Hindu Mothers Learn from Jijabai, Mother of Shivaji, Hindu Ruler
Hindu girls should be taught about our historical Hindu mothers and women who shaped the existence of Hindu Kingdom and Hindus in India especially under rules of mlecchas – mughals, british alike.
The willful resistance against mughals especially by Vidyavati, Haramani devi, Rani Laxmibai and Jijabai were the founding stones for the Hindu women who then got inspired and nurtured Hindu Lions in their children for the sustenance of Hinduism and Vedic culture. We Hindus should be grateful to such mothers who not only helped us save our great Sanatan Dharma but also paved the path to follow on how to make our children proud of Hindu Dharma – the beginning and end of all religions in the world since millions of years.
- 1 Who Is Jijabai What Made Her Great Mother of Shiva Ji
- 2 Jijabai Shaped ShivaJi – The Great Hindu Warrior that we know
- 3 Vedic History made Lion out of ShivaJi
- 4 ShivaJi Mastered Teachings of Mother Jijabai
- 5 How Jijabai’s teaching Ingrained By Shivaji Inspired Other Hindu Women
- 6 Jijabai was first Mentor and then came Dadaji Kondadev
- 7 Time to Make ShivaJi Biography – A Must for Every School Syllabus in India
Who Is Jijabai What Made Her Great Mother of Shiva Ji
The shape, durability and quality of a pot are entirely dependent on the skill and the creativity of the potter. Likewise Chatrapati Shivaji Raje was entirely nurtured to fight the enemies who were obstructing the Establishment of Hindavi Swarajya.
Jijau was born to Mhakasabai and Lakhoji Jadhav in Sindkhed territory. As she grew up, the sufferings of Hindus under the Mughal rule was perceived by her. At the tiny age when girls play with dolls Jijau immersed in learning sword fighting. Her mother nurtured Jijau’s courage by telling the tales of valor. The situation in the country was to provide services to Mughal Rulers, to become local commanding officers under Mughals the actual enemy, praise them and loot own people for them.
Hindu women were being assaulted by Muslims and auctioned- like muslims of today carrying love jihad and forcibly converting Hindu women. Society had become a mute spectator. Farmers were working on empty stomachs, only for Mughals. Jijau was searching for a person who could fight this injustice.
Jijau was married to Sahaji Raje Bhosale in the year 1605. She finally found recourse in prayers, by appealing to Goddess Bhavani to give her a son who would be bright, accomplished and immensely capable of establishing “Swarajya”. After marrying Shahaji Raje, Jijau could sense her husband being undervalued by rulers like Mughals, Adilshah, and Nijamshah etc. She realised that even though her husband was powerful but had no recognition, security and was not beneficial to the community. Jijau may be the only woman in the history of mankind who decided the purpose of her child even before he was born.
Goddess Bhavani fulfilled Jijau’s appeal as she shared Jijau’s sorrows in terms of assaults on her land, drowning of her religion and her temples, idols being broken by the Yavan enemies like Mughals, Adilshah, Nijamshah etc. Jijau and Goddess Bhavani shared the same dream of Hindu Swarajya.
Jijau told Shivaji the tales of King Ram, Krishna, Bheem etc. fighting the injustice and freeing of people from tyranny. These stories made Shivaji Raje that freedom was the only path and that is the only purpose of his life. Jijau also taught politics to her son Shivaji Raje and prepared his mindset for justice of equality, courage, valor and hardest punishments to unjust people doing wrong things. She personally supervised his training with various weapons. Due to such guidance from his own mother Jijau, Shivaji Raje was able to get himself out safely and miraculously from incidents like Shahaji Raje’s captivity, Afzalkhan’s defeat, and escape from Agra etc.
Jijau carried out both the roles of an affectionate mother as well as giving aptitude for accomplishments as a father in his absence. Her intelligence and foresightedness of not trusting anti-Vedic people made Swarajya possible.
Jijabai Shaped ShivaJi – The Great Hindu Warrior that we know
A GREAT career is determined by favourable circumstances for the growth of genius. It is also shaped in a great measure by a good education. Both these influences played a great part in moulding the mind and character of Shivaji. The first ten years of his life were spent in his mother’s company, an influence of most vital character on the life of a man. A mother is first teacher, mentor of a child. Child internalizes everything that he learns from mother and follows deeds of his father. So parents should behave responsibly in front of their children so that they do not follow wrong path. It is the age when the mind is most tender and pious, and the impressions then formed are the very foundation of life. The months and years as they roll on in their course only serve to render these early impressions more deep and vivid, their full development only requiring a train of favourable circumstances and events. Whether these early influences are to be productive of good or evil depends mainly on the character of the father and the mother, more especially on the latter. The virtues and disposition of the mother are strained and filtered into the character of her child, and the goodness or evil of the one depends on that of the other.
We can see the foundation of Shivaji’s greatness in the circumstances in which he was born. When the future hero was yet in the womb, Jijabai lived through a time of great stress and revolution in the state, and in that revolution her husband and herself played a conspicuous part. Living in the midst of constant alarms,with her husband.once the mainstay of the Nizamshahi state,in flight and exile, and the ungrateful Nizamshahi sultan blindly in league with her husband’s and his own enemies,her own scorn and disdain of the puny Mahomedan powers,her contempt of their pusillanimity and grovelling in capacity and her indignation at their impotent cruelty and barbarities were at that most delicate period of psychical excitement reflected and transfused into the mind of the future hero. Here then is some explanation of that mysterious and all absorbing anti-Mahomedan passion which possessed Shivaji from his earliest years. Nor was this all. The first ten years of Shivaji’s life were passed in the midst of constant alarm and fear of treachery, and naturally en-kindled a relentless hatred against those- the (Mohammedan, anti-Vedic mlecchas) Mahomedan powers- who were the authors of these atrocities. Add to this Maa Jijabai’s proud and independent spirit, her personal ambition and self-reliance, her strong intellect and penetration. With these intense predisposing causes and influences constantly at play, is it a wonder that the smouldering discontent in Shivaji’s breast burst into a flame in the form of an uncompromising anti-Mahomedan passion ?
It follows then that Jijabai was the most powerful influence on the youthful genius of Shivaji. Jijabai was born of a family that had once wielded the sceptre at Devgiri,the same that acquired the name of Dowlatabad on the fall of its Jadhav ( Yadav ) sovereigns. The once mighty family had fallen upon evil times. It had to serve its Mahomedan (anti-Hindu) lords in those very scenes which had witnessed its power and grandeur. The children of the Jadhav family were not the sort of men to forget its noble past and the grandeur of its traditions, least of all Jijabai, a woman of a haughty and indomitable spirit. The treacherous murder of her father and brother by the vindictive Nizamshahi sultan served to add fuel to the flame of her hatred of Mahomedan rule. Nor was she likely to forget that it was the Mahomedans that had quenched the light of the Sesodia Bhonsle family. Later on for a time by his brilliant genius and valour, her husband Shahaji endeavoured to revive a Hindu sovereignty from the wreck of the Mahomedan state of Ahmednagar, but with all his valour and resources, he was forced to yield to overwhelming odds and remain content as an honoured vassal and feudatory of the Bijapur state. And how nearly had he succeeded ! With the puppet of a Nizamshahi prince in his grasp, Shahaji had destroyed one of evil Moguls after another and stirred up the living remembrances of a not quite forgotten past in the depths of his loyal wife’s heart. But inexorable fortune had stood in the way of his ultimate success, and the chagrin and disappointment occasioned by the failure was the crown of all her sorrows.
And then the family tradition to which Haloji had given currency – that the House of Bhonsle would produce a world-compelling hero ever flashed across her mind, a prophecy which Shahaji’s temporary success had all but verified. Despite her crushing disappointment and suffering,this tradition kept all her passions and aspirations awake. She believed in it with the faith of a woman, with a religious heart, and she looked forward wistfully to its accomplishment.What though Shahaji had at last failed and seceded to the Mahomedan dynasty of Bijapur? Had not his temporary success proved that the defeat of the Mahomedanewas no mirage, no idle phantom flitting before a fevered mind, but a tangible thing within the range of practical accomplishment ? This was the subject to which she constantly recurred in her conversation with her son. She poured forth into his eager ears the story of the fall of royal power of both the Jadhav and Bhonsle Houses and pictured to him their former greatness, with the inevitable contrast of the inglorious present that could not but obtrude itself upon his sensitive mind. Again by repeated recitals of the story of Shahaji’s heroic achievements, she sought to enkindle in his heart the same noble ambition and love of heroic enterprise. In her daily discourses she ever laid stress on the inherent degradation, however great the worldly splendours, of service to an alien Mahomedan power, the steps of whose rise had been marked by the overthrow of many a Hindu sovereignty and whose progress was attended with the slaughter of kine, the pollution of temples and shrines and the violation of the Brahmans,cruelty and treachery in all forms and guises.
Vedic History made Lion out of ShivaJi
To these were added readings from the puranaa and the sacred texts, the main theme of which is the struggle of virtue and the ultimate triumph of good over evil. Shivaji from his earliest infancy developed a strong taste for these readings, listening with rapt attention to the recitals. It was these readings which infused in him an overpowering sense of piety, religious zeal, and enthusiasm. He became acquaint to righteousness, morality, Dharma and Karma. He came to know to save innocent lives from evil beings; one has to be aggressive and intelligent. His eyes kindled and his breast throbbed with religious fervour as he listened to the tales of chivalry and self-sacrifice from the Ramayan and the Mahabharat. And he followed every tone and undulation of his mother’s voice, as she related the inspiring legends. It was as if she had said in so many words: “Go thou and do likewise”. The seed was not cast upon rocky soil, for, from the time he began to understand things, these repeated counsels and exhortations began to take root, and by imperceptible degrees, a strong passion was kindled in his breast to emulate not only his father’s exploits, but the epic chivalry of the puranas. By nature Shivaji was a man of great intellectual strength and alertness. His powers both of understanding and memory were of a high order. Jijabai was a woman,of great earnestness and courage, and the instinct for honour and esteem was the great motive force in all her actions. By daily contact and conversation with his mother, Shivaji had assimilated these noble virtues in all their perfection. She watched over him with all her maternal solicitude and was careful to see that he followed the best example, moved in good company and kept away from the snares and blandishments of vice in all its forms.
From early boyhood, she made provision for his military education. Thus the highest impulses of life and human character were evolved in Shivaji’s heart by his close contact with this noble matron, bravery, enterprise, courage, love of truth and religious fervour. But more important than all the rest,there was one impulse that came to him from his mother,an impulse upon which all his greatness was founded, and which will for ever obtain for him a niche in the temple of fame and an honoured place in the world’s great roll of patriots-his unquenchable thirst for liberty. He never faltered in.his opinion of the intrinsic unworthiness of the highest glory and honour that a servile allegiance to an anti-Hindu Mahomedan prince could bring to a man, that indifference and in gratitude were the invariable return for the most loyal and devoted service to the sultan, and that an alien despotism like that of the Mahomedan states stood for all that was mean, vindictive and tyrannical. Of this the days of his own childhood had given him sufficient proof. Personal experience combined with maternal exhortation to inflame him with a passion for freedom. In boyhood already he had made up his mind to defy foreign domination even if it should cost him his life. It is well known how Dadaji Kondad evendeavoured to turn him aside from his determined course,but we find no account in any of the the extant chronicles of any attempt to dissuade him on the part of Jijabai.
This very circumstance strengthens the view that it was Jijabai herself who was primarily instrumental in inspiring Shivaji with the enthusiasm and enterprise of revolting from the domination of Islam and unfurling the standard of Hindu Maratha liberty. That Jijabai endeavoured at Bijapur to persuade Shivaji to suppress his anti-Mahomedan sentiments does not in any manner militate against this conclusion, nor need her conduct upon that occasion be taken to stand as an indication of her real opinion upon this subject. As a Hindu wife, to whom devotion and obedience to the husband is the highest dower, she had to carry out the instructions of her husband and become his mouth-piece, whatever her feelings on the subject might be. In short, it was due to the rare combination of a mother, who with her noble convictions and ideals could inspire and dominate her son’s future, and of a son, who while allowing himself to be stirred to the noblest moods and passions could lead and impress the world with the resources of his mastermind,that the record of a career was made possible, by which the Hindu population of peninsular India was liberated from the yoke of Islam.
ShivaJi Mastered Teachings of Mother Jijabai
Shivaji Maharaj was fully aware that he had to fight the Mughals since childhood . In his book ‘Chatrapati Shivaji Maharajanche Saptaprakaranatmak Charitra’ Malhar Ramrav Chitnis has described the mindset of Prince Shivaji when living with his father Shahajiraje at Vijapur. He pens Prince Shivaji’s thoughts as, “ We are Hindus. These Mlecchas, Yavans (Muslims) are inferior to us. There is none more inferior than them. I am distressed by serving them, eating food served by them, flattering them or even greeting them. It is so wrong to see the ridicule of one’s own religion. As we walk down the road we see cows being slaughtered. At that time I feel like beheading the killers and the distress grows even more. What is the use of living to see a cow being tormented ? I am compelled to remain silent because of being reprimanded by my father otherwise I feel like killing the one indulging in cow slaughter. It is not at all good to be in the company of Muslims. So also it is inappropriate to go to the court (darbar) of the emperor or to visit any wealthy man.” As soon as he returned from the Vijapur court he would bathe and change his clothing. It is at this very age that young Prince Shivaji showed his valorous nature by chopping off the hand of a butcher who was dragging a cow for slaughter in another kingdom !
Shivaji Maharaj did everything possible to promote Hinduism in every aspect of the fight for independence and establishing his own kingdom. Shivaji Maharaj’s assembly of eight ministers was formed based on Hindu ideals. One comes across this concept of eight ministers in the Ramayan and the Mahabharat. King Dashrath too had eight ministers. In the Shantiparva of the Mahabharat also it has been suggested that an exchange of thoughts of eight ministers is necessary. During the coronation ceremony, Maharaj changed the Persian names of the ministers to Sanskrut as follows– He changed the names of forts to Raigad, Vishalgad, Suvarnagad, Vijaydurg, Prachandgad and Pandavgad. Thinking of Sanskrit names to rename various ministers or forts was a hobby of Shivaji Maharaj. In September 1665, that is around the time of Dasra before leaving on a journey he named all the forts from his kingdom. Malhar Ramrav Chitnis in the biography of the monarch, ‘Chatrapati Shivaji Maharajanche Saptaprakaranatmak Charitra’ has spoken about the forts saying, “At each place after place Shivaji Maharaj would build a new fort to frighten the enemy. Varugad, Bhushangad, Mahimagad, Vardhangad, Sadashivgad, Macchindragad are some of them”. In the book ‘Marathyancha Itihas’ it is said, “Shivaji Maharaj loved Sanskrit. There are several instances to testify this.
How Jijabai’s teaching Ingrained By Shivaji Inspired Other Hindu Women
Shivaji Maharaj acknowledged that he had to fight the Mughals so also were his subjects. The situation was such that people were worried as to whether their Maharaj would return alive from the Agra jail. Despite that, the leaders of home rule (swarajya) and the Mawalas did not get unnerved and as per the plan of Shivaji Maharaj they protected his kingdom and ruled it in his absence.
The Mawalas were prepared to sacrifice even auspicious events in their families and were willing to face the jaws of death. Sinhagad, Pavankhind, Agra,… how many more forts does one need to quote ? In this struggle between Righteousness and unrighteousness many parents lost their sons and several women were widowed. They were all fully aware of why they were fighting the Mughals. Rather than wishing that their husbands stay at home, these women supported them in their mission against the Mughals. They clearly choose widowhood, rather than wishing their husbands remain passive but safe as this would have only kept their marital status intact superficially as the women folk would have been r@ped by the Mughal sardars.
Inspiration endowed by Chatrapati Shivaji is very clear from the above incidents. The biographer has strengthened this further in the following words of Shivaji Maharaj, “ We are Hindus. The entire southern region has been invaded by the Muslims and our religion is going downhill. Hence one should not hesitate to sacrifice even one’s life to protect religion. By doing so one would add to one’s treasure of valorous deeds”. Soon thereafter by taking the vow of Raieshvari and conquering the `Torana’ fort Shivaji Maharaj revealed his nature to the world.
Jijabai was first Mentor and then came Dadaji Kondadev
In 1637 Dadaji Kondadev was entrusted with the administration of the jahgir lands by Shahaji, and the charge of young Shivaji’s education was also made over to him. From this time forth, therefore, the burden of Shivaji’s education fell upon Dadaji, and his mother’s influence became secondary. This does not of course mean that Jijabai ceased altogether to look after the upbringing of her son. He was all in all to her, the prop of all her hopes and patriotic ambitions. The mysterious instincts of the maternal heart had enabled her to foresee his future greatness. In her impassioned moods, she often thought with ecstacy that Shivaji might be just the man to whom the restoration of the Jadhav and Bhonsle sovereignties had been reserved by fate, the hero whom the divine prophecy current in the family had ever been beckoning on to the task of national emancipation. She, therefore, continued to watch over him in spirit, with all the zeal of maternal solicitude.It was left, however, to Dadaji to initiate Shivaji in those arts and sciences and that practical knowledge which was essential to a person in his position.
It will not be out of place to give a brief account of the great man to whom the education of Shivaji was thus confided. It is not known at what period Dadaji Kondade ventered into Shahaji’s service. Dadaji was then a man of extraordinary integrity; and devotion to his master was the ruling passion of his life.He was already advanced in age and experience whenShahaji nominated him to the jahgir. He was very purein his morals and pious in the observances of his religion,It was an article of faith with him that his personal interestsand prosperity were identical with those of hismaster. It was natural that Shahaji felt not the slightest misgivings in his heart in giving over his son to the tutelage of such a man, who united with a most exalted senseof righteousness a complete devotion to his master’s personand interests. Needless to say that Dadaji acquitted himselfof the trust beyond the most sanguine expectations of his master. Dadaji taught Shivaji revenue system, dealing with citizens and how to manage the economy of that time.
Time to Make ShivaJi Biography – A Must for Every School Syllabus in India
Devoid of true Hindu past and history of great Hindu Kings. Hindus are becoming soft and coward – which is raising coward politicians among them.
Incidents of recent decades are examples of these: India’s External Affairs Minister flies to the Kandahar desert in a special plane only to release criminals who have butchered Hindus ! In Kashmir Bitta Karate who beheaded 16 Hindus is released on parole ! In the 13 days after killing Afzal Khan, Shivaji Maharaj conquered 16 forts and in contrast within a year of India becoming independent, our politicians lost 1/3rd of our motherland in Kashmir to enemies ! Fearing Shivaji Maharaj’s valour, as long as he was alive, Aurangzeb did not dare to even talk about conquering South India. Yet in recent times, the cunning, crafty Musharraf arrived in India to disrupt an Agra conference or dares to hang the Indian tricolour upside down on his personal aircraft. Modi riding on Hindutva unity became PM but calls Sharif cowardly to be participant in his oath and pakistan retaliates by heavy firings, bombings at borders. Its time shameless, coward Hindus get infused with likes of Great Hindu Kings ShivaJi and Maharana Pratap – for this we need Hindu mothers to become Jijabais of today. Jai Hindu Rashtra.