Sanatan Dharm is so pious and great that even asuras belonging to the Vedic dharma showed matchless penance, austerity and bhakti.
Ravan was born to a great sage Vishrava (or Vesamuni), and his wife, the daitya princess Kaikesi. He was born in the Bisrakh village, as his grandfather, the sage Pulastya, was one of the ten Prajapatis or mind-born sons of Brahma and one of the Saptarishi (Seven Great Sages Rishi) in the first Manvantara. Ravan’s mother Kaikesi’s father, Sumali (or Sumalaya), king of the Daityas, wished her to marry the most powerful being in the mortal world, so as to produce an exceptional heir. He rejected the kings of the world, as they were less powerful than him. Kaikesi searched among the sages and finally chose Vishrava, the father of Kubera. Ravan was a Daitya or Rakshasa and Brahman at the same time since he mastered divine knowledge – 6 Shastras and 4 Vedas. Ravana later usurped Lanka from his half brother Kubera and became the King of Lanka and became a Kshatriya thereon based on the Vedic Varna System.
- 1 Ravana Was One of the Proponents of Aeronautics In Ancient India
- 1.1 Prarabdh (Past Deeds/Karma) of Ravan Made Him Asur
- 1.2 Ravan Became One of The Greatest Devotee of Bhagwan Shiv
- 1.3 Ravan Wrote Tandav Stotram, Recited Even Today by Shiv Bhakts
- 1.4 Tandav Stotram Written By Raavan Himself
- 1.5 Surprise Me More:
Ravana Was One of the Proponents of Aeronautics In Ancient India
Ravan was blessed with immense knowledge, power and strength by Bhagwan Shiv himself – which he used to amicably manage his kingdom and lavish lifestyle.
Pushpak Viman was the best of all aeroplanes that he took forcibly from his brother Kuber. Ravan had also a number of other airplanes and even had airports to land them. Weragantota in Mahiyangana, Thotupola Kanda at Horton Plains, Wariyapola in Kurunegala and Gurulupotha in Mahiyangana are some of the mysterious places in Sri Lanka that are still referred as airports which Ravana used. Being so knowledgeable and king of all the lavish things which even demigods did not had… So what made Ravan an Asura ?
[ Know More About Vaimanika Shastra or Vymanika Sutra Here ]
Prarabdh (Past Deeds/Karma) of Ravan Made Him Asur
According to a Srimad Bhagavat Puran, the Four Kumars, Sanak, Sanandan, Sanatan, and Sanatkumar who are the manasaputras of Brahma (sons born from the mind or thought power of Brahma), visited Vaikuntha, the abode of Vishnu, to see him. Jay and Vijay were gate keepers of the Vaikuntha, they denied entry to the Four Kumars. This enraged the Kumars and they cursed Jay and Vijay, that they would have to give up their divinity, be born as mortals on Earth (bhuloka, or physical plane), and live like normal human beings. Vishnu appeared before them, and the gatekeepers requested Vishnu to lift the curse of the four Kumars. Vishnu informs them that curse of Kumaras cannot be reversed. Instead, he gives Jaya and Vijaya two options. The first option is to take seven births on Earth as a devotee of Vishnu, while the second is to take three births as his enemy. After serving either of these sentences, they can re-attain their stature at Vaikuntha and be with him permanently. Jaya and Vijaya cannot bear the thought of staying away from Vishnu for seven lives. As a result, they choose to be born three times on Earth even though it would have to be as enemies of Vishnu.
The reason being they did not wanted to remain separated from their Bhagwan Vishnu for longer time so they took the more painful and disgraceful route of becoming enemies for 3 lives instead of 7 lives of being Haribhakts. They were not aware of their past when they took births in mrityulok (earth).
In the first life Jay and Vijay were born as Hiranyakashipu and Hiranyaksha in the Krita Yuga, to Diti (daughter of Daksha Prajapathi) and sage Kashyapa who were killed by Vishnu taking the form of Varaha, a boar and Narasimha,a man-lion in the Satya Yuga.
In their second life they were born as Ravan and Kumbhakarn and were killed by Vishnu who descended as Rama in the Treta Yuga.
And in their third life as Shishupal and Dantavakra who were killed by Vishnu who descended as Krishna in the Dwapara Yuga.
Ravan Became One of The Greatest Devotee of Bhagwan Shiv
Ravan performed an intense penance (or tapasya) to Bhagwan Shiv, lasting several hundred years. During his penance, Ravan chopped off his head 10 times to show Bhagwan Shiv to what extent he can go for his bhakti towards him. Each time he sliced his head off a new head appeared, thus enabling him to continue his penance. At last Bhagwan Shiv pleased with his austerity, appeared after his 10th decapitation and offered him a boon. Ravan asked for immortality, which Bhagwan Shiv refused and instead gave him the celestial gem (which was filled with nectar of immortality). The nectar of immortality, stored under his navel, dictated that he could not be vanquished for as long as amrit (nectar of immortality) lasted in his navel.
Ravan also asked for absolute invulnerability from and supremacy over gods, heavenly beings, other rakshas, serpents, and wild beasts. Contemptuous of mortal men, he did not ask for protection from these, he thought no mortal men can kill him. Shiva granted him these boons in addition to his 10 severed heads and great strength by way of knowledge of divine weapons and magic. Thus Ravan known as ‘Dasamukha’ or ‘Dashaanan’.
Ravan Wrote Tandav Stotram, Recited Even Today by Shiv Bhakts
The Tandav stotram is in the Panchachaamara Chhanda (16 syllables per line of the quatrain, with Laghu and Guru characters alternating). It was written by Ravan to please Bhagwan Shiv when he requested Shiv to leave Mountain Kailash and make Sri Lanka his abode.
Ravan was so adamant that he even tried to lift Mount Kailash, though he was able to move it a bit, but when Bhagwan Shiv gently pressed his right foot smallest or pinky toe, Ravan was unable to remove his hands which got pressed beneath Mountain. Ravan was feeling the immense pain and still he created and recited loudly Tandav Stotram.
Pleased with his resilience and devotion, Shiva gave to him the divine sword Chandrahas (Chandra-Has, crescent moon, which resembles a smile). It was during this incident that he acquired the name ‘Ravan’, meaning “(He) Of the terrifying roar”, given to him by Shiva – the earth is said to have quaked at Ravana’s cry of pain when the mountain was pinned on him.
Tandav Stotram Written By Raavan Himself
This Begins the Tandav Stotram Phrases written By Ravan
गलेऽवलम्ब्य लम्बितां भुजङ्गतुङ्गमालिकाम् |
चकार चण्डताण्डवं तनोतु नः शिवः शिवम् ||१||
Jata tavee gala jala prava hapa vithas thale
Galae..valambyalam bitaam bhujanga tunga malikaam
Damad damad damad daman ninaa davad damar vayam
Chakara chanda tandavam tanotu naha shivaha shivam.
With his neck, consecrated by the flow of water flowing from the thick forest-like locks of hair, and on the neck, where the lofty snake is hanging garland, and the Damaru drum making the sound of Damat Damat Damat Damat, Lord Shiva did the auspicious dance of Tandava and may He shower prosperity on us all.
किशोरचन्द्रशेखरे रतिः प्रतिक्षणं मम ||२||
Jata kataha sambhrama bhraman nillimpa nirzaree,
Vilola veechi vallaree viraja mana moordhani,
Dhagad dhagad dhagaj jwalal lalata patta pavake,
Kishora chandra shekare ratihi pratikshanam mama.
I have a very deep interest in Lord Shiva, whose head is glorified by the rows of moving waves of the celestial river Ganga, agitating in the deep well of his hair-locks, and who has the brilliant fire flaming on the surface of his forehead, and who has the crescent moon as a jewel on his head.
क्वचिद्दिगम्बरे(क्वचिच्चिदम्बरे) मनो विनोदमेतु वस्तुनि ||३||
Dhara dharendra nandinee vilaasa bhandhu bhandura,
Sphuraddigan tasantati pramodha maana maanase,
Krupaa kataaksha dhoranee niruddha durdharaapadi,
Kwachid digambare (kwachicchidambarae) mano vinodametu vastuni.
May my mind seek happiness in the Lord Shiva, in whose mind all the living beings of the glorious universe exist, who is the sportive companion of Parvati (daughter of the mountain king), who controls invincible hardships with the flow of his compassionate look, who is all-persuasive (the directions are his clothes).
मनो विनोदमद्भुतं बिभर्तु भूतभर्तरि ||४||
Jataa bhujanga pingala sphurat phana mani prabha,
Kadambakum kumadrava pralip tadig wadhuu mukhae,
Madaandha sindhu rasphurat waguttari yamedure,
Mano vinodamaddhutam bibhartu bhoota bhartari.
May I seek wonderful pleasure in Lord Shiva, who is supporter of all life, who with his creeping snake with reddish brown hood and with the luster of his gem on it spreading out variegated colors on the beautiful faces of the maidens of directions, who is covered with a glittering upper garment made of the skin of a huge intoxicated elephant.
प्रसूनधूलिधोरणी विधूसराङ्घ्रिपीठभूः |
श्रियै चिराय जायतां चकोरबन्धुशेखरः ||५||
Sahasra lochana prabhrut yashesha lekha shekhara,
Prasoona dhooli dhoranee vidhuu sarandhri peethabhuhu,
Bhujangaraja malaya nibaddha jaata jootaka,
Shriyai chiraya jaayatam chakorabandhu shekharaha.
May Lord Shiva give us prosperity, who has the moon (relative of the Cakora bird) as his head-jewel, whose hair is tied by the red snake-garland, whose foot-stool is grayed by the flow of dust from the flowers from the rows of heads of all the Gods, Indra/Vishnu and others.
निपीतपञ्चसायकं नमन्निलिम्पनायकम् |
महाकपालिसम्पदेशिरोजटालमस्तु नः ||६||
Lalaata chatwara jwalad dhananjaya sphulingabhaa,
Nipeeta pancha sayakam naman nilimpa nayakam,
Sudhaa mayookha lekhayaa virajamana shekharam,
Mahaa kapali sampade, shiroja talamastu naha.
May we get the wealth of Siddhis from Shiva’s locks of hair, which devoured the God of Love with the sparks of the fire flaming in His forehead, who is bowed by all the celestial leaders, who is beautiful with a crescent moon.
प्रकल्पनैकशिल्पिनि त्रिलोचने रतिर्मम |||७||
Karaala bhaala pattikaa dhagad dhagad dhagaj jwala-
Ddhananjayaa hutee kruta prachanda pancha sayakae,
Dhara dharendra nandinee kuchagra chitrapatraka-
-Prakalpanaika shilpini, trilochane ratir mama.
My interest is in Lord Shiva, who has three eyes, who has offered the powerful God of Love into the fire, flaming Dhagad Dhagad on the flat surface of his forehead who is the sole expert artist of drawing decorative lines on the tips of breasts of Parvati, the daughter of the mountain king.
कुहूनिशीथिनीतमः प्रबन्धबद्धकन्धरः |
कलानिधानबन्धुरः श्रियं जगद्धुरंधरः ||८||
Naveena megha mandalee nirudha durdhara sphurat,
Kahoo nisheethi neetamaha prabandha bandha kandharaha,
Nilimpa nirzaree dharstanotu krutti sindhuraha,
Kalaa nidhaana bandhuraha shriyam jagat durandharaha.
May Lord Shiva give us prosperity, who bears the burden of this universe, who is lovely with the moon, who is red wearing the skin, who has the celestial river Ganga, whose neck is dark as midnight of new moon night covered by many layers of clouds.
स्मरच्छिदं पुरच्छिदं भवच्छिदं मखच्छिदं
गजच्छिदांधकच्छिदं तमन्तकच्छिदं भजे ||९||
Prafulla neela pankaja prapancha kalima prabha-
-Valambi kanttha kandalee ruchi prabaddha kandharam,
Smarschidam puraschidham bhavaschidham makhachidham,
Gajacchidaam dhakacchidaam tamantakacchidam bhaje.
I pray to Lord Shiva, whose neck is tied with the luster of the temples hanging on the neck with the glory of the fully bloomed blue lotuses which looked like the blackness (sins) of the universe, who is the killer of Manmatha, who destroyed Tripuras, who destroyed the bonds of worldly life, who destroyed the sacrifice, who destroyed the demon Andhaka, the destroyer of the elephants, and who controlled the God of death, Yama.
रसप्रवाहमाधुरी विजृम्भणामधुव्रतम् |
स्मरान्तकं पुरान्तकं भवान्तकं मखान्तकं
गजान्तकान्धकान्तकं तमन्तकान्तकं भजे ||१०||
Akharva (Agara) sarva mangalaa kalaa kadamba manjaree,
Rasa pravaha madhuri vijrumbhanaa madhu vratam,
Suraantakam, puraantakam, bhavaantakam, makhaantakam,
Gajaantakandhakaantakam tamantakaantakam bhaje.
I pray to Lord Shiva, who has bees flying all over because of the sweet honey from the beautiful bunch of auspicious Kadamba flowers, who is the killer of Manmatha, who destroyed Tripuras, who destroyed the bonds of worldly life, who destroyed the sacrifice, who destroyed the demon Andhaka, the killer of the elephants, and who controlled the God of death, Yama.
ध्वनिक्रमप्रवर्तित प्रचण्डताण्डवः शिवः ||११||
Jayatvadabhra vibhrama bhrama dbujanga masrhvasa-
-dvinirgamatkramasphurat karaala bhala havya vaat,
Dhimid dhimid dhimi dhvananmrudanga tunga mangala,
Dhwani krama pravartita prachanda tandavaha shivaha.
Lord Shiva, whose dance of Tandava is in tune with the series of loud sounds of drum making Dhimid Dhimid sounds, who has the fire on the great forehead, the fire that is spreading out because of the breath of the snake wandering in whirling motion in the glorious sky.
गरिष्ठरत्नलोष्ठयोः सुहृद्विपक्षपक्षयोः |
समं प्रवर्तयन्मनः कदा सदाशिवं भजे ||१२||
Sprushad wichitra talpayorbhujanga mouktika srajor-,
Garishtha ratna loshthayoho suhrudwi paksha pakshayoho,
Trunaara vinda chakshushoho prajaamahee mahendrayoho,
Samam pravartyanmanaha kada sadaashivam bhajae.
When will I worship Lord Sadasiva (eternally auspicious) God, with equal vision towards the people and an emperor, and a blade of grass and lotus-like eye, towards both friends and enemies, towards the valuable gem and some lump of dirt, towards a snake and a garland and towards varied ways of the world.
कदा निलिम्पनिर्झरीनिकुञ्जकोटरे वसन्
विमुक्तदुर्मतिः सदा शिरः स्थमञ्जलिं वहन् |
शिवेति मंत्रमुच्चरन् कदा सुखी भवाम्यहम् ||१३||
Kada nilimpa nirjari nikunja kotarae vasan,
Vimukta durmateehi sada siraha sthamanjalim vahan,
Vilola lochano lalaama bhaala lagnakaha,
Shiveti mantramuccharan kada sukhee bhavamyaham.
When will I be happy, living in the hollow place near the celestial river, Ganga, carrying the folded hands on my head all the time, with my bad thinking washed away, and uttering the mantra of Lord Shiva and devoted in the God with glorious forehead with vibrating eyes.
इदम् हि नित्यमेवमुक्तमुत्तमोत्तमं स्तवं
पठन्स्मरन्ब्रुवन्नरो विशुद्धिमेतिसंततम् |
हरे गुरौ सुभक्तिमाशु याति नान्यथा गतिं
विमोहनं हि देहिनां सुशङ्करस्य चिंतनम् ||१४||
Idam hi nityameva mukta muttamottamam stavam,
Pathan smaran bruvan naro vishuddhimeti santatam,
Hare Gurau subhaktimashu yati naanyatha gatim,
Vimohanam hi dehinaam sushankarasya chintanam.
Whoever reads, remembers and says this best stotra as it is said here, gets purified for ever, and obtains devotion in the great Guru Shiva. For this devotion, there is no other way. Just the mere thought of Lord Shiva indeed removes the delusion.
यः शम्भुपूजनपरं पठति प्रदोषे |
तस्य स्थिरां रथगजेन्द्रतुरङ्गयुक्तां
लक्ष्मीं सदैव सुमुखिं प्रददाति शम्भुः ||१५||
Yaha shambhupoojanaparam pathati pradoshe,
Tasya sthiraam radha gajendra turanga yuktam,
Lakshmeem sadaiva sumukhim pradadaati shambhuhu.
In the evening, after sunset, at the end of Puja, whoever utters this stotra dedicated to the worship of Shiva, Lord Shiva blessed him with very stable Lakshmi (prosperity) with all the richness of chariots, elephants and horses.
Thus ends the Shiv-Tandava Stotra Recited by Shiv Bhakt Ravan.
There are several temples where Ravana is worshipped, not for his farce ego, animosity towards Bhagwan Ram but due to his penance and Shiv bhakti. Even to this day, Ravan is considered as the most revered devotee of Bhagwan Shiv. The images of Ravan are seen associated with Bhagwan Shiv at some temples located in Sri Lanka and Thailand.
Such is the greatness of Hinduism and Sanatan Dharm that even Asuras who were opponent of Dharm were great Bhakts of Shiv and Krishna.
Ruins of Golden Palace That Ravan Took From Bhagwan Shiv As Dakshina – RamBhakt Hanuman Burnt It Down to Ashes