Devi Kamakhya Mandir: One of the Oldest Shaktipeeths of Maa Sati

Devi Kamakhya Mandir

Kamakhya mandir is the main temple in a complex of individual temples dedicated to the ten Mahavidyas: Kali, Tara, Sodashi, Bhuvaneshwari, Bhairavi, Chhinnamasta, Dhumavati, Bagalamukhi, Matangi and Kamala. Among these, Tripurasundari, Matangi and Kamala reside inside the main temple whereas the other seven reside in individual temples. It is an important pilgrimage destination for general Hindu and especially for Tantric worshipers.

The Kamakhya Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the mother Devi Kamakhya, one of the oldest shakti peeths.

While there are many unheard secrets about this temple, today we are going to tell you popular facts of this temple you should have known.

Kamakhya Temple, Assam is one among the 52 shakti peeths of India. Kamakhya Temple is situated at the top of Ninanchal Hill (800 feet above sea level) in the Western part of Guwahati city. There is no image of Shakti here. Within a corner of the cave in the temple, there is naturally sculptured image of the yoni of the goddess, which is the object of reverence. A natural spring keeps the stone moist. Other temples on the Ninanchal Hill include those of Tara, Bhairavi, Bhuvaneshwari and Ghantakarna.

This temple was almost destroyed in early 16th century by terrorist mughals and then rebuilt in the 17th century by Hindu king Nara Narayana of Cooch Bihar.

Kamakhya Temple and History

Structure of Kamakhya Temple

The current temple has a beehive-like Shikhara with delightful sculptured panels and images of Shree Ganesh and other Hindu Devi and Devtas on the outside.

Kamakhya Temple construction structure

The temple consists of three major chambers. The western chamber is large and rectangular and is not used by general pilgrims for worship. The middle chamber is a square with a small idol of the Devi, a later addition. The walls of this chamber contain sculpted images of Nara Narayana, related inscriptions and other Devtas.

Kamakhya Temple Outside Devtas

The middle chamber leads to the sanctum of the temple in the form of a cave, which consists of no image, but a natural underground spring that flows through a yoni-shaped cleft in the bedrock.

Kamakhya Temple Yoni

Emergence of Kamakhya Temple

According to history of Bharat, Maa Sati married Bhagwan Shiv against the wish of her father, king Daksha. Once king Daksha was having a yagna, but he didn’t invite Sati and Shiv. Sati was very upset, but she still went to her father’s palace. When she reached there, her father insulted her and Shiv. Sati was unable to bear this disrespect towards Bhagwan Shiv, so she jumped in the yagna fire and killed herself.

Bhagwan Shiv with dead Sati in Anger and Sorrow

When Bhagwan Shiv came to know about this, he got very angry. Enraged Shiv wondered while holding the dead body of Sati in his arms. He started the dance of destruction of the universe.

Bhagwan Shiv Tandav Nritya - Tandav Dance of destruction

The Tandav Nritya soon started decimation of the Universe. Bhagwan Vishnu in order to save the universe, cut the body of Sati into pieces with his Sudarshan chakra. Body parts of Sati fell at different places and these places are known as shakti peeths.

Bhagwan Vishnu Sudarshan Chakra breaking Sati dead body into pieces

In Kamakhya temple, yoni of the Goddess fell.

Stair case of the Kamakhya Temple

There was a demon Naraka who fell in love with Devi Kamakhya and wanted to marry her. Devi put a condition that if he would be able to build a staircase from the bottom of the Ninanchal Hill to the temple within one night, then she would surely marry him.

Naraka took it as a challenge and tried all with his might to do this mammoth task. He was almost about to accomplish the job when the Devi, panic-stricken as she was to see this, played a trick on him. She strangled a rooster and made it crow untimely to give the impression of dawn to Naraka. Duped by the trick, Naraka thought it was a futile job and left it half way through. Later he chased the rooster and killed it in a place which is now known as Kukurakata, situated in the district of Darrang. The incomplete staircase is known as Mekhelauja path.

stair case of Kamakhya temple history

Apart from the daily puja offered to the Devi, a number of special pujas are also held round the year in Kamakhya Temple. These pujas are Durga Puja, Pohan Biya, Durgadeul, Vasanti puja, Madandeul, Ambuvaci and Manasa puja.

Types of Puja in Kamakhya Temple

Durga Puja: This is celebrated annually during Navratri, in the month of September-October.

Ambuwasi Puja: This is a fertility festival. It is believed that the Devi goes under menstrual period and the temple remains closed for 3 days and then opened with great festivity on fourth day.

Devi Kamakhya Yoni in Kamakhya Temple

Pohan Biya: A symbolic marriage between Dev Kamesvara and Devi Kamesvari during the month of Pausa.

Durgadeul: During the month of Phalguna, Durgadeul is observed in Kamakhya.

Devi Kamakhya Puja ceremony

Vasanti Puja: This puja is held at Kamakhya temple in the month of Chaitra.

Devi Kamakhya Types of Puja

Madandeul: This deul is observed during the month of Chaitra when Kamadeva and Kamesvara is offered special puja.

Manasa Puja: Manasa Puja is observed with Sankranti or Sravana and continues up to the second day of Bhadra.

Outside Devi Kamakhya Manasa Puja

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15 Responses to Devi Kamakhya Mandir: One of the Oldest Shaktipeeths of Maa Sati

  1. Raghav says:

    Shree haribol g
    Jai shree ram!!

    I belongs to a devout Hindu family , in which Hindu values and Sanskars are believed very deeply

    But sir recently some of my Christian co workers raised questions on the deities and their forms which are worshipped by we Hindus?

    They raised the questions regarding shiv linga that it means the male private organ embedded in female private organ
    I even tried to explain that lord Shiva is a tapsavi and it represts his indefinable form
    But they argued that , then what “Shiva linga” mean it means simply Shiva=lord Shiva & linga= his private organ
    Similarly they raised questions on godess kamakhya worshipping that it is very obscene& shameful to worship a woman specially a goddess in such form & that too in completely exposed manner ??
    They also blamed lord Krishna that he used to play with the gopis the rasleela and had derogatory relations with them !
    They Also blamed radha ji that she was his grlfrnd and their relation was also not right??

    I m so much fed up sir with these type of questions as I was unable to defend my part?

    I beliv truly and deeply in our sanatan dharma not only because I took birth in such family but also due to that this is the culture or the way of life which has given us so many rich traditions& sanskaras , great scripture like ayurveda and great epics and highly valued wisdomly icon like bhagwan shri ram

    But sir recently I failed to answer these vulgar comments of those my chrisstian co workers
    So sir I very humbly request you to pleaseeeeeeeee pleaseeeeeee
    Rply to my query as soon as possible
    I m eagerly waiting for ur rply

    Raghav

  2. pg says:

    Pls cover topics related to mata kaila devi mandir at karauli,rajasthan.Thanks and regards.

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Pratyush Ji,

      We will post in coming weeks.

      Jai Shree Krishn

  3. Vimal raj says:

    Dear brother….reject the harsh words to criticize other religions and other poeple beacuse when some people share the topics in social messengers it create some unwanted problems to these people who posted it by the way of law and judiciary system of our country……..beacuse it should not disturb their routine life and it also disturb their family also….so you rectify the fear of their people who share these topics in their social messengers……….

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Vimal Ji,

      We appreciate feedback of each of our Hindu brothers and sisters.

      We are soon launching a dedicated website to deal with Hinduism, problems of Hindus while defeating the dissecting efforts of anti-Hindus to divide Hindus along caste lines.

      We all are Hindus and not yadavs, kurmis, gujarati, tamilian or aiyers… We all are Sanatani Dharmis .. a proud Hindu first and last.

      Jai Shree Krishn

  4. Vimal raj says:

    dear brother………..why you not answering my questions in other previous topics……you are answered some other questions are send by some one after i had send…..i send my questions before one week till i did not get any reponse…reply…

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Vimal Ji,

      We apologize for the delay, we will definitely answer your questions. Please find your answers below every comment of yours shortly.

      Jai Shree Krishn

      • Vimal raj says:

        dear brother….thanks a lot……….

  5. harihara says:

    The interpretation of Shiva’s reaction to sati’s self immolation is PATENTLY WRONG; it signifies the greatest possible love between male principle and female principle and as such the act is the greatest monument of love that everhappened in the annals of any time. the anger of shiva gave rise to bhirava and kali through who the disrepecters of the great love were physically and spoiritually punished so the feelings generated by shivas wandering with the body is love at its highest and unparallelled sense. vishnus chopping the body was his ignorance and lack of feeling of that LOVe; HE thought shiva loved the body which is patently wrong. it ho0wever gave humanity and divinities symbols of the great love between shiva and sati in 52 or 108 sites for ordinary creatures to savour that great LOVE and emulate

    • haribol says:

      Radhe Radhe Harihara ji,

      Bhagwan Shiv and Bhagwan Vishnu are beyond feelings that you are referring. The enactment of decimating Maa Sati’s body into several pieces and Shiv venting his anger is ongoing leela that is enacted for all humans, Devtas and other beings residing in different planes to learn. It is not material love or connection.

      While the leela goes on, Bhagwan is omnipresent every where, the Saakar roop through leelas that we see of Bhagwan Shiv and Bhagwan Vishnu is for us lowly beings to connect with them easily. Even the Shiv Ling is the simplest form of symbol of Bhagwan so that we can easily remember his incomprehensible nirakar roop.

      The representation of Shiv, Sati and Vishnu and the history behind emergence of Shaktipeeths is no way to demean the essence of Bhagwan.

      Jai Shree Krishn

  6. gaurav.punj says:

    nice info…

    Mahesh = shiva
    Allah = Shakti
    Allah = Almighty God (in hinduism)
    Shiva+shakti = Mahesh+Allah > Ma(h)Shallah
    shiva + Almighty God = Mahesh + allah > Ma(h)shallah

    muslims say ShivaShakti or Shiva in the Almighty god everyday to purify their Sins..so that Muslims also Worship to ShivaShakti or Mahesh+Allah = Ma(h)Shallah ….
    shiva + shakti = creation, creator

    so don’t abuse to Allah… Allah might be name of shiva’s name or Shakti’s name so Shakti or Allah = creation, creator

    even Shia muslims allow to Lord Jhulelal (an avatar of Varun dev) and born on 1027 A.D and jhulelal talked about Hindu-muslims

    • Raghav says:

      Shree haribol g
      Jai shree ram!!

      I belongs to a devout Hindu family , in which Hindu values and Sanskars are believed very deeply

      But sir recently some of my Christian co workers raised questions on the deities and their forms which are worshipped by we Hindus?

      They raised the questions regarding shiv linga that it means the male private organ embedded in female private organ
      I even tried to explain that lord Shiva is a tapsavi and it represts his indefinable form
      But they argued that , then what “Shiva linga” mean it means simply Shiva=lord Shiva & linga= his private organ
      Similarly they raised questions on godess kamakhya worshipping that it is very obscene& shameful to worship a woman specially a goddess in such form & that too in completely exposed manner ??
      They also blamed lord Krishna that he used to play with the gopis the rasleela and had derogatory relations with them !
      They Also blamed radha ji that she was his grlfrnd and their relation was also not right??

      I m so much fed up sir with these type of questions?
      I beliv truly and deeply in our sanatan dharma not only because I took birth in such family but also due to that this is the culture or the way of life which has given us so many rich traditions& sanskaras , great scripture like ayurveda and great epics and highly valued wisdomly icon like bhagwan shri ram

      But sir recently I failed to answer these vulgar comments of those my chrisstian co worker
      So sir I very humbly request you to pleaseeeeeeeee pleaseeeeeee
      Rply to my query as soon as possible
      I m eagerly waiting for ur rply

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