Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was born in Purandar fort on 14th May 1657. Saibai was mother of Sambhaji. Grandmother Jijamata took care of Sambhaji because of death of Saibai when he was just 2 years old. Sambhaji Maharaj in Marathi is also known as Chhava, which means Cub of a Lion. He was a scholar of Sanskrit and eight other languages.
- 1 History, Biography and Death of a Brave Hindu King Sambhaji Maharaj
- 2 A Brave Devotee of Bhagwan Shiv Who Daringly Praised Hindu Gods In Front of Terrorists Till Last Moment of His Death
History, Biography and Death of a Brave Hindu King Sambhaji Maharaj
Sambhaji Maharaj Left Fort
With the help of some supportive courtiers, Soyarabai, step mother of Sambhaji ruined relationship of Sambhaji and his father Shivaji. Sambhaji left Shivaji’s kingdom. After some days news spread about sudden death of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj but Sambhaji was not informed.
Soyarabai wanted her son Rajaram to become Maharaj after Shivaji, so return of Sambhaji was not helpful for her selfish cause. Rumours ran thick and fast among Marathas that wife Soyarabai had poisoned Shivaji.
Achievements of Sambhaji Maharaj
The remarkable things that Sambhaji Maharaj achieved in his short life had far-reaching effects on the whole of India. Every Hindu should be grateful to him for that. He valiantly faced the 8 lakh strong army of Aurangzeb and defeated several Mughal chieftains in the battlefield forcing them to retreat. Because of this, Aurangzeb remained engaged in battles in Maharashtra, thus keeping the rest of India free from Aurangzeb’s tyranny for a long time. This can be considered as the greatest achievement of Sambhaji Maharaj. If Sambhaji Maharaj would have arrived at a settlement with Aurangzeb and accepted his proposal of being a tributary prince, then within the next 2 or 3 years Aurangzeb would have captured North India again. However, because of Sambhaji Maharaj and other Maratha ruler’s (later on Rajaram and Mahraani Tarabai) struggle, Aurangzeb was stuck in battles in South India for 27 years. This helped in the establishment of new Hindu kingdoms in the provinces of Bundelkhand, Punjab and Rajasthan in North India; thus providing safety to the Hindu society there.
Mass Reverts and Ghar Wapasi of Former Hindus Under Sambhaji Maharaj
Shivaji Maharaj reverted Netaji Palkar to Hinduism who was forcibly converted into death cult islam. Shivaji was a devout Hindu and strongly believed in protecting Hinduism. Sambhaji took the legacy and went a step ahead to further realize dreams of Shivaji Maharaj. Here it is very important to note that Sambhaji Maharaj had established a separate department in his province for the ‘reconversion ceremony’ of the Hindus who had earlier converted into other religions due to allurement, force and deceit. There is a famous incident of a Brahmin named ‘Kulkarni’ of Harsul village in the history of Sambhaji Maharaj. Kulkarni had been forcibly converted to Islam by the Mughals. He tried to reconvert into Hinduism, but local Brahmins in his village did not paid heed to his pleas, as they thought he became impure by accepting anti-Vedic islam. In the end, Kulkarni met Sambhaji Maharaj and told him about his misery. Sambhaji Maharaj immediately arranged for his reconversion ceremony and reverted him as a Hindu. This noble initiative of Sambhaji Maharaj encouraged many converted Hindus to come back into Hinduism. Many other former Hindus came forward and reverted to Hinduism.
A Brave Devotee of Bhagwan Shiv Who Daringly Praised Hindu Gods In Front of Terrorists Till Last Moment of His Death
Some historians differ they suggest that Shambhuji was original name and not Sambhaji. Sambha is deliberate mughal distortion as Shambhu is also name of Bhagwan Shiv. In most of the historical notes and references, son of Shivaji is addressed as Sambhaji.
Sambhaji Meeting Kavi Kalash
Sambhaji when left home was placed in anonymity in Mathura among distant family of one of the Shivaji’s minister, Raghunath Korde. He stayed there for half year/one year as one abandoned brahmin child. They even performed his upanayana in Mathura and taught him Sanskrit. This is how he met Kavi Kalash. Few people know that Shambhuji has composed a treatise in honor of his father in Sanskrit called “Budhacharitra”. One of the fantastic literary works in medieval Sanskrit, extremely “Shringarika” and poetic.
Sambhaji’s Brave Encounters with Muslim Invaders
Shambhaji offered refuge to Akbar and in 1682 the lost son of Aurangzeb escorted by the Rajput’s arrived in safety in Maharashtra. Close behind the Emperor entered the Maratha Kingdom in the same year. Few would have guessed that he would never return to the north spending the last 27 years of his life in a futile and eventually failed war with the Hindus.
The war was engaged and raged from this period onwards in a steady ebb and flow in the hills of western India with neither side able to emerge over the other. The steady courage of Shambaji was only matched by his impetuous and rash nature. Only his minister Kavi Kalash was able to exercise any control over the headstrong king. An equal measure of the rage of Shambhaji was directed towards any perceived rivals or dissenters in his kingdom and he dealt with the same with extreme severity and with all the rage for which he was justly famous.
Blood flowed over the mountains and the land was ruined but the people fought on. The full force of the empire was now borne down on the barren hills and the prime generals and troops of the Mughals now all entered into the fray. For seven years more that war continued with its monotonous tale of attack and counter-attack – of determined sieges and equally determined counter-sieges. Of forts falling to the Mughals only to be retaken months later and for the cycle of destruction to continue.
Sambhaji Raje’s Death and His Breathtaking Staunchness on Hinduism
In 1689 however the situation changed. The Maratha King was at Sangameshwar unaware of the nearness of his enemies and with a scant force around him. After a sudden raid under Muqarrab Khan a Mughal force reached the place and after a bitter fight succeeded in capturing Shambhaji and Kavi Kalash. They were sent to prisons and were tortured to convert to anti-Vedic islam.
As per Masir I Alambiri, the official history of terrorist Aurangzeb’s reign and Maratha sources: Later the prisoners were put in chains and placed on howdahs of elephants and taken to Aurangzeb’s camp which was at Akluj. The news reached the mughal Padishaw in advance and he called for grand celebrations. The mughals arranged for celebrations all along the path of the triumphant generals.
Shaikh Nizam’s portrait was painted by mughal artist for posterity. Mughal women peered through their burqas to look at the fallen hero of the Marathas, while mughals spat on him and jeered at in wild revelry. The Rajput soldiers in the mughal ranks showed great pity for Sambhaji. He openly asked them to kill him right away and relieve him of the humiliation, but fearing the invader they were quiet. After 5 days of marching the prisoners were presented before Aurangzeb at a grand darbar. He announced that the Marathas were over and done and then (terrorist) Jihadi Aurangzeb stepped down from his throne to bow down to (anti-god) allah. Kalash’s hands were firmly cuffed and his head was restrained with a cangue, but he somehow managed to catch Sambhaji’s eye and composed a Hindi couplet: “Oh lord of the Marathas, the Alamgir on seeing thy majesty has himself stepped down from his throne and bowed his head in reverence.”
Kalash boldly mocked aurangzeb and said that the so called conqueror of worlds (aurangzeb) is kneeling down in front of Sambhaji.
Furious Aurangzeb ordered the captives to be thrown into his dungeons. He gave Sheikh Nizam the title Fateh Jang Khan-i-Jaman, a purse of Rs.50,000, a horse, an elephant and command over cavalry of 6000 men. Likewise gifts and commands were bestowed on his son Iqlas and nephews. The mughal chiefs suggested that they spare Sambhaji’s life in return for him handing over his entire kingdom with the keys all the forts to Aurangzeb. Sambhaji was defiant, he scornfully refused the terms. Then, terrorist mughals went back to their original agenda for which they invaded Bharat, the pathetic teachings of evil koran, to loot non-muslims and convert entire world into islam or kill idol worshipers, if they do not agree to accept islam. Sambhaji was sweetly told that if he converted to Islam and spent his life as a servant of the emperor he could see life. He would also get lavish facilities, money and women. Sambhaji boldly made it clear that the Alamgir was the worst enemy of the Bharat and Hindus. Also the Padishaw was a real fool to follow an Arab madman (mohammed) as his only prophet. Aurangzeb decided to execute him on hearing this jaw breaking response from valiant Hindu King which he least expected. Sambhaji was very enraged as he had seen several innocent Hindu men killed by the mlecchas (muslims) and Hindu women forced into harem by Jihadi muslims to fulfill inhumane thoughts given in evil koran to accomplish the nefarious wishes of (anti-god) allah.
Sambhaji and Kalash were brought out of their cages and given caps with bells sewn into them. To their hands were tied rattles and they were tied to camels and dragged along the markets of Tulapur, with the mughals spitting on them. They were pushed and drawn forcibly and as they were moved the rattling sound was heard. Muslims watching from bylanes laughed revealing their true nature of brutality and cruelty. They clearly showed they were no more humans but beasts after accepting satanic teachings of koran. His minister Kalash was also resisting and praised in Sanskrit shloka the opulence and existence of Bhagwan, when one of the mlecchas pulled his hair to accept islam. He bluntly rejected and said Hinduism is above all dharma of truth and peace. The Marathas were forced to witness the fate of their king.
Even at this point terrorist aurangzeb added that he would spare Sambhaji’s life if he converted to Islam. But Sambhaji mocked remembering how muslims insulted Hindu women that he might consider that if he gave his daughter in marriage to him. He then added that the he was not a fool like the Muslims to be guiled by a mentally ill person (mohammed) posing as a prophet. He then praised the Hindu gods and said he was willing to sacrifice his life as an offering to the great (Bhagwan) Mahadev, after knowing whom delusional religions (adharms) held no attraction. No one till then had ever told facts about allah, mohammed and islam so fiercely as Sambhaji did in front of mleccha aurangzeb. In a fit of rage Aurangzeb ordered salt to be rubbed into his bruises and Sambhaji was then dragged below his throne. But Sambhaji kept praising Bhagwan Shiv. Then his tongue was cut off and placed at the Alamgir’s feet who ordered it to be given to a dog. They cut off his tongue but these mlecchas failed to understand one thing how can they wipe out the feelings from the mind and heart of Sambhaji. Sambhaji was smiling and still praising Bhagwan Shiv, glaring through his eyes towards mughals. Then his eyes were gouged out and next his limbs were cut off one by one. But it was done slowly torturing Sambhaji each day. The memory of his inspirational father must have been close to Shambaji in the last days – given just sufficient time to rest between the tortures and removal of limbs after nearly two weeks of horrendous and unthinkable pain the broken and limbless king was executed – His head was cut off and placed in public display around the cities and towns of Maharashtra as a warning. While his body was cut into pieces and fed to the dogs of Tulapur. But it did not have the desired effect. The brave Hindu Maratha kept remembering Bhagwan Shiv till the last moment and his praises began the weakening of mleccha (muslims) invasions.
The brave defiance of Sambhaji even under such torturous and painful ordeal spread like wildfire among Marathas. Till the last moment of his death he fought for the Dharma. Even after experiencing such unthinkable excruciating and humiliating inflictions, Sambhaji rejected offer of joining terrorism cult islam. He not only was defiant but also pragmatically mocked the evilness of the anti-dharm, islam. The Hindu Marathas got immense inspiration, they thought if a single person along with his minister could show such retaliation for the cause of Hinduism then why not all of us, fight the cause together. Rajaram and all other Maratha ministers joined hands and starting fighting series of war against terrorism of Aurangzeb. The news of unity and fierce resistance of Hindu Marathas in western and southern Bharat, spread in the North states of Bharat, people from North started retaliation against mughals. The escalation that led to a series of wars with the Sikhs, the Marathas, the Jats and the Rajputs had drained the resources of the Mughal Empire. At last Aurangzeb was never at peace, he kept fighting war and died in huge despair and sorrow in 1707.
The ancient painting below depicting the gruesome murder of Brave Hindu King Sambhaji Raje and his body pieces fed to dogs.
Sambhaji got the title of Dharamveer, the warrior of Dharma due his unending love and pride for Hinduism.
Must followup for Hindus: Our concocted history never gave importance to real Hindu rulers who fought for humanity and dharma but glorified undignified filth like terrorist aurangzeb, cruel akbar and traitor tipu – incorrectly calling them as Great, Mighty or Shahenshah. We cannot let our unforgotten heroes sacrifice go unnoticed because they sacrificed their lives for us – it is because of them that we are Hindus today. The responsibility lies on us to spread their sacrifice and invoke sense of pride, aggression and unity among Hindus. We all pledge that we will share the post with at least five of our close Hindu friends and well-wishers.
A heart felt Powada summarizes the bravery of (Sambhuji) Sambhaji Maharaj
देश धरम पर मिटने वाला। शेर शिवा का छावा था ।।
महापराक्रमी परम प्रतापी। एक ही शंभू राजा था ।।
तेज:पुंज तेजस्वी आँखें। निकलगयीं पर झुकी नहीं ।।
दृष्टि गयी पर राष्ट्रोन्नति का। दिव्य स्वप्न तो मिटा नहीं ।।
दोनो पैर कटे शंभू के। ध्येय मार्ग से हटा नहीं ।।
हाथ कटे तो क्या हुआ?। सत्कर्म कभी छुटा नहीं ।।
जिव्हा कटी, खून बहाया। धरम का सौदा किया नहीं ।।
शिवाजी का बेटा था वह। गलत राह पर चला नहीं ।।
वर्ष तीन सौ बीत गये अब। शंभू के बलिदान को ।।
कौन जीता, कौन हारा। पूछ लो संसार को ।।
कोटि कोटि कंठो में तेरा। आज जयजयकार है ।।
अमर शंभू तू अमर हो गया। तेरी जयजयकार है ।।
मातृभूमि के चरण कमलपर। जीवन पुष्प चढाया था ।।
है दुजा दुनिया में कोई। जैसा शंभू राजा था? ।।
– शाहीर योगेश