva’s abode so it is his duty to stay at the gate as a gate keeper and keep eyes on the visitors. That is why in all temples, Nandi is seen seated at the entrance of the gate or within the perimeter of the temple.
Bhagwan Shiv as Veerbhadra Avatar
One of Bhagwan Shiva’s most vicious incarnations is Veerbhadra.
According to the Padma Purana, Veerbhadra is (the planet Mars) Mangal’s ferocious form. Shiva created Veerbhadra as his sweat falls to the ground as a result of his agony over Sati’s passing. The anguish of Shiva gave birth to the ferocious Veerbhadra, who obliterates the Yajna. Shiva then calms him down and transforms him into Mars, the planet Angaraka.
Sati was the youngest daughter of Daksha, according to Shaivite history. She idolised Shiva as she grew up and had devotion to him. All the gods and princes but Bagwan Shiva were invited to the Swayamvara of Sati by Daksha. Shiva appeared in the middle of the court wearing the garland that Sati had thrown into the air and called for him to accept. As per the tradition, Daksha had to allow Shiva to marry his daughter.
One day, Daksha asked all the devas to perform the Ashwamedha yagna, a significant bloodless Yagna that excluded Shiva. Due to her love for her parents, Sati was compelled to attend the Yagna despite the convention that one should not attend an uninvited ceremony. As a result, Daksha ridiculed her in front of his guests. She ignited herself with the help of her inner yogagni after hearing insults directed at her swami Bhagwan Shiva. Later, the location of Sati’s death near Kankhal, Haridwar, came to be known as “Satikund.”
Shiva pulled a strand of hair out of his head and threw it on the ground after learning what had transpired, feeling both great sadness and rage. It gave birth to Veerabhadra and Bhadrakali. The former is thought to be the one responsible for destroying Agnana; he was born with a towering, powerful frame that reached the higher sky, was as black as the storm clouds, had three blazing eyes, and had fire hair. He also carried weapons and a garland made of skulls. He received the power from Bhadrakali, a vindictive manifestation of Devi.
“Lead my army against Daksha and smash his sacrifice,” Shiva commanded Veerbhadra.
The sages called out as the Devas fled in all directions “You are the guardian of Daksha’s Yagna, Hari. You are the only one who performs and distributes the fruits during the Yagna. Bhagwan help us “.
When Vishnu heard such petitions, he emerged from the field’s Yagna hall. When Veerbhadra saw him, he scowled. He tightened his hold on his trident.
In a harsh voice, Veerbhadra replied “Why are you this Yagna’s defender, Hari? Have you turned against Shiva now? How can I support these corrupt individuals?”
Vishnu remarked with a grin “I am subject to none other than my followers, much like Shiva and Shiv. And it hurts to admit that Daksha, a devotee of mine, asked me to move in as this Yagna’s top guardian at first. As you are bound by your commands from Mahadeva, I am bound by what I said to him.”
Veerbhadra’s expression was wonderful. He whispered as he lowered his head “Oh Shiva’s dear one! I only wanted to get an idea of how you felt, so I inquired. You are to me like Shiva is to me. How am I to combat you?”
Says Vishnu “Fight with me without any hesitation. Having lost, I shall return to my home.”
Vishnu then declared, the fight commences and played his Panchjanya conch shell. He threw his Sudarshana discus at the opposing ganas in the field that were engaged in combat with the yagna guards. Upon noticing this, Veerbhadra began to pace in his direction. A thousand other Vishnus’ dressed just like him, sprang from Vishnu’s body by the power of Maya to engage in combat.
Mahakali, Katyayani, Chamunda, Ishani, Mundamalini, and others were causing havoc in the field and making ominous noises at the same time.
Veerbhadra turned around in place and launched his most potent weapons in all ten directions. All of Vishnu’s cloned bodies were torn apart by those weapons, and they were all reduced to ashes. Vishnu was preparing to attack with his mace while holding it in his hands, seeing this, Veerbhadra launched himself in his direction and pierced his trident in his chest, knocking Vishnu to the ground.
A fire tornado as intense as the one that destroyed the three worlds during Pralaya suddenly erupted. Standing up, Vishnu’s eyes were crimson with rage. Asteroids were striking the earth, and the ground was trembling. He promptly launched a barrage of potent arrows in all directions at his adversary.
Veerbhadra likewise mounted a chariot and reacted by hurling scorching arrows at Vishnu, out of anger at this very unanticipated onslaught. The three worlds rocked with their motions as they continued exchanging numerous powerful missiles in the form of astra and shastra, much like two wild and irrational elephants engaged in battle. Their yells of mutual rage also generated a thundering clamour that filled the directions with rolling echoes. Despite the fact that both of them employed celestial weapons on each other, shaking the three planets and inspiring awe in the hearts of bystanders, none of them were even slightly harmed. Both were equally skilled and swift with their hands and weapons for both attacking and defensive purposes.
Brahma made the decision to drive Veerbhadra’s chariot while observing the ferocious combat with interest and the hope that he could win. Veerbhadra, who was first irate, quickly felt at peace and even thankful after witnessing Brahma’s excellent handling of the chariot’s numerous sophisticated manoeuvres. Brahma took control of the chariot perfectly.
As the fight continued, Veerbhadra threw several powerful weapons at Vishnu, who returned fire with equal ferocity. The three worlds watched in awe as Hari and a manifestation of Hara engaged in a protracted struggle that resulted in earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes, floods, landslides, storms, and fire breakouts. Thunder and lightning could be heard across the Antariskha. The impenetrable Sudarshana Chakra, which is dreaded throughout the universe for its potency, was used by Vishnu to kill Veerbhadra once and for all after realising that no conventional means could ever vanquish him. He released the powerful Sudarshana while twisting it around his right index finger, and it screamed through the gap with such great force and acceleration that it soared cleaving the air with incandescent jets of flame erupting obliquely from its thousand rotating teeth.
According to the Skanda Purana, Bhagwan Vishnu tried to kill Veerbhadra by throwing the Sudarshana Chakra at him. Veerbhadra attempted to halt Hari by using a spell to make him unconscious. Vishnu became numb when the Sudarshan Chakra ceased to rotate on his index finger. As soon as the enchantment was broken, he heard Shiva Ganas’ triumphant yells. He believed that this is the the ideal time to get defeated by Veerbhadra and cleared the way for him. He put an arrow on his bow after this thought. As soon as he could, Veerbhadra shot his arrows at his bow, breaking the shaft. As a result, Vishnu hastily left for Vaikuntha after admitting defeat, while Brahma proceeded to his Satyaloka.
Veerbhadra grinned oddly and ordered his army to advance to the Yagna chamber. Sati’s body was completely ablaze in the hallway and had now turned black. Her dead body was spewing forth a black smoke. When Sati summoned the fire, Daksha was unmindful of this sight about his daughter while his wife had just passed out.
In a heavenly voice, Vishnu addressed Brahma “The Dadhichi curse has come to pass today. He cursed all of us—you, me, and all Devas—to be consumed in the fire of Rudra’s wrath because of an old dispute. Daksha can no longer be saved. Even Sati’s prophecies have come to pass. She claimed that if we sided with Daksha, we would all suffer. She is no longer Dakshayani. She is currently Daksha-Yagna-Vinashini “.
A grand Hindu temple of Veerabhadra is situated in Lepakshi in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.
Note: Most of the christian translators distorted many meanings of Vedic scripts when they translated into primitive language english. More often wherever Antariskha or Space or Shunya or Akasha is mentioned in Shaivite texts, they translated it into manmade Bible reference as firmament indirectly supporting concept of flat earth fakery of unscientific Bible. There is no dome shaped firmament above earth that covers it like a shell, this is scentifically proven many times.
Bhagwan Shiv as Bhairava Avatar
One of Bhagwan Shiva’s most ferocious incarnations is the Bhairava. The Bhairava Avatar, also known as Dandapani, chastises individuals who are avaricious, lusty, and haughty. This is why the Bhairava avatar was created: these unfavourable attributes frequently result in one’s fall from grace.
The term “bhairava” comes from the word “bhairu” or “viru,” meaning “dangerous.” Bhairava translates as “terribly fearsome shape.” It is sometimes referred to as being beyond fear or being one who kills fear. According to one version, he shields his followers from terrible foes, greed, desire, and fury. These adversaries are hazardous because they prevent people from looking within for God. Another view is that Bha denotes creation, Ra denotes sustenance, and Va denotes annihilation. The three stages of existence are therefore created, maintained, and dissipated by Bhairava. As a result, he is elevated to the status of supreme being.
Brahma and Vishnu’s discourse, which is related in the Shiva Mahapuranam, is said to be the source of Bhairava.
Vishnu questioned Brahma in it, asking, “Who is the supreme creator of the Universe?”
Brahma instructed Vishnu to revere him as the Supreme Creator with arrogance. Brahma had a notion once “Five heads are on me. Shiva has five heads as well. Since I am able to perform all of Shiva’s actions, I am Shiva.” As a result, Brahma developed a mild case of egotism. He also started to interfere with Shiva’s job and started to forget what Shiva was meant to be accomplishing. Shiva then nonchalantly went to cut off one of Brahma’s heads after tossing a tiny hair off his head into the form of Kala Bhairava. Brahma’s skull (Kapala), whose ego was annihilated and who attained enlightenment, happened in the hands of Kala Bhairava. He was forever thankful to Shiva and from that point on became both valuable to himself and to the world. Shiva is believed to be watching over each of these Shaktipeeth (Shakti temples) in the form of the Kala Bhairava. A Bhairava temple is located next to each Shaktipeeth.
According to a different school of belief, Shiva himself created Bhairava. One particular demon by the name of Dahursura had the blessing that he could only be destroyed by a female energy. To murder him, Parvati assumed the guise of Kali. The monster was slaughtered by Kali’s rage. She killed the monster, and her rage changed into a kid. According to Shiv Puran, energy is transferred. Here the rage got transformed into a kid. Kali gave the infant her milk to drink. Both Kali and the kid later joined Shiva. Bhairava emerged in all eight of his incarnations (as Astanga Bhairavas) from this combined form of Shiva. Shiva produced Bhairava in this way, making him one of Shiva’s sons.
Bhairava is also seen mentioned in the Puranas. In this rendition, gods and demons engaged in combat. Shiva created Kala Bhairava, from whom Astanga Bhairavas were sprung, in order to destroy the demons. These Ashta Bhairavas had relationships with Ashta Matrikas. These Ashta Matrikas and Ashta Bhairavas have horrifying appearances. There were 64 Bhairavas and 64 Yoginis produced from these Ashta Bhairavas and Ashta Matrikas.
Bhairava statues are often located in the north of Shiva temples and face west. His other name is Kshetrapala. He is depicted as standing and holding four hands. He uses a drum, a pasa (noose), a trident, and a skull as weapons. More than four hands are seen in certain versions of Bhairava. He shows up with a dog. He has a ferocious aspect because to his weapons, the dog, his jutting fangs, his terrifying eyes, and a garland of red flowers.
Regular puja (reverence) ceremonies in all Shiva temples start with Surya and conclude with Bhairava. A ghee bath (abhisheka), red flowers, a ghee lamp, an unbroken coconut, honey, cooked food, fibrous fruits, etc. are offered by devotees as offerings to Bhairava. A Bhairava idol should face west for best results, south for average results, and east for below average results. Midnight is the ideal time to pray to Bhairavi. It is stated that Bhairava and his wife Bhairavi will make an appearance for their followers at midnight. Midnight on a Friday is the ideal moment. Eight different flower and leaf varieties are utilised in the archana to Bhairava.
Bhairava is the pinnacle of manifestation or aham “I” consciousness according to Kashmir Shaivism. Swarna Akarshana Bhairava is one of his namesakes; in this form, he has a crimson or blue complexion and is dressed in golden attire. The moon is directly overhead of him. He has four hands, and in one of them he is holding a golden container. He bestows prosperity and fortune. Puja on Tuesdays yields prompt results. He is described as having 32 hands, the shape of a bird, a golden complexion, dreadful fangs, and a human form above the hip in certain ancient scriptures. Enemies are destroyed when worshipped.
Some Bhairava forms serve as the eight cardinal points’ watchdogs. The Bhairavas are 64. Sixty four Bhairavas are classified into 8 different categories; each category with one prominent Bhairava at the top. Astanga Bhairavas is the name given to the main eight Bhairavas. The eight directions of this cosmos are under the Ashta Bhairavas’ dominion. Thus, there are 64 Bhairavas in all, with seven sub-Bhairavas beneath each Bhairava. According to the Saiva tantric writings, Maha Kala Bhairava, also known as Kala Bhairava, is the greatest ruler of time in this world and is in charge of ruling and controlling all of the Bhairavas (agamas). The consort of Kala Bhairava is Bhairavi. The five elements of earth, akash, air, fire, and water are represented by the eight Bhairavas, with the other three being the sun, moon, and atman. The eight Bhairavas are unique in their appearance, weaponry, and vahanas (vehicles), and they bestow Ashta Lakshmi’s eight forms of riches upon their believers. The worshipper arrives to a real Guru with continued adoration of Bhairava. Each of the eight Bhairavas has a unique mantra.
Because he watches over the eight compass directions of the universe, Bhairava is often invoked as a protector. When the temple is shut, the keys are set in front of Bhairava in Shiva temples. Bhairava is also known as the defender of females. He is the defender of the timid, particularly women devotees who are naturally reserved.
Worshiping Bhairava is often said to bring wealth, success, and healthy children, avert early death, and provide a resolution to debts and responsibilities. Siva, known as the Maha Bhairava, is the single source from which different types of Bhairava can arise.
Let us know these eight forms of Bhagwan Bhairav.
This form of Lord Bhairav is blue in color and his ride is Garuda. Like Lord Shiva, Krodha Bhairav also has three eyes and is considered to be the lord of South and West. By worshiping this form of Kaal Bhairav, one gets freedom from all kinds of troubles and troubles and the ability to fight these troubles and troubles increases in the person.
Angry Bhairava Mantra:
Trinethram, varadam, santham, kumarancha digambaram,
Gadam shankam cha Chakrancha pada pathrancha dharinam,
Lakshmyacha sahitham vame garudasana susthitham,
Neela varnam maha devam Vande Sri Kroda Bhairavam.
I bow to the angry Bhairava, who is blue and a great God,
Who has three eyes, blesses, peaceful, young and nude,
Who is armed with mace, conch, wheel, rope and a vessel,
Who is near Goddess Lakshmi riding on Garuda the eagle.
This form of Bhairav ji is bright and in this form he rides on an elephant. As a Kapal, Kaal Bhairav has four hands, in his right two hands he holds a trident and a sword, and in his left two hands he holds a weapon and a pot. By worshiping this form of Lord Bhairav, a person gets freedom from all legal actions and all his stuck work starts getting done.
Skull Bhairava Mantra:
Trinethram, varadam, santham, kumarancha digambaram,
Pasam, Vajram, thadha Gadgam pana pathranch dharinam,
Indrani shakthi sahitham Gaja vahana susthitham,
Kapala Bhairavam Vande padma ragha prabham Shubham.
I bow to the Bhairava of the skull, who has a shining body,
Who has three eyes, blesses, peaceful, young and nude,
Who holds rope, Vajrayudha, Sword and Drinking Goblet,
Who has with him Indrani Shakthi, is being well praised and rides on an elephant.
Asitang Bhairav also has three eyes and his whole body is black in color. Asitang Bhairav’s ride is a swan and he is wearing a garland of skulls around his neck. His weapon is also the cranium. Worshiping this form of Lord Bhairav increases the artistic ability of a person.
Dark Skinned Bhairava Mantra:
Trinethram, varadam shantham, munda mala bhooshitham,
Swetha varnam, krupa murthim, Bhairavam Kundalojjwalam,
Gada kapala samyuktham, kumarsya digambaram,
Banam pathrancha sankham cha Aksha maalaam kundalam,
Naga Yagnopaveetham cha dharinam suvibhooshitham,
Brahmani shakthi sahitham, hamsaroodam suroopinam,
SArvabheeshta dharam nithyam asithangam Bhajamyaham.
I pray the dark Bhairava who fulfills all desires,
Who is forever, who has three eyes, who blesses and is peaceful,
Who wears a skull garland, who is white, who is the Lord of mercy,
Who shines in his ear globes, who holds mace and the skull,
Who is young and nude, who holds arrow, vessel, conch, bead chain and ear globes,
Who wears snake as sacred thread, who is well ornamented,
Who is with Goddess Brahmani, rides on a swan and is good to look at.
The Chanda form of Lord Bhairav is white in colour, and he is adorned with three eyes. In this form he rides a peacock. Lord Bhairav in his Chanda form is holding a sword in one hand, a vessel in the other, an arrow in the third hand and a bow in the fourth hand. A person who worships this form of Lord Bhairav gets victory over his enemies and he gets success in every work.
Chanda Bhairava Mantra:
Trinethram, varadam, santham, kumarancha digambaram,
Dhanur banancha bhibranam, Gadgam Pathram Thadaiva cha,
Koumari shakthi sahitham, Shikihi vahana sthitham,
Gowri varnayudham Devam Vande Sri Chanda Bhairavam.
I pray to the Chanda Bhairava who is pure white in colour,
Who has three eyes, blesses, peaceful, young and nude,
Who holds rope, Vajrayudha, Sword and Drinking Goblet,
Who has with him Kaumari Shakthi and rides on a peacock.
The Ruru form of Bhairav is very effective and attractive, in this form he rides on the vine. In this form, he is holding an axe, pot, sword and skull in his hands and a snake is wrapped around his waist. All knowledge is attained by worshiping Ruru Bhairav.
Acharya Bhairava Mantra:
Trinethram, varadam, santham, kumarancha digambaram,
Dangam krisna mrugam pathram bibranam chakru panakam,
Maheswaryayudham devam vrusharoodam smitha vahanam,
Shudha sphatikam sankaram, namami Ruru Bhairavam.
I bow to the Bhairava with the deer, who is like pure crystal and a destroyer,
Who has three eyes, blesses, peaceful, young and nude,
Who holds a hatchet, deer, drinking goblet and a sword in his hands,
Who has the armed Maheswari by his side and who is smiling and rides on a bull.
The form of Sanhar Bhairav is very amazing, in this form his whole body is red in color. Sanhar Bhairav is naked in this form and the skull is installed in his forehead, that too of red color. His vehicle is a dog and he has three eyes and a snake is wrapped around his body. By worshiping this form of Sanhar Bhairav, a person gets freedom from all his sins.
Destroyer Bhairava Mantra:
Dasa bhahum trinethram cha sarpa yagnopaveethinm,
Damishtra karala vadanam ashtaiswarya pradhayakam,
Digambaram kumarancha simha vahana samsthitham,
Soolam damarugam shankam, gadam chakrancha darinam,
Gadgam pathram cha Gadwangam pasa mangusa meva cha,
Ugra roopam madonmathamam bada vaalai,
Chandika shakthi sahitham dyayeth samhara Bhairavam.
I pray to Bhairava the destroyer, who is with Chandika Shakthi,
Who has ten hands, three eyes and snake as sacred thread,
Who has protruding teeth, fearful look and grants eight type of wealth,
Who is nude, a youth and rides on a lion,
Who holds trident, drum, conch, mace and wheel in his hands,
Who holds sword, vessel, Gadwangam, rope and goad.
And who has fearful looks, wears skull garland and greatly exuberant.
Mantta Bhairav’s body is yellow in color and he rides on a horse. This form of Bhairav is said to be of calm nature and by worshiping him, a person gets freedom from all his negative thoughts and he feels a calm and pleasant feeling.
Fierce Bhairava Mantra:
Trinethram, varadam, santham, kumarancha digambaram,
Hema Varnam, maha devam, hastha vahana susthitham,
Gadgam, kapalam, musalam, dathantham, kedagam thadha,
Varahi shakthi sahitham Vande Unmatha Bhairavam. || 4 ||
I bow to the Fierce Bhairava who is power called Varahi,
Who has three eyes, blesses, peaceful, young and nude,
Who is of golden colour, great God and rides on a swan,
And who holds sword, skull, Pestle and also the shield.
Bhishan Bhairav is riding a lion and he holds a lotus flower in one hand, a sword in the other, a trident in the third and a vessel in the fourth. Worshiping Lord Bhairav in a fierce form gets rid of evil spirits and ghosts.
Terriffying Bhairava Mantra:
Trinethram, varadam, santham, kumarancha digambaram,
Gadgam soolam Kapalancha darinam musalam thadha,
Chamunda shakthi sahitham pretha vahana susthitham,
Raktha varnam maha devam Vabde Bheeshana Bhairavam.
I pray to the Terriffying Bhairava who is a great God of blood red colour,
Who has three eyes, blesses, peaceful, young and nude,
Who holds sword, trident, skull and pestle in his hand,
Who has with him Chamunda Shakthi and rides on a corpse.
Bhagwan Shivansh as Ashwatthama Avatar
The parents of Ashwatthama were Drona and Kripi. In a cave in a jungle, he was born (Tapkeshwar mahadev temple, Dehradun. Uttrakhand). Drona spends several years performing harsh penance in order to appease Lord Shiva and produce a son who is equally brave as Lord Shiva. Ashwatthama is born with a jewel on his forehead that grants him control over all creatures that are lower than humans and shields him from thirst, hunger, and exhaustion. Despite being a skilled warrior, Drona has a modest existence with limited material possessions. Ashwatthama thus had a challenging childhood because his family cannot even buy milk. Drona travels to the Panchal Kingdom to ask Drupada, a former Gurubhai in Gurukul and a friend, for help in order to better his family’s lot. But Drupada disapproves of the connection, telling Drona that a monarch and a pauper cannot be close friends.
Post this incident, Kripa extends an invitation to Drona to visit Hastinapur after realising his hardship. He attracts Bhishma, another one of his disciples, there. As a result, Drona is recognised as the Kauravas’ and Pandavas’ guru at Hastinapur. Along with them, Ashwatthama receives training in the ways of fighting.
Drona afterwards requested his followers to offer him his Guru Dakshina. In his Guru Dakshina, he asked about Drupada’s loss. Drupada and his daughter, the Commander-in-Chief Shikhandini, kidnapped the Kauravas when they were unable to overcome Drupada. Drupada was later vanquished by the Pandavas, who then gave him to Drona. Ashwatthama was anointed king of Panchala’s southern region by Drona.
Ashwatthama intends to launch an immoral nighttime assault on the Pandavas’ camp alongside Kripa and Kritavarma.
Dhrishtadyumna, the leader of the Pandava army and his father’s killer, is the first person attacked, Ashwatthama kicks to wake him up. As the half-awake Dhrishtadyumna begs to be permitted to die with a sword in his hand, Ashwatthama chokes him to death. The surviving soldiers, including the Upapandavas, Shikhandi, Yudhamanyu, Uttamaujas, and several other notable warriors of the Pandava army, continue to be butchered by Ashwatthama. Due to his active skills as one of the eleven Rudras, Ashwatthama is uninjured even as some troops attempt to retaliate. At the camp’s gates, Kripacharya and Kritavarma chop down everyone attempting to run from Ashwatthama’s anger.
The three fighters seek out Duryodhana after the carnage. They inform him that all of the Panchalas have perished and that the Pandavas have no sons with whom to celebrate their victory. Due to Ashwatthama’s capacity to fulfil for him what Bhishma, Drona, and Karna could not, Duryodhana felt extremely gratified and avenged. Duryodhana passes away at this point, and the three surviving Kaurava soldiers carry out the cremation ceremonies while in sadness.
The following morning, the Pandavas and Krishna, who were absent throughout the previous night, return to their tent. When the Pandavas learn of these happenings, Yudhishthira passes out and they become distraught. Bhima goes to murder Drona’s son in a rage. At Guru Vyasa’s ashram close to the bank of the Bhagiratha, they discover him.
In order to fulfil his promise to destroy the Pandavas, the newly activated Ashwatthama conjures the Brahmastra against them. To protect themselves, Krishna orders Arjuna to launch the Brahmashira anti-missile to Brahmastra towards Ashwatthama. Vyasa steps in and stops the weapons from slamming into one another. He requests that Ashwatthama and Arjuna return their missiles. Knowing how to accomplish it, Arjuna returns it. In an effort to break the Pandava lineage, Ashwatthama, who is unaware of how to recover the Brahmastra unlike Arjuna instead points the weapon towards pregnant Uttara, Arjuna’s daughter-in-law.
In response to requests from Draupadi, Subhadra, and Sudeshna, Krishna protects Uttara’s unborn child from the consequences of Brahmastra. The infant was given the name Parikshit (which means “the tested one”) by Bhagwan Sri Krishna since he had already gone through a test of life before being born. Later, this child succeeds Yudhisthira as the new king of Hastinapur.
Ashwatthama was cursed by Krishna for his misdeeds of slaying Pandava offspring and killing sleeping soldiers, and was doomed to walk around with an unhealable wound on his forehead. Ashwatthama is alive and still roams in forests and unfrequented places of India. This curse from Krishna caused him to turn into a Chiranjivi (immortal).
Bhagwan Shiv as Sharabha Avatar
In order to calm Narasimha, the ferocious man-lion incarnation of Vishnu, Shiva took the appearance of Sharabha. Sharabeshwara is the name given to this form.
According to the Shiva Purana, Narasimha’s fury threatened the entire universe after killing Hiranyakashipu. The gods ordered Shiva to send Virabhadra to fight Narasimha. Shiva appeared as Sharabha when that failed.
Sharabha is described as assaulting Narasimha and immobilising him in the Shiva Purana and other puranas. He thereby subdued the frightening anger of Narasimha. In order for Shiva to use the hide and lion’s head as a robe, it is also reported that Sharabha then beheaded and skinned Narasimha. The mutilation and slaying of Narasimha are also mentioned in the Sharabha Upanishad and the Linga Purana. After the mutilation, Vishnu returned to his natural form, properly praised Shiva, and then left the place. From this point forwards, Shiva was referred to as “Sharabeshamurti” or “Simhagnamurti”.
In contrast to what the Shiva and Linga Puranas assert, the Skanda Purana views Narasimha as a little annoyance to Hiranyakasipu and not as a global menace. It was thought that Vishnu may take on Narasimha’s violent form forever, which would be damaging to his ability to perform good actions. In order to guarantee that Vishnu’s lion body was cast aside and he was reunited with his original heavenly form, Shiva took the guise of Sharabha. Sharabha was struck by Narasimha with his body, but as Sharabha had a “adamantine body,” it was Vishnu who screamed in agony. Vishnu then bowed and worshipped Sharabha after realising that he was none other than Shiva. Then Shiva blesses Vishnu and grants him the ability to slay demons.
The tale is wrapped up in a Purana with the gods pleading with Shiva to abandon his Sharabha form out of concern that Sharabha could lose control of his fury. Shiva then tore Sharabha’s body apart; his limbs were distributed, and his torso was transformed into a Kapalika. The story is also covered in the Vamana Purana, which concludes with Sharabha transforming into a lingam, which is Shiva’s emblem, and Narasimha returning to his original state as the serene Vishnu.
The Sharabha avatar is a unique specimen. The Bhagwan manifested as a creature that resembled both a lion and a bird. The Sharabha avatar is described as having eight legs in various scriptures.
Bhagwan Shiv as Grihapati Avatar
On the banks of the Narmada River, Brahmins Visvanara and his wife Shuchismati were living. They were married for a very long time, yet they never had kids. Both were devastated by this. Suchishmati frequently bemoaned Visvanara’s failure to identify a solution to the issue.
Lord Shiva was revered by Visvanara. He made the decision to travel to Kashi and offer Lord Siva prayers. When he arrived at Kashi, he began to pray. Mahadev chose to bless his devotee since he was happy with his request. Visvanara was blessed by Siva, who also promised to give birth to a son for them. Shuchismati eventually became pregnant, and after her pregnancy was fully developed, she gave birth to a blessed kid. The whole family rejoiced the birth of the baby. All the gods and sages, including Lord Shiva and Parvati, were present during the child’s name-giving ritual. Child was given the name Grihapati by Lord Brahma. The holy thread ritual for Grihapati was held when he turned five. He began studying the Vedas in the conventional manner, and after a year he was fluent in all of the Vedas and other holy scriptures.
Narada visited the household when Grihapati became nine years old. “Grihapati will experience a dread of fire,” according to Narada’s prophecy. Additionally, he told Visvanara that Grihapati was about to pass away due to the negative impacts of the planetary combinations. Both Visvanara and Suchishmati broke down in tears due to this sadness of this information. Grihapati then comforted his parents before travelling to Kashi to perform atonement in order to live. Grihapati discovered an auspicious location in Kashi and installed a Shivalinga there. He began his penance with prayers while standing next to the Shivalingam. Lord Indra appeared and gave Grihapati an option to ask for a blessing, for whatever favour he desired. Grihapati, however, refrained from making any demands. As a result, Indra grew enraged and attempted to assault him with his Vajrayudha (weapon Vajra). Grihapati was really terrified. He made a protection request to Lord Shiva. Lord Siva appeared before him right away. Indra was obliged to leave the area after sighting Bholenath. “Do not be alarmed by this Vajra of Indra,” Mahadeva stated while bestowing blessings upon Grihapati. “You could not be killed by a Vajra.” Grihapati was overjoyed. He worshipped a Shivalinga in Kashi, which eventually became known as “Agnisvaralinga or Agnishwar Linga.” Shiva appointed Grihapati as the ruler of all the directions.
Bhagwan Shiv as Durvasa Avatar
Sage Atri and his wife Anasuya gave birth to this manifestation of Bhagwan Shiva.
Brahma and Shiva engaged into a fierce argument, according to the Brahmanda Purana. When the devas retreated from his presence out of fear, Shiva erupted in a furious anger. Shiva’s consort, Parvati, lamented that he was now difficult to get along with. Shiva vented his rage on Anasuya, the sage Atri’s wife, after realising the havoc it had wrought. A kid by the name of Durvasa (meaning, one who is difficult to live with) was born from this piece of Shiva’s rage that was implanted inside Anasuya. He had an irascible disposition because he was created out of Shiva’s rage. As a result, Rishi Durvasa was an incarnation of the deity Shiva and the son of Anasuya and Atri.
According to an incident in the Vishnu Purana, Durvasa approached a Vidyadhari (nymph of the air) and asked for her heavenly crown of flowers as he was travelling the ground in a state of ecstasy owing to a vow he was keeping. The sage accepted the garland from the nymph with reverence, and he then put it on his brow. As the Durvasa continued his exploration, he came to Indra riding his elephant, Airavata, with the gods at his side. Indra snatched the garland that Durvasa flung at him and put it on Airavata’s head. The scent of the nectar in the flowers annoyed the elephant, who then hurled the garland on the ground with its trunk.
Indra was cursed by Durvasa in a fit of rage so that he would be removed from his position of dominance over the three realms, just as the garland was. Durvasa was furious to see his gift used so callously. Indra implored Durvasa for his pardon right away, but the sage refused to revoke or lessen his curse. Indra and the devas lost their lustre and their might as a result of the curse. The asuras commanded by Bali took advantage of this chance to attack the gods.
After being defeated, the gods went to Brahma for assistance. They were instructed by Brahma to seek shelter with Vishnu. In response, Vishnu gave them advice to make peace with the asuras and assist them in obtaining the Amrita (nectar of immortality) under the guise of sharing it with them. In order to restore the devas’ previous strength and enable them to once more vanquish the asuras, Vishnu swore to make sure only the devas drank the nectar. The gods and demons started making preparations to churn milk ocean after the devas followed Vishnu’s advise and established a ceasefire with the asuras.
In the Mahabharata, Durvasa is renowned for bestowing blessings upon individuals who delight him, especially after being treated with honour as a guest. The incident he had with Kunti, Pandu’s future bride and the mother of the Pandavas, serves as an illustration of this type of behaviour. When Kunti was a little girl, she resided at Kuntibhoja’s home, her adoptive father.
One day, Durvasa paid Kuntibhoja a visit and requested his hospitality. The monarch gave his daughter Kunti charge of looking after the sage and giving him all the attention he need while he was there. Kunti patiently endured Durvasa’s irritability and his absurd demands (such as needing food at strange hours of the night) while devotedly serving the sage. The sage eventually found satisfaction. He repaid Kunti by teaching her the Atharvaveda mantras, which allow a woman to summon any deity of her choosing in order to have children by him, before leaving. Kunti chose to put the slogan to the test out of curiosity and scepticism. This doubt on power of Vedic mantras landed Kunti in a major trouble later.
She gave birth to Karna, her first child, after calling upon the sun god Surya. She put the infant in a basket and let him adrift down a river out of fear for her future as an unmarried mother. Adhiratha, a charioteer for the ruler of Hastinapur, and his wife Radha subsequently discovered the baby Karna and reared him. Soon after this incident, Kunti married Pandu, the ruler of Hastinapur. By using the same mantras that Durvasa had taught her, Kunti gave birth to the three oldest of Pandu’s five sons. Karna will later develop into a skilled combatant and a fierce foe of the Pandavas. His younger half-brother Arjuna, who was ignorant of their familial link, would finally kill him on the battlefield of Kurukshetra as a result of this animosity.
Durvasa and a few of his pupils arrived in Hastinapura during the exile of the Pandavas. Duryodhana and Shakuni, his maternal uncle, were successful in pleasing the sage. Durvasa was so happy with him that he gave him a boon. Knowing that the Pandavas wouldn’t have anything to feed him after Draupadi finished her meal, Duryodhana requested the sage to go see his cousins in the forest because he secretly wanted Durvasa to curse the Pandavas in wrath.
In response to Duryodhana’s invitation, Durvasa and his followers paid a visit to the Pandavas at their hermitage in the forest. The Akshaya Patra, which the Pandavas used to get their sustenance during this exile, would run out of food each day after Draupadi finished her meal. There was nothing left to offer Durvasa that day because Draupadi had already eaten by the time he came, and the Pandavas were quite worried about what would happen to them if they didn’t feed such a revered guru. Draupadi pleaded to Krishna for assistance while Durvasa and his students were gone taking a bath at the river.
Draupadi was soon approached by Krishna, who claimed to be starving and requested her for food. Exasperated, Draupadi said that the reason she had prayed to Krishna was because she was out of food. Then Krishna instructed her to fetch him the Akshaya Patra. When she did, he ate the single grain of rice and piece of vegetable that he had discovered sticking to the container and declared that the “meal” had satiated him.
As the satisfaction of Krishna, the Supreme Being who permeates the entire world, signified the satiation of the appetite of all living creatures, this satisfied the hunger of Durvasa and his pupils. After taking a bath, Sage Durvasa and his followers secretly withdrew without going back to the Pandavas’ hermitage because they were terrified of the Pandavas’ anger for their disrespectful behaviour in declining the meal that would be offered to them.
Rishi Durvasa was respected by both humans and Devas despite his reputation for having a short temper.
Bhagwan Shiv as Rishabha Avatar
Goddess Laxmi visited her oceanic father Samudra dev. Samudra Dev greets her and expresses his deep gratitude for his daughter Laxmi’s union with Lord Vishnu. Goddess Laxmi became anxious when Samudra Dev told a concern that was related to her.
The father of Goddess Laxmi informed her that his other five daughters, Vedah, Samisha, Suvesha, Sukesha, and Sumitra, had all chosen Lord Vishnu as their swami. The goddess Laxmi was informed by Samudra that his other daughters were engaging in penance in order to obtain Vishnu as their husband.
Goddess Laxmi, who was depressed after learning this development, left for Vaikuntha.
She asks Lord Vishnu at Vaikuntha, “Who is in Lord Vishnu’s heart?”
“Devi, you would be well aware that Mahadev lives in my heart’s half part; as he is my Aradhya,” Lord Vishnu says graciously in response to Goddess Laxmi.
“I hope, Swami, I’m on the other side of your heart,” the goddess Laxmi enquired.
The Lord Vishnu said, “Devi, I have important responsibilities for the planet as its keeper. The globe, my followers, and You all have a place in the other region of my heart.”
Godess Laxmi expressed her emotions, “I love the world too, Swami, but there is only you in my heart. I deserve your undivided affection. You can remove me from your heart if it is not feasible.”
The encounter between Samudra dev and Goddess Laxmi was known to Lord Vishnu. On the other side, all of goddess Laxmi’s sisters were offering penance in Lord Vishnu’s honour. Lord Vishnu came in front of them following their successful penance and asked Laxmi’s sisters to beg the boon.
Everyone was ecstatic to see Lord Vishnu standing in front of them. They asked Lord Vishnu to grant their wish, which was for him to erase their past memories and wed them all. By taking on all of them as wives and becoming completely insane, Lord Vishnu bestowed the blessing.
The blessing stipulated that Lord Vishnu now had to abandon his role as the world’s protector and live in the Patal Lok (lowest realm) as a devoted husband.
Lord Vishnu moved from Vaikuntha to Patal Lok, upsetting the harmony of the nature and universe. Goddess Laxmi was very upset by this, so she travelled to Mount Kailash to visit Lord Shiva and Goddess Shakti. Goddess Laxmi told Mahadev and Uma the entire story of the occurrence. Maa Parvati responded, “Devi, Lord Vishnu is the world’s guardian. How could you possibly think that he would just love you? We must realise that Shiva and Vishnu consider one another to be their rulers.”
Goddess Laxmi learns her lesson after hearing Goddess Parvati’s advice. Lord Shiva agrees to Lord Vishnu’s return from Patal Lok.
Lord Shiva arrived at Patal Lok in his Rishabh incarnation. Due to memory loss, Lord Vishnu could not identify Mahakaal, who was in front of him, when he first encountered Shiva in the shape of Rishabh. Bholenath understood that he could only evoke the divinity of Lord Vishnu by fighting the latter. Shiva and Lord Vishnu engaged in a furious fight.
Vishnu began assaulting Lord Shiva with a variety of weapons, but Shiva repulsed each one. Because they were both so powerful, the fight was becoming increasingly challenging. When Lord Vishnu saw a Rishabh of equal strength in front of him, he began to use his lethal weapon. Shiva was retaliating against each of Lord Vishnu’s weapons. For several years, the fight continued.
Lord Vishnu’s rage had reached its peak, and he used the Narayan Astra to assault Lord Shiva. Shiva responded by hurling the Pashupati Astra at Lord Vishnu. Both become trapped into one other’s lethal Astra in this way. After seeing Shiva and Vishnu’s impasse, Lord Ganesha finally made an appearance in front of all of Goddess Laxmi’s sisters.
“Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu are complimentary to one another and both are stuck into one other’s weapons,” said Ganesha.
They came to understand thanks to Ganpati that the universe would perish if this battle went on as it is. Therefore, regaining his lost memory is crucial for the Lord Vishnu. All the Laxmi sisters came in the conflict area after hearing Lord Ganesha.
“Lord Vishnu, please pardon our fault; we release you from our boon,” the goddess Laxmi’s sisters begged.
Once the Laxmi goddess’ sisters released Lord Vishnu from their words. Lord Vishnu regains memory and try to escape assault of Mahadev. With Shiva’s aura, the deadly weapon of Pashupati Astra unlocks Bhagwan vishnu. Then, Lord Vishnu understands that Lord Shiva was in front of him in his Rishabh incarnation. Shiva is set free as Lord Vishnu promptly restores his Narayan Astra to his aura. Shiva and Vishnu were both now free. Shiva assumes his various forms, travels to Vaikuntha with Lord Vishnu on his side.
Goddess Laxmi is elated to meet Lord Vishnu at Vaikuntha again.
Shiva is delighted to see Lord Vishnu and Goddess Laxmi reunited, and then he departs for Kailash Parvat.
Bhagwan Shiv as Yatinath Avatar
The Lord Shiva’s Yatinath incarnation showed up to put to the test a friendly tribal couple. Aahuk, a tribe member, perished while defending his visitor Yatinath. His wife was proud of him for risking his life for a visitor rather than grieving. The couple’s dedication pleased Lord Shiva, who bestowed upon them a blessing by announcing that in their subsequent births they would take the names Nala and Damayanti.
The detailed incident goes like this:
On the Arbudachal mountain, a vanvasi by the name of Aahuk used to reside. Both he and his wife, Aahuka, were devoted followers of Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva once pretended to be the hermit Yatinath to come before them in order to test their devotion. Aahuk honoured his visitor and gave him excellent service. Then, Lord Shiva asked him to provide refuge for the entire night. Aahuk stated his helplessness since his hut was so tiny and could only hold two people at once.
It would be improper on their part to pass up this opportunity to show their hospitality, so his wife stepped in and asked Aahuk to sleep outside the hut with his arms. Aahuk slept outdoors, while Yatinath, a hermit who was actually Lord Shiva, and Aahuk’s wife slept inside the hut. Unfortunately, a wild animal attacked Aahuk while he was sleeping and killed him. When Lord Shiva discovered Aahuk had passed away in the morning, his heart was broken.
Aahuka decided to sacrifice her life by diving into the blazing fire after comforting Yatinath. As soon as she was about to give up her life, Lord Shiva took on his true form and bestowed upon her the blessing, “In future incarnation, your husband will be born into a royal family. You would be born as Damayanti, and he would change into Nala. I would assist the two of you get together as I would manifest as a swan.”
After this, Lord Shiva became the immovable Shivalinga at the same place known as Achaleshwar linga.
Bhagwan Shiv as Hanuman Avatar
Hanuman had no notion he was a Lord Shiva incarnation, just like Rama had no idea he was a Vishnu avatar.
Hanuman was a very naughty youngster. Hanuman once assaulted the sun shortly after he was born, mistaking it for a piece of fruit. When the sun fled, Hanuman continued to pursue it. Hanuman was a mischievous little monkey, but he grew up to be a very brave and devoted Rambhakt.
Sugriva, the closest companion of Hanuman, was the brother of Vali, the monarch of Kishkindha, the kingdom of the monkeys. Vali banished Sugriva after driving him out of Kishkindha. Sugriva’s sole company throughout his exile was Hanuman. Hanuman was equally as devoted to Rama as he was to Sugriva, if not more so.
During his quest to find Sita, Rama stumbled across Hanuman, and the two were pleased to meet each other. Given that the occasion had been meticulously orchestrated by superior gods, they were expected to hit it off right away. Hanuman was in charge of finding Sita and reassuring her that Rama was on the way to get her. Rama’s army suffered severe losses in the fight with Ravana, including many fatalities. After observing the destruction and unconscious Laxman, Hanuman departed in search of the “Sanjeevani Booti,” a plant known for reviving life, which was hidden on a remote mountain in Uttarakhand’s Dronagiri region of the Himalayas.
In his love and duty, he lifted the entire mountain and brought it back to Rama and his troops after realising there wasn’t enough time to search and collect the herbs. Rama saving Sita in time would have been more challenging if Shiva hadn’t taken avatar of Hanuman. Although being Vishnu avatar Rama would have eventually killed Ravana.
Although not everyone recognises Hanuman as an incarnation of Shiva, many scholarly people do, and the Satarudriya Samhita of the Shiva Purana also mentions this. The devotedness of Lord Hanuman to Lord Rama is well known. He was blessed by the wind god Vayu as the son of Anjana and Kesari. Because of his devotion to Lord Rama, Hanuman is revered. It is believed that Lord Hanuman is a manifestation of Lord Shiva or the Rudra Avatar. He is described as Lord Shiva in a number of writings.
Brahma thought that he would need assistance, so he requested Shiva to become an avatar as well, after Vishnu consented to take on a human form in order to vanquish Ravana. Shiva made the choice to take the form of Hanuman, the son of the wind deity Vayu and the apsara Anjana, who was cursed by Durvasa Rishi to have a human birth as a vanara princess.
Bhagwan Shiv as Krishna Darshan Avatar
Lord Shiva took on this incarnation to convey to the world the value of yagna and detachment. This incident is connected to King Nagbhag. Kingdom’s riches was divided among the brothers while King Nabhag was attending a Gurukul for knowledge. After finishing his teachings and returning from Gurukul, the brothers requested him to go see their father Shradhadev since they hadn’t fixed his portion owing to his absence when king Nabhag asked for his share.
His father counselled him to let go of his connection in order to assist the sage Angiras in performing a yagna. King Nabhag’s sermons on the benefits of dharma helped the sage liberate himself from all attachments and successfully finish his yagna. Sage Angiras, who was impressed by King’s intelligence, offered him the all of the yagna’s remaining wealth. However, Lord Shiva asserted his claim to wealth by appearing as Krishna Darshan. Lord Shiva sent King Nabhag to his father Shradhadev for guidance when he wouldn’t budge. Shradhadeva explained to Nabhag that Lord Shiva was laying claim to the wealth and that he is the sole owner of whatever is left over when the yagna is complete. Upon his return, he worshipped Lord Shiva and, with Lord Shiva’s blessings, obtained liberation.
Bhagwan Shiv as Bhikshuvarya Avatar
In the war for the Kingdom, the rivals assassinated the King of Vidharbha called Satyarath. After the death of the King Satyarath, his pregnant wife fled into the woods and gave birth to a son there. She died shortly after the kid was born when a crocodile attacked the woman. The unfortunate baby, who was left alone and wailing from hunger, lost his parents too soon.
When Lord Shiva heard the baby’s cry, he changed the course of a poor Brahmin woman’s journey to the location where the child was lying; she was already carrying a one-year-old child, but when she saw the child crying out for food, she wanted to adopt him as her child. She was hesitating and waiting for someone to come and claim him as their son, but no one showed up.
Lord Shiva assumed the form of a Brahmin and advised the woman to adopt the baby. The name of this manifestation of Lord Shiva is Bhikshuvaryavatar. When the woman was still perplexed, Lord Shiva in the form of a Brahmin, counselled her to adopt the child and treat him with the same love, affection, and care as if he were also one of her own children, taking responsibility for both her own one year child and the adopted child equally. When the woman was still perplexed, the Brahmin related the boy’s biological parents past, saying that “King Satyarath was a great devotee of Lord Shiva in his previous life, going by the name Pandya. However, he used to worship Shiva out of fear of the enemy and other kingdoms, which caused him to die in their hands in this life as well. Additionally, the mother’s child killed her husband’s other wife using cunning methods, which led to that woman being killed by a crocodile in this life. As a result of the sins committed by his parents, this child was left orphaned.”
Brahmin then showed his original form as Lord Shiva. After this, woman adopted the infant and gave him the name Dharma Gupta, the boy grew up, married a Gandharva Kanya, and regained the kingdom that his father had lost due to his death.
Bhagwan Shiv as Sureshwar Avatar
This manifestation of Lord Shiva showed himself as Indra Dev to assess the devotion of a young child by the name of Upamanyu. The young lad succeeded in having Lord Shiva unveil himself after passing the bhakti test.
The incident occured like this:
Lord Shiva demonstrated his love and concern for his followers through this incarnation. This is the history of Upamanyu, a young boy and the son of the sage Vyaghrapad. When he once cried out for milk, his mother advised him to worship Bhagwan Shiv. When he learned meaning of life from mother, he moved in the direction of the Himalayas and performed a severe penance that produced enough heat for the three planets to burn.
Bhagwan Shiva and Maa Parvati assumed the identities of Indra and Indrani in order to test the depth of his devotion. They promised to grant all of Upamanyu’s wishes in exchange for his ceasing to worship Shiva. When they cursed Shiva, Upamanyu became enraged and stood up to assault them. When they were content with his dedication, the divine couple told Upamanyu who they really were. He was given the blessing of their assurance that they will always be around his hermitage forever. Here, Shiva disguised his appearance as Indra, so this gave him name “Sureshwar” for this incarnation.
Bhagwan Shiv as Keerat Avatar
Lord Shiva assumed this form to put Arjuna’s bravery to the test. Arjuna was engaging in intense penance in order to locate Lord Shiva’s sword Pashupat. However, Duryodhan sent a demon called Mooka impersonated as a wild boar because he intended to slay Arjuna. Arjuna became distracted from his meditation when he heard a loud roar. He witnessed Lord Shiva, posing as Kirat, chasing a wild boar. The boar was slain as a result of their simultaneous arrow fire. The two got into a fight over who actually killed the pig. When Kirat refused to budge, Arjuna dared Kirata to resolve the dispute by combat. Shiva, who was moved by Arjuna’s fortitude, made himself known, much to his awkwardness. He was comforted by Lord Shiva, who also handed him his sword, Pashupat.
Bhagwan Shiv as Sunatnartak Avatar
This is one of the attractive and very eticing look of Bhagwan Shiv. In this avatar, Bhagwan showed why he is called God of dance and music.
In order to ask for the hand of his daughter from Parvati’s father Himachal, Shiva had disguised himself as a Suntanartak. With a damaru in his hand, Shiva reached Himachal’s house in the form of a nat and started dancing. Bhagwan Shiv as Nataraja performed such beautiful steps and mesmerising dance that everyone pleased.
When Himachal asked Nataraja to beg for alms, Nataraja Shiva asked Parvati in alms. Himachalraj became very angry on this. After some time, Nataraja, dressed in nat costume, smiled and showed his real form to Maa Parvati then departed from there. On his departure, Maina and Himachal got divine knowledge who the nat nartak was and they decided to marry Parvati with Shiva.
Bhagwan Shiv as Brahmachari Avatar
When Sati was born in the Himalayas after sacrificing her life as the daughter of Daksha, she did severe penance to get Shiva again as her husband. To test Parvati, Shiva came to her in the guise of a brahmachari.
Seeing Brahmachari, Parvati duly respected him. When the brahmachari asked Parvati the purpose of her penance and upon knowing, he started condemning Shiva and also called him a cremation dweller and Kapalik. Parvati became very angry. She adored Lord Shiva more than anybody else, so responded to the Brahmachari in a suitable manner. Seeing Parvati’s devotion and love, Shiva showed her his true form. Parvati was very pleased to see this. Lord Shiva eventually blessed her.
Lord Shiva manifested as a Brahmachari so this came to known as his Brahmachari Avatar.
Bhagwan Shiv as Yaksheshwar Avatar
After the Devas drank the celestial nectar Amrit, the Yaksheshwar avatar of Lord Shiva arrived to break their conceit and pride. He instructed them to chop a blade of grass, but despite their combined might, they were unable to do it. Then they expressed their regret to Lord Shiva.
The morality driven incident happened like this:
The Yaksha avatar was taken by Shiva to remove the unfair and false pride of the gods. According to Shaivite texts, when a terrible poison came out during the churning of the ocean by the gods and the demons, Lord Shankar took that poison and stopped it in his gorge. He was called Neelkanth because his throat turned blue to the venomous effect, for bearing the heat and poison on his throat.
After this the nectar urn came out. By drinking nectar, all the gods became immortal and they also became proud that they are the most powerful. In order to break this pride of the gods, Shiva took the form of a Yaksha and placed a straw in front of the gods and asked them to cut it. Even after applying all his might, the gods could not cut the straw. Then there came a voice from Akash as Akashvaani that this Yaksha is Lord Shiva, the destroyer of all pride. All the deities praised Lord Shankar and asked for forgiveness for their false pride and ego.
Bhagwan Shiv as Avadhoot Avatar
Shiva took the form of Avadhoot in order to deflate Indra Dev’s ego. As the devtaas’ monarch, Indra had developed ego.
Lord Shiva once decided to put Indra to the test. One day, Indra and several other devtaas were going through Kailash Parvat. Mahadev barred his path by assuming the appearance of a sage (Avdhoot form). Indra asked the Avdhoot to move out of the path, but Lord Shiva stood in the way unmoved and still. Indra was upset by this and made the decision to utilise his vajra. But his hand was immobilised. As soon as Indra became aware of Avdhoot’s actual identity, he prayed to Lord Shiva and begged for pardon. This way Indra’s ego was shattered.