The Mahabharata is summarised in the Adi Parva. The Mahabharata is an 18-sections epic known as a parvas. There are 100 portions, or upa-parvas. The Adiparva, the first section, is divided into 19 portions. Adi means first in Sanskrit.
This is the first of the Mahabharata’s 18 other sections/main chapters. The portion-by-portion of each parva as an overview is provided below with their sub-sections (sub-chapters).
Adi Parva Mahabharat Overview
- 1 Adi Parva Mahabharat Overview
- 1.1 1) Anukramanika-Parva
- 1.2 (2) Parvasangraha
- 1.3 3) Paushya Parva
- 1.4 (4) Pauloma Parva
- 1.5 (5) Astika Parva
- 1.6 (6) Amsavatarana Parva
- 1.7 (7) Sambhava Parva
- 1.8 (8) Jatugriha Parva
- 1.9 (9) Hidimbavadha Parva
- 1.10 (10) Bakavadha Parva
- 1.11 (11) Chaitraratha Parva
- 1.12 (12) Swayamvara Parva and (13) Vaivahika Parva
- 1.13 (14) Viduragamana-Rajyalambha Parva
- 1.14 (15) Arjuna-Vanavasa Parva
- 1.15 (16) Haranaharana Parva and (17) Subhadra-harana Parva
- 1.16 (18) Khandavadahana Parva
- 1.17 (19) Mayadarsana Parva
In this portion, there is only one chapter with 275 verses. A 12-year-long Satra sacrifice was being carried out in the Naimisa woodland by Sage Saunaka.
There was a gathering of every ascetic. The pauranic (epicteller) Ugrasravas, the son of the sage Lomaharshana, came at that time. The sages indicated their wish to hear the Mahabharata’s narrative once the customary question about their general well-being was completed. After bowing before the Supreme Lord, Ugrasravas began to retell the Mahabharata’s tale as told by the wise man Vyasa.
Sage Vyasa, who was deeply contemplating, got a mental image of the whole Mahabharata playing out in front of him. He saw the universe, the Vedas, the four purusharthas (Dharma, Artha, etc.), and humankind’s moral code. Vyasa explained everything succinctly and thoroughly. He then considered teaching his followers about the Mahabharata, which he had become familiar with via his austerities. The creator, who was concerned for the wellbeing of the worlds, suddenly materialised in front of him. After giving him a salutation, Vyasa explained to him the characteristics of the epic and his purpose to teach it to his followers. As he went for his dwelling, Brahma gave him the advice to ask Ganesha to take the dictation in his mind.
Later, Ganesha showed himself in front of Vyasa after the latter had mentally welcomed him. Again, Vyasa asked him in his mind to serve as the scribe for the epic he was about to compose. Then Ganesha stipulated that Vyasa must speak such that his quill does not even rest for a second. Ganesha was only allowed to write if he comprehended what was being said, according to a proviso added by Vyasa. Ganesha consented and took up the role of Vyasa’s scribe.
Due to this, Vyasa occasionally uttered lines whose meaning was obscure. There are around 8800 poems of such sort, known as GRANTHA GRANTHIS.
Another name for this part is Sangrahadhyaya. In addition to being the Mahabharata’s author, Vyasa also served as the Bharats’ clan’s defender. Vyasa had two sons, Dhritarashtra and Pandu, through the wives of Vichitravirya, as well as another son, Vidura, through the servant girl of Victravirya’s wives, under the direction of his mother Satyavati and in line with Bhishma’s wish. He retired to his hermitage afterwards. Vyasa recounted the tale of the Mahabharata after the passing of each of his three sons. Vyasa instructed his pupil Vaisampayana to narrate the Mahabharata at Janamejaya’s request.
Due to his passion for hunting, King Pandu, who eventually overthrew the entire universe, was residing in the forest with the sages. He was cursed after killing an ascetic couple who were doing lewd actions while posing as deer one day. He continued to live in the wilderness after that. By the blessings of Yama, Vayu, Indra, and the Ashwini twins, he had five sons there. But while having sex with his wife Madri, he perished as a result of the sage’s curse. The latter followed her spouse into the cremation pyre. The ascetics brought Kunti and the Pandavas to Hastinapura and gave Bhishma control of their affairs. The Pandavas raised there, honed their fighting skills, and wed Draupadi. Dharmaraja then carried out the Rajasuya sacrifice. Duryodhana developed resentment against the Pandavas’ wealth. After losing the dice game, the Pandavas fled to the forest and eventually lived as a covert group. Duryodhana resisted the temptation to give up control of their kingdom even after their covert stay was over. Because of this, there was a conflict between the Pandavas and the Kauravas. Dhritarashtra, who was in great agony following the defeat of the Kauravas in that battle, expressed his sorrow to Sanjaya. (This section, which consists of 70 verses, is known as the Yadasraushaparva.) Sanjaya told him the legends of the ancestor kings and assured him that the power of time was responsible for all that occurred in order to comfort him. Dhritarashtra, who was devastated after losing all of his sons, was comforted by Vidura. Vyasa related the noble Mahabharata, which was akin to an Upanishad, based on this history. Anyone who devotely reads even one foot of this epic will have their sins forgiven. It is the greatest itihasa available. According to legend, if someone repeat it for the Brahmins eating Shraddha meals, his ancestors would receive endless food and water.
The Mahabharata and the four Vedas were placed in opposite pans of a balance in antiquity by the gods. The Vedas were outweighed by the Mahabharata. From that point on, the epic is known as Mahabharata because to its importance and glory. This is where the epic’s name came from.
This portion is a single chapter with 396 lines that gives a quick summary of each Parva’s contents as well as a description of the location Samantapanchaka and a count of the Akshauhini army.
Parusurama, a vengeful sage, murdered the royal tribe twenty-one times during the transitional period between the Treta and Dwapara yugas. He sacrificed blood to his ancestors and used their blood to build five ponds. The vicinity of these ponds is referred to as Samantapanchaka.
An akshauhini comprises of 1,09,350 infantry, 65,610 horses, 21,870 chariots, and 21,870 elephants. At Kurukshetra, there were 18 akshauhinis from the Kaurava and Pandava armies. All of that army perished in the 18-day-long fight. The Pandava army’s supreme commander was Dhristadyumna. Bhishma presided over the Kauravas for ten days, followed by Drona for five, Karna for two, and Salya for one-half day. Duryodhana and Bhima fought each other with clubs for a half-day. The five Pandava sons, Dhrishtadyumna, Sikhandin, and the Pandavas’ surviving army were all slaughtered by Aswatthama on the same night. The 18 parvas and 100 Upaparvas included all of this information.
The Mahabharata’s epilogue is said to be Harivamsa. It also goes by the name “Khilapurana.”
This sentence is also included in order to count the 100 upaparvas. A scholar is not someone who is knowledgeable about the Vedas and the Vedangas but is unaware of the epic. One will never be interested in listening to any other stories again after hearing this wonderful one. A tale needs to be founded on the Mahabharata to exist, just as a person needs nourishment to survive. There is no requirement to take a plunge in the Pushkara for someone who recite or hear the Mahabharata from others. By hearing this tale, one gains merit equivalent to giving one hundred golden-horned calves to a Vedic scholar.
3) Paushya Parva
There are 188 verses and one chapter in this Parva. This Parva describes in great depth the value of serving a teacher. Only this portion describes the serpent sacrifice, which is the basis for the Mahabharata tale.
The son of Parikshit, Janamejaya, was participating in a protracted Satra sacrifice with his siblings. The brothers of Janamejaya thrashed the heavenly hound Saurameya when it arrived there.
Whining, the dog went to tell its mother what had occurred. Surama approached them and reprimanded them for abusing her helpless child out of anguish over the suffering of her pet. She swore they will experience a scary surprise. (This was the Bharata’s first curse.) Janamejaya was discouraged by that curse. He hired Somasravas, the sage Srutasravas’ son, as his priest following the sacrifice in order to rid them of the transgression that had brought about a curse. On the counsel of their priest, he and his brothers began to take action.
Ayoda Dhaumya was a well-known sage in ancient times. Three were his.
Aruni, Upamanyu, and Vedic followers. The teacher used to put his students through rigorous tests since he was a strict taskmaster. If they successfully completed his tests, he would bless them. He put Aruni to the test by ordering him to patch up the damaged field, and when he succeeded, he blessed him. Dhaumya sent Upamanyu, his second student, to take care of the livestock and set certain restrictions on Upamanyu’s beggarly behaviour. While following such guidelines, the youngster lost his sight.
The teacher then honoured him by having him summon the Aswins twin gods. Veda received his master’s blessing after passing all of his examinations.
Veda afterwards gained three disciples. He was aware of the challenges a resident scholar at his preceptor’s home experienced. Uttanka, one of his students, acted in a way that earned him the blessings of a teacher. After finishing his studies, Uttanka stated that he wanted to give his instructor gurudakshina. He went to his preceptor’s wife on her suggestion, and she told him to bring the earrings that belonged to King Paushya’s wife. Four days later, on the occasion of Punyakavrata, she wished to wear them. Uttanka left for Paushya’s palace. He passed a large man riding on the back of a bull while he was travelling. Uttanka followed his advise and ingested the bull’s excrement and drank its pee. But in his eagerness, he stood up for his ablutions before approaching the king. The king told Uttanka to go to the queen’s quarters after confirming his eligibility. But the youngster was unable to locate her there. He therefore returned to the king.
He was informed by Paushya that an unclean person could not visit the queen. Next, Uttanka
raced to the queen’s apartments after performing the cleansing ritual. She gave him the earring when he begged her to, but she warned him to be careful because Takshaka the serpent wanted them. The king asked Uttanka to join him for meals because he was a qualified Brahmin when he left the palace. The monarch was cursed to go blind for serving impure food when Uttanka discovered a hair in the meal that was given to him. The Brahmins were likewise cursed by the monarch to be childless. And they both asked the other to reverse the curse. However, the king acknowledged that despite having royal blood, he was unable to reverse his curse. After lifting his curse from the king, Uttanka left with the gift.
Takshaka took the earrings when she was travelling. In order to give the earring to his preceptor’s wife in time, Uttanka pursued him to the netherworld, recovered the earrings, and then managed to escape with the aid of a powerful entity. However, the honourable Uttanka grew jealous of Takshaka and, in an effort to get revenge, went to King Janamejaya and persuaded him to offer the sacrifice of the serpent. The Uttanka episode’s goal is to persuade viewers to carry out the serpent sacrifice.
(4) Pauloma Parva
There are nine chapters in this Parva. Here, 172 poems are contained. This explains the rationale for the serpent sacrifice and how the serpents were wiped off. Chyavan and Ruru’s episodes are the key ones in this story. The all-consuming might of the fire deity is discussed in the Chyavan episode. The value of nonviolence is emphasised in the narrative of Ruru and Pramadvara.
Non-violence is the highest virtue, according to the first proverb in the Mahabharata’s ocean of quotes. It ranks top among all of a man’s virtues. honesty, endurance, etc.
solely follow that. Sage Vyasa provided this knowledge by using examples.
(5) Astika Parva
This Parva contains 1108 verses and 46 chapters. Ugrasravas told Saunaka about the churning of the seas for nectar, the stories of Kadru and Vinata, and the Parikshit story in response to Saunaka’s inquiry concerning the serpent sacrifice of Janamejaya and the justification for not finishing it. The serpent sacrifice was interrupted by Astika, he continued. These all belong to this Parva.
Janamejaya’s father’s death from a snake bite served as the primary justification for the serpent sacrifice.
The monarch was urged to make that sacrifice by Udanka and his minister. The episode of Astika details the attempts to halt it.
Janamejaya’s father, Parikshit, was a monarch with a virtuous disposition. He enjoyed hunting much as his great grandpa did. He experienced thirst once when he was out hunting. He went to the sage Samika and inquired about a deer that had been shot by his arrow but had managed to flee. The sage, who was abiding by his silence vow, remained silent. In a fit of rage, the monarch used the point of his bow to lift a dead snake and garlanded it over the sage’s neck. Sringi was Samika’s son. He was radiant spiritually. He was told about the dead snake wrapped around his father’s neck by a hermit friend named Krisa while he was heading home with the approval of his preceptor. In a fit of rage, he grabbed some water and cursed that Parikshit would die after being bitten by Takshaka the serpent within a week. He went to his father and explained what had transpired after that. Then Samika counselled his son on the value of forgiving others and admonished him: “Son, your imprudence has caused you to act incorrectly. We won’t slander the monarch. Sringi, however, was unable to accept his father’s advice. Then Samika, through his pupil Goramukha, alerted Parikshit about the curse. The monarch took all necessary precautions to protect himself from Takshaka.
Kasyapa’s wives were Kadru and Vinata. The serpents’ mother was Kadru. They once placed a bet on the hue of the horse Ucchaisravas, which was conceived during the period of the milky ocean’s churning. Kadru instructed her boys to use deception in an effort to win the wager. A few of them concurred. However, some people did not. Those who disagreed, according to Kadru, would perish in Janamejaya’s sacrifice of a serpent. Vinata, who dropped the wager, started working for Kadru. She had two sons: Aruna and Garuda. Garuda desired to free his mother from her servitude. As instructed by his father Kasyapa, he ate an elephant and a tortoise to get stronger. He then took nectar from heaven, offered it to the serpents, and got his mother’s freedom.
The serpents who had been cursed by their mother considered how to break the spell. Vasuki conducted his sister Jaratkaru’s marriage to the sage Jaratkaru on the advice of the snake Elaputra. The Jaratkarus’ son was Astika. Janamejaya was forced to cease offering a serpent by him. Parikshit took all necessary precautions to protect himself from Takshaka. To protect the monarch from the lethal Takshaka poison, a Brahmin by the name of Kasyapa left for Hastinapura. However, the latter paid him and sent him away. The Takshaka venom killed Parikshit on the sixth day of Sringi’s curse.
Janamejaya, the son of Parikshit, carried out the serpent sacrifice after learning this. The sacrifice of the serpent holds a significant position in the Mahabharata.
(6) Amsavatarana Parva
This portion consists of 326 verses spread across 6 chapters. This serves as the Mahabharata’s epilogue. When Janamejaya inquired, Vaisampayana informed him about the Mahabharata’s brilliance. He claimed that it took Krishna Dwipayana Vyasa three years to compose this magnificent epic.
Everything that is said here about Dharma, Artha, Kama, or Moksha is said elsewhere. Anything that is not here is also not present elsewhere. Vaisampayana told the tales of Uparichara and Satyavati, Vyasa’s birth, the asuras’ birth, and the heavenly creatures’ descent with their individual components. Janamejaya gave up on the serpent sacrifice and one day inquired of Vyasa about the Bharat war. Then Vyasa gave Vaisampayana the order to tell the tale. And the latter gave a succinct account of the epic’s narrative. It was also mentioned that Vyasa was born on the Krishnadwipa from Parasara and Matsyagandhi.
(7) Sambhava Parva
There are 3232 verses and 75 chapters in this part. Vaisampayana related the tale of Yayati, the son of Nahusha, when describing the Kuru clan. The daughter of Sukracharya, Devayani, was one of Yayati’s two spouses. Yadu and Turvasu were the names of her two boys. Yayati became elderly as a result of Sukracharya’s curse. But he continued to yearn for carnal delights. He therefore requested his sons to exchange their youth for his old age. However, that offer was rejected by Yadu, Turvasu, Druhyu, and Anu, the four eldest sons. Puru, his final son, consented to comply with his father’s request. Yayati restored his son’s youth after continuing to indulge in sensual delights, crowned him, and then retreated to the wilderness. He attained paradise by strict penance and mastery over his senses. Indra questioned him about his level of penance. He said that no one could compare to him in terms of penance. His merit suffered as a result of his egoism, and his time in the celestial kingdoms came to an end.
Yayati asked Indra to allow him to descend from heaven and land among the righteous, and Indra agreed. Yayati witnessed his grandson Ashtaka and other people while he was falling. After removing their dharma-related doubts, he returned to paradise in the company of the good.
By virtue of his name, the family of Puru rose to fame. In his family, Ilila gave birth to Dushyanta.
While out hunting, Dushyanta once visited the hermitage of Kanva, where he encountered Sakuntala, the daughter of Menaka and Viswamitra. He secretly married her there using the Gandharva ritual, and then he left for his kingship. Bharata was born to Sakuntala in the hermitage.
Even when the kid reached the required age to become the crown prince, Dushyanta did not go see them. Then Kanva dispatched Sakuntala and his followers to the king. The king ignored Sakuntala’s introduction and pretended not to know her when she entered the royal court. He requested that she leave. A voice from the sky revealed the truth as the disappointed Sakuntala was preparing to leave the gathering. Dushyanta then acknowledged her.
He behaved in that way out of fear of the gossip. After the birth of his son Bharata, his family became known as the Bharatavamsa. Hasti, after whom a locality got its name, was born in this line.
Eventually, Kuru was born. His name also helped the family become well-known. King Pratipa gave birth to Devapi, Santanu, and Bahlika in that household. Devapi retired to the holy groves when he was still a kid, and Santanu took the throne. Ganga, his wife, used to hurl their infants into the river. In this manner, she threw seven boys. The monarch was appalled by his wife’s conduct. She was prevented from murdering the seventh kid by him.
Following that, Ganga took her child and left her husband. She presented her son to her spouse after ensuring that he was well-versed in all subjects. Bhishma was him.
He pledged two things:
(a) The monarch would only be the son of Satyavati, and
(b) He would live a lifelong celibacy, and he officiated Satyavati’s marriage to his father.
Two boys were born to Satyavati. A Gandharva killed the older child, Chitrangada, while he was a little child. Ambika and Ambalika, the daughters of the king of Kasi, were the bridesmaids in Vichitravirya’s marriage to Bhishma. Innocent Vichitravirya passed away. Satyavati begged Bhishma to wed since he would leave the realm without an heir. However, the latter did not want to go back on his word. After then, Satyavati thought about Vyasa. Vyasa came there right away. He did what his mother had instructed. He gave birth to the wise Vidura on their maid, the pale Pandu on Ambika, and the blind Dhritarashtra on Ambika.
Bhishma raised Panduraja and Dhritarashtra as his own children. Pandu wed Kunti and Madri, while Dhritarashtra wed Gandhari. Pandu surprised everyone by taking control of every enclave. He once went hunting near the Himalayas with his two wives at his side. He murdered a deer couple there who were having sex. The male deer cursed him and said that if he had intercourse with his wife, he would die. Pandu, who was in despair, began his vanaprastha (period of living in the forest) penance. His wives gave him obedient service. Pandu believed that a childless man couldn’t enter paradise, therefore he longed to have kids. Then Kunri informed him about the blessing from the sage Durvasas. She summoned Lord Yama and, with the consent of her husband, gave birth to Dharmaraja.
Gadhari also became pregnant, but even after two years, she did not give birth. A lump of meat that was as rigid as steel finally emerged from her womb. That bulk was eventually cut into 101 pieces throughout the course of the days. They were preserved in pots of ghee on the suggestion of Vyasa.
Duryodhana became foremost among them. By the blessing of the wind deity, Kunti gave birth to Bhima that very day. Dussasana and others emerged from the chunks of flesh there one by one. Dussala, a female, was also born. Kunti gave birth to Arjuna after a year, with Indra’s blessing.
One day, Pandu became so passionate that he engaged in sexual activity with Madri and was then cursed to death. Madri climbed the funeral pyre after him. The forest’s wise men led Kunti and her five boys to Hastinapura, where they were given to
Dhritarashtra. After comforting them, Vyasa escorted his mother Satyavati, Ambika, and Ambalika to a jungle where they underwent rigorous penance and achieved their desired planes after departing from their physical bodies. Playing with the sons of Dhritarashtra was what the sons of Pandu did. Duryodhana and others had envious feelings toward Bhima’s might.
They watched for chances to hurt him. To murder him, they once hid poison in his meal. Another time, while he was asleep, they tied him up with creepers and threw him into the water. The awful deadly snakes continuously bit him. Still, nothing adversely affected him. The princes were instructed in their studies by Kripacharya. After being offended by his buddy, King Drupada, Drona travelled to Hastinapura and began instructing the princes.
He was pleased with Arjuna’s skill with the bow and chose to teach him the remarkable knowledge of astras and sashtras. He adopted the right thumb of Ekalavya as his Gurudakshina in order to honour his promise. Once, an alligator grabbed Drona by the leg as he was bathing in a river. Sharp arrows were fired by Arjuna towards the crocodile lurking in the water. He received a great deal of praise from Dronacharya, who also taught him several astras. He started to believe that Arjuna would be able to overthrow Drupada and bring him to him.
Drona organised a demonstration of the princes’ armoury skills. Karna likewise want to take part in that. It was brought out during their fight that he wasn’t a royal. Duryodhana immediately crowned him king of Anga. After defeating Drupada, Arjuna chained him and returned him to his instructor. Drona was pleased and embarrassed him.
Then he instructed Arjuna in the Brahmasironamakastra. Dharmaraja was appointed crown prince by Dhritarashtra. However, he was concerned about the Pandavas’ success. Kanika, the politically astute minister, gave him advice on using deceptive methods in response to his probe.
Concerned himself, Duryodhana suggested to his father sending the Pandavas to Varanavata. It was accepted by Dhritarashtra.
(8) Jatugriha Parva
Purochana was given the assignment by Duryodhana to construct a lac mansion at Varanavata before to the advent of the Pandavas. Vidura gave Dharmaraja a suggestive warning before the Pandavas travelled to that city, which the latter comprehended. Along with Kunti, the Pandavas landed in Varanavata. Yudhishthira was greeted by Khanaka, the messenger sent by Vidura, who informed him that Purochana would set fire to their home’s door on the fourteenth day of that gloomy fortnight at Duryodhana’s order. Under the guise of removing the leftovers, Khanika built an underground passage and skillfully hid its opening to protect them from the approaching threat. Thus, no one was aware of it. Kunti once provided food for a big group of Brahmins in honour of almsgiving. A Nishada mother brought her five boys to that feast, drawn by fate. And after drinking too much wine and losing awareness, they collapsed to sleep. After that, Bhima set fire to Purochana’s resting area. Through the tunnel, the Pandavas and Kunti made their getaway. The residents of Varanavata believed that the Pandavas were killed by burning. Dhritarashtra sobbed and was distraught after learning this information. Knowing what had transpired, Vidura pretended to be sad.
The Pandavas, for their part, managed to cross the Ganga but were unable to proceed. Bhima began to move while carrying Kunti and his siblings on his shoulders following Dharmaraja’s suggestion.
Kunti let them down beneath the cover of a papal tree while he went to get some water because he was becoming thirsty. They were already weary when he returned after taking a bath, quenching his thirst, and soaking his top clothing in water for them.
(9) Hidimbavadha Parva
There are 5 chapters and 222 verses in this section. A creature by the name of Hidimba, a cannibal, was residing in the woodland. He despatched his sister Hidimba on a search after catching the scent of a person. She thus proceeded to where the Pandavas were resting. She wanted Bhima to be her husband when she saw him there. The giant went there by himself because his sister never showed up, not even after a long period had passed. Bhima then murdered Hidimba. Bhima wed Hidimba at his mother Kunti’s request. She became pregnant right away, giving birth to Ghatotkacha (sadyogarbha). Ghatotkacha left in a northerly route after promising to help them whenever needed.
(10) Bakavadha Parva
In this portion, there are 8 chapters and 220 verses. The mother and the Pandavas travelled to the town of Ekachakra, where they hid themselves in a Brahmin’s home and subsisted by asking for charity. A gigantic cannibal Baka dwelt in the dense forest outside of the town. In exchange for his defending that land, each homeowner gave him a cartful of food, two bullocks, and one family member when it was their turn to do so. The Brahmin who hosted the Pandavas on that particular day had his turn. The Brahmin couple, together with their children, began sobbing excessively as a result. After consulting with Bhima and deciding to send the Brahmin to Baka, Kunti comforted the Brahmin after learning of the situation. With the food in hand, Bhima rushed to Baka, engaged him in combat, and killed him. The people of Ekachakra were overjoyed.
(11) Chaitraratha Parva
There are 674 verses and 19 chapters in this section. The Pandavas stayed in the Brahmin’s house to continue studying the Vedas after killing Bakasura. A stringent vow-keeping Brahmana soon arrived at their host’s home. He provided details on Panchala’s ruler Drupada. He said that he would attend to see Draupadi, the daughter of Drupada, make her own decision. When Kunti learned this, she was intrigued and got her sons and herself ready to travel to the lovely city of Drupada. To greet them, Vyasa arrived there. He told them about Draupadi’s first birth. He foretold that Panchali would select five spouses, and he gave them his blessing for a joyful marriage to her.
After Vyasa left, the Pandavas travelled to Panchala, where their mother was in charge. Arjuna engaged the Gandharva king Angaraparna in combat on the road and won. After that, Annapurna and Arjuna became friends. In addition to describing Viswamitra and Vasishtha’s brilliance, he also related the tale of Tapati and Samvarana. The Pandavas appointed Dhaumya as their priest at his suggestion.
(12) Swayamvara Parva and (13) Vaivahika Parva
The Vaivahikaparva contains seven chapters, whereas the Swayamvaraparva has nine. These two portions have a total of 457 verses. Pandavas entered the room where Draupadi’s swayamvara was to take place while dressed as Brahmins. Draupadi will marry whomever used five arrows to pierce the target via the machine’s aperture, Dhrishtadyumna said in front of the court. Many princes made unsuccessful attempts to hit the target.
However, Arjuna effortlessly hit the target and grabbed Draupadi’s hand.
Following that, he led her to Kunti and declared that they had brought alms. All the brothers should split it equally, Kunti, who was at the house at the time, suggested. The Pandavas then travelled to Drupada’s palace. Drupada was informed by Dharmaraja that all five of the brothers will wed Draupadi. Dharma was causing Drupada some trouble. Then Vyasa showed up and persuaded him by revealing Draupadi’s past birth. The five Pandavas were married to Draupadi.
(14) Viduragamana-Rajyalambha Parva
There are 506 verses and 13 chapters in it. The Pandavas lived in Drupada for a year following their marriage to Draupadi. This information was obtained by Duryodhana through his spies. He developed envious feelings toward the Pandavas’ wealth and began formulating plans with his father to subdue his foes. Karna suggested using physical force. Dhritarashtra agreed to that as well. However, he consulted with them after inviting Bhishma, Drona, and other ministers. According to Bhishma, Kunti’s boys were his offspring in the same way that Gandhari’s sons were. He should thus defend both the Kauravas and the Pandavas.
Therefore, the kingdom’s half should be given to the Pandavas. Dronacharya agreed to that as well. Vidura concurred with them. Dhritarashtra despatched Vidura to Hastinapura to collect the Pandavas after deciding to grant them half of the kingdom. Krishna went there as well. The Pandavas were given half of the kingdom by Dhritarashtra, who also encouraged them to travel to Khandavaprastha. Visvakarma constructed the city of Indraprastha there as per Krishna’s orders. Pandavas joyfully established down there. When Narada finally came, he told the tale of Sunda and Upasunda and outlined the guidelines for treating their wife. He decreed that Draupadi shall spend a year living with each of his brothers. Other brothers shouldn’t visit during such time. Anyone who disobeyed this law would have to make a year-long trek.
There are 6 chapters and 179 verses in this section. The Pandavas were residing at Khandavaprastha as per Narada’s orders. A Brahmin’s animals were stolen by several criminals one day. Arjuna went inside Dharmaraja’s quarters to grab his bow and arrows in an attempt to save that Brahmin’s livestock. He then overcame the robbers and gave the Brahmin their livestock money back. In spite of Dharmaraja’s pleas, he accepted the vow of doing a 12-year trip after breaking the commitment. He first travelled to Gangadwar and bathed in the Ganga. When Ulupi, the daughter of the snake king, saw him emerging from the water and became drawn to him, she carried him to the underworld. Her wish has been granted by Arjuna. They afterwards travelled back to Gangadwar. Ulupi walked away from him and returned to her home. Iravan was born to her. After that, Arjuna carried on with his pilgrimage and arrived at Manipura. There, he wed Chitrangada, who gave birth to a son he called Babhruvahana. In order to become the king’s successor, he left the kid with Chitrvahana and went on his journey.
(16) Haranaharana Parva and (17) Subhadra-harana Parva
Haranaharana Parva has one chapter, whereas Subhadra-Harana Parva has two. Later, Arjuna visited Prabhasatirtha. Krishna went to greet him after learning of his arrival through agents. They both took leisurely strolls in Prabhasatirtha.
They then arrived at Raivataka, spent the night there, and left for Dwaraka the next morning. The Yadavas had a large festival on Raivataka after a few days. It was enthusiastically engaged in by all Dwaraka residents. Balarama was amusingly drinking while roving with his wife, Revati. Arjuna was drawn to Subhadra when he first saw her there.
He asked Krishna for assistance in capturing her. He abducted her and carried her to Indraprastha with Krishna’s approval. Abhimanyu was born to Subhadra. Draupadi later gave birth to the Upapandavas, a family of five boys. Prativindhya, Srutasoma, Srutakirti, Satanika, and Srutasena were their names.
(18) Khandavadahana Parva
There are six chapters in this section. Later, after some time had passed, Krishna and Arjuna travelled to the Yamuna River’s banks with a group of companions during the summer.
They both came into a stunning location while exploring there. It happened close to the Khandava woodland. The Fire-god Agni then came closer to them. He explained to them that he had stomach problems as a result of ingesting the ghee that was continually poured during the 100-year sacrifice made by King Swetaki. The sole cure for that was to burn Khandava. While he was lighting the jungle on fire, he asked them to protect him from Indra. They concurred with it. Then Agni presented Arjuna with the Gandiva bow and an endless quiver. He presented Krishna with the mace Kaumodaki and the Sudarsana disc.
(19) Mayadarsana Parva
This section has 7 chapters. In addition to defeating Indra, the gods, and the demons, Krishna and Arjuna also granted Agni his wish by letting him to totally consume the Khandava forest. Asvasena, Maya, and four Sarngakas managed to escape unharmed despite the fact that the entire forest had burned down. Later, the enormous Maya constructed a residence for Dharmaraja.
You can read other chapters from the table below. Click on the respective link to understand about the summary of that book/section of Mahabharata.
Mahabharat All Chapters Summary Guide
|1) Adi Parva||10) Sauptika Parva|
|2) Sabha Parva||11) Stri Parva|
|3) Vana Parva||12) Shanti Parva|
|4) Virata Parva||13) Anushasana Parva|
|5) Udhyoga Parva||14) Ashvamedha Parva|
|6) Bhishma Parva||15) Ashramavasika Parva|
|7) Drona Parva||16) Mausala Parva|
|8) Karna Parva||17) Mahaprasthanika Parva|
|9) Shalya Parva||18) Swaraga Arohana Parva|