The Deities of Bhagwan, Their Sacrifices, Their Contributions and Ways to Communicate with Them

management of God

Ancient Hindus unearthed secrets of elements that created nature, planets and Universe. They considered everything as alive not for the sake of explanation but because they were able to interact with them – some of the aspects are proven by modern scientific experiments too. Vedas taught the world, thousands of years ago, that plants are living beings. It was recently re-discovered by Jagadish Chandra Bose’s whose wireless inventions antedated those of Marconi.

Right from construction of structures, to palaces to temples, everything required a prior permission from the natural gifts;  Land, River and Mountains – from where the construction materials were sought. The communication with the natural gifts were done through the Vedic mantras that represented the master of these gifts. They did this even before the term ‘anthropomorphic’ was coined. Definitely there was Supreme soul, Bhagwan, who gave these secrets to them after hardest of penances and tapasya. As per Vedas, Hindu sages are pillars and protectors of mother earth. There are many sages spread across the globe who control the nature while meditating non-stop for the safety of human race. They can be only be seen through penance. They are vastly concentrated in the axis of universe.

Secret Interactions with Elements that Protect our Earth

Belief that Made the Existence of Hindus to Eternity

The Order of 33 Forms of Deities

Hindus believe in 33 Koti deities; meaning 33 forms of Gods. The inter-connectivity of energies between these gods manage the existence of earth, planets and Universe. Each one of them is devoid of secret of others; making them inter-dependent on each other so that they do not fight and help in keeping the world a habitable place. Any dispute that occurs are supervised by Supreme Soul, Bhagwan, himself.

Ancient Hindus revealed to the world, that deities are assigned the task to control elements with specific purpose and designation (their order of existence – First order being the lowest and highest being the Third order).

Sanatan Dharmis (Hindus) classified them as under:

  • Prithvisthana (Terrestrial)
  • Antarikshasthana or Madhyamasthana (Atmospheric)
  • Dyusthana (Celestial)

Prithvisthana: Prithvi, Agni, Soma, Brihaspati and the rivers belong to the first order.

Antarikshasthana or Madhyamasthana: Indra, Rudra, Vayu, Vata, Parajanya and Matarisvan belong to the second order.

Dyusthana: Dyaus, Surya, Pushan, Vishnu, Mitra the Adityas, Ushas and Asvins to the third order.

Agni Devta pujan

First order deities follow the task assigned by Upper order and so on. The knowledge and intelligence of Third order deities being the highest of all. Though depending on the reliance on each other’s power, some of the times the division overlaps as Prithvi and Agni are assigned to all the three orders; Ushas to the terrestrial as well as the aerial spheres and Varuna, Yama and Savitri to the aerial as well as the celestial spheres.

praying nature in Hinduism

Later on abstract deities like Dhatr (establisher), Vidhatr (Ordainer), Prajapati (Lord of Creatures), Sraddha (Faith) and Manyu (Wrath) made their appearance. The Vedic Hindus, thus, worshiped a host of gods; but each in turn was worshiped as the highest god (or now known as Henotheism or Kathenostheism to understand the concept of Hinduism). They worshiped to maintain balance of existence of each of the elements. The responsibility of deities belonging to each order are more than Vedic Hindus. Hindu sages seek the blessings while deities have to deliver it, and in doing so they experience huge emission of energy from their bodies, as they are transferring power to the sages for the betterment of human race. Deities also come to lower order when they incarnate to protect the devotee or re-establish the Dharma on earth – still maintaining their powers while following principles of the planet or plane. Bhagwan Ram came in human form as Ravan was blessed that he can only be killed by human. It is also done so that it becomes easier for the Hindus to connect with the gods. Communication with lower order deities is easier than connecting with Supreme Soul, Bhagwan (Shiv or Vishnu); which require penances and thousand years of meditation. But the same god in human form performs leela and give us simple mantras (जय श्री राम, ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय) by which we can connect with Supreme Soul easily through mantra communication. Bhagwan takes human form for us so that we recite their pious names to maintain peace and harmony. The negative energies are annihilated by positive energies generated by the recitement of deity names.

meditating river

Sacrifice of Bhagwan When He Helps us

Directly meeting Bhagwan Vishnu with the same mantras is possible but we being Kaliyugi mortals do not have capacity to lead life for thousands of years. Recitement of maha mantras for hundreds of years ensures complete focus on Bhagwan Vishnu and darshan of Bhagwan himself. So for Kaliyugi mortals like us recitement of revealed mantras like जय श्री राम, ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय is advised. Bhakti is made simple and easy in Kaliyug for us. Revealed mantras are mantras which are taught by Bhagwan himself specifically for Kaliyugi people.

Bhagwan takes care of pain and sorrows

The huge sacrifice of Bhagwan taking avatars on earth has to be acknowledged by following the Vedic principles laid by them. Bhagwan experiences the same joy and pain that we all undergo but the magnitude of experience is very huge; unthinkable by us. A simple cut on our finger make us feel pain, now imagine the pain extrapolated to 10 raised to the power of 100 x 10 raised to the power of 1000 and so on to the infinity (U+221E ∞ infinity), because Bhagwan has to absorb the agony for the trillions of countless beings. Many times or at least once in life, we experience a huge accident or a fall with minimal pain or no pain at all, and we ignorantly think it to be a miracle. It is not so, pain has to absorbed by someone to maintain balance. That is absorbed by Bhagwan himself. All these traits, emotions and feelings can be controlled with selfless bhakti. The feelings of bhakti is experienced by senses which are beyond mortal senses within us; see, touch, smell, hear and taste.

Sadhu walking on fire

We are mortal and selfish beings even then we cannot think of any harm causing pain to our kids. No… because we are attached to them. Similarly, pious Bhagwan is attached to us – All of us being his children, how can He let us experience the sorrow and pain – most of the times He absorbs it to keep us happy with the real Sacchidanand Roop of Bhagwan (Sachidanand Rupaya Vishvotpatyadi Hetve, Tapatraya Vinashaya Shri Krishna Vayam Naman).

Whatever harm we do to other innocent creatures, the wrath and pain is also experienced by Bhagwan. Similarly, tolerating demonic behavior of evil people causes multiplication of negative energy, in a way causing pain to Bhagwan. In order to maintain balance, it is advisable to disregard such felons, who cause harm to the society and human race. That is what Dharmayudh in Mahabharat taught us. We should support people who care for humanity, peace and nature. And anti-Vedic humans should be annihilated for longevity of this world. That is why criminals are punished even in human society, while karmic fruits are decided after their death.

Moon God Protecting Earth

Similar to Bhagwan, even his deities who work every second for every anu make sacrifices to make this world a sustainable place. If Moon god was not made to absorb light from Sun god and feel the immense heat, it was never possible to maintain habitable weather, seasons on earth for us. The gravity of earth is balanced by Moon god, similarly the tides are controlled by him. Due to Moon god, we know the time/scale of the earth, similarly such other Moon gods help maintain the gravity and time/scale of their respective planets.

Each of the deity sacrifice, work hard without abstaining from their duty (Karma) even for a single moment under the guidance of Bhagwan. It is only humans who do not put hardwork and perform duties otherwise, different than the purpose of their birth.

Forms of Hindu Gods and Their Contribution

Indra:

It is the position that can be attained by deserving human beings too. The most important divinity in the Rig Veda, he is called Purandara (breaker of forts), Vritraham (slayer of demon Vritra) and Maghavan (bounteous). 250 Rig Vedic hymns are devoted to him. He plays the role of the warlord and is also considered to be the rain god. Fresh water being main source of energy for humans, Indra is worshiped by them.

Indra helps in giving rain to the world.

Agni:

The second position is held by Agni (fire god) to whom 200 hymns are devoted in Rig Veda. Fire plays a significant part in the life of people. Vedic Hindus knew that Agni is the portal, a kind of intermediary between the gods on the one hand, and the people on the other. Agni is considered as mouth of Bhagwan Vishnu, the oblations offered to Agni during Yagna is carried in the form of smoke to the sky and thus keeps the mother nature healthy.

Agni helps in purifying atmosphere.

Varun:

The third important position is occupied by Varun who personified water and upholds the Rta or natural order. As the administrator of the cosmic law (Rta), he regulates all activities in this world.

It is he who has spread out the earth and set the sun in motion, and who pours out the rain perfectly but sees to it that one ocean is not overflowed by many rivers (all waterborne natural calamities are caused by humans due to non-Vedic style of constructions). This upholder of cosmic order is also regarded as the god of human morality.

Varun keeps the air breathable for the (residents) habitats of the earth.

Soma:

Soma is the god of plants, and an energy drink is named after him. The Rig Veda has a large number of hymns, which explain the methods for preparation of this drink. Soma refers to Moon because moonlight provides peace. That is how modern days are named based on Vedic information, Mo(o)nday is Somvaar. And Somras is not alcohol but energy drink prescribed by gods for humans and divine beings. Its wrong usage as synonym of alcohol or intoxicant was popularized by perverted Britishers. After all, a hungry dog sees only meat in every body! Same goes for perverted beings.

The Soma Yagna is the main feature of the ritual of the Rigveda, and this is reflected by the fact that all but 6 out of the 120 hymns to Soma have been collected in one book (mandala IX). The Soma juice has been called Amrita (divine drink) and Shuddha (pure).

Soma helps in giving seasons, weathers and timescale to the earth.

Sun God Surya Devta

Surya:

Several deities were associated with the Surya, Sun god. Surya drive across the sky in a flaming chariot. Savitri, the Stimulator or God of light, was another solar god. The famous Gayatri mantra is addressed to her. Pushan, who was the guard­ian of roads, herdsman and straying cattle was also a solar deity. Recitement of Gayatri Mantra by mortal humans creates white ray of light around their head, which further help in meditation and dhyan yog.

Surya helps in overall sustenance of the earth while providing energy to all.

Other Deities:

Tvastri (Agni), Aryavrat, Surya (Sun), Dyaus (god of heaven and father of Surya), Prithvi (Earth), Maruts (gods of storm) are some of the other deities.

There were also demi-gods of various kinds such as Visvedevas who were intermediaries, Ribhus – gnomes working in metal. Gandharvas (divine musicians), etc.

Female Deities:

No other culture in the world give importance to female deities. Vedic Hindus respect women and worship female deities. Some of the female divinities are Ushas (the goddess of dawn) and Aditi (the great mother of gods). Other female deities are Prakriti (earth), Ratri (night), Aranyani (the forest goddess), lla (the goddess of offerings), Annapurna (food), Mahalaxmi (prosperity) and Saraswati (knowledge).

Mode of Communication with Deities Worship:

The dominant mode of worshiping the gods was through the recitation of prayers and Yagna offerings. Both collective and individual prayers were made. Offerings of vegetables, barley, etc. were made to gods. But in Rig Vedic times the process was not structured to a single ritual or Yagna process.

At this stage the effective power of the mantra was not considered for material pleasures and it was evolved in later period of Vedic history. The Rig Vedic people did not worship gods for their spiritual uplift or for ending the miseries of existence. They asked mainly for Praja (children), Pashu (cattle), food, wealth, health, etc. The prosperity sustained longer as it was done for the community, not individual gratification.

Like Kaliyugi Hindus of today, Rig Vedic Hindus too believed in the life after death. The dead were either buried (for very pious beings) or cremated (for common people), and according to some passages, dwelt in the realm of Yama, the king of the dead.

Some of the Mantras of Communication to Bhagwan and Deities

The Gayatri Mantra

One of the best known of all mantras,
the Gayatri is said to have the power to
purify, illuminate, and
heal.

Om bhur bhuvah svah
tat-savitur varenyam
bhargo devasya dhimahi
dhiyo yo nah pracodayat

Simple Translations
“O Divine mother, our hearts are filled with darkness. Please make this darkness distant
from us and promote illumination within us.”

gayatri mantra goddess

गायत्री मंत्र

ॐ भूर्भुव: स्व: तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यं।
भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि धियो यौन: प्रचोदयात्॥

अर्थ : हे प्राण, पवित्रता और आनंद देने वाले प्रभु! आप सर्वज्ञ और सकल जगत के उत्पादक हैं। हम आपके ज्ञान सवरूप तेज का ध्यान करते हैं जो हमारी बुध्दि में प्रकाशित रहता है। आप हमें अच्छे कर्म करने और सन्मार्ग पर चलने के लिए प्रेरित करें।
विधि : प्रात:काल स्ान कर, पूर्व दिशा की ओर मुख करके बैठें और इस मंत्र को 108, 28 या 11 जप करें।
लाभ : मन की एकाग्रता बढ़ती है। जीवन में आशा व उत्साह का संचार होता है।

हिंदी छंदबध्द भावानुवाद
जो जगत को प्रभा ओे, ऐश्वर्य देता है दान
जो है आलोकित परम ओ, ज्ञान से भासमान॥
शुध्द है विज्ञानमय है, सबका उत्प्रेरक है जो।
सब सुर्खों का प्रदाता, अज्ञान उन्मूलक है जो॥
उसकी पावन भक्ति को हम, हृदय में धारण करें
प्रेम से उसके गुणों का, रात दिन गायन करें॥
उसका ही लें हम सहारा, उससे यह विनती करें
प्रेरणा सत्कर्म करने की, सदा वे दे हमें॥
बुध्दि होवे तीव्र, मन की मूढ़ता सब दूर हो
ज्ञान के आलोक से जीवन सदा भरपूर हो॥

or

“O thou existence Absolute, Creator of the
three dimensions, we contemplate upon
thy divine light. May He stimulate our
intellect and bestow upon us true knowledge.”

Literal Translation
tat–that (God)
savitur–of the sun
varenyam–the best
bhargo (bhargas)–light, illumination devasya–divine
dhimahi–let us meditate (a verb)
dhiyo (dhiyah)–thought(s)
yo (yah)–which
nah–of us, our
pracodayat–May it push, inspire (a verb)

Shiv Mantra

Om Namah Shivaya

Shiva in this context is the supreme reality,
the inner Self. It is the name given to the consciousness that dwells in all of us .
Shiva is the name of your true identity,
your true self.

Simple Translations
“I honor the divinity within myself”
or
“I honor that which I am capable
of becoming.”

Literal Translation
“Adoration (namas) to Shiva”.

Om namah Shivaya

“ॐ नम: शिवाय” वह मूल मंत्र है जो हमारे शरीर का शुद्धीकरण करता है और साथ ही आपमें ध्यान की अवस्था लाने में मदद करता है।

‘शि’ का अर्थ है पापों का नाश करने वाला और ‘व’ कहते हैं मुक्ति देने वाले को। भोलेनाथ में ये दोनों गुण हैं इसलिए वे शिव कहलाते हैं।

शिव भक्तों का सर्वाधिक लोग प्रिय मंत्र है “ॐ नमः शिवाय”।

नमः शिवाय अर्थात शिव जी को नमस्कार
पाँच अक्षर का मंत्र है “न”, “म”, “शि”, “व” और “य” ।
प्रस्तुत मंत्र इन्ही पाँच अक्षरों की व्याख्या करता है। स्तोत्र के पाँच छंद पाँच अक्षरों की व्याख्या करते हैं।
अतः यह स्तोत्र पंचाक्षर स्तोत्र कहलाता है। “ॐ” के प्रयोग से यह मंत्र छः अक्षर का हो जाता है।
एक दूसरा स्तोत्र “शिव षडक्षर स्तोत्र इन छः अक्षरों पर आधारित है|

लाभ: रामचरितमानस में मर्यादा पुरषोत्तम श्री राम ने “ॐ नम: शिवाय” मन्त्र को शिव मन्त्र कहकर के इसकी सराहना इस प्रकार से की है |

शिव द्रोही मम दास कहावा | सो नर मोहि सपनेहु नहीं भावा ||

ये मन्त्र त्रिगुण मय शक्ति सतोगुण, रजोगुण, तमोगुण का आधार है |तीनों गुणों का आधार होने के वजह से इन तीनों गुणों को अपनी शिव शक्ति में ही नियत रखता है |इस मन्त्र को जपने वाला साधक, तीनों गुणों में रहते हुए भी तीनों गुणों से अलग रहता है |इस मन्त्र की साधना करने वाले साधक को तीनों ताप नहीं व्यापते हैं |

Shiv Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra

Tryambakaṃ yajāmahe sugandhiṃ
puṣṭi-vardhanamurvārukam
iva bandhanān mṛtyor mukṣīya māmṛtāt.

The great mantra dedicated to Shiva as Mrityunjaya is found in the Rig Veda.

Simple Translation
We Meditate on the three-eyed reality which permeates and nourishes all like a
fragrance. May we be liberated from
death for the sake of immortality.

अर्थ:
त्रयंबकम = त्रि-नेत्रों वाला (कर्मकारक)
यजामहे = हम पूजते हैं, सम्मान करते हैं, हमारे श्रद्देय
सुगंधिम= मीठी महक वाला, सुगंधित (कर्मकारक)
पुष्टि = एक सुपोषित स्थिति, फलने-फूलने वाली, समृद्ध जीवन की परिपूर्णता
वर्धनम = वह जो पोषण करता है, शक्ति देता है, (स्वास्थ्य, धन, सुख में) वृद्धिकारक; जो हर्षित करता है, आनन्दित करता है और स्वास्थ्य प्रदान करता है, एक अच्छा माली
उर्वारुकम= ककड़ी (कर्मकारक)
इव= जैसे, इस तरह
बंधना= तना (लौकी का); (“तने से” पंचम विभक्ति – वास्तव में समाप्ति -द से अधिक लंबी है जो संधि के माध्यम से न/अनुस्वार में परिवर्तित होती है)
मृत्युर = मृत्यु से
मुक्षिया = हमें स्वतंत्र करें, मुक्ति दें
मा= न
अमृतात= अमरता, मोक्ष

लाभ : कलियुग में केवल शिवजी की पूजा फल देने वाली है। समस्तं पापं एवं दु:ख भय शोक आदि का हरण करने के लिए महामृत्युजय की विधि ही श्रेष्ठ है।

Ganesh Mantra

Om Gam Ganapataye Namaha

Simple Translation

“Om Salutations and Prostrations
to Lord Ganesha.”

This mantra is for the removal of obstacles, for success and for wisdom.

ॐ गं गणपतये नमः

ॐ-universal mantra, गम -god ganesh’s seed mantra(important gods have there seed mantras ), नमः – salutation, नमो – bow.

अर्थ:
ॐ- सृजन महामंत्र , गम – गणेश बीज मंत्र , नमः – नमस्कार , नमो = आदर पूर्वक झुकना

लाभ : गणेश मंत्र से विघ्न, विप्पति और व्यवधान हट जाते है। बुद्धि बल और सफलता की प्राप्ति होती है।

Lakshmi Beej Mantra

Om Hreem Sri Lakshmi Bhyo Namaha

ॐ ह्रीं श्री लक्ष्मी भयो नमः

The Goddess Laxmi is an embodiment of wealth and prosperity, and is considered the source of material wealth.

Simple Translation

“Goddess Laxmi reside in me and bestow thy abundance on all aspects of my existence”

अर्थ:
ॐ – उद्गम या प्रणव मंत्र, ह्रीं श्रीं- माया की अमोघ शक्ति जो इस विश्व में भरी है। वह मेरे ह्रदय में and श्रीं- श्रेयत्व पैदा करे (और श्रेयत्व हमें बहकावे नहीं), लक्ष्मी – धन, सम्पदा, शान्ति और समृद्धि की देवी, भयो – प्रणाम, नमः – नमस्कार

लाभ : इस मंत्र के जाप से माँ लक्ष्मी  धन, सम्पदा, शान्ति और समृद्धि का आशीर्वाद देती है।

Durga Mantra

Om Dum Durgayei Namaha

The Goddess Durga is said to have the combined powers of Lakshmi, Saraswati and Kali. This mantra can be used for protection.

Simple Translation

“Om and Salutations to that feminine energy which protects from all manner of negative influences.”

ॐ दुं दुर्गायै नमः (Sanskrit for:Oṃ Duṃ Durgāyai Namaḥ) देवी मबात्म्याम् (Devi Mahatmyam-“Glory of the goddess” also known as Saptashati or simply as Chandi Path

Hanuman Mantra

Om Shri Hanumate namaha

ॐ श्री हनुमंते नमः

Reverence to Hanuman, invokes unbounded love, gives strength, success in devotional activities, and reveals the power of the soul that can triumph over adversities for attaining highest realizations.

Simple Translation

“Om and Salutations to Lord Hanuman.”

लाभ : इस मंत्र के जाप से संकट का नाश होता, आस पास के वातावरण शुद्ध होते है और शक्ति का संचार होता है।

Shree Krishna

In Recent Vedic Period

In this period, Rishis knew the supreme authority of Bhagwan. The two outstanding Rig Vedic gods, Indra and Agni, lost their former importance and Prajapati, the creator, came to occupy the supreme position.

Rudra, the god of animals and Vishnu (the preserver) rose to eminence among Rishis. In addition, some objects began to be worshiped as symbols of divinity; signs of idolatry appear more frequently as meditation became difficult for them in comparison to their pious ancestors.

The mode of worship changed considerably and Yagnas became more important than meditative prayers (Dhyan yoga).

The bhakti of Shiv Bhagwan and Shree Krishna was made more simpler as the impact of Dharma gradually diminished with each passing age. Instead of praying deities, the Supreme Bhagwan are worshiped, revealing the truth that each of us is born to attain moksha or perform dharma on next re-births.

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3 Responses to The Deities of Bhagwan, Their Sacrifices, Their Contributions and Ways to Communicate with Them

  1. Vimal raj says:

    Dear brother…..hindus are all vegetarian means why in the ancient mahabharata rajamata satyavadi is the daughter of fisherman…..what is use of fishing in that period at all are eating vegetrain foods?……aum symbol is most scared one and it represent the trinity of gods….why we want moksha or mukthi we want only to pray vishnu or siva….we cannot get moksha worshiping brahma or some other gods lord ayyappan,sakthi etc and why?

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Vimal Ji,

      Ancient people who preferred to reside nearby shores had no option but to eat fish. They lacked cropping and seeding skills of agriculture. To sustain for livelihood, they resorted to fishing.

      99% of ancient Hindus relied on agriculture. And that is reason Hindus are considered originally vegetarians.

      It is well managed administration, where the the authority of granting moksha is managed by one Supreme Being (Krishn or Shiv they are one and the same). Infact, even some of the demigods cannot get Moksha though they are immortals. Let me simplify this further, it is similar to the management that we see everywhere in life – in companies CEOs are final authorities, in Countries PMs or Presidents are final authorities. It is purposely done so that the management does not get messed up. Imagine a country having several PMs, there will be only disputes and debates but no work!

      Jai Shree Krishn

  2. gaurav.punj says:

    ‘शि’ का अर्थ है पापों का नाश करने वाला और ‘व’ कहते हैं मुक्ति देने वाले को। भोलेनाथ में ये दोनों गुण हैं इसलिए वे शिव कहलाते हैं।

    wow mujhy pta he nahi tha….thanks for the great post and truth about meaning of shiva

    in hindu how many % know that meaning for shiv?

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