Mysteries Solved: Secrets of the Thanjavur (Tanjore) Brihadeeswarar Temple Built By RajaRaja Chola

World's Tallest Ancient Temple - Tanjore (Thanjavur) Granite temple

Bhagwan Shiv Shankar’s Tanjore Temple was built over 1000 years ago fully with Granite stones, that too when there was no stone available in the nearby locations. It is huge a 216 feet hollow structure which has withstood all weak or violent disturbances of nature – winds, rainfalls, storms – when the Great Tanjore Temple is built of interlocking stones without any binding material. We call ourselves modern and technologically advanced but even today – No 200+ feet structure in this world is built without binding materials, cements or blocks. Such highly developed, flawless and perfect is the Vedic building technology used by Hindu King RajaRaja Chola and his Hindu engineers that in comparison it portrays our present construction technology as primitive and farce.

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The Tanjore (Thanjavur) City and Temple is not Built by Aliens But Hindus Who Respect their Gods

The city is believed to have been named after an asur (demon)  Rakshas Tanjan who was annihilated by Bhagwan Vishnu. Locals say that the city gets its name from ‘Than-sei-oor’, which means a place surrounded by rivers and green paddy fields. Several hundreds of years ago  Tanjore was initially developed and maintained by Chola dynasty (சோழர்) with rigorous hardwork and for selfless bhakti, love towards Bhagwan Shiv. That is the main reason that Tanjore is lush green, lavishly spread with good water facilities and palm forests.  Hindu RajaRaja Chola was proponent of fresh environment and cared for nature, to let divine opulence flow through Tanjore and other nearby cities developed by him and his heirs.  There are many places, structures and ancient establishments developed with Vedic engineering that are considered mysterious as it is seen with the paradigm of vested western mindset.  Bhagwan Shiv Mandir, Thanjavur or famously corrupted by english as the Tanjore big temple is one of the most mysterious dharmic structure around.

Click on the image for an enlarged view

Brihadeeswar Temple in Thanjavur (Tanjore)

Though the construction is not mystery for Hindus (native Indians), it is indeed mysterious for westerners due to their myopic and biased assessment of Vedic structures, that’s the reason why they wrongly connote this great structure as mysterious and an alien establishment. Whenever western scientists, archaeologists were unable to decipher divine structures of Hindu temples; they conveniently blanketed it as alien technology to save their faces from the embarrassment and logical explanation. The illicit representation of Hindu structures by such concocted and primitive scientists divulge the cunning ploy of denying existence of Vedic gods as the Supreme Beings and labeling them as lords or common alien beings. While the same logic is not applied for humans of mere 2000 year old jesus or illiterate looter mohammed who existed just 1400 years ago – while Vedic structures showcased the divine technology of Hindus, thousands of years ago when these anti-Vedic beings were not even in the wombs !

Structure of Thanjavur Shiv Mandir - Vastu of Tanjore Hindu Temple

Peruvudaiyaar Kovil – Solved Mysteries of Thanjavur (Tanjore) Shiv Temple

Some of the enslaved colonial bots and pseudo-scientists from India who are not aware of Vedic teachings did multiple researches with western principles, only to re-tag it as unsolved mysteries.

Some of the mysteries of the Thanjavur (Tanjore) big temple are:

  1. Underground passages in Thanjavur (Tanjore) 216 feet Temple
  2. Huge cap stone at the top of Thanjavur (Tanjore) Shiv Temple
  3. Painting in Thanjavur (Tanjore) Big temple
  4. Granite stones used for the Mandir construction
  5. Cutting and carving of Granite stones for Building Shiv Temple
  6. Secret passages in Thanjavur (Tanjore) Big temple
  7. Shadow of Thanjavur (Tanjore) Shiv Temple

The construction of the world’s first known and only shallow Shiv temple built by interlocking stones and not by binding them is still a great mystery to the people of world who are devoid of knowledge based on Vedas and ancient Hindu texts. With the blessing of Shiv Shankar Hindu King RajaRaja Chola.

Click on the image for an enlarged view

brihadeeswarar temple in thanjavur tanjore tamil nadu

1. Underground passages in Thanjavur (Tanjore) 216 feet Temple

The Tanjore big temple contains more than 100 underground passages to various places. The underground passages also contain some secret passage that leads to various places like the Palace of RajaRaja Chola and also to other important places. The underground passages lead to the other temples and also to various places in and around Tanjore. Most of the underground passages were sealed and if the people choose the wrong passage then there are possibilities that the path may also lead to the dangers. It is widely known that this can also be a trap for the kingdom safety of RajaRaja Chola.

Underground Passages of Thanjavur (Tanjore): The underground passage is build for Sages, Kings, Queens who can roam through the various temples using underground routes conveniently. The routes were very useful to reach temples during auspicious days like Deepawali (दीपावली), Makar Sankranti (मकर संक्रांति) , Maha Shivratri (महा शिवरात्रि) and other such pious Hindu festivals. Few passages were interconnected to be used for free flow of fresh air running through lush green vegetation filled with oxygen for healthy breathing of the occupants roaming through the underground routes of the Thanjavur (Tanjore) temple.

There was separate elevated platform constructed for RajaRaja Chola so that he was conveniently able to do abhishek of large Shiv Ling present in Garbhagriha.

Other passages were leading to doorways of tunnels which were sources of water channelized from the fresh river water.

Click on the image for an enlarged version (inner view – below to top)

Inner View from Grabhagriha to Top - Hindu King RajaRaja Chola Built Thanjavur Tanjore Shiv Temple

2. Huge cap stone at the top of Thanjavur (Tanjore) Shiv Temple

The biggest mystery of all the other mysteries in Thanjavur (Tanjore) Shiv temple is the huge cap stone in the top of the huge Mandir. The weight of the cap stone at the top of Thanjavur (Tanjore) weighs astonishingly 80 tons. No man built shallow structure around the world has such huge stone cap at the top of the constructed temple.

“Why was the top of the Thanjavur temple capped ? and How did the Hindu builders of Thanjavur (Tanjore) were successfully able to place the heavy cap stone at the top of the Gopuram on 216 feet high temple ?.”

These are frequently asked queries which globally baffles scientists, archaeologists and common people.

2.1 Why was the Top of the Thanjavur temple Capped

The Garbhagriha were Shiv Lingam is placed emits huge amount of electromagnetic positive energies. The 80 tons stone was kept as a repulsive force so as to make the energy revolve around the temple perimeter and keep the place pious and divinely graceful. The flow of energy move around and within the Vedic structure giving healthily calming, soothing and mentally composing effect to the bhakts and yogis.

80 tons cap placed on Brihadeeswarar Temple Gopuram, Thanjavur (Tanjore)

2.2. How Hindu Architects of Tanjore Placed Stone at the Top of Thanjavur Shiv Temple

There are two explanations (a) Manually (b) Vedic Mantra

(a) 80 Ton Stone Cap Placed on top of Brihadeeswarar Temple

The Massiveness of Structure and 80 Ton Stone Cap at Top of Thanjavur Shiv Temple

At the top of the Sri Vimana Thanjavur temple, near the neck of the Gopuram there are 8 Nandis seen very prominently even while standing from the ground. These Nandis are huge and carved from single stone. A Nandi of the similar scale is seen on the southern Prahara. One can judge the size of the Nandi and its relative weight.
On the front side of the Vimana that is facing the east direction one can see the sculptures of abode of Bhagwan Shiv called as Mahameru. The whole of Sri Vimana is built using granite rocks and the sculptures in them are covered by a thin layer of mortar to preserve the granite sculptures inside.

80 ton and 8 nandis Shiv temple Thanjavur (Tanjore)

It is widely known that there were no heavy machines, cranes or any high end equipments used to lift the stone up and place it at the top of the temple. The only thing that can help achieve, the almost impossible feat, were the fleet of elephants. A massive triangular podium of half-pyramidal shaped structure was constructed that was erected adjacent yet to the opposite side of the massive temple. The mammoth task was carried over by intelligent Vedic architects while performing Yagna to take blessings of Bhagwan Shiv, under guidance of Brahmans, Hindu Sages and RajaRaja Chola. The figure below represents the construction site, explains how it was done. Massive straircase of rollers were constructed on the base of to pull 80 tons stone by fleets of elephants and men. The platform was more inclined towards ground and not so angular as seen in the representational image.

Mammoth: The Size of the 80 Ton Stone Cap and Nandi Moortis at Top of Shiv Temple

Nandi for Shiv Temple - Thanjavur (Tanjore) temple

Click on the image for an enlarged view

How was 80 tons caps placed on Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur (Tanjore) Shiv Mandir

(b) Vedic Mantra Used to Place 80 Ton Stone on Top of Thanjavur (Tanjore) Temple

ओ३म् (ॐ) is the Vedic sound and the creator of everything in this universe – invisible atom to biggest mountains. Sun itself recites ॐ (chanted as ओ३म् )  while giving light to the world. The meditation of OM (ओम) by Sun God keeps it alive and helps it in positioning itself properly in the solar system. When chanting of Vedic Mahamantra ॐ ( as ओम) can position sun and make it master of our solar system.

You can hear Sound of ॐ Resonated by Sun Given in the Video below

Sages to Common Hindus Knew The Secret of Sound Vibration

ओ३म् (ॐ) Sacred Geometry - Sound of Om

Then reciting Vedic Mantra could levitate 80 ton stone for placing it at top of Brihadeeswarar Temple or Periya Kovil, an easy task for  Vedic sages. There were many gupt mantras that were recited by Hindu Sages to get impossible tasks done while penancing and remembering Bhagwan Shiv. It might sound miracle for all of us so called modern but materialistic beings; it was never a secret for ancient Hindus.

साधु चट्टान को हवा मे उठाते हुए Hindu Sage Levitating Stone

3. Painting in Thanjavur (Tanjore) Big temple

There are lots of high quality paintings in the Tanjore big temple that explain many things about the kingdom of Chola dynasty and also the greatness of particularly, the RajaRaja Chola. Some paintings also explain about the RajaRaja Chola’s selfless bhakti towards Bhagwan Shiv Shankar. There were also depiction of contemporaneous history in the painting of Thanjavur (Tanjore) or Thanjai. Thanjavur has a unique place in the history of Indian painting, it is so because the paintings are splendid, beautiful and looks very fresh as if the paintings were made recently.

Painters across the world are awestruck and they are still trying hard to figure out how even today these hundreds of years old Hindu paintings look so natural and novel. RajaRaja Chola always respected Hindu Sages, Gurus and Sadhus – one of the paintings reflect him giving respect to his Guru.

Thanjavur Paintings Everlasting Beauty: The everlasting beauty of Thanjavur paintings lies in the herbs. Hindu Sages used natural elements for designing Vedic symbols which acted as gateways of communication. These symbols were purposely painted using solution made up of natural elements like flower petals, colorful leaves, haldi (turmeric), treated muds, crushed salts, neem, pressed herbs, etc. The lasting of such Vedic designs were ensured using medicinal learnings of Ayurved. Hindu Sages were intelligent and they knew that to establish divine connection with Gods, the continuous recitement of mantras should be supported by yantras that have longer recency and permanency. The same method of Hindu Sadhus were originally replicated by Hindu Painters, who used their ancient knowledge to paint everlasting beautiful paintings.

solved mysteries of Thanjavur paintings - Tanjore Temple

4. Granite stones used for the Mandir construction

The granite stones are one of the strongest stones in the world. It is very difficult to carve intricate designs on the granite stones without powerful blunt devices. Granite is also very heavy so movement of huge stones from one place to another is also not possibly easy. More than 130,000 tons of granite were used to build Rajarajeshwar Thanjavur temple. The heavy stones weighing several tons were bought down from the place that was located 50 miles away from the Tanjore temple.

Granite Stones Pulled By Elephants: Hindu Kings had huge resource of animals for building temples and army forces. How strong was legacy of Hindu Kings can be seen from the fact, Greek biographer stated that Nanda dynasty had a mighty military power of 80000 horse back troops, 200000 foot soldiers, 6000 battle elephants and about 8000 war horse-drawn vehicles. The reference of human and animal resource of Nanda dynasty was only for battlefront. For constructing structures they had different pool of animal resources. Similarly, RajaRaja Chola had allocated over 1000 elephants and over 5000 horses for the construction of structures.

RajaRaja Chola used elephants, animals to pull the granite stone from 50 miles away

 

After constructing several temples, RajaRaja Chola and his Hindu engineers mastered the art of building Mandirs from Granite stones.

5. Cutting and carving of Granite stones for Building Shiv Temple

The cutting and carving of the granite stone is very difficult, britishers after seeing Granite block temples tried to replicate the feat but failed miserably. While mughals when saw such temples tried ways to dismantle or reconvert Hindu temples into satanic tombs and mosques – true to the terrorism legacy they got from koran and dacoit mohammed. It was patience, selfless bhakti and love towards mother earth that made it possible. Hindu Kings were keen on protecting nature and never did any harm to the environment when they build temples. Whenever range of trees were cut from the forests for the construction of temples, an equal and in some cases double the number of trees were planted. Even today it is not possible to carve intricate designs on the Granite stones, as shown in the Thanjavur temples.

Granite Stone Thanjavur Shiv Temple

How Granite Stones were Cut, Carved and Customized:  Series of holes were created in the granite block. The holes can be deeper or surfacial based on the requirement. Then wooden sticks were filled in those holes, water is poured on the holes. After a long period of time the rocks would break. And in similar manner, customized Granite blocks were cut.

Granite blocks were cut using wood and water in Thanjavur temple

6. Secret passages in Thanjavur (Tanjore) Big temple

A dedicated secret passage was created to connect different secret places in hidden mesh-like structure. It is decorated with distinct features depicting Hindu history of Bharat (India).  While roaming through secret passages, it is impossible to come back to the starting point, as no one knows the route to reach the inter-places meshed to each other. That is the reason, most of the underground and secret passages are closed for the public and archaeologists.

What are Secret Passages of Thanjavur (Tanjore): Secret Passages are closed since entrance to them is only possible when you recite right mantra to enter it. The in-roads through the secret passages lead to places which RajaRaja Chola wanted only his close confidante to know. Such places were holding keys to the treasure chest, rare scripts, calligraphs and vaults whose confidentiality were to be maintained.

Gopuram Shadow - Thanjavur tanjore temple tamilnadu

Shadow of Thanjavur (Tanjore) Gopuram of Shiv Temple not Falling on Ground 

The huge cap of Tanjore big temple is constructed in such a way that the shadow of the Tanjore big temple Gopuram will not fall on the ground at noon in any season. It will just fall on itself.

Why Does the Shadow of Gopuram Does not Fall on the Ground: It is the only structure in the world to have this peculiar feature. During morning or evening when the Sun is out the shadow can be seen falling on the ground. It is only during noon that the shadow of Gopuram will not fall on ground but on itself. The main reason is the basement of structure which is big enough to absorb the shadow of the Gopuram on its base itself.

Interesting Features of The Brihadeeshwara Temple of Tanjore (Thanjavur) World Heritage

A study in Oriental architecture or history is certainly incomplete without a mention of the Tanjore Brihadeeshwara Temple or the Tanjore Periya Kovil (Big Temple). This imposing structure was built by RajaRaja Cholan and his sister Kundavai, both ardent devotees of Bhagwan Shiv. It was constructed by the King at the height of the Chola reign to signify his bhakti, power and strength. Here are few interesting facts about this Chola temple of Thanjavur:

a) The original name of the deity was Rajarajeshwar. It was the Marathas who gave it the name Brihadeeshwara or the Great Ishwara.
b) The main temple is entirely built of granite. More than 130,000 tons of granite was used to built it.
c) The only temple in the world wherein the shadow of its Gopuram does not a appear on the ground at noon.
d) The statue of Nandi at the entrance of the temple is carved out of a single stone.
e) The main Vimanam, which is at about 200 feet is often called Dakshin Meru or Southern Meru.
f) The inspiration to build the temple came to Raja Raja Cholan during his visit to Sri Lanka seeing Vedic structures of Hindu kings and was a result of a divine dream he had.
g) The temple has a portrait of Raja Raja Cholan paying obeisance to Bhagwan Natraj. This is undoubtedly, the first ever instance of a royal portrait.
h) Inscriptions in the temple point towards Kunjara Mallan Raja Raja Perunthachan as the chief architect of the temple. His successors survive to this day and practice the art of Vastu or Vastu Shastra.

Dakshin Meru Thanjavur Tanjore Temple
i) Portraying dance is the reflection of divine emotions of Bhakts (devotees) showing their joyful feelings which they sense when they see the God himself. Depictions of nartakis or dancers showing eighty one of hundred and eight karanas (108 synchronised movements of hands and feet) in Bharat Natyam are carved here. These selective karanas represented here are a part of karanas mentioned in the Natya Shastra of Rishi Bharat. There is also evidence that the temple was a platform for trained dancers to showcase their devotional talent. These depictions are first of their kind.
j) The inscriptions also mention the different kinds of jewels used in the period. Each of these jewels are mentioned in detail. A total of twenty three different types of pearls, eleven varieties of diamonds and rubies are mentioned in these inscriptions.
k) The chanting of ॐ  in the Grabhagriha exponentially expands the positive energies in the temple.

What astounds historians is that there was not a single granite quarry in about 100 km radius of the temple. This means that transporting these stones would have been a herculean task. But Raja Raja Cholan insisted on the use of these stones. All of these features make this Chola temple of Tanjore, a magnum opus of the opulent Chola kingdom.

Great Integration of Music, Vedic Sound and Hindu Architecture

The Only Tallest Hindu Temple Known to be at Least 1000 Years Old

The temple was built within schedule, completed in record time of 7 years, amounting to moving and placing almost 50 tons of rock each and every day, not to forget carving and aligning it. When the Brihadeeswara temple was completed in 1003 CE, it was the tallest temple in India by an order of magnitude of 10. A thousand years later, standing at 216 feet, it is still the tallest non-bound temple in India and world. Atop the soaring viman (famously known due to its structure as explained in Vymanika Shastra) –  is a capstone that weighs 80 tons. The best thing in the Chola temples is that the tower lies over the sanctums has more elevation as compared to the towers set over the gopuram (tower) that could be found at the entrance. After dusk, when the temple is been illuminated, its topmost light over the dome seems not less than another planet glowing and coming closer to the earth. This is also one of the attraction of the tallest Shiv Temple that draw thousands of people to it.

Fresh and detailed intricate designs of Thanjavur (Tanjore) temple

Thanjavur (Tanjore) Temple Honors Vedic Music and Sacred Sound of the Universe

Sree Ganesh idol is worshiped first before praying other Gods. At the entrance of sanctum sanctorum, one can see the two idols of Shivputra Ganesh in the corridor. On taping the two, you will feel the sound traveling through stone in one idol and through metal on the other. The main hall of the temple was used by the devotee dancers and musicians performing bhajans to praise Bhagwan Shiv. There are some musical pillars producing different sounds when tapped. The entire Vedic structure was built in sync with sacred sounds, vibrations, geometry and mantra. It is great integration of Vedic elements collated into one massive building.

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22 Responses to Mysteries Solved: Secrets of the Thanjavur (Tanjore) Brihadeeswarar Temple Built By RajaRaja Chola

  1. R Ram Mohan says:

    It is really a wonderful article.Thank you

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Ram Mohan ji,

      Thanks for kind words. Please read other articles and give feedback. You will surely like them too.

      Jai Shree Krishn

  2. Murali says:

    Sir,

    Photos and figures explains how it performed, but how do you concluded that “” Brahmins”” were involved, why Karuvarur (Siddhar) not mentioned and you didn’t mentioned about your finding about how lingam been placed inside the garbagraha??

    So history shall be manipulated according to our requirements, this is my humble request and opinion.

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Murali ji,

      Please DO NOT READ any post in this site with PRECONCEIVED NOTIONS. VERY HUMBLE REQUEST.

      BECAUSE – A brahmin is a learned man who presides and guides other sections of the society. It is not a CASTE or SECT. Any one can become brahman (brahmin) by karma. So Even Karuvarur ji can be deemed as brahmin. It is a position. OR visit here http://haribhakt.com/secrets-revealed-how-non-hindus-population-multiplied-in-india

      Jai Shree Krishn

      • Anu says:

        ANEK SAADHUWAAD . . .! I am a from Kanpur,UP. I am so proud of Vedic culture being practiced in whole South India ,wish to live there permanently.

        In south,every house is involved in Puja, Sangeet and different arts but in North ,morning newspaper itself tell you that people are involved only in cast politics,communist rituals (every thing against Vedic culture ) and various crimes ,may be effect of Arabian culture as Muslims have ruled this part of Bharat for 200 years and after independence also ,parties ruling North have been involved promoting Muslim culture for votes .

        • haribol says:

          Radhe Radhe Anu ji,

          Your observation is right in terms of their dedication and pride towards Indian culture. See their current unity and boldness to support Jallikattu. Pretty soon government of India will pass ordinance to dislodge wrong SC judgment on banning Jallikattu. All Indians should learn from Tamils how to feel proud about indigenous culture and tradition.

          Jai Shree Krishn

  3. Sakthi says:

    Nice work …… Thanks for doing this wonderful post …

  4. ajitha says:

    you are appreciated for these collective information regarding ancient architecture. at the same time [Removed non-researched misinterpretation]

  5. Vedananda says:

    The building of this temple is not as per the so called “Vedic architecture”. It is independent from Vedic or Vedas. By hook or crook you want to establish Vaishnava dharma here. Temple belongs to Shivaites and Shiva dharma.

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Vedananda Ji,

      Vedic teachings and Shivaite learnings are not different. They are one and the same, belonging to timeless Sanatan culture and architecture.

      Why create unnecessary conflicts when it never exists. have a broad vision, work for the unity of Hindus.

      Jai Shree Krishn

  6. vajradharmurthy says:

    Nice article, It is quite amazing to know that so much of science and architecture was used to build our Hindu Temples. Read this interesting article that enlights on the Science behind the construction of our Hindu Temple and our ancestors used science and architecture to build it.

  7. mathi says:

    I am collective more information. It’s always excellent information and useful from all other people.

  8. very good infomration gi

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Praveen Ji,

      Thanks for the feedback. Please read other posts and share them in social media sites if you find that the information should be shared with our like-minded Hindu brothers and sisters.

      Jai Shree Krishn

  9. Manmohan Acharya Jagdalpur Bastar says:

    Ye Bharat ki shilp kala hai. dunia me iska koi saani nahi.

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Manmohan Ji,

      Aapne bilkul sahi kaha hai. Sirf prakriti se prem karnewale hi aisa kar sakte hai.

      Jai Shree Krishn

  10. Tony says:

    It was a very interesting post.. I am a big fan of Indian architecture and beliefs.. And its amazing to see that vedic culture dwarfs other cultures.. So I appreciate the way you try to promote our culture and beliefs.. But at the same time it will be nice of you if u dont degrade other religions beliefs as well.. U can just stick on with the positives of Indian and vedic beliefs but pls dont talk bad about others..

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Tony Ji,

      Thanks for your feedback.

      We try to be pragmatic on our observations.

      Jai Shree Krishn

  11. Prakash says:

    I was fortunate to visit this magnificent temple. It was heart touching to see such artistic structure.

    very useful information. Thank you very much for sharing!

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Prakash Ji,

      Thanks for sharing your experience and reading the post. Please read other posts and provide your feedback.

      Jai Shree Krishn

  12. Manju says:

    Very informative, thanks.

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Manju Ji,

      Thanks for the feeback.

      Please spread the awareness with Hindu Brothers and Sisters populating the post through your social media accounts – FB, twitter and Googleplus.

      Our core objective is to promote the Vedic knowledge and feel Hindus proud of their great past and wisdom.

      Jai Shree Krishn

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